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SubjectRe: [PATCH AUTOSEL 3.18 55/98] rcu: Clear need_qs flag to prevent splat
On Thu, Oct 25, 2018 at 10:18:10AM -0400, Sasha Levin wrote:
> From: "Paul E. McKenney" <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
>
> [ Upstream commit c0135d07b013fa8f7ba9ec91b4369c372e6a28cb ]
>
> If the scheduling-clock interrupt sets the current tasks need_qs flag,
> but if the current CPU passes through a quiescent state in the meantime,
> then rcu_preempt_qs() will fail to clear the need_qs flag, which can fool
> RCU into thinking that additional rcu_read_unlock_special() processing
> is needed. This commit therefore clears the need_qs flag before checking
> for additional processing.

Given that this produced a splat that someone (you, in fact) actually
encountered, no objection to it going to -stable.

> For this problem to occur, we need rcu_preempt_data.passed_quiesce equal
> to true and current->rcu_read_unlock_special.b.need_qs also equal to true.
> This condition can occur as follows:
>
> 1. CPU 0 is aware of the current preemptible RCU grace period,
> but has not yet passed through a quiescent state. Among other
> things, this means that rcu_preempt_data.passed_quiesce is false.
>
> 2. Task A running on CPU 0 enters a preemptible RCU read-side
> critical section.
>
> 3. CPU 0 takes a scheduling-clock interrupt, which notices the
> RCU read-side critical section and the need for a quiescent state,
> and thus sets current->rcu_read_unlock_special.b.need_qs to true.
>
> 4. Task A is preempted, enters the scheduler, eventually invoking
> rcu_preempt_note_context_switch() which in turn invokes
> rcu_preempt_qs().
>
> Because rcu_preempt_data.passed_quiesce is false,
> control enters the body of the "if" statement, which sets
> rcu_preempt_data.passed_quiesce to true.
>
> 5. At this point, CPU 0 takes an interrupt. The interrupt
> handler contains an RCU read-side critical section, and
> the rcu_read_unlock() notes that current->rcu_read_unlock_special
> is nonzero, and thus invokes rcu_read_unlock_special().
>
> 6. Once in rcu_read_unlock_special(), the fact that
> current->rcu_read_unlock_special.b.need_qs is true becomes
> apparent, so rcu_read_unlock_special() invokes rcu_preempt_qs().
> Recursively, given that we interrupted out of that same
> function in the preceding step.
>
> 7. Because rcu_preempt_data.passed_quiesce is now true,
> rcu_preempt_qs() does nothing, and simply returns.
>
> 8. Upon return to rcu_read_unlock_special(), it is noted that
> current->rcu_read_unlock_special is still nonzero (because
> the interrupted rcu_preempt_qs() had not yet gotten around
> to clearing current->rcu_read_unlock_special.b.need_qs).
>
> 9. Execution proceeds to the WARN_ON_ONCE(), which notes that
> we are in an interrupt handler and thus duly splats.
>
> The solution, as noted above, is to make rcu_read_unlock_special()
> clear out current->rcu_read_unlock_special.b.need_qs after calling
> rcu_preempt_qs(). The interrupted rcu_preempt_qs() will clear it again,
> but this is harmless. The worst that happens is that we clobber another
> attempt to set this field, but this is not a problem because we just
> got done reporting a quiescent state.
>
> Reported-by: Sasha Levin <sasha.levin@oracle.com>
> Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
> [ paulmck: Fix embarrassing build bug noted by Sasha Levin. ]
> Tested-by: Sasha Levin <sasha.levin@oracle.com>
> Signed-off-by: Sasha Levin <sashal@kernel.org>
> ---
> kernel/rcu/tree_plugin.h | 1 +
> 1 file changed, 1 insertion(+)
>
> diff --git a/kernel/rcu/tree_plugin.h b/kernel/rcu/tree_plugin.h
> index c1d7f27bd38f..c038831bfa57 100644
> --- a/kernel/rcu/tree_plugin.h
> +++ b/kernel/rcu/tree_plugin.h
> @@ -328,6 +328,7 @@ void rcu_read_unlock_special(struct task_struct *t)
> special = t->rcu_read_unlock_special;
> if (special.b.need_qs) {
> rcu_preempt_qs();
> + t->rcu_read_unlock_special.b.need_qs = false;
> if (!t->rcu_read_unlock_special.s) {
> local_irq_restore(flags);
> return;
> --
> 2.17.1
>

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