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Subject[PATCH AUTOSEL 4.9 46/98] perf evsel: Fix probing of precise_ip level for default cycles event
Date
From: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@redhat.com>

[ Upstream commit 7a1ac110c22eb726684c837544a2d42c33e07be7 ]

Since commit 18e7a45af91a ("perf/x86: Reject non sampling events with
precise_ip") returns -EINVAL for sys_perf_event_open() with an attribute
with (attr.precise_ip > 0 && attr.sample_period == 0), just like is done
in the routine used to probe the max precise level when no events were
passed to 'perf record' or 'perf top', i.e.:

perf_evsel__new_cycles()
perf_event_attr__set_max_precise_ip()

The x86 code, in x86_pmu_hw_config(), which is called all the way from
sys_perf_event_open() did, starting with the aforementioned commit:

/* There's no sense in having PEBS for non sampling events: */
if (!is_sampling_event(event))
return -EINVAL;

Which makes it fail for cycles:ppp, cycles:pp and cycles:p, always using
just the non precise cycles variant.

To make sure that this is the case, I tested it, before this patch,
with:

# perf probe -L x86_pmu_hw_config
<x86_pmu_hw_config@/home/acme/git/linux/arch/x86/events/core.c:0>
0 int x86_pmu_hw_config(struct perf_event *event)
1 {
2 if (event->attr.precise_ip) {
<SNIP>
17 if (event->attr.precise_ip > precise)
18 return -EOPNOTSUPP;

/* There's no sense in having PEBS for non sampling events: */
21 if (!is_sampling_event(event))
22 return -EINVAL;
}
<SNIP>
# perf probe x86_pmu_hw_config:22
Added new events:
probe:x86_pmu_hw_config (on x86_pmu_hw_config:22)
probe:x86_pmu_hw_config_1 (on x86_pmu_hw_config:22)

You can now use it in all perf tools, such as:

perf record -e probe:x86_pmu_hw_config_1 -aR sleep 1

# perf trace -e perf_event_open,probe:x86_pmu_hwconfig*/max-stack=16/ perf record usleep 1
0.000 ( 0.015 ms): perf/4150 perf_event_open(attr_uptr: 0x7ffebc8ba110, cpu: -1, group_fd: -1 ) ...
0.015 ( ): probe:x86_pmu_hw_config:(ffffffff9c0065e1))
x86_pmu_hw_config ([kernel.kallsyms])
hsw_hw_config ([kernel.kallsyms])
x86_pmu_event_init ([kernel.kallsyms])
perf_try_init_event ([kernel.kallsyms])
perf_event_alloc ([kernel.kallsyms])
SYSC_perf_event_open ([kernel.kallsyms])
sys_perf_event_open ([kernel.kallsyms])
do_syscall_64 ([kernel.kallsyms])
return_from_SYSCALL_64 ([kernel.kallsyms])
syscall (/usr/lib64/libc-2.24.so)
perf_event_attr__set_max_precise_ip (/home/acme/bin/perf)
perf_evsel__new_cycles (/home/acme/bin/perf)
perf_evlist__add_default (/home/acme/bin/perf)
cmd_record (/home/acme/bin/perf)
run_builtin (/home/acme/bin/perf)
handle_internal_command (/home/acme/bin/perf)
0.000 ( 0.021 ms): perf/4150 ... [continued]: perf_event_open()) = -1 EINVAL Invalid argument
0.023 ( 0.002 ms): perf/4150 perf_event_open(attr_uptr: 0x7ffebc8ba110, cpu: -1, group_fd: -1 ) ...
0.025 ( ): probe:x86_pmu_hw_config:(ffffffff9c0065e1))
x86_pmu_hw_config ([kernel.kallsyms])
hsw_hw_config ([kernel.kallsyms])
x86_pmu_event_init ([kernel.kallsyms])
perf_try_init_event ([kernel.kallsyms])
perf_event_alloc ([kernel.kallsyms])
SYSC_perf_event_open ([kernel.kallsyms])
sys_perf_event_open ([kernel.kallsyms])
do_syscall_64 ([kernel.kallsyms])
return_from_SYSCALL_64 ([kernel.kallsyms])
syscall (/usr/lib64/libc-2.24.so)
perf_event_attr__set_max_precise_ip (/home/acme/bin/perf)
perf_evsel__new_cycles (/home/acme/bin/perf)
perf_evlist__add_default (/home/acme/bin/perf)
cmd_record (/home/acme/bin/perf)
run_builtin (/home/acme/bin/perf)
handle_internal_command (/home/acme/bin/perf)
0.023 ( 0.004 ms): perf/4150 ... [continued]: perf_event_open()) = -1 EINVAL Invalid argument
0.028 ( 0.002 ms): perf/4150 perf_event_open(attr_uptr: 0x7ffebc8ba110, cpu: -1, group_fd: -1 ) ...
0.030 ( ): probe:x86_pmu_hw_config:(ffffffff9c0065e1))
x86_pmu_hw_config ([kernel.kallsyms])
hsw_hw_config ([kernel.kallsyms])
x86_pmu_event_init ([kernel.kallsyms])
perf_try_init_event ([kernel.kallsyms])
perf_event_alloc ([kernel.kallsyms])
SYSC_perf_event_open ([kernel.kallsyms])
sys_perf_event_open ([kernel.kallsyms])
do_syscall_64 ([kernel.kallsyms])
return_from_SYSCALL_64 ([kernel.kallsyms])
syscall (/usr/lib64/libc-2.24.so)
perf_event_attr__set_max_precise_ip (/home/acme/bin/perf)
perf_evsel__new_cycles (/home/acme/bin/perf)
perf_evlist__add_default (/home/acme/bin/perf)
cmd_record (/home/acme/bin/perf)
run_builtin (/home/acme/bin/perf)
handle_internal_command (/home/acme/bin/perf)
0.028 ( 0.004 ms): perf/4150 ... [continued]: perf_event_open()) = -1 EINVAL Invalid argument
41.018 ( 0.012 ms): perf/4150 perf_event_open(attr_uptr: 0x7ffebc8b5dd0, pid: -1, group_fd: -1, flags: FD_CLOEXEC) = 4
41.065 ( 0.011 ms): perf/4150 perf_event_open(attr_uptr: 0x3c7db78, pid: -1, group_fd: -1, flags: FD_CLOEXEC) = 4
41.080 ( 0.006 ms): perf/4150 perf_event_open(attr_uptr: 0x3c7db78, pid: -1, group_fd: -1, flags: FD_CLOEXEC) = 4
41.103 ( 0.010 ms): perf/4150 perf_event_open(attr_uptr: 0x3c4e748, pid: 4151 (perf), group_fd: -1, flags: FD_CLOEXEC) = 4
41.115 ( 0.006 ms): perf/4150 perf_event_open(attr_uptr: 0x3c4e748, pid: 4151 (perf), cpu: 1, group_fd: -1, flags: FD_CLOEXEC) = 5
41.122 ( 0.004 ms): perf/4150 perf_event_open(attr_uptr: 0x3c4e748, pid: 4151 (perf), cpu: 2, group_fd: -1, flags: FD_CLOEXEC) = 6
41.128 ( 0.008 ms): perf/4150 perf_event_open(attr_uptr: 0x3c4e748, pid: 4151 (perf), cpu: 3, group_fd: -1, flags: FD_CLOEXEC) = 8
[ perf record: Woken up 1 times to write data ]
[ perf record: Captured and wrote 0.017 MB perf.data (2 samples) ]
#

