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SubjectRe: [PATCH v4 01/18] of: overlay: add tests to validate kfrees from overlay removal
On Wed, Oct 17, 2018 at 4:30 PM Alan Tull <atull@kernel.org> wrote:
>
> On Mon, Oct 15, 2018 at 9:39 PM <frowand.list@gmail.com> wrote:
>
> Hi Frank,
>
> >
> > From: Frank Rowand <frank.rowand@sony.com>
> >
> > Add checks:
> > - attempted kfree due to refcount reaching zero before overlay
> > is removed
> > - properties linked to an overlay node when the node is removed
> > - node refcount > one during node removal in a changeset destroy,
> > if the node was created by the changeset
> >
> > After applying this patch, several validation warnings will be
> > reported from the devicetree unittest during boot due to
> > pre-existing devicetree bugs. The warnings will be similar to:
> >
> > OF: ERROR: of_node_release() overlay node /testcase-data/overlay-node/test-bus/test-unittest11/test-unittest111 contains unexpected properties
> > OF: ERROR: memory leak - destroy cset entry: attach overlay node /testcase-data-2/substation@100/hvac-medium-2 expected refcount 1 instead of 2. of_node_get() / of_node_put() are unbalanced for this node.
> >
> > Signed-off-by: Frank Rowand <frank.rowand@sony.com>
> > ---
> > Changes since v3:
> > - Add expected value of refcount for destroy cset entry error. Also
> > explain the cause of the error.
> >
> > drivers/of/dynamic.c | 29 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> > drivers/of/overlay.c | 1 +
> > include/linux/of.h | 15 ++++++++++-----
> > 3 files changed, 40 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)
> >
> > diff --git a/drivers/of/dynamic.c b/drivers/of/dynamic.c
> > index f4f8ed9b5454..24c97b7a050f 100644
> > --- a/drivers/of/dynamic.c
> > +++ b/drivers/of/dynamic.c
> > @@ -330,6 +330,25 @@ void of_node_release(struct kobject *kobj)
> > if (!of_node_check_flag(node, OF_DYNAMIC))
> > return;
> >
> > + if (of_node_check_flag(node, OF_OVERLAY)) {
> > +
> > + if (!of_node_check_flag(node, OF_OVERLAY_FREE_CSET)) {
> > + /* premature refcount of zero, do not free memory */
> > + pr_err("ERROR: memory leak %s() overlay node %pOF before free overlay changeset\n",
> > + __func__, node);
> > + return;
> > + }
> > +
> > + /*
> > + * If node->properties non-empty then properties were added
> > + * to this node either by different overlay that has not
> > + * yet been removed, or by a non-overlay mechanism.
> > + */
> > + if (node->properties)
> > + pr_err("ERROR: %s() overlay node %pOF contains unexpected properties\n",
> > + __func__, node);
> > + }
> > +
> > property_list_free(node->properties);
> > property_list_free(node->deadprops);
> >
> > @@ -434,6 +453,16 @@ struct device_node *__of_node_dup(const struct device_node *np,
> >
> > static void __of_changeset_entry_destroy(struct of_changeset_entry *ce)
> > {
> > + if (ce->action == OF_RECONFIG_ATTACH_NODE &&
> > + of_node_check_flag(ce->np, OF_OVERLAY)) {
> > + if (kref_read(&ce->np->kobj.kref) > 1) {
> > + pr_err("ERROR: memory leak - destroy cset entry: attach overlay node %pOF expected refcount 1 instead of %d. of_node_get() / of_node_put() are unbalanced for this node.\n",
> > + ce->np, kref_read(&ce->np->kobj.kref));
>
> Still testing as much as I have time to do.
>
> I'm hitting this error message once when removing an overlay that adds
> several child nodes. The only node I get the message for was a node
> that added a fixed-clock (the other nodes didn't trigger the error).
> Then even if I edited all the rest of the overlay DTS and removed all
> other child nodes and all references to the clock from other nodes, I
> still got the error.
>
> Removing dtbo: 1-socfpga_arria10_socdk_sdmmc_ghrd_ovl_ext_cfg.dtb
> [ 72.032270] OF: ERROR: memory leak - destroy cset entry: attach
> overlay node /soc/base_fpga_region/clk_0 expected refcount 1 instead
> of 2. of_node_get() / of_node_put() are unbalanced for this node.

Update: with some helpful offline debug patches from Frank, I was able
to find the source of the of_node_get/put unbalance. The fixed-rate
clock driver calls of_clk_add_provider() when probed but never calls
of_clk_del_provider()

This patchset quite likely will uncover other of_node_get/put
unbalances around the kernel.

Alan

>
> Here's the very stripped down overlay:
>
> /dts-v1/;
> /plugin/;
> / {
> fragment@0 {
> target-path = "/soc/base_fpga_region";
> #address-cells = <1>;
> #size-cells = <1>;
>
> __overlay__ {
> external-fpga-config;
>
> #address-cells = <1>;
> #size-cells = <1>;
>
> clk_0: clk_0 {
> compatible = "fixed-clock";
> #clock-cells = <0>;
> clock-frequency = <100000000>; /* 100.00 MHz */
> clock-output-names = "clk_0-clk";
> };
> };
> };
> };

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