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SubjectRe: [PATCH 1/6] clk: Remove recursion in clk_core_{prepare,enable}()
On Wed, Oct 24, 2018 at 2:51 AM Jerome Brunet <jbrunet@baylibre.com> wrote:
>
> On Tue, 2018-10-23 at 18:31 -0700, Derek Basehore wrote:
> > From: Stephen Boyd <sboyd@codeaurora.org>
> >
> > Enabling and preparing clocks can be written quite naturally with
> > recursion. We start at some point in the tree and recurse up the
> > tree to find the oldest parent clk that needs to be enabled or
> > prepared. Then we enable/prepare and return to the caller, going
> > back to the clk we started at and enabling/preparing along the
> > way.
> >
> > The problem is recursion isn't great for kernel code where we
> > have a limited stack size. Furthermore, we may be calling this
> > code inside clk_set_rate() which also has recursion in it, so
> > we're really not looking good if we encounter a tall clk tree.
> >
> > Let's create a stack instead by looping over the parent chain and
> > collecting clks of interest. Then the enable/prepare becomes as
> > simple as iterating over that list and calling enable.
>
> Hi Derek,
>
> What about unprepare() and disable() ?
>
> This patch removes the recursion from the enable path but keeps it for the
> disable path ... this is very odd. Assuming doing so works, It certainly makes
> CCF a lot harder to understand.

It wasn't there in the original patch. I asked Stephen, and he thinks
it may have been left that way because unprepare/disable are tail
recursion cases, which the compiler can optimize away.

