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Subject[PATCH 07/37] perf trace: Introduce --max-events
Date
From: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@redhat.com>

Allow stopping tracing after a number of events take place, considering
strace-like syscalls formatting as one event per enter/exit pair or when
in a multi-process tracing session a syscall is interrupted and printed
ending with '...'.

Examples included in the documentation:

Trace the first 4 open, openat or open_by_handle_at syscalls (in the future more syscalls may match here):

$ perf trace -e open* --max-events 4
[root@jouet perf]# trace -e open* --max-events 4
2272.992 ( 0.037 ms): gnome-shell/1370 openat(dfd: CWD, filename: /proc/self/stat) = 31
2277.481 ( 0.139 ms): gnome-shell/3039 openat(dfd: CWD, filename: /proc/self/stat) = 65
3026.398 ( 0.076 ms): gnome-shell/3039 openat(dfd: CWD, filename: /proc/self/stat) = 65
4294.665 ( 0.015 ms): sed/15879 openat(dfd: CWD, filename: /etc/ld.so.cache, flags: CLOEXEC) = 3
$

Trace the first minor page fault when running a workload:

# perf trace -F min --max-stack=7 --max-events 1 sleep 1
0.000 ( 0.000 ms): sleep/18006 minfault [__clear_user+0x1a] => 0x5626efa56080 (?k)
__clear_user ([kernel.kallsyms])
load_elf_binary ([kernel.kallsyms])
search_binary_handler ([kernel.kallsyms])
__do_execve_file.isra.33 ([kernel.kallsyms])
__x64_sys_execve ([kernel.kallsyms])
do_syscall_64 ([kernel.kallsyms])
entry_SYSCALL_64 ([kernel.kallsyms])
#

Trace the next min page page fault to take place on the first CPU:

# perf trace -F min --call-graph=dwarf --max-events 1 --cpu 0
0.000 ( 0.000 ms): Web Content/17136 minfault [js::gc::Chunk::fetchNextDecommittedArena+0x4b] => 0x7fbe6181b000 (?.)
js::gc::FreeSpan::initAsEmpty (inlined)
js::gc::Arena::setAsNotAllocated (inlined)
js::gc::Chunk::fetchNextDecommittedArena (/usr/lib64/firefox/libxul.so)
js::gc::Chunk::allocateArena (/usr/lib64/firefox/libxul.so)
js::gc::GCRuntime::allocateArena (/usr/lib64/firefox/libxul.so)
js::gc::ArenaLists::allocateFromArena (/usr/lib64/firefox/libxul.so)
js::gc::GCRuntime::tryNewTenuredThing<JSString, (js::AllowGC)1> (inlined)
js::AllocateString<JSString, (js::AllowGC)1> (/usr/lib64/firefox/libxul.so)
js::Allocate<JSThinInlineString, (js::AllowGC)1> (inlined)
JSThinInlineString::new_<(js::AllowGC)1> (inlined)
AllocateInlineString<(js::AllowGC)1, unsigned char> (inlined)
js::ConcatStrings<(js::AllowGC)1> (/usr/lib64/firefox/libxul.so)
[0x18b26e6bc2bd] (/tmp/perf-17136.map)

Tracing the next four ext4 operations on a specific CPU:

# perf trace -e ext4:*/call-graph=fp/ --max-events 4 --cpu 3
0.000 mutt/3849 ext4:ext4_es_lookup_extent_enter:dev 253,2 ino 57277 lblk 0
ext4_es_lookup_extent ([kernel.kallsyms])
read (/usr/lib64/libc-2.26.so)
0.097 mutt/3849 ext4:ext4_es_lookup_extent_exit:dev 253,2 ino 57277 found 0 [0/0) 0
ext4_es_lookup_extent ([kernel.kallsyms])
read (/usr/lib64/libc-2.26.so)
0.141 mutt/3849 ext4:ext4_ext_map_blocks_enter:dev 253,2 ino 57277 lblk 0 len 1 flags
ext4_ext_map_blocks ([kernel.kallsyms])
read (/usr/lib64/libc-2.26.so)
0.184 mutt/3849 ext4:ext4_ext_load_extent:dev 253,2 ino 57277 lblk 1516511 pblk 18446744071750013657
__read_extent_tree_block ([kernel.kallsyms])
__read_extent_tree_block ([kernel.kallsyms])
ext4_find_extent ([kernel.kallsyms])
ext4_ext_map_blocks ([kernel.kallsyms])
ext4_map_blocks ([kernel.kallsyms])
ext4_mpage_readpages ([kernel.kallsyms])
read_pages ([kernel.kallsyms])
__do_page_cache_readahead ([kernel.kallsyms])
ondemand_readahead ([kernel.kallsyms])
generic_file_read_iter ([kernel.kallsyms])
__vfs_read ([kernel.kallsyms])
vfs_read ([kernel.kallsyms])
ksys_read ([kernel.kallsyms])
do_syscall_64 ([kernel.kallsyms])
entry_SYSCALL_64 ([kernel.kallsyms])
read (/usr/lib64/libc-2.26.so)
#

