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SubjectRe: USB-C device hotplug issue
On Thu, 25 Oct 2018, Dennis Wassenberg wrote:

> Hi all,
>
> I have a question regarding the usb hub driver (drivers/usb/core/hub.c).
>
> There is the following scenario. I am using the Lenovo T580 device with the Lenovo UltraDock CS18 docking station. If I plug an usb-c device to the docking station there is one device which will not be recognized (SanDisk Ultra USB-C Flash Drive, https://www.sandisk.com/home/mobile-device-storage/ultra-usb-type-c). An other usb-c devices (SanDisk Extreme 900 SSD, https://www.sandisk.com/home/ssd/extreme-900-ssd) works fine. I don’t have that much USB-C devices available, so there is one device working and the other one not.
>
> I made some analysis of the situation where I attached the SanDisk Ultra USB-C Flash Drive.
> I added some debug logs in drivers/usb/core/hub.c in port_event and hub_port_reset and activated all dynamic debug prints in hub.c. The output is the following:
>
> [ 724.110784] usb 4-1-port1: XXX: port_event: portstatus: 0x2c0, portchange: 0x40!
> [ 724.110789] usb 4-1-port1: link state change
> [ 724.114953] usb 4-1-port1: do warm reset
> [ 724.168109] usb 4-1-port1: not warm reset yet, waiting 50ms
> [ 724.220768] usb 4-1-port1: not warm reset yet, waiting 200ms
> [ 724.425188] usb 4-1-port1: XXX: hub_port_reset (before clear USB_PORT_FEAT_C_CONNECTION): 0x203, portchange: 0x1!
> [ 724.425906] usb 4-1-port1: XXX: hub_port_reset (after clear USB_PORT_FEAT_C_CONNECTION): 0x203, portchange: 0x0!
> [ 724.477429] hub 4-1:1.0: state 7 ports 4 chg 0000 evt 0002
> [ 724.477980] usb 4-1-port1: XXX: port_event: portstatus: 0x203, portchange: 0x0!
>
> The same situation with SanDisk Extreme 900 SSD:
>
> [ 863.647484] hub 4-1:1.0: state 7 ports 4 chg 0000 evt 0002
> [ 863.647965] usb 4-1-port1: XXX: port_event: portstatus: 0x203, portchange: 0x1!
> [ 863.648305] usb 4-1-port1: status 0203, change 0001, 10.0 Gb/s
> [ 863.758573] usb 4-1-port1: debounce total 100ms stable 100ms status 0x203
> [ 863.773495] usb 4-1-port1: XXX: hub_port_reset (before clear USB_PORT_FEAT_C_CONNECTION): 0x203, portchange: 0x0!
> [ 863.773699] usb 4-1-port1: XXX: hub_port_reset (after clear USB_PORT_FEAT_C_CONNECTION): 0x203, portchange: 0x0!
> [ 863.826311] usb 4-1.1: new SuperSpeedPlus USB device number 6 using xhci_hcd
> [ 863.840002] usb 4-1.1: udev 6, busnum 4, minor = 389
> [ 863.840010] usb 4-1.1: New USB device found, idVendor=0781, idProduct=5593
> [ 863.840014] usb 4-1.1: New USB device strings: Mfr=2, Product=3, SerialNumber=1
> [ 863.840018] usb 4-1.1: Product: EXTREME900
> [ 863.840022] usb 4-1.1: Manufacturer: SanDisk
> [ 863.840026] usb 4-1.1: SerialNumber: 10000019DF56
>
> So, at first I am wondering if the usb hub port was in USB_SS_PORT_LS_U3 if I attach the SanDisk Ultra USB-C Flash Drive. In case of the SanDisk Extreme 900 the usb hub port is in USB_SS_PORT_LS_U0. What’ the reason for that?
>
> I read https://www.kernel.org/doc/html/v4.14/driver-api/usb/power-management.html. In this test usb core was bootet wird autosuspend=-1.Additionally the <hubdev-portX>/power/pm_qos_no_power_off sysfs variable is always set to 1. Nevertheless the hub port is in LS U3, but only using SanDisk Ultra USB-C Flash Drive.
>
> I looked through the code and wondered why the USB_PORT_FEAT_C_CONNECTION bit is cleared at successful warm usb 3 reset in hub_port_reset.
> In case of the Ultra USB-C Flash Drive at first the link state change is detected. Directly after executing the actual hub_port_reset the USB_PORT_FEAT_C_CONNECTION bit will change to 1. But the hub_port_reset code will set this bit to 0. At the next run the bit remains 0 and the connect_change flag in port_event will not be set. That means the USB_PORT_FEAT_C_CONNECTION flag will be cleared without taking it into account. That’s why this device will not be detected correctly.
