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SubjectRe: [PATCH 3/3] i2c:ocores: add polling interface
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On Sunday, October 21, 2018 4:39:07 PM CEST Peter Korsgaard wrote:
> On Mon, Jun 25, 2018 at 6:14 PM Federico Vaga <federico.vaga@cern.ch> wrote:
> > This driver assumes that an interrupt line is always available for
> > the I2C master. This is not always the case and this patch adds support
> > for a polling version based on workqueue.
>
> It probably makes sense to make it the switch between irq/irqless mode
> dynamic to support the upcoming master_xfer_irqless logic.
>
> > Signed-off-by: Federico Vaga <federico.vaga@cern.ch>
> > ---
> >
> > drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-ocores.c | 94
> > ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++------- 1 file changed, 79
> > insertions(+), 15 deletions(-)
> >
> > diff --git a/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-ocores.c
> > b/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-ocores.c index 274d6eb22a2c..0dad1a512ef5 100644
> > --- a/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-ocores.c
> > +++ b/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-ocores.c
> > @@ -13,6 +13,7 @@
> >
> > */
> >
> > #include <linux/clk.h>
> >
> > +#include <linux/delay.h>
> >
> > #include <linux/err.h>
> > #include <linux/kernel.h>
> > #include <linux/module.h>
> >
> > @@ -26,14 +27,19 @@
> >
> > #include <linux/io.h>
> > #include <linux/log2.h>
> > #include <linux/spinlock.h>
> >
> > +#include <linux/workqueue.h>
> > +
> > +#define OCORES_FLAG_POLL BIT(0)
> >
> > struct ocores_i2c {
> >
> > void __iomem *base;
> > u32 reg_shift;
> > u32 reg_io_width;
> >
> > + unsigned long flags;
> >
> > wait_queue_head_t wait;
> > struct i2c_adapter adap;
> > struct i2c_msg *msg;
> >
> > + struct work_struct xfer_work;
> >
> > int pos;
> > int nmsgs;
> > int state; /* see STATE_ */
> >
> > @@ -166,8 +172,9 @@ static void ocores_process(struct ocores_i2c *i2c, u8
> > stat)>
> > oc_setreg(i2c, OCI2C_CMD, OCI2C_CMD_STOP);
> > return;
> >
> > }
> >
> > - } else
> > + } else {
> >
> > msg->buf[i2c->pos++] = oc_getreg(i2c, OCI2C_DATA);
> >
> > + }
>
> This looks unrelated to $SUBJECT.

Do you prefer a different patch just for styling?

>
> > /* end of msg? */
> > if (i2c->pos == msg->len) {
> >
> > @@ -232,6 +239,50 @@ static irqreturn_t ocores_isr(int irq, void *dev_id)
> >
> > return IRQ_HANDLED;
> >
> > }
> >
> > +
> > +/**
> > + * It waits until is possible to process some data
>
> Please don't use "It waits ..", but rather "wait until ..". Same for
> the other function comments.

ok

> > + * @i2c: ocores I2C device instance
> > + *
> > + * This is used when the device is in polling mode (interrupts disabled).
> > + * It sleeps for the time necessary to send 8bits (one transfer over
> > + * the I2C bus), then it permanently ping the ip-core until is possible
> > + * to process data. The idea is that we sleep for most of the time at the
> > + * beginning because we are sure that the ip-core is not ready yet.
> > + */
> > +static void ocores_poll_wait(struct ocores_i2c *i2c)
> > +{
> > + int sleep_min = (8/i2c->bus_clock_khz) * 1000; /* us for 8bits */
> > + u8 loop_on;
> > +
> > + usleep_range(sleep_min, sleep_min + 10);
>
> Where does this 10 come from?

It's true, it's just a random number. It can be zero as well, and we ask the
system to just sleep for that amount of time.

(1) usleep_range(sleep_min, sleep_min);

I noticed that it is a common practice to just put numbers that sounds
correct, indeed there are many random numbers (not commented at least, so they
are random numbers for the reader) in drivers/i2c/busses when they use this
function.