Cc: Adrian Hunter <adrian.hunter@intel.com>
Cc: David Ahern <dsahern@gmail.com>
Cc: Jiri Olsa <jolsa@kernel.org>
Cc: Milian Wolff <milian.wolff@kdab.com>
Cc: Namhyung Kim <namhyung@kernel.org>
Cc: Rudá Moura <ruda.moura@gmail.com>
Cc: Wang Nan <wangnan0@huawei.com>
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/n/tip-sweh107bs7ol5bzls0m4tqdz@git.kernel.org
Signed-off-by: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@redhat.com>
---
tools/perf/Documentation/perf-trace.txt | 47 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
tools/perf/builtin-trace.c | 21 +++++++++++++++
2 files changed, 68 insertions(+)

diff --git a/tools/perf/Documentation/perf-trace.txt b/tools/perf/Documentation/perf-trace.txt
index 115db9e06ecd..0d1a1cd4d328 100644
--- a/tools/perf/Documentation/perf-trace.txt
+++ b/tools/perf/Documentation/perf-trace.txt
@@ -171,6 +171,11 @@ the thread executes on the designated CPUs. Default is to monitor all CPUs.
--kernel-syscall-graph::
Show the kernel callchains on the syscall exit path.

+--max-events=N::
+ Stop after processing N events. Note that strace-like events are considered
+ only at exit time or when a syscall is interrupted, i.e. in those cases this
+ option is equivalent to the number of lines printed.
+
--max-stack::
Set the stack depth limit when parsing the callchain, anything
beyond the specified depth will be ignored. Note that at this point
@@ -238,6 +243,48 @@ Trace syscalls, major and minor pagefaults:
As you can see, there was major pagefault in python process, from
CRYPTO_push_info_ routine which faulted somewhere in libcrypto.so.

+Trace the first 4 open, openat or open_by_handle_at syscalls (in the future more syscalls may match here):
+
+ $ perf trace -e open* --max-events 4
+ [root@jouet perf]# trace -e open* --max-events 4
+ 2272.992 ( 0.037 ms): gnome-shell/1370 openat(dfd: CWD, filename: /proc/self/stat) = 31
+ 2277.481 ( 0.139 ms): gnome-shell/3039 openat(dfd: CWD, filename: /proc/self/stat) = 65
+ 3026.398 ( 0.076 ms): gnome-shell/3039 openat(dfd: CWD, filename: /proc/self/stat) = 65
+ 4294.665 ( 0.015 ms): sed/15879 openat(dfd: CWD, filename: /etc/ld.so.cache, flags: CLOEXEC) = 3
+ $
+
+Trace the first minor page fault when running a workload:
+
+ # perf trace -F min --max-stack=7 --max-events 1 sleep 1
+ 0.000 ( 0.000 ms): sleep/18006 minfault [__clear_user+0x1a] => 0x5626efa56080 (?k)
+ __clear_user ([kernel.kallsyms])
+ load_elf_binary ([kernel.kallsyms])
+ search_binary_handler ([kernel.kallsyms])
+ __do_execve_file.isra.33 ([kernel.kallsyms])
+ __x64_sys_execve ([kernel.kallsyms])
+ do_syscall_64 ([kernel.kallsyms])
+ entry_SYSCALL_64 ([kernel.kallsyms])
+ #
+
+Trace the next min page page fault to take place on the first CPU:
+
+ # perf trace -F min --call-graph=dwarf --max-events 1 --cpu 0
+ 0.000 ( 0.000 ms): Web Content/17136 minfault [js::gc::Chunk::fetchNextDecommittedArena+0x4b] => 0x7fbe6181b000 (?.)
+ js::gc::FreeSpan::initAsEmpty (inlined)
+ js::gc::Arena::setAsNotAllocated (inlined)
+ js::gc::Chunk::fetchNextDecommittedArena (/usr/lib64/firefox/libxul.so)
+ js::gc::Chunk::allocateArena (/usr/lib64/firefox/libxul.so)
+ js::gc::GCRuntime::allocateArena (/usr/lib64/firefox/libxul.so)
+ js::gc::ArenaLists::allocateFromArena (/usr/lib64/firefox/libxul.so)
+ js::gc::GCRuntime::tryNewTenuredThing<JSString, (js::AllowGC)1> (inlined)
+ js::AllocateString<JSString, (js::AllowGC)1> (/usr/lib64/firefox/libxul.so)
+ js::Allocate<JSThinInlineString, (js::AllowGC)1> (inlined)
+ JSThinInlineString::new_<(js::AllowGC)1> (inlined)
+ AllocateInlineString<(js::AllowGC)1, unsigned char> (inlined)
+ js::ConcatStrings<(js::AllowGC)1> (/usr/lib64/firefox/libxul.so)
+ [0x18b26e6bc2bd] (/tmp/perf-17136.map)
+ #
+
SEE ALSO
--------
linkperf:perf-record[1], linkperf:perf-script[1]
diff --git a/tools/perf/builtin-trace.c b/tools/perf/builtin-trace.c
index 90289f31dd87..74638034861c 100644
--- a/tools/perf/builtin-trace.c
+++ b/tools/perf/builtin-trace.c
@@ -89,6 +89,8 @@ struct trace {
u64 base_time;
FILE *output;
unsigned long nr_events;
+ unsigned long nr_events_printed;
+ unsigned long max_events;
struct strlist *ev_qualifier;
struct {
size_t nr;
@@ -1664,6 +1666,8 @@ static int trace__printf_interrupted_entry(struct trace *trace)
printed += fprintf(trace->output, "%-70s) ...\n", ttrace->entry_str);
ttrace->entry_pending = false;