>
> If I modify the code in this way that I did’t clear the USB_PORT_FEAT_C_CONNECTION bit in hub_port_reset on warm usb3 reset this flag is still set during the next run. This makes sure that the connect_change flag in port_event is set and the usb device is detected correctly.
> Is this code change correct or will it break other use cases? Are there any other ways to make the kernel detect that usb device at the docking station?
>
> Please refer to the output of the modified usb_hub_reset code:
>
> [ 121.566344] hub 4-1:1.0: state 7 ports 4 chg 0000 evt 0002
> [ 121.566805] usb 4-1-port1: XXX: port_event: portstatus: 0x2c0, portchange: 0x40!
> [ 121.566810] usb 4-1-port1: link state change
> [ 121.573481] usb 4-1-port1: do warm reset
> [ 121.625297] usb 4-1-port1: not warm reset yet, waiting 50ms
> [ 121.677854] usb 4-1-port1: not warm reset yet, waiting 200ms
> [ 121.881091] usb 4-1-port1: XXX: hub_port_reset (before clear USB_PORT_FEAT_C_CONNECTION): 0x203, portchange: 0x1!
> [ 121.881454] usb 4-1-port1: XXX: hub_port_reset (after clear USB_PORT_FEAT_C_CONNECTION): 0x203, portchange: 0x1!
> [ 121.933109] hub 4-1:1.0: state 7 ports 4 chg 0000 evt 0002
> [ 121.933407] usb 4-1-port1: XXX: port_event: portstatus: 0x203, portchange: 0x1!
> [ 121.933861] usb 4-1-port1: status 0203, change 0001, 10.0 Gb/s
> [ 122.042540] usb 4-1-port1: debounce total 100ms stable 100ms status 0x203
> [ 122.056865] usb 4-1-port1: XXX: hub_port_reset (before clear USB_PORT_FEAT_C_CONNECTION): 0x203, portchange: 0x0!
> [ 122.057230] usb 4-1-port1: XXX: hub_port_reset (after clear USB_PORT_FEAT_C_CONNECTION): 0x203, portchange: 0x0!
> [ 122.109166] usb 4-1.1: new SuperSpeed USB device number 5 using xhci_hcd
> [ 122.122392] usb 4-1.1: udev 5, busnum 4, minor = 388
> [ 122.122399] usb 4-1.1: New USB device found, idVendor=0781, idProduct=5596
> [ 122.122404] usb 4-1.1: New USB device strings: Mfr=1, Product=2, SerialNumber=3
> [ 122.122408] usb 4-1.1: Product: Ultra T C
> [ 122.122412] usb 4-1.1: Manufacturer: SanDisk
> [ 122.122415] usb 4-1.1: SerialNumber: 4C531001400624115002
> [ 122.124151] hub 4-1:1.0: state 7 ports 4 chg 0000 evt 0002
> [ 122.125042] usb 4-1-port1: XXX: port_event: portstatus: 0x203, portchange: 0x0!
>
>
> The code change for Kernel 4.14 look as follows:
>
> Subject: [PATCH] usb: core: do not clear USB_PORT_FEAT_C_CONNECTION on warm
> hub port reset
>
> Signed-off-by: Dennis Wassenberg <dennis.wassenberg@secunet.com>
> ---
> drivers/usb/core/hub.c | 4 +++-
> 1 file changed, 3 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
>
> diff --git a/drivers/usb/core/hub.c b/drivers/usb/core/hub.c
> index a9db0887edca..9b4dfe6c8829 100644
> --- a/drivers/usb/core/hub.c
> +++ b/drivers/usb/core/hub.c
> @@ -2815,7 +2815,9 @@ static int hub_port_reset(struct usb_hub *hub, int port1,
> USB_PORT_FEAT_C_BH_PORT_RESET);
> usb_clear_port_feature(hub->hdev, port1,
> USB_PORT_FEAT_C_PORT_LINK_STATE);
> - usb_clear_port_feature(hub->hdev, port1,
> +
> + if (!warm)
> + usb_clear_port_feature(hub->hdev, port1,
> USB_PORT_FEAT_C_CONNECTION);
>
> /*

The key fact is that connection events can get lost if they happen to
occur during a port reset.

I'm not entirely certain of the logic here, but it looks like the
correct test to add should be "if (udev != NULL)", not "if (!warm)".
Perhaps Mathias can confirm this.

Are there any reasons for resetting a port when there's no attached
device, besides a link-state change? If there are, we might need to
check for a connect-change when they occur too.

Alan Stern

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