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SubjectRe: [PATCH v5 07/27] mm/mmap: Create a guard area between VMAs
On Thu, Oct 11, 2018 at 10:39:24PM +0200, Jann Horn wrote:
> Sorry to bring this up so late, but Daniel Micay pointed out to me
> that, given that VMA guards will raise the number of VMAs by
> inhibiting vma_merge(), people are more likely to run into
> /proc/sys/vm/max_map_count (which limits the number of VMAs to ~65k by
> default, and can't easily be raised without risking an overflow of
> page->_mapcount on systems with over ~800GiB of RAM, see
> https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20180208021112.GB14918@bombadil.infradead.org/
> and replies) with this change.
>
[...]
>
> Arguably the proper solution to this would be to raise the default
> max_map_count to be much higher; but then that requires fixing the
> mapcount overflow.

I have a fix that nobody has any particular reaction to:

diff --git a/mm/internal.h b/mm/internal.h
index 7059a8389194..977852b8329e 100644
--- a/mm/internal.h
+++ b/mm/internal.h
@@ -97,6 +97,11 @@ extern void putback_lru_page(struct page *page);
*/
extern pmd_t *mm_find_pmd(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address);

+#ifdef CONFIG_64BIT
+extern void mm_mapcount_overflow(struct page *page);
+#else
+static inline void mm_mapcount_overflow(struct page *page) { }
+#endif
/*
* in mm/page_alloc.c
*/
diff --git a/mm/mmap.c b/mm/mmap.c
index 9efdc021ad22..575766ec02f8 100644
--- a/mm/mmap.c
+++ b/mm/mmap.c
@@ -1315,6 +1315,115 @@ static inline int mlock_future_check(struct mm_struct *mm,
return 0;
}

+#ifdef CONFIG_64BIT
+/*
+ * Machines with more than 2TB of memory can create enough VMAs to overflow
+ * page->_mapcount if they all point to the same page. 32-bit machines do
+ * not need to be concerned.
+ */
+/*
+ * Experimentally determined. gnome-shell currently uses fewer than
+ * 3000 mappings, so should have zero effect on desktop users.
+ */
+#define mm_track_threshold 5000
+static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(heavy_users_lock);
+static DEFINE_IDR(heavy_users);
+
+static void mmap_track_user(struct mm_struct *mm, int max)
+{
+ struct mm_struct *entry;
+ unsigned int id;
+
+ idr_preload(GFP_KERNEL);
+ spin_lock(&heavy_users_lock);
+ idr_for_each_entry(&heavy_users, entry, id) {
+ if (entry == mm)
+ break;
+ if (entry->map_count < mm_track_threshold)
+ idr_remove(&heavy_users, id);
+ }
+ if (!entry)
+ idr_alloc(&heavy_users, mm, 0, 0, GFP_ATOMIC);
+ spin_unlock(&heavy_users_lock);
+}
+
+static void mmap_untrack_user(struct mm_struct *mm)
+{
+ struct mm_struct *entry;
+ unsigned int id;
+
+ spin_lock(&heavy_users_lock);
+ idr_for_each_entry(&heavy_users, entry, id) {
+ if (entry == mm) {
+ idr_remove(&heavy_users, id);
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+ spin_unlock(&heavy_users_lock);
+}
+
+static void kill_mm(struct task_struct *tsk)
+{
+ /* Tear down the mappings first */
+ do_send_sig_info(SIGKILL, SEND_SIG_FORCED, tsk, true);
+}
+
+static void kill_abuser(struct mm_struct *mm)
+{
+ struct task_struct *tsk;
+
+ for_each_process(tsk)
+ if (tsk->mm == mm)
+ break;
+
+ if (down_write_trylock(&mm->mmap_sem)) {
+ kill_mm(tsk);
+ up_write(&mm->mmap_sem);
+ } else {
+ do_send_sig_info(SIGKILL, SEND_SIG_FORCED, tsk, true);
+ }
+}
+
+void mm_mapcount_overflow(struct page *page)
+{
+ struct mm_struct *entry = current->mm;
+ unsigned int id;
+ struct vm_area_struct *vma;
+ struct address_space *mapping = page_mapping(page);
+ unsigned long pgoff = page_to_pgoff(page);
+ unsigned int count = 0;
+
+ vma_interval_tree_foreach(vma, &mapping->i_mmap, pgoff, pgoff + 1) {
+ if (vma->vm_mm == entry)
+ count++;
+ if (count > 1000)
+ kill_mm(current);
+ }
+
+ rcu_read_lock();
+ idr_for_each_entry(&heavy_users, entry, id) {
+ count = 0;
+
+ vma_interval_tree_foreach(vma, &mapping->i_mmap,
+ pgoff, pgoff + 1) {
+ if (vma->vm_mm == entry)
+ count++;
+ if (count > 1000) {
+ kill_abuser(entry);
+ goto out;
+ }
+ }
+ }
+ if (!entry)
+ panic("No abusers found but mapcount exceeded\n");
+out:
+ rcu_read_unlock();
+}
+#else
+static void mmap_track_user(struct mm_struct *mm, int max) { }
+static void mmap_untrack_user(struct mm_struct *mm) { }
+#endif
+
/*
* The caller must hold down_write(&current->mm->mmap_sem).
*/
@@ -1357,6 +1466,8 @@ unsigned long do_mmap(struct file *file, unsigned long addr,
/* Too many mappings? */
if (mm->map_count > sysctl_max_map_count)
return -ENOMEM;
+ if (mm->map_count > mm_track_threshold)
+ mmap_track_user(mm, mm_track_threshold);

/* Obtain the address to map to. we verify (or select) it and ensure
* that it represents a valid section of the address space.
@@ -2997,6 +3108,8 @@ void exit_mmap(struct mm_struct *mm)
/* mm's last user has gone, and its about to be pulled down */
mmu_notifier_release(mm);

+ mmap_untrack_user(mm);
+
if (mm->locked_vm) {
vma = mm->mmap;
while (vma) {
diff --git a/mm/rmap.c b/mm/rmap.c
index 47db27f8049e..d88acf5c98e9 100644
--- a/mm/rmap.c
+++ b/mm/rmap.c
@@ -1190,6 +1190,7 @@ void page_add_file_rmap(struct page *page, bool compound)
VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageSwapBacked(page), page);
__inc_node_page_state(page, NR_SHMEM_PMDMAPPED);
} else {
+ int v;
if (PageTransCompound(page) && page_mapping(page)) {
VM_WARN_ON_ONCE(!PageLocked(page));

@@ -1197,8 +1198,13 @@ void page_add_file_rmap(struct page *page, bool compound)
if (PageMlocked(page))
clear_page_mlock(compound_head(page));
}
- if (!atomic_inc_and_test(&page->_mapcount))
+ v = atomic_inc_return(&page->_mapcount);
+ if (likely(v > 0))
goto out;
+ if (unlikely(v < 0)) {
+ mm_mapcount_overflow(page);
+ goto out;
+ }
}
__mod_lruvec_page_state(page, NR_FILE_MAPPED, nr);
out:
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