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SubjectRe: [PATCH] pci: Add a few new IDs for Intel GPU "spurious interrupt" quirk
On Thu, Oct 11, 2018 at 03:11:01PM +0800, Bin Meng wrote:
> On Wed, Oct 10, 2018 at 1:02 AM Bjorn Helgaas <helgaas@kernel.org> wrote:
> > On Mon, Oct 08, 2018 at 05:44:08PM +0800, Bin Meng wrote:
> > > On Thu, Oct 4, 2018 at 4:12 AM Bjorn Helgaas <helgaas@kernel.org> wrote:
> > > > On Thu, Sep 27, 2018 at 10:10:07AM +0800, Bin Meng wrote:
> > > > > On Thu, Sep 27, 2018 at 12:57 AM Bjorn Helgaas <helgaas@kernel.org> wrote:
> > > > > > On Wed, Sep 26, 2018 at 08:14:01AM -0700, Bin Meng wrote:
> > > > > > > Add more PCI IDs to the Intel GPU "spurious interrupt" quirk table,
> > > > > > > which are known to break.
> > > > > >
> > > > > > Do you have a reference for this? Any public bug reports, bugzilla,
> > > > > > Intel spec reference or errata? "Which are known to break" is pretty
> > > > > > vague.
> > > > >
> > > > > Sorry I used wrong words and should have been clearer. These devices
> > > > > are validated to be broken. The test I used is very simple, just
> > > > > unplug the VGA cable and plug it again, and "spurious interrupt" will
> > > > > be seen on the interrupt line of the IGD device. I was not aware of
> > > > > any public bugs filed to Intel, nor seen any errata from Intel.
> > > >
> > > > The original commit, f67fd55fa96f ("PCI: Add quirk for still enabled
> > > > interrupts on Intel Sandy Bridge GPUs"), says some systems "crash"
> > > > (not sure if that means an oops or an actual crash that requires a
> > > > reboot) and on other systems, Linux disables the shared interrupt
> > > > line. I assume disabling the interrupt line keeps devices using that
> > > > line from working, but does not directly cause a crash.
> > > >
> > >
> > > Correct, disable the shared interrupt line keeps all devices using
> > > that line from working, which is current kernel's behavior w/o this
> > > quirk handling: it disables the (shared) interrupt line after 100.000+
> > > generated interrupts. But the side effect is that other devices become
> > > unusable after that (eg: USB devices which share the same interrupt
> > > line with the Intel GPU). That's why the original commit, f67fd55fa96f
> > > ("PCI: Add quirk for still enabled interrupts on Intel Sandy Bridge
> > > GPUs") disables the GPU's interrupt directly, which should really be
> > > done by the VGA BIOS itself (a buggy VBIOS!).
> > >
> > > > What specific symptom do you see here? I think it might be useful to
> > > > collect details, e.g., dmesg logs, /proc/interrupts contents, output
> > > > of "sudo lspci -vv", etc., for the systems you're quirking here. I'm
> > > > hoping we can eventually figure out a solution that doesn't require a
> > > > quirk for every new GPU, and maybe that info will help find it.
> > >
> > > The symptom was described briefly in the original commit f67fd55fa96f
> > > too, that disables the (shared) interrupt line after 100.000+
> > > generated interrupts (can be observed via /proc/interrupts).
> > >
> > > > > > > See commit f67fd55fa96f ("PCI: Add quirk for still enabled interrupts
> > > > > > > on Intel Sandy Bridge GPUs"), and commit 7c82126a94e6 ("PCI: Add new
> > > > > > > ID for Intel GPU "spurious interrupt" quirk") for some history.
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > > Based on current findings, it is highly possible that all Intel
> > > > > > > 1st/2nd/3rd generation Core processors' IGD has such quirk.
> > > > > >
> > > > > > Can you include a reference to these "current findings"? I assume you
> > > > > > have bug reports that include the device IDs you're adding? If not,
> > > > > > how did you build this list of new IDs?
> > > > >
> > > > > By "current findings" I mean given the IDs we have here, plus previous
> > > > > one added by Thomas, it's highly possible this VGA BIOS bug exists in
