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Subject[PATCH v2] clocksource/drivers/arc_timer: Utilize generic sched_clock
Date
It turned out we used to use default implementation of sched_clock()
from kernel/sched/clock.c which was as precise as 1/HZ, i.e.
by default we had 10 msec granularity of time measurement.

Now given ARC built-in timers are clocked with the same frequency as
CPU cores we may get much higher precision of time tracking.

Thus we switch to generic sched_clock which really reads ARC hardware
counters.

This is especially helpful for measuring short events.
That's what we used to have:
------------------------------>8------------------------
$ perf stat /bin/sh -c /root/lmbench-master/bin/arc/hello > /dev/null

Performance counter stats for '/bin/sh -c /root/lmbench-master/bin/arc/hello':

10.000000 task-clock (msec) # 2.832 CPUs utilized
1 context-switches # 0.100 K/sec
1 cpu-migrations # 0.100 K/sec
63 page-faults # 0.006 M/sec
3049480 cycles # 0.305 GHz
1091259 instructions # 0.36 insn per cycle
256828 branches # 25.683 M/sec
27026 branch-misses # 10.52% of all branches

0.003530687 seconds time elapsed

0.000000000 seconds user
0.010000000 seconds sys
------------------------------>8------------------------

And now we'll see:
------------------------------>8------------------------
$ perf stat /bin/sh -c /root/lmbench-master/bin/arc/hello > /dev/null

Performance counter stats for '/bin/sh -c /root/lmbench-master/bin/arc/hello':

3.004322 task-clock (msec) # 0.865 CPUs utilized
1 context-switches # 0.333 K/sec
1 cpu-migrations # 0.333 K/sec
63 page-faults # 0.021 M/sec
2986734 cycles # 0.994 GHz
1087466 instructions # 0.36 insn per cycle
255209 branches # 84.947 M/sec
26002 branch-misses # 10.19% of all branches

0.003474829 seconds time elapsed

0.003519000 seconds user
0.000000000 seconds sys
------------------------------>8------------------------

Note how much more meaningful is the second output - time spent for
execution pretty much matches number of cycles spent (we're running
@ 1GHz here).

Signed-off-by: Alexey Brodkin <abrodkin@synopsys.com>
Cc: Daniel Lezcano <daniel.lezcano@linaro.org>
Cc: Vineet Gupta <vgupta@synopsys.com>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
---

Changes v1 -> v2:

* Timer read callbacks marked as "notrace"
* ARC Timer1 explicitly described as 32-bit one on
sched_clock_register() invocation

arch/arc/Kconfig | 1 +
drivers/clocksource/Kconfig | 1 +
drivers/clocksource/arc_timer.c | 22 ++++++++++++++++++++++
3 files changed, 24 insertions(+)

diff --git a/arch/arc/Kconfig b/arch/arc/Kconfig
index 5151d81476a1..714f769389a4 100644
--- a/arch/arc/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/arc/Kconfig
@@ -9,6 +9,7 @@
config ARC
def_bool y
select ARC_TIMERS
+ select GENERIC_SCHED_CLOCK
select ARCH_HAS_SYNC_DMA_FOR_CPU
select ARCH_HAS_SYNC_DMA_FOR_DEVICE
select ARCH_HAS_SG_CHAIN
diff --git a/drivers/clocksource/Kconfig b/drivers/clocksource/Kconfig
index dec0dd88ec15..3268dad4effe 100644
--- a/drivers/clocksource/Kconfig
+++ b/drivers/clocksource/Kconfig
@@ -290,6 +290,7 @@ config CLKSRC_MPS2

config ARC_TIMERS
bool "Support for 32-bit TIMERn counters in ARC Cores" if COMPILE_TEST
+ depends on GENERIC_SCHED_CLOCK
select TIMER_OF
help
These are legacy 32-bit TIMER0 and TIMER1 counters found on all ARC cores
diff --git a/drivers/clocksource/arc_timer.c b/drivers/clocksource/arc_timer.c
index 20da9b1d7f7d..b28970ca4a7a 100644
--- a/drivers/clocksource/arc_timer.c
+++ b/drivers/clocksource/arc_timer.c
@@ -23,6 +23,7 @@
#include <linux/cpu.h>
#include <linux/of.h>
#include <linux/of_irq.h>
+#include <linux/sched_clock.h>

#include <soc/arc/timers.h>
#include <soc/arc/mcip.h>
@@ -88,6 +89,11 @@ static u64 arc_read_gfrc(struct clocksource *cs)
return (((u64)h) << 32) | l;
}

+static notrace u64 arc_gfrc_clock_read(void)
+{
+ return arc_read_gfrc(NULL);
+}
+
static struct clocksource arc_counter_gfrc = {
.name = "ARConnect GFRC",
.rating = 400,
@@ -111,6 +117,8 @@ static int __init arc_cs_setup_gfrc(struct device_node *node)
if (ret)
return ret;

+ sched_clock_register(arc_gfrc_clock_read, 64, arc_timer_freq);
+
return clocksource_register_hz(&arc_counter_gfrc, arc_timer_freq);
}
TIMER_OF_DECLARE(arc_gfrc, "snps,archs-timer-gfrc", arc_cs_setup_gfrc);
@@ -139,6 +147,11 @@ static u64 arc_read_rtc(struct clocksource *cs)
return (((u64)h) << 32) | l;
}

+static notrace u64 arc_rtc_clock_read(void)
+{
+ return arc_read_rtc(NULL);
+}
+
static struct clocksource arc_counter_rtc = {
.name = "ARCv2 RTC",
.rating = 350,
@@ -170,6 +183,8 @@ static int __init arc_cs_setup_rtc(struct device_node *node)

write_aux_reg(AUX_RTC_CTRL, 1);

+ sched_clock_register(arc_rtc_clock_read, 64, arc_timer_freq);
+
return clocksource_register_hz(&arc_counter_rtc, arc_timer_freq);
}
TIMER_OF_DECLARE(arc_rtc, "snps,archs-timer-rtc", arc_cs_setup_rtc);
@@ -185,6 +200,11 @@ static u64 arc_read_timer1(struct clocksource *cs)
return (u64) read_aux_reg(ARC_REG_TIMER1_CNT);
}

+static notrace u64 arc_timer1_clock_read(void)
+{
+ return arc_read_timer1(NULL);
+}
+
static struct clocksource arc_counter_timer1 = {
.name = "ARC Timer1",
.rating = 300,
@@ -209,6 +229,8 @@ static int __init arc_cs_setup_timer1(struct device_node *node)
write_aux_reg(ARC_REG_TIMER1_CNT, 0);
write_aux_reg(ARC_REG_TIMER1_CTRL, TIMER_CTRL_NH);

+ sched_clock_register(arc_timer1_clock_read, 32, arc_timer_freq);
+
return clocksource_register_hz(&arc_counter_timer1, arc_timer_freq);
}

--
2.17.2
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