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Subject[PATCH v8 04/15] PM / EM: Expose the Energy Model in sysfs
Date
Expose the Energy Model (read-only) of all performance domains in sysfs
for convenience. To do so, add a kobject to the CPU subsystem under the
umbrella of which a kobject for each performance domain is attached.

The resulting hierarchy is as follows for a platform with two
performance domains for example:

/sys/devices/system/cpu/energy_model
├── pd0
│   ├── cost
│   ├── cpus
│   ├── frequency
│   └── power
└── pd4
├── cost
├── cpus
├── frequency
└── power

In this implementation, the kobject abstraction is only used as a
convenient way of exposing data to sysfs. However, it could also be
used in the future to allocate and release performance domains in a more
dynamic way using reference counting.

Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: "Rafael J. Wysocki" <rjw@rjwysocki.net>
Signed-off-by: Quentin Perret <quentin.perret@arm.com>
---
include/linux/energy_model.h | 2 +
kernel/power/energy_model.c | 90 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
2 files changed, 92 insertions(+)

diff --git a/include/linux/energy_model.h b/include/linux/energy_model.h
index aa027f7bcb3e..55deab2b38dc 100644
--- a/include/linux/energy_model.h
+++ b/include/linux/energy_model.h
@@ -27,6 +27,7 @@ struct em_cap_state {
* em_perf_domain - Performance domain
* @table: List of capacity states, in ascending order
* @nr_cap_states: Number of capacity states
+ * @kobj: Kobject used to expose the domain in sysfs
* @cpus: Cpumask covering the CPUs of the domain
*
* A "performance domain" represents a group of CPUs whose performance is
@@ -37,6 +38,7 @@ struct em_cap_state {
struct em_perf_domain {
struct em_cap_state *table;
int nr_cap_states;
+ struct kobject kobj;
unsigned long cpus[0];
};

diff --git a/kernel/power/energy_model.c b/kernel/power/energy_model.c
index d9dc2c38764a..5ec376d4f2f3 100644
--- a/kernel/power/energy_model.c
+++ b/kernel/power/energy_model.c
@@ -23,6 +23,82 @@ static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct em_perf_domain *, em_data);
*/
static DEFINE_MUTEX(em_pd_mutex);

+static struct kobject *em_kobject;
+
+/* Getters for the attributes of em_perf_domain objects */
+struct em_pd_attr {
+ struct attribute attr;
+ ssize_t (*show)(struct em_perf_domain *pd, char *buf);
+ ssize_t (*store)(struct em_perf_domain *pd, const char *buf, size_t s);
+};
+
+#define EM_ATTR_LEN 13
+#define show_table_attr(_attr) \
+static ssize_t show_##_attr(struct em_perf_domain *pd, char *buf) \
+{ \
+ ssize_t cnt = 0; \
+ int i; \
+ for (i = 0; i < pd->nr_cap_states; i++) { \
+ if (cnt >= (ssize_t) (PAGE_SIZE / sizeof(char) \
+ - (EM_ATTR_LEN + 2))) \
+ goto out; \
+ cnt += scnprintf(&buf[cnt], EM_ATTR_LEN + 1, "%lu ", \
+ pd->table[i]._attr); \
+ } \
+out: \
+ cnt += sprintf(&buf[cnt], "\n"); \
+ return cnt; \
+}
+
+show_table_attr(power);
+show_table_attr(frequency);
+show_table_attr(cost);
+
+static ssize_t show_cpus(struct em_perf_domain *pd, char *buf)
+{
+ return sprintf(buf, "%*pbl\n", cpumask_pr_args(to_cpumask(pd->cpus)));
+}
+
+#define pd_attr(_name) em_pd_##_name##_attr
+#define define_pd_attr(_name) static struct em_pd_attr pd_attr(_name) = \
+ __ATTR(_name, 0444, show_##_name, NULL)
+
+define_pd_attr(power);
+define_pd_attr(frequency);
+define_pd_attr(cost);
+define_pd_attr(cpus);
+
+static struct attribute *em_pd_default_attrs[] = {
+ &pd_attr(power).attr,
+ &pd_attr(frequency).attr,
+ &pd_attr(cost).attr,
+ &pd_attr(cpus).attr,
+ NULL
+};
+
+#define to_pd(k) container_of(k, struct em_perf_domain, kobj)
+#define to_pd_attr(a) container_of(a, struct em_pd_attr, attr)
+
+static ssize_t show(struct kobject *kobj, struct attribute *attr, char *buf)
+{
+ struct em_perf_domain *pd = to_pd(kobj);
+ struct em_pd_attr *pd_attr = to_pd_attr(attr);
+ ssize_t ret;
+
+ ret = pd_attr->show(pd, buf);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static const struct sysfs_ops em_pd_sysfs_ops = {
+ .show = show,
+};
+
+static struct kobj_type ktype_em_pd = {
+ .sysfs_ops = &em_pd_sysfs_ops,
+ .default_attrs = em_pd_default_attrs,
+};
+
static struct em_perf_domain *em_create_pd(cpumask_t *span, int nr_states,
struct em_data_callback *cb)
{
@@ -102,6 +178,11 @@ static struct em_perf_domain *em_create_pd(cpumask_t *span, int nr_states,
pd->nr_cap_states = nr_states;
cpumask_copy(to_cpumask(pd->cpus), span);

+ ret = kobject_init_and_add(&pd->kobj, &ktype_em_pd, em_kobject,
+ "pd%u", cpu);
+ if (ret)
+ pr_err("pd%d: failed kobject_init_and_add(): %d\n", cpu, ret);
+
return pd;

free_cs_table:
@@ -155,6 +236,15 @@ int em_register_perf_domain(cpumask_t *span, unsigned int nr_states,
*/
mutex_lock(&em_pd_mutex);

+ if (!em_kobject) {
+ em_kobject = kobject_create_and_add("energy_model",
+ &cpu_subsys.dev_root->kobj);
+ if (!em_kobject) {
+ ret = -ENODEV;
+ goto unlock;
+ }
+ }
+
for_each_cpu(cpu, span) {
/* Make sure we don't register again an existing domain. */
if (READ_ONCE(per_cpu(em_data, cpu))) {
--
2.19.1
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