> > > > > every 1st/2nd/3rd generation Core processors.
> > > > >
> > > > > > The function comment added by f67fd55fa96f ("PCI: Add quirk for still
> > > > > > enabled interrupts on Intel Sandy Bridge GPUs") suggests that this is
> > > > > > actually a BIOS issue, not a hardware erratum, i.e., I don't see
> > > > > > anything there that suggests a hardware defect.
> > > > > >
> > > > > > But there must be a hole somewhere -- the kernel can't be expected to
> > > > > > disable interrupts in device-specific ways when there's no driver
> > > > > > loaded. Maybe it's simply a BIOS defect or maybe there's some
> > > > > > interrupt or _PRT-related setup we're missing.
> > > > >
> > > > > It's a pure VGA BIOS bug, not the BIOS bug or _PRT etc. The VGA BIOS
> > > > > forgot to turn off the interrupt on these devices.
> > > >
> > > > If this is a VGA BIOS defect, it's not very likely that it will
> > > > magically be fixed for all new Intel GPUs, so in effect it sounds like
> > > > we need to update this list of quirks in Linux every time a new Intel
> > > > GPU comes out. That prospect is a little daunting.
> > >
> > > I don't have a relatively newer Intel board at hand for testing right
> > > now. I can try to locate one. But as I said, it's highly possible at
> > > least all 1st/2nd/3rd generation Core processors are affected.
> >
> > > Maybe
> > > we can add all these known GPU devices of 1st/2nd/3rd generation Core
> > > processors all together for now? For newer GPUs, let's wait until
> > > someone reports the issue again?
> >
> > This is exactly my point: we don't want to have to wait for somebody
> > to report an issue for every new GPU. That (a) is a maintenance
> > headache and, more importantly, (b) prevents an old kernel from
> > running on new hardware. (b) is important to distros because nobody
> > wants to qualify and release a new kernel just to add a new device ID.
> >
> > Bottom line is that I think I'm going to have to apply this patch, but
> > I want to get off this train in the future, so now is the time to find
> > a better solution.
> >
> > > > Do you happen to know if Windows has the same problem? I.e., if you
> > > > boot an old version of Windows with a new GPU, and unplug the VGA
> > > > cable, does Windows crash? If Windows can figure out how to handle
> > > > that situation gracefully, Linux should be able to do it, too.
> > >
> > > I suspect Windows cannot handle it too. Without the GPU awareness, the
> > > interrupt line is simply on and no driver claims the devices and will
> > > cause issues. I can test this.
> >
> > If you could test this, that would be great. I would be quite
> > surprised if Windows crashed when you unplug the VGA cable.
> >
>
> For the record, I installed Windows 7 to one of the affected board.
> The Intel GPU driver is not installed, so Windows is using the
> standard VGA driver. Unplug/plug the VGA cable does not crash Windows,
> nor did I notice anything abnormal. Since I have no idea how Windows
> is handling any spurious interrupt, I cannot tell whether Windows does
> anything special in the background to make it be "normal".

Thanks a lot for testing this. That's a very good clue that we can
make Linux handle this gracefully, too, even without having to add
Device IDs for every new GPU.

> > What I'm wondering is if there's some different way we could manage
> > the IOAPICs or maybe disable interrupts at the PCI device level as
> > David suggests. If something like that could be done we wouldn't need
> > quirks for every new device.
> >
> > It's possible we could learn something by running Windows on qemu and
> > tracing its PCI config accesses to see whether it sets the
> > PCI_COMMAND_INTX_DISABLE bit or something.

I think we should explore using PCI_COMMAND_INTX_DISABLE. Old devices
won't support it, so we might need the quirk for them, but new devices
should support it.

Bjorn

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