+ ++trace->nr_events_printed;
+
return printed;
}

@@ -1940,6 +1944,13 @@ errno_print: {

fputc('\n', trace->output);

+ /*
+ * We only consider an 'event' for the sake of --max-events a non-filtered
+ * sys_enter + sys_exit and other tracepoint events.
+ */
+ if (++trace->nr_events_printed == trace->max_events && trace->max_events != ULONG_MAX)
+ interrupted = true;
+
if (callchain_ret > 0)
trace__fprintf_callchain(trace, sample);
else if (callchain_ret < 0)
@@ -2072,6 +2083,7 @@ static void bpf_output__fprintf(struct trace *trace,
{
binary__fprintf(sample->raw_data, sample->raw_size, 8,
bpf_output__printer, NULL, trace->output);
+ ++trace->nr_events_printed;
}

static int trace__event_handler(struct trace *trace, struct perf_evsel *evsel,
@@ -2127,6 +2139,7 @@ static int trace__event_handler(struct trace *trace, struct perf_evsel *evsel,
event_format__fprintf(evsel->tp_format, sample->cpu,
sample->raw_data, sample->raw_size,
trace->output);
+ ++trace->nr_events_printed;
}
}

@@ -2225,6 +2238,8 @@ static int trace__pgfault(struct trace *trace,
trace__fprintf_callchain(trace, sample);
else if (callchain_ret < 0)
pr_err("Problem processing %s callchain, skipping...\n", perf_evsel__name(evsel));
+
+ ++trace->nr_events_printed;
out:
err = 0;
out_put:
@@ -2402,6 +2417,9 @@ static void trace__handle_event(struct trace *trace, union perf_event *event, st
tracepoint_handler handler = evsel->handler;
handler(trace, evsel, event, sample);
}
+
+ if (trace->nr_events_printed >= trace->max_events && trace->max_events != ULONG_MAX)
+ interrupted = true;
}

static int trace__add_syscall_newtp(struct trace *trace)
@@ -3249,6 +3267,7 @@ int cmd_trace(int argc, const char **argv)
.trace_syscalls = false,
.kernel_syscallchains = false,
.max_stack = UINT_MAX,
+ .max_events = ULONG_MAX,
};
const char *output_name = NULL;
const struct option trace_options[] = {
@@ -3301,6 +3320,8 @@ int cmd_trace(int argc, const char **argv)
&record_parse_callchain_opt),
OPT_BOOLEAN(0, "kernel-syscall-graph", &trace.kernel_syscallchains,
"Show the kernel callchains on the syscall exit path"),
+ OPT_ULONG(0, "max-events", &trace.max_events,
+ "Set the maximum number of events to print, exit after that is reached. "),
OPT_UINTEGER(0, "min-stack", &trace.min_stack,
"Set the minimum stack depth when parsing the callchain, "
"anything below the specified depth will be ignored."),
--
2.14.4
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