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SubjectRe: [Xen-devel] [v3 04/12] x86/fsgsbase/64: Enable FSGSBASE instructions in the helper functions
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On 24/10/18 20:16, Andy Lutomirski wrote:
> On Tue, Oct 23, 2018 at 11:43 AM Chang S. Bae <chang.seok.bae@intel.com> wrote:
>> The helper functions will switch on faster accesses to FSBASE and GSBASE
>> when the FSGSBASE feature is enabled.
>>
>> Accessing user GSBASE needs a couple of SWAPGS operations. It is avoidable
>> if the user GSBASE is saved at kernel entry, being updated as changes, and
>> restored back at kernel exit. However, it seems to spend more cycles for
>> savings and restorations. Little or no benefit was measured from
>> experiments.
>>
>> Signed-off-by: Chang S. Bae <chang.seok.bae@intel.com>
>> Reviewed-by: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com>
>> Cc: Any Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
>> Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
>> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
>> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
>> Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
>> ---
>> arch/x86/include/asm/fsgsbase.h | 17 +++----
>> arch/x86/kernel/process_64.c | 82 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++------
>> 2 files changed, 75 insertions(+), 24 deletions(-)
>>
>> diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/fsgsbase.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/fsgsbase.h
>> index b4d4509b786c..e500d771155f 100644
>> --- a/arch/x86/include/asm/fsgsbase.h
>> +++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/fsgsbase.h
>> @@ -57,26 +57,23 @@ static __always_inline void wrgsbase(unsigned long gsbase)
>> : "memory");
>> }
>>
>> +#include <asm/cpufeature.h>
>> +
>> /* Helper functions for reading/writing FS/GS base */
>>
>> static inline unsigned long x86_fsbase_read_cpu(void)
>> {
>> unsigned long fsbase;
>>
>> - rdmsrl(MSR_FS_BASE, fsbase);
>> + if (static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_FSGSBASE))
>> + fsbase = rdfsbase();
>> + else
>> + rdmsrl(MSR_FS_BASE, fsbase);
>>
>> return fsbase;
>> }
>>
>> -static inline unsigned long x86_gsbase_read_cpu_inactive(void)
>> -{
>> - unsigned long gsbase;
>> -
>> - rdmsrl(MSR_KERNEL_GS_BASE, gsbase);
>> -
>> - return gsbase;
>> -}
>> -
>> +extern unsigned long x86_gsbase_read_cpu_inactive(void);
>> extern void x86_fsbase_write_cpu(unsigned long fsbase);
>> extern void x86_gsbase_write_cpu_inactive(unsigned long gsbase);
>>
>> diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/process_64.c b/arch/x86/kernel/process_64.c
>> index 31b4755369f0..fcf18046c3d6 100644
>> --- a/arch/x86/kernel/process_64.c
>> +++ b/arch/x86/kernel/process_64.c
>> @@ -159,6 +159,36 @@ enum which_selector {
>> GS
>> };
>>
>> +/*
>> + * Interrupts are disabled here. Out of line to be protected from kprobes.
>> + */
>> +static noinline __kprobes unsigned long rd_inactive_gsbase(void)
>> +{
>> + unsigned long gsbase, flags;
>> +
>> + local_irq_save(flags);
>> + native_swapgs();
>> + gsbase = rdgsbase();
>> + native_swapgs();
>> + local_irq_restore(flags);
>> +
>> + return gsbase;
>> +}
> Please fold this into its only caller and make *that* noinline.
>
> Also, this function, and its "write" equivalent, will access the
> *active* gsbase. So it either needs to be fixed for Xen PV or some
> clear comment and careful auditing needs to be added to ensure that
> it's not used on Xen PV. Or it needs to be renamed
> native_x86_fsgsbase_... and add paravirt hooks, since Xen PV allows a
> very efficient but different implementation, I think. The latter is
> probably the right solution.
>
> (Hi Xen people -- how does CR4.FSGSBASE work on Xen? Is it always
> set? Never set? Set only if the guest tries to set it?)

FML.  Seriously - whoever put this code into the hypervisor in the past
did an atrocious job.  After some experimentation, you're going to be
sad and I'm declaring this borderline unusable.

Looks like Xen unconditionally enabled CR4.FSGSBASE if it is available. 
Therefore, PV guests can use the instructions, even if the bit is clear
in vCR4.

The CPUID bits are exposed to guests by default, and Xen will emulate
vCR4.FSGSBASE being set and cleared.

We don't however emulate swapgs (which is a cpl0 instruction).  The
guest gets handed a #GP[0] instead.

The Linux WRMSR PVop uses the set_segment_base() hypercall in instead of
going through the full wrmsr emulation path.

There is no equivalent get hypercall, so the only way I can see of
getting the value is to actually read MSR_KERNEL_GS_BASE and take the
full rdmsr emulation path.

~Andrew

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