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SubjectRe: [dm-devel] [RFC] dm-bow working prototype


On Wed, 24 Oct 2018, Paul Lawrence wrote:

> Android has had the concept of A/B updates for since Android N, which means
> that if an update is unable to boot for any reason three times, we revert to
> the older system. However, if the failure occurs after the new system has
> started modifying userdata, we will be attempting to start an older system
> with a newer userdata, which is an unsupported state. Thus to make A/B able to
> fully deliver on its promise of safe updates, we need to be able to revert
> userdata in the event of a failure.
>
> For those cases where the file system on userdata supports
> snapshots/checkpoints, we should clearly use them. However, there are many
> Android devices using filesystems that do not support checkpoints, so we need
> a generic solution. Here we had two options. One was to use overlayfs to
> manage the changes, then on merge have a script that copies the files to the
> underlying fs. This was rejected on the grounds of compatibility concerns and
> managing the merge through reboots, though it is definitely a plausible
> strategy. The second was to work at the block layer.
>
> At the block layer, dm-snap would have given us a ready-made solution, except
> that there is no sufficiently large spare partition on Android devices. But in
> general there is free space on userdata, just scattered over the device, and
> of course likely to get modified as soon as userdata is written to. We also
> decided that the merge phase was a high risk component of any design. Since
> the normal path is that the update succeeds, we anticipate merges happening
> 99% of the time, and we want to guarantee their success even in the event of
> unexpected failure during the merge. Thus we decided we preferred a strategy
> where the device is in the committed state at all times, and rollback requires
> work, to one where the device remains in the original state but the merge is
> complex.

What about allocating a big file, using the FIEMAP ioctl to find the
physical locations of the file, creating a dm device with many linear
targets to map the big file and using it as a snapshot store? I think it
would be way easier than re-implementing the snapshot functionality in a
new target.

You can mount the whole filesystem using the "origin" target and you can
attach a "snapshot" target that uses the mapped big file as its snapshot
store - all writes will be placed directly to the device and the old data
will be copied to the snapshot store in the big file.

If you decide that rollback is no longer needed, you just unload the
snapshot target and delete the big file. If you decide that you want to
rollback, you can use the snapshot merge functionality (or you can write a
userspace utility that does offline merge).

Mikulas

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