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SubjectRe: [PATCH v8 1/3] x86/boot: Add acpitb.c to parse acpi tables
On Wed, Oct 10, 2018 at 04:41:17PM +0800, Chao Fan wrote:
> There is a bug that kaslr may randomly chooses some positions
> which are located in movable memory regions. This will break memory
> hotplug feature and make the movable memory chosen by KASLR can't be
> removed. So dig SRAT table from ACPI tables to get memory information.
>
> Imitate the ACPI code of parsing ACPI tables to dig and read ACPI
> tables. Since some operations are not needed here, functions are
> simplified. Functions will be used to dig only SRAT tables to get
> information of memory, so that KASLR can the memory in immovable node.
>
> And also, these functions won't influence the initialization of
> ACPI after start_kernel().
>
> Since use physical address directely, so acpi_os_map_memory()
> and acpi_os_unmap_memory() are not needed.
>
> Signed-off-by: Chao Fan <fanc.fnst@cn.fujitsu.com>
> ---
> arch/x86/boot/compressed/Makefile | 2 +
> arch/x86/boot/compressed/acpitb.c | 405 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc.h | 8 +
> 3 files changed, 415 insertions(+)
> create mode 100644 arch/x86/boot/compressed/acpitb.c
>
> diff --git a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/Makefile b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/Makefile
> index 28764dacf018..1609e4efcaed 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/Makefile
> +++ b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/Makefile
> @@ -83,6 +83,8 @@ ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
> vmlinux-objs-y += $(obj)/pgtable_64.o
> endif
>
> +vmlinux-objs-$(CONFIG_RANDOMIZE_BASE) += $(obj)/acpitb.o

This should be CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTREMOVE *and* CONFIG_RANDOMIZE_BASE.
Otherwise we don't need all that code.

> $(obj)/eboot.o: KBUILD_CFLAGS += -fshort-wchar -mno-red-zone
>
> vmlinux-objs-$(CONFIG_EFI_STUB) += $(obj)/eboot.o $(obj)/efi_stub_$(BITS).o \
> diff --git a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/acpitb.c b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/acpitb.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..6b869e3f9780
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/acpitb.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,405 @@
> +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
> +#define BOOT_CTYPE_H
> +#include "misc.h"
> +#include "error.h"
> +
> +#include <linux/efi.h>
> +#include <asm/efi.h>
> +#include <linux/numa.h>
> +#include <linux/acpi.h>
> +
> +extern unsigned long get_cmd_line_ptr(void);
> +
> +#define STATIC
> +#include <linux/decompress/mm.h>
> +
> +#ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTREMOVE
> +struct mem_vector {
> + unsigned long long start;
> + unsigned long long size;
> +};
> +/* Store the immovable memory regions */
> +struct mem_vector immovable_mem[MAX_NUMNODES*2];
> +#endif
> +
> +#ifdef CONFIG_EFI
> +/* Search EFI table for rsdp table. */
> +static bool efi_get_rsdp_addr(acpi_physical_address *rsdp_addr)
> +{
> + efi_system_table_t *systab;
> + bool find_rsdp = false;
> + bool efi_64 = false;
> + void *config_tables;
> + struct efi_info *e;
> + char *sig;
> + int size;
> + int i;
> +
> + e = &boot_params->efi_info;
> + sig = (char *)&e->efi_loader_signature;
> +
> + if (!strncmp(sig, EFI64_LOADER_SIGNATURE, 4))
> + efi_64 = true;
> + else if (!strncmp(sig, EFI32_LOADER_SIGNATURE, 4))
> + efi_64 = false;
> + else {
> + debug_putstr("Wrong EFI loader signature.\n");
> + return false;
> + }
> +
> + /* Get systab from boot params. Based on efi_init(). */
> +#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32

Why the efi_64 detection above but the ifdeffery here? Why not test
efi_64 instead?

> + if (e->efi_systab_hi || e->efi_memmap_hi) {
> + debug_putstr("Table located above 4GB, disabling EFI.\n");

Are you disabling EFI? Where?

Ah, I see, this code is copied from arch/x86/platform/efi/efi.c.

So when copying, fix the user-visible strings too.

> + return false;
> + }
> + systab = (efi_system_table_t *)e->efi_systab;
> +#else
> + systab = (efi_system_table_t *)(
> + e->efi_systab | ((__u64)e->efi_systab_hi<<32));
> +#endif
> +
> + if (systab == NULL)

if (!systab)

Fix all other occurrences.

> + return false;
> +
> + /*
> + * Get EFI tables from systab. Based on efi_config_init() and
> + * efi_config_parse_tables(). Only dig the config_table.

dig out

> + */
> + size = efi_64 ? sizeof(efi_config_table_64_t) :
> + sizeof(efi_config_table_32_t);
> +
> + for (i = 0; i < systab->nr_tables; i++) {
> + efi_guid_t guid;
> + unsigned long table;
> +
> + config_tables = (void *)(systab->tables + size * i);
> + if (efi_64) {
> + efi_config_table_64_t *tmp_table;
> +
> + tmp_table = (efi_config_table_64_t *)config_tables;
> + guid = tmp_table->guid;
> + table = tmp_table->table;
> +#ifndef CONFIG_64BIT
> + if (table >> 32) {
> + debug_putstr("Table located above 4G, disabling EFI.\n");

Fix that.