>
> What about clock protection which essentially works on the same model as prepare
> and enable ?
>
> Overall, this change does not look like something that should be merged as it
> is. If you were just seeking comments, you should add the "RFC" tag to your
> series.
>
> Jerome.
>
> >
> > Cc: Jerome Brunet <jbrunet@baylibre.com>
>
> If you don't mind, I would prefer to get the whole series next time. It helps to
> get the context.
>
> > Signed-off-by: Stephen Boyd <sboyd@codeaurora.org>
> > Signed-off-by: Derek Basehore <dbasehore@chromium.org>
> > ---
> > drivers/clk/clk.c | 113 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++--------------------
> > 1 file changed, 64 insertions(+), 49 deletions(-)
> >
> > diff --git a/drivers/clk/clk.c b/drivers/clk/clk.c
> > index af011974d4ec..95d818f5edb2 100644
> > --- a/drivers/clk/clk.c
> > +++ b/drivers/clk/clk.c
> > @@ -71,6 +71,8 @@ struct clk_core {
> > struct hlist_head children;
> > struct hlist_node child_node;
> > struct hlist_head clks;
> > + struct list_head prepare_list;
> > + struct list_head enable_list;
> > unsigned int notifier_count;
> > #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_FS
> > struct dentry *dentry;
> > @@ -740,49 +742,48 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(clk_unprepare);
> > static int clk_core_prepare(struct clk_core *core)
> > {
> > int ret = 0;
> > + struct clk_core *tmp, *parent;
> > + LIST_HEAD(head);
> >
> > lockdep_assert_held(&prepare_lock);
> >
> > - if (!core)
> > - return 0;
> > + while (core) {
> > + list_add(&core->prepare_list, &head);
> > + /* Stop once we see a clk that is already prepared */
> > + if (core->prepare_count)
> > + break;
> > + core = core->parent;
> > + }
> >
> > - if (core->prepare_count == 0) {
> > - ret = clk_pm_runtime_get(core);
> > - if (ret)
> > - return ret;
> > + list_for_each_entry_safe(core, tmp, &head, prepare_list) {
> > + list_del_init(&core->prepare_list);
>
> Is there any point in removing it from the list ?
> Maybe I missed it but it does not seems useful.
>
> Without this, we could use list_for_each_entry()
>
> >
> > - ret = clk_core_prepare(core->parent);
> > - if (ret)
> > - goto runtime_put;
> > + if (core->prepare_count == 0) {
>
> Should we really check the count here ? You are not checking the count when the
> put() counterpart is called below.
>
> Since PM runtime has ref counting as well, either way would work I guess ... but
> we shall be consistent
>
> > + ret = clk_pm_runtime_get(core);
> > + if (ret)
> > + goto err;
> >
> > - trace_clk_prepare(core);
> > + trace_clk_prepare(core);
> >
> > - if (core->ops->prepare)
> > - ret = core->ops->prepare(core->hw);
> > + if (core->ops->prepare)
> > + ret = core->ops->prepare(core->hw);
> >
> > - trace_clk_prepare_complete(core);
> > + trace_clk_prepare_complete(core);
> >
> > - if (ret)
> > - goto unprepare;
> > + if (ret) {
> > + clk_pm_runtime_put(core);
> > + goto err;
> > + }
> > + }
> > + core->prepare_count++;
> > }
> >
> > - core->prepare_count++;
> > -
> > - /*
> > - * CLK_SET_RATE_GATE is a special case of clock protection
> > - * Instead of a consumer claiming exclusive rate control, it is
> > - * actually the provider which prevents any consumer from making any
> > - * operation which could result in a rate change or rate glitch while
> > - * the clock is prepared.
> > - */
> > - if (core->flags & CLK_SET_RATE_GATE)
> > - clk_core_rate_protect(core);
>
> This gets removed without anything replacing it.
>
> is CLK_SET_RATE_GATE and clock protection support dropped after this change ?
>
> > -
> > return 0;
> > -unprepare:
> > - clk_core_unprepare(core->parent);
> > -runtime_put:
> > - clk_pm_runtime_put(core);
> > +err:
> > + parent = core->parent;
> > + list_for_each_entry_safe_continue(core, tmp, &head, prepare_list)
> > + list_del_init(&core->prepare_list);
> > + clk_core_unprepare(parent);
>
> If you get here because of failure clk_pm_runtime_get(), you will unprepare a
> clock which may have not been prepared first
>
> Overall the rework of error exit path does not seem right (or necessary)
>
> > return ret;
> > }
> >
> > @@ -878,37 +879,49 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(clk_disable);
> > static int clk_core_enable(struct clk_core *core)
> > {
> > int ret = 0;
> > + struct clk_core *tmp, *parent;
> > + LIST_HEAD(head);
> >
> > lockdep_assert_held(&enable_lock);
> >
> > - if (!core)
> > - return 0;
> > -
> > - if (WARN(core->prepare_count == 0,
> > - "Enabling unprepared %s\n", core->name))
> > - return -ESHUTDOWN;
> > + while (core) {
> > + list_add(&core->enable_list, &head);
> > + /* Stop once we see a clk that is already enabled */
> > + if (core->enable_count)
> > + break;
> > + core = core->parent;
> > + }
> >
> > - if (core->enable_count == 0) {
> > - ret = clk_core_enable(core->parent);
> > + list_for_each_entry_safe(core, tmp, &head, enable_list) {
> > + list_del_init(&core->enable_list);
> >
> > - if (ret)
> > - return ret;
> > + if (WARN_ON(core->prepare_count == 0)) {
> > + ret = -ESHUTDOWN;
> > + goto err;
> > + }
> >
> > - trace_clk_enable_rcuidle(core);
> > + if (core->enable_count == 0) {
> > + trace_clk_enable_rcuidle(core);
> >
> > - if (core->ops->enable)
> > - ret = core->ops->enable(core->hw);
> > + if (core->ops->enable)
> > + ret = core->ops->enable(core->hw);
> >
> > - trace_clk_enable_complete_rcuidle(core);
> > + trace_clk_enable_complete_rcuidle(core);
> >
> > - if (ret) {
> > - clk_core_disable(core->parent);
> > - return ret;
> > + if (ret)
> > + goto err;
> > }
> > +
> > + core->enable_count++;
> > }
> >
> > - core->enable_count++;
> > return 0;
> > +err:
> > + parent = core->parent;
> > + list_for_each_entry_safe_continue(core, tmp, &head, enable_list)
> > + list_del_init(&core->enable_list);
> > + clk_core_disable(parent);
> > + return ret;
> > }
> >
> > static int clk_core_enable_lock(struct clk_core *core)
> > @@ -3281,6 +3294,8 @@ struct clk *clk_register(struct device *dev, struct clk_hw *hw)
> > core->num_parents = hw->init->num_parents;
> > core->min_rate = 0;
> > core->max_rate = ULONG_MAX;
> > + INIT_LIST_HEAD(&core->prepare_list);
> > + INIT_LIST_HEAD(&core->enable_list);
> > hw->core = core;
> >
> > /* allocate local copy in case parent_names is __initdata */
>
>

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