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SubjectRe: [PATCH 0/9 v3] locks: avoid thundering-herd wake-ups
On Fri, Oct 26 2018, Jeff Layton wrote:

> On Wed, 2018-10-24 at 09:43 +1100, NeilBrown wrote:
>> This took longer that I had wanted, due to various reasons - sorry.
>> And I'm now posting it in a merge window, which is not ideal. I don't
>> expect it to be included in this merge window and I won't be at all
>> impatient for review, but I didn't want to delay it further.
>>
>> Testing found some problems, particularly the need to use
>> locks_copy_lock in NFS. And there was a small thinko in there that
>> effectively removed all the speed gains :-(
>>
>> But this version:
>> - shows excellent scalability with lots of threads on lots of CPUs
>> contending on a single file
>> - avoids the problems that Bruce found
>> - seems to work.
>>
>> Thanks,
>> NeilBrown
>>
>>
>> ---
>>
>> NeilBrown (9):
>> fs/locks: rename some lists and pointers.
>> fs/locks: split out __locks_wake_up_blocks().
>> NFS: use locks_copy_lock() to copy locks.
>> fs/locks: allow a lock request to block other requests.
>> fs/locks: always delete_block after waiting.
>> fs/locks: change all *_conflict() functions to return bool.
>> fs/locks: create a tree of dependent requests.
>> locks: merge posix_unblock_lock() and locks_delete_block()
>> VFS: locks: remove unnecessary white space.
>>
>>
>> fs/cifs/file.c | 4 -
>> fs/lockd/svclock.c | 2
>> fs/locks.c | 231 ++++++++++++++++++++++-----------------
>> fs/nfs/nfs4proc.c | 6 +
>> fs/nfsd/nfs4state.c | 6 +
>> include/linux/fs.h | 11 +-
>> include/trace/events/filelock.h | 16 +--
>> 7 files changed, 153 insertions(+), 123 deletions(-)
>>
>> --
>> Signature
>>
>
>
> I built a kernel with these patches and ran the cthon04 lock tests and
> got this on lock test 1 after a long hang (the test passed though):

I've been looking deeper into this, and I cannot see how this can
happen.

This is an unlock request, happening when a file is closed.
locks_delete_block() will only be called from locks_lock_inode_wait()
after posix_lock_inode() (or possible flock_lock_inode()) returns
FILE_LOCK_DEFERRED.

But these only return FILE_LOCK_DEFERRED when fl_type != F_UNLCK.
(or possibly if FL_ACCESS and FL_SLEEP are both set - that would be
weird).

So this shouldn't happen - an unlock request should never result in
locks_delete_block() being called.
But if it can, I'll need to change do_flock() in gfs2/file.c to use a
properly initialized 'struct file_lock', rather than a manifest
constant. Maybe I should do that anyway.

Any ideas? I'll try running connectathon myself later and see if I can
reproduce it.