This magic number can be also something like:

(2) usleep_range(sleep_min, sleep_min * 1.10);

to give a 10% (again random choice) extra margin before starting to actively
poll.

But I agree that random numbers are not good. So I'm ok with option (1). I did
not try it, but I think is fine to give a zero delta (delta=max-min=0).

>
> > + if (i2c->state == STATE_DONE || i2c->state == STATE_ERROR)
> > + loop_on = OCI2C_STAT_BUSY;
> > + else
> > + loop_on = OCI2C_STAT_TIP;
> > + while (oc_getreg(i2c, OCI2C_STATUS) & loop_on)
> > + ;
>
> How would an I2C transmission timeout be handled here?

There is the assumption that the hardware is alive and what we read from
oc_getreg() is correct. With this assumption, when there is a timeout this
will happen:
1. STOP command (previous patch)
2. both TIP and BUSY will become zero at some point and we get out from the
loop

I can see now that there are cases when it may loop forever: for example if
the device is broken and it does answer always with 0xFFFF: we should not
break the host as well :)

I can fix this.

> > +}
> > +
> > +
> > +/**
> > + * It implements the polling logic
> > + * @work: work instance descriptor
> > + *
> > + * Here we try to re-use as much as possible from the IRQ logic
> > + */
> > +static void ocores_work(struct work_struct *work)
> > +{
> > + struct ocores_i2c *i2c = container_of(work,
> > + struct ocores_i2c,
> > xfer_work); + irqreturn_t ret;
> > +
> > + do {
> > + ocores_poll_wait(i2c);
> > + ret = ocores_isr(-1, i2c);
> > + } while (ret != IRQ_NONE);
>
> Might as well drop the negation, E.G. while (ret == IRQ_HANDLED);

ok

> > +}
> > +
> >
> > static int ocores_xfer(struct i2c_adapter *adap, struct i2c_msg *msgs,
> > int num) {
> >
> > struct ocores_i2c *i2c = i2c_get_adapdata(adap);
> >
> > @@ -245,6 +296,9 @@ static int ocores_xfer(struct i2c_adapter *adap,
> > struct i2c_msg *msgs, int num)>
> > oc_setreg(i2c, OCI2C_DATA, i2c_8bit_addr_from_msg(i2c->msg));
> > oc_setreg(i2c, OCI2C_CMD, OCI2C_CMD_START);
> >
> > + if (i2c->flags & OCORES_FLAG_POLL)
> > + schedule_work(&i2c->xfer_work);
> > +
> >
> > if (wait_event_timeout(i2c->wait, (i2c->state == STATE_ERROR) ||
> >
> > (i2c->state == STATE_DONE), HZ)) {
> >
> > return (i2c->state == STATE_DONE) ? num : -EIO;
> >
> > @@ -264,7 +318,8 @@ static int ocores_init(struct device *dev, struct
> > ocores_i2c *i2c)>
> > u8 ctrl = oc_getreg(i2c, OCI2C_CONTROL);
> >
> > /* make sure the device is disabled */
> >
> > - oc_setreg(i2c, OCI2C_CONTROL, ctrl &
> > ~(OCI2C_CTRL_EN|OCI2C_CTRL_IEN));
> > + ctrl &= ~(OCI2C_CTRL_EN|OCI2C_CTRL_IEN);
> > + oc_setreg(i2c, OCI2C_CONTROL, ctrl);
>
> This looks unrelated to $SUBJECT
>
>
> > prescale = (i2c->ip_clock_khz / (5 * i2c->bus_clock_khz)) - 1;
> > prescale = clamp(prescale, 0, 0xffff);
> >
> > @@ -277,12 +332,16 @@ static int ocores_init(struct device *dev, struct
> > ocores_i2c *i2c)>
> > return -EINVAL;
> >
> > }
> >
> > +
>
> Here as well.
>
>
> > @@ -538,6 +600,8 @@ static int ocores_i2c_remove(struct platform_device
> > *pdev)>
> > {
> >
> > struct ocores_i2c *i2c = platform_get_drvdata(pdev);
> >
> > + flush_scheduled_work();
> > +
>
> Why not cancel_work_sync(&i2c->xfer_work)?

you are right!




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