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Subject[PATCH 4.4 03/27] x86/vdso: Fix asm constraints on vDSO syscall fallbacks
Date
4.4-stable review patch.  If anyone has any objections, please let me know.

------------------

From: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>

commit 715bd9d12f84d8f5cc8ad21d888f9bc304a8eb0b upstream.

The syscall fallbacks in the vDSO have incorrect asm constraints.
They are not marked as writing to their outputs -- instead, they are
marked as clobbering "memory", which is useless. In particular, gcc
is smart enough to know that the timespec parameter hasn't escaped,
so a memory clobber doesn't clobber it. And passing a pointer as an
asm *input* does not tell gcc that the pointed-to value is changed.

Add in the fact that the asm instructions weren't volatile, and gcc
was free to omit them entirely unless their sole output (the return
value) is used. Which it is (phew!), but that stops happening with
some upcoming patches.

As a trivial example, the following code:

void test_fallback(struct timespec *ts)
{
vdso_fallback_gettime(CLOCK_MONOTONIC, ts);
}

compiles to:

00000000000000c0 <test_fallback>:
c0: c3 retq

To add insult to injury, the RCX and R11 clobbers on 64-bit
builds were missing.

The "memory" clobber is also unnecessary -- no ordering with respect to
other memory operations is needed, but that's going to be fixed in a
separate not-for-stable patch.

Fixes: 2aae950b21e4 ("x86_64: Add vDSO for x86-64 with gettimeofday/clock_gettime/getcpu")
Signed-off-by: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/2c0231690551989d2fafa60ed0e7b5cc8b403908.1538422295.git.luto@kernel.org
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>

---
arch/x86/entry/vdso/vclock_gettime.c | 18 ++++++++++--------
1 file changed, 10 insertions(+), 8 deletions(-)

--- a/arch/x86/entry/vdso/vclock_gettime.c
+++ b/arch/x86/entry/vdso/vclock_gettime.c
@@ -51,8 +51,9 @@ extern u8 pvclock_page
notrace static long vdso_fallback_gettime(long clock, struct timespec *ts)
{
long ret;
- asm("syscall" : "=a" (ret) :
- "0" (__NR_clock_gettime), "D" (clock), "S" (ts) : "memory");
+ asm ("syscall" : "=a" (ret), "=m" (*ts) :
+ "0" (__NR_clock_gettime), "D" (clock), "S" (ts) :
+ "memory", "rcx", "r11");
return ret;
}

@@ -60,8 +61,9 @@ notrace static long vdso_fallback_gtod(s
{
long ret;

- asm("syscall" : "=a" (ret) :
- "0" (__NR_gettimeofday), "D" (tv), "S" (tz) : "memory");
+ asm ("syscall" : "=a" (ret), "=m" (*tv), "=m" (*tz) :
+ "0" (__NR_gettimeofday), "D" (tv), "S" (tz) :
+ "memory", "rcx", "r11");
return ret;
}

@@ -143,12 +145,12 @@ notrace static long vdso_fallback_gettim
{
long ret;

- asm(
+ asm (
"mov %%ebx, %%edx \n"
"mov %2, %%ebx \n"
"call __kernel_vsyscall \n"
"mov %%edx, %%ebx \n"
- : "=a" (ret)
+ : "=a" (ret), "=m" (*ts)
: "0" (__NR_clock_gettime), "g" (clock), "c" (ts)
: "memory", "edx");
return ret;
@@ -158,12 +160,12 @@ notrace static long vdso_fallback_gtod(s
{
long ret;

- asm(
+ asm (
"mov %%ebx, %%edx \n"
"mov %2, %%ebx \n"
"call __kernel_vsyscall \n"
"mov %%edx, %%ebx \n"
- : "=a" (ret)
+ : "=a" (ret), "=m" (*tv), "=m" (*tz)
: "0" (__NR_gettimeofday), "g" (tv), "c" (tz)
: "memory", "edx");
return ret;

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