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Subject[PATCH AUTOSEL 4.4 27/65] arm64: Fix potential race with hardware DBM in ptep_set_access_flags()
Date
From: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>

[ Upstream commit 6d332747fa5f0a6843b56b5b129168ba909336d1 ]

In a system with DBM (dirty bit management) capable agents there is a
possible race between a CPU executing ptep_set_access_flags() (maybe
non-DBM capable) and a hardware update of the dirty state (clearing of
PTE_RDONLY). The scenario:

a) the pte is writable (PTE_WRITE set), clean (PTE_RDONLY set) and old
(PTE_AF clear)
b) ptep_set_access_flags() is called as a result of a read access and it
needs to set the pte to writable, clean and young (PTE_AF set)
c) a DBM-capable agent, as a result of a different write access, is
marking the entry as young (setting PTE_AF) and dirty (clearing
PTE_RDONLY)

The current ptep_set_access_flags() implementation would set the
PTE_RDONLY bit in the resulting value overriding the DBM update and
losing the dirty state.

This patch fixes such race by setting PTE_RDONLY to the most permissive
(lowest value) of the current entry and the new one.

Fixes: 66dbd6e61a52 ("arm64: Implement ptep_set_access_flags() for hardware AF/DBM")
Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Acked-by: Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@arm.com>
Acked-by: Steve Capper <steve.capper@arm.com>
Signed-off-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Signed-off-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Signed-off-by: Sasha Levin <sashal@kernel.org>
---
arch/arm64/mm/fault.c | 15 ++++++++-------
1 file changed, 8 insertions(+), 7 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/arm64/mm/fault.c b/arch/arm64/mm/fault.c
index 86485415c5f0..be7f8416809f 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/mm/fault.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/mm/fault.c
@@ -107,26 +107,27 @@ int ptep_set_access_flags(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
/* only preserve the access flags and write permission */
pte_val(entry) &= PTE_AF | PTE_WRITE | PTE_DIRTY;

- /*
- * PTE_RDONLY is cleared by default in the asm below, so set it in
- * back if necessary (read-only or clean PTE).
- */
+ /* set PTE_RDONLY if actual read-only or clean PTE */
if (!pte_write(entry) || !pte_sw_dirty(entry))
pte_val(entry) |= PTE_RDONLY;

/*
* Setting the flags must be done atomically to avoid racing with the
- * hardware update of the access/dirty state.
+ * hardware update of the access/dirty state. The PTE_RDONLY bit must
+ * be set to the most permissive (lowest value) of *ptep and entry
+ * (calculated as: a & b == ~(~a | ~b)).
*/
+ pte_val(entry) ^= PTE_RDONLY;
asm volatile("// ptep_set_access_flags\n"
" prfm pstl1strm, %2\n"
"1: ldxr %0, %2\n"
- " and %0, %0, %3 // clear PTE_RDONLY\n"
+ " eor %0, %0, %3 // negate PTE_RDONLY in *ptep\n"
" orr %0, %0, %4 // set flags\n"
+ " eor %0, %0, %3 // negate final PTE_RDONLY\n"
" stxr %w1, %0, %2\n"
" cbnz %w1, 1b\n"
: "=&r" (old_pteval), "=&r" (tmp), "+Q" (pte_val(*ptep))
- : "L" (~PTE_RDONLY), "r" (pte_val(entry)));
+ : "L" (PTE_RDONLY), "r" (pte_val(entry)));

flush_tlb_fix_spurious_fault(vma, address);
return 1;
--
2.17.1
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