I.e. that return -EINVAL in x86_pmu_hw_config() is hit three times.

So fix it by just setting attr.sample_period

Now, after this patch:

# perf trace --max-stack=2 -e perf_event_open,probe:x86_pmu_hw_config* perf record usleep 1
[ perf record: Woken up 1 times to write data ]
0.000 ( 0.017 ms): perf/8469 perf_event_open(attr_uptr: 0x7ffe36c27d10, pid: -1, cpu: 3, group_fd: -1, flags: FD_CLOEXEC) = 4
syscall (/usr/lib64/libc-2.24.so)
perf_event_open_cloexec_flag (/home/acme/bin/perf)
0.050 ( 0.031 ms): perf/8469 perf_event_open(attr_uptr: 0x24ebb78, pid: -1, group_fd: -1, flags: FD_CLOEXEC) = 4
syscall (/usr/lib64/libc-2.24.so)
perf_evlist__config (/home/acme/bin/perf)
0.092 ( 0.040 ms): perf/8469 perf_event_open(attr_uptr: 0x24ebb78, pid: -1, group_fd: -1, flags: FD_CLOEXEC) = 4
syscall (/usr/lib64/libc-2.24.so)
perf_evlist__config (/home/acme/bin/perf)
0.143 ( 0.007 ms): perf/8469 perf_event_open(attr_uptr: 0x24bc748, cpu: -1, group_fd: -1 ) = 4
syscall (/usr/lib64/libc-2.24.so)
perf_event_attr__set_max_precise_ip (/home/acme/bin/perf)
0.161 ( 0.007 ms): perf/8469 perf_event_open(attr_uptr: 0x24bc748, pid: 8470 (perf), group_fd: -1, flags: FD_CLOEXEC) = 4
syscall (/usr/lib64/libc-2.24.so)
perf_evsel__open (/home/acme/bin/perf)
0.171 ( 0.005 ms): perf/8469 perf_event_open(attr_uptr: 0x24bc748, pid: 8470 (perf), cpu: 1, group_fd: -1, flags: FD_CLOEXEC) = 5
syscall (/usr/lib64/libc-2.24.so)
perf_evsel__open (/home/acme/bin/perf)
0.180 ( 0.007 ms): perf/8469 perf_event_open(attr_uptr: 0x24bc748, pid: 8470 (perf), cpu: 2, group_fd: -1, flags: FD_CLOEXEC) = 6
syscall (/usr/lib64/libc-2.24.so)
perf_evsel__open (/home/acme/bin/perf)
0.190 ( 0.005 ms): perf/8469 perf_event_open(attr_uptr: 0x24bc748, pid: 8470 (perf), cpu: 3, group_fd: -1, flags: FD_CLOEXEC) = 8
syscall (/usr/lib64/libc-2.24.so)
perf_evsel__open (/home/acme/bin/perf)
[ perf record: Captured and wrote 0.017 MB perf.data (7 samples) ]
#

