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SubjectRe: [PATCH RFC] doc: rcu: remove obsolete (non-)requirement about disabling preemption
On Mon, Oct 15, 2018 at 02:08:56PM -0700, Paul E. McKenney wrote:
> On Mon, Oct 15, 2018 at 01:15:56PM -0700, Joel Fernandes wrote:
> > On Mon, Oct 15, 2018 at 12:54:26PM -0700, Paul E. McKenney wrote:
> > [...]
> > > > > In any case, please don't spin for milliseconds with preemption disabled.
> > > > > The real-time guys are unlikely to be happy with you if you do this!
> > > >
> > > > Well just to clarify, I was just running Oleg's test which did this. This
> > > > test was mentioned in the original documentation that I deleted. Ofcourse I
> > > > would not dare do such a thing in production code :-D. I guess to Oleg's
> > > > defense, he did it to very that synchronize_rcu() was not blocked on
> > > > preempt-disable sections which was a different test.
> > >
> > > Understood! Just pointing out that RCU's tolerating a given action does
> > > not necessarily mean that it is a good idea to take that action. ;-)
> >
> > Makes sense :-) thanks.
>
> Don't worry, that won't happen again. ;-)
>
> > > > > > > + pr_crit("SPIN done!\n");
> > > > > > > + preempt_enable();
> > > > > > > + break;
> > > > > > > + case 777:
> > > > > > > + pr_crit("SYNC start\n");
> > > > > > > + synchronize_rcu();
> > > > > > > + pr_crit("SYNC done!\n");
> > > > > >
> > > > > > But you are using the console printing infrastructure which is rather
> > > > > > heavyweight. Try replacing pr_* calls with trace_printk so that you
> > > > > > write to the lock-free ring buffer, this will reduce the noise from the
> > > > > > heavy console printing infrastructure.
> > > > >
> > > > > And this might be a problem as well.
> > > >
> > > > This was not the issue (or atleast not fully the issue) since I saw the same
> > > > thing with trace_printk. It was exactly what you said - which is the
> > > > excessively long preempt disabled times.
> > >
> > > One approach would be to apply this patch against (say) v4.18, which
> > > does not have consolidated grace periods. You might then be able to
> > > tell if the pr_crit() calls make any difference.
> >
> > I could do that, yeah. But since the original problem went away due to
> > disabling preempts for a short while, I will move on and continue to focus on
> > updating other parts of the documenation. Just to mention I
> > brought this up because I thought its better to do that than not to, just
> > incase there is any lurking issue with the consolidation. Sorry if that ended
> > up with me being noisy.
>
> Not a problem, no need to apologize!

Besides, digging through the code did point out a reasonable optimization.
In the common case, this would buy 100s of microseconds rather than
milliseconds, but it seems simple enough to be worthwhile. Thoughts?

Thanx, Paul

------------------------------------------------------------------------

commit 07921e8720907f58f82b142f2027fc56d5abdbfd
Author: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.ibm.com>
Date: Tue Oct 16 04:12:58 2018 -0700

rcu: Speed up expedited GPs when interrupting RCU reader

In PREEMPT kernels, an expedited grace period might send an IPI to a
CPU that is executing an RCU read-side critical section. In that case,
it would be nice if the rcu_read_unlock() directly interacted with the
RCU core code to immediately report the quiescent state. And this does
happen in the case where the reader has been preempted. But it would
also be a nice performance optimization if immediate reporting also
happened in the preemption-free case.

This commit therefore adds an ->exp_hint field to the task_struct structure's
->rcu_read_unlock_special field. The IPI handler sets this hint when
it has interrupted an RCU read-side critical section, and this causes
the outermost rcu_read_unlock() call to invoke rcu_read_unlock_special(),
which, if preemption is enabled, reports the quiescent state immediately.
If preemption is disabled, then the report is required to be deferred
until preemption (or bottom halves or interrupts or whatever) is re-enabled.

Because this is a hint, it does nothing for more complicated cases. For
example, if the IPI interrupts an RCU reader, but interrupts are disabled
across the rcu_read_unlock(), but another rcu_read_lock() is executed
before interrupts are re-enabled, the hint will already have been cleared.
If you do crazy things like this, reporting will be deferred until some
later RCU_SOFTIRQ handler, context switch, cond_resched(), or similar.

Reported-by: Joel Fernandes <joel@joelfernandes.org>
Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.ibm.com>

diff --git a/include/linux/sched.h b/include/linux/sched.h
index 004ca21f7e80..64ce751b5fe9 100644
--- a/include/linux/sched.h
+++ b/include/linux/sched.h
@@ -571,8 +571,10 @@ union rcu_special {
struct {
u8 blocked;
u8 need_qs;
+ u8 exp_hint; /* Hint for performance. */
+ u8 pad; /* No garbage from compiler! */
} b; /* Bits. */
- u16 s; /* Set of bits. */
+ u32 s; /* Set of bits. */
};

enum perf_event_task_context {
diff --git a/kernel/rcu/tree_exp.h b/kernel/rcu/tree_exp.h
index e669ccf3751b..928fe5893a57 100644
--- a/kernel/rcu/tree_exp.h
+++ b/kernel/rcu/tree_exp.h
@@ -692,8 +692,10 @@ static void sync_rcu_exp_handler(void *unused)
*/
if (t->rcu_read_lock_nesting > 0) {
raw_spin_lock_irqsave_rcu_node(rnp, flags);
- if (rnp->expmask & rdp->grpmask)
+ if (rnp->expmask & rdp->grpmask) {
rdp->deferred_qs = true;
+ WRITE_ONCE(t->rcu_read_unlock_special.b.exp_hint, true);
+ }
raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore_rcu_node(rnp, flags);
}

diff --git a/kernel/rcu/tree_plugin.h b/kernel/rcu/tree_plugin.h
index 8b48bb7c224c..d6286eb6e77e 100644
--- a/kernel/rcu/tree_plugin.h
+++ b/kernel/rcu/tree_plugin.h
@@ -643,8 +643,9 @@ static void rcu_read_unlock_special(struct task_struct *t)
local_irq_save(flags);
irqs_were_disabled = irqs_disabled_flags(flags);
if ((preempt_bh_were_disabled || irqs_were_disabled) &&
- t->rcu_read_unlock_special.b.blocked) {
+ t->rcu_read_unlock_special.s) {
/* Need to defer quiescent state until everything is enabled. */
+ WRITE_ONCE(t->rcu_read_unlock_special.b.exp_hint, false);
raise_softirq_irqoff(RCU_SOFTIRQ);
local_irq_restore(flags);
return;
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