Thanks,
NeilBrown

>
> [ 1694.787367] BUG: unable to handle kernel NULL pointer dereference at 000000000000002c
> [ 1694.789546] PGD 118ff0067 P4D 118ff0067 PUD 135915067 PMD 0
> [ 1694.790772] Oops: 0000 [#1] SMP NOPTI
> [ 1694.791749] CPU: 7 PID: 1514 Comm: tlocklfs Not tainted 4.19.0+ #56
> [ 1694.792876] Hardware name: QEMU Standard PC (i440FX + PIIX, 1996), BIOS ?-20180531_142017-buildhw-08.phx2.fedoraproject.org-1.fc28 04/01/2014
> [ 1694.795179] RIP: 0010:__locks_delete_block+0x14/0x90
> [ 1694.796203] Code: 01 a1 e9 9f 4f d8 ff 0f 1f 44 00 00 66 2e 0f 1f 84 00 00 00 00 00 0f 1f 44 00 00 8b 05 29 9d 58 01 55 53 48 89 fb 85 c0 75 5a <48> 8b 43 20 48 85 c0 74 20 48 8b 53 18 48 89 10 48 85 d2 74 04 48
> [ 1694.799277] RSP: 0018:ffff9d21c1f63cb8 EFLAGS: 00010202
> [ 1694.800374] RAX: 0000000000000001 RBX: 000000000000000c RCX: aaaaaaaaaaaaaaad
> [ 1694.801682] RDX: 0000000000000001 RSI: ffffffff9f7b0c38 RDI: 0000000000000246
> [ 1694.802996] RBP: 000000000000000c R08: 0000000000000000 R09: 0000000000000001
> [ 1694.804317] R10: 0000000000000001 R11: ffffffffa0bdc188 R12: ffff9d21c1f63dd8
> [ 1694.805633] R13: ffff9d21c1f63e00 R14: ffffffff9f3241a8 R15: ffff8d0b5aef72e0
> [ 1694.806941] FS: 00007efc8699c740(0000) GS:ffff8d0b7ba00000(0000) knlGS:0000000000000000
> [ 1694.808380] CS: 0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 0000000080050033
> [ 1694.809550] CR2: 000000000000002c CR3: 000000011e0d8000 CR4: 00000000000006e0
> [ 1694.810888] Call Trace:
> [ 1694.811692] __locks_wake_up_blocks+0x2d/0x80
> [ 1694.812713] locks_delete_block+0x1d/0x40
> [ 1694.813691] locks_lock_inode_wait+0x9c/0x1c0
> [ 1694.814731] nfs4_proc_lock+0x120/0x440 [nfsv4]
> [ 1694.815786] ? nfs_put_lock_context+0x25/0x80 [nfs]
> [ 1694.816866] ? do_unlk+0x98/0xe0 [nfs]
> [ 1694.817818] locks_remove_posix+0xba/0x1d0
> [ 1694.818811] ? _cond_resched+0x15/0x30
> [ 1694.819768] ? wait_on_commit+0x38/0xb0 [nfs]
> [ 1694.820787] ? process_echoes+0x60/0x60
> [ 1694.821752] ? __nfs_commit_inode+0xc2/0x1c0 [nfs]
> [ 1694.822819] filp_close+0x56/0x70
> [ 1694.823712] __x64_sys_close+0x1e/0x50
> [ 1694.824661] do_syscall_64+0x60/0x1f0
> [ 1694.825599] entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x49/0xbe
> [ 1694.826731] RIP: 0033:0x7efc8616c0a4
> [ 1694.827673] Code: eb 89 e8 af f6 01 00 66 2e 0f 1f 84 00 00 00 00 00 0f 1f 44 00 00 8b 05 aa e7 2c 00 48 63 ff 85 c0 75 13 b8 03 00 00 00 0f 05 <48> 3d 00 f0 ff ff 77 44 f3 c3 66 90 48 83 ec 18 48 89 7c 24 08 e8
> [ 1694.830929] RSP: 002b:00007ffc70beb7b8 EFLAGS: 00000246 ORIG_RAX: 0000000000000003
> [ 1694.832371] RAX: ffffffffffffffda RBX: 0000000000000000 RCX: 00007efc8616c0a4
> [ 1694.833784] RDX: 0000000000000000 RSI: 00007efc864378a0 RDI: 0000000000000009
> [ 1694.835183] RBP: 00007ffc70beb7d0 R08: 00007efc864378a0 R09: 00007efc8699c740
> [ 1694.836560] R10: 00000000000006b4 R11: 0000000000000246 R12: 0000000000401000
> [ 1694.837941] R13: 00007ffc70beb990 R14: 0000000000000000 R15: 0000000000000000
> [ 1694.839322] Modules linked in: rpcsec_gss_krb5 nfsv4 dns_resolver nfs fscache nfsd auth_rpcgss nfs_acl lockd grace ip6t_rpfilter ip6t_REJECT nf_reject_ipv6 xt_conntrack ip_set nfnetlink ebtable_nat ebtable_broute bridge stp llc ip6table_nat nf_nat_ipv6 ip6table_mangle ip6table_raw ip6table_security iptable_nat nf_nat_ipv4 nf_nat nf_conntrack nf_defrag_ipv6 nf_defrag_ipv4 iptable_mangle iptable_raw iptable_security ebtable_filter ebtables ip6table_filter ip6_tables sunrpc joydev virtio_balloon i2c_piix4 pcspkr edac_mce_amd xfs libcrc32c serio_raw virtio_blk qxl drm_kms_helper virtio_net ttm net_failover virtio_console failover drm ata_generic pata_acpi floppy qemu_fw_cfg
> [ 1694.849736] CR2: 000000000000002c
> [ 1694.850813] ---[ end trace da2f469c62deb564 ]---
>
> --
> Jeff Layton <jlayton@kernel.org>
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