The probe one called from perf_event_attr__set_max_precise_ip() works
the first time, with attr.precise_ip = 3, wit hthe next ones being the
per cpu ones for the cycles:ppp event.

And here is the text from a report and alternative proposed patch by
Thomas-Mich Richter:

---

On s390 the counter and sampling facility do not support a precise IP
skid level and sometimes returns EOPNOTSUPP when structure member
precise_ip in struct perf_event_attr is not set to zero.

On s390 commnd 'perf record -- true' fails with error EOPNOTSUPP. This
happens only when no events are specified on command line.

The functions called are
...
--> perf_evlist__add_default
--> perf_evsel__new_cycles
--> perf_event_attr__set_max_precise_ip

The last function determines the value of structure member precise_ip by
invoking the perf_event_open() system call and checking the return code.
The first successful open is the value for precise_ip.

However the value is determined without setting member sample_period and
indicates no sampling.

On s390 the counter facility and sampling facility are different. The
above procedure determines a precise_ip value of 3 using the counter
facility. Later it uses the sampling facility with a value of 3 and
fails with EOPNOTSUPP.

---

v2: Older compilers (e.g. gcc 4.4.7) don't support referencing members
of unnamed union members in the container struct initialization, so
move from:

struct perf_event_attr attr = {
...
.sample_period = 1,
};

to right after it as:

struct perf_event_attr attr = {
...
};

attr.sample_period = 1;

v3: We need to reset .sample_period to 0 to let the users of
perf_evsel__new_cycles() to properly setup attr.sample_period or
attr.sample_freq. Reported by Ingo Molnar.

Reported-and-Acked-by: Thomas-Mich Richter <tmricht@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Acked-by: Hendrik Brueckner <brueckner@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Acked-by: Jiri Olsa <jolsa@redhat.com>
Cc: Adrian Hunter <adrian.hunter@intel.com>
Cc: Alexander Shishkin <alexander.shishkin@linux.intel.com>
Cc: David Ahern <dsahern@gmail.com>
Cc: Namhyung Kim <namhyung@kernel.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Wang Nan <wangnan0@huawei.com>
Fixes: 18e7a45af91a ("perf/x86: Reject non sampling events with precise_ip")
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/n/tip-yv6nnkl7tzqocrm0hl3x7vf1@git.kernel.org
Signed-off-by: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Sasha Levin <sashal@kernel.org>
---
tools/perf/tests/task-exit.c | 2 +-
tools/perf/util/evsel.c | 12 ++++++++++++
2 files changed, 13 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/tools/perf/tests/task-exit.c b/tools/perf/tests/task-exit.c
index 01a5ba2788c6..b0d005d295a9 100644
--- a/tools/perf/tests/task-exit.c
+++ b/tools/perf/tests/task-exit.c
@@ -82,7 +82,7 @@ int test__task_exit(int subtest __maybe_unused)

evsel = perf_evlist__first(evlist);
evsel->attr.task = 1;
- evsel->attr.sample_freq = 0;
+ evsel->attr.sample_freq = 1;
evsel->attr.inherit = 0;
evsel->attr.watermark = 0;
evsel->attr.wakeup_events = 1;
diff --git a/tools/perf/util/evsel.c b/tools/perf/util/evsel.c
index 3be8c489884e..f7128c2a6386 100644
--- a/tools/perf/util/evsel.c
+++ b/tools/perf/util/evsel.c
@@ -263,8 +263,20 @@ struct perf_evsel *perf_evsel__new_cycles(void)
struct perf_evsel *evsel;

event_attr_init(&attr);
+ /*
+ * Unnamed union member, not supported as struct member named
+ * initializer in older compilers such as gcc 4.4.7
+ *
+ * Just for probing the precise_ip:
+ */
+ attr.sample_period = 1;

perf_event_attr__set_max_precise_ip(&attr);
+ /*
+ * Now let the usual logic to set up the perf_event_attr defaults
+ * to kick in when we return and before perf_evsel__open() is called.
+ */
+ attr.sample_period = 0;

evsel = perf_evsel__new(&attr);
if (evsel == NULL)
--
2.17.1
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