> + return false;
> + }
> +#endif
> + } else {
> + efi_config_table_32_t *tmp_table;
> +
> + tmp_table = (efi_config_table_32_t *)config_tables;
> + guid = tmp_table->guid;
> + table = tmp_table->table;
> + }
> +
> + /*
> + * Get rsdp from EFI tables.
> + * If ACPI20 table found, use it and return true.

You don't have to say "return true" in the comment - that is in the code
already.

Also, this function - just like get_acpi_rsdp() doesn't need to return
bool but the pa directly.

> + * If ACPI20 table not found, but ACPI table found,
> + * use the ACPI table and return true.
> + * If neither ACPI table nor ACPI20 table found,
> + * return false.
> + */
> + if (!(efi_guidcmp(guid, ACPI_TABLE_GUID))) {
> + *rsdp_addr = (acpi_physical_address)table;
> + find_rsdp = true;
> + } else if (!(efi_guidcmp(guid, ACPI_20_TABLE_GUID))) {
> + *rsdp_addr = (acpi_physical_address)table;
> + return true;
> + }
> + }
> + return find_rsdp;
> +}
> +#else
> +static bool efi_get_rsdp_addr(acpi_physical_address *rsdp_addr)
> +{
> + return false;
> +}
> +#endif

Instead of doing this, move the ifdef inside the function:

static bool efi_get_rsdp_addr(acpi_physical_address *rsdp_addr)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_EFI

/* function body */
#endif
}


> +
> +static u8 checksum(u8 *buffer, u32 length)

compute_checksum(...)

> +{
> + u8 sum = 0;
> + u8 *end = buffer + length;
> +
> + while (buffer < end)
> + sum = (u8)(sum + *(buffer++));
> +
> + return sum;
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * Used to search a block of memory for the RSDP signature.
> + * Return Pointer to the RSDP if found, otherwise NULL.
> + * Based on acpi_tb_scan_memory_for_rsdp().
> + */
> +static u8 *scan_mem_for_rsdp(u8 *start_address, u32 length)
> +{
> + struct acpi_table_rsdp *rsdp;
> + u8 *end_address;
> + u8 *mem_rover;
> +
> + end_address = start_address + length;
> +
> + /* Search from given start address for the requested length */
> + for (mem_rover = start_address; mem_rover < end_address;
> + mem_rover += ACPI_RSDP_SCAN_STEP) {

Shorten those variable names so that the loop fits on one line.

> + /*
> + * The RSDP signature and checksum must both be correct
> + * Note: Sometimes there exists more than one RSDP in memory;
> + * the valid RSDP has a valid checksum, all others have an
> + * invalid checksum.
> + */
> + rsdp = (struct acpi_table_rsdp *)mem_rover;
> +
> + /* Nope, BAD Signature */
> + if (!ACPI_VALIDATE_RSDP_SIG(rsdp->signature))
> + continue;
> +
> + /* Check the standard checksum */
> + if (checksum((u8 *) rsdp, ACPI_RSDP_CHECKSUM_LENGTH) != 0)

No need for "!= 0" at the end. Fix all other tests too.

> + continue;
> +
> + /* Check extended checksum if table version >= 2 */
> + if ((rsdp->revision >= 2) &&
> + (checksum((u8 *) rsdp, ACPI_RSDP_XCHECKSUM_LENGTH) != 0))
> + continue;
> +
> + /* Sig and checksum valid, we have found a real RSDP */
> + return mem_rover;
> + }
> + return NULL;
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * Used to search RSDP physical address.
> + * Based on acpi_find_root_pointer(). Since only use physical address
> + * in this period, so there is no need to do the memory map jobs.
> + */
> +static void bios_get_rsdp_addr(acpi_physical_address *rsdp_addr)
> +{
> + struct acpi_table_rsdp *rsdp;
> + u8 *table_ptr;
> + u8 *mem_rover;
> + u32 address;
> +
> + /*
> + * Get the location of the Extended BIOS Data Area (EBDA)
> + * Since we use physical address directely, so
> + * acpi_os_map_memory() and acpi_os_unmap_memory() are
> + * not needed here.
> + */
> + table_ptr = (u8 *)ACPI_EBDA_PTR_LOCATION;
> + *(u32 *)(void *)&address = *(u16 *)(void *)table_ptr;
> + address <<= 4;
> + table_ptr = (u8 *)address;
> +
> + /*
> + * Search EBDA paragraphs (EBDA is required to be a minimum of
> + * 1K length)
> + */
> + if (address > 0x400) {
> + mem_rover = scan_mem_for_rsdp(table_ptr, ACPI_EBDA_WINDOW_SIZE);
> +
> + if (mem_rover) {
> + address += (u32)ACPI_PTR_DIFF(mem_rover, table_ptr);
> + *rsdp_addr = (acpi_physical_address)address;
> + return;
> + }
> + }
> +
> + table_ptr = (u8 *)ACPI_HI_RSDP_WINDOW_BASE;
> + mem_rover = scan_mem_for_rsdp(table_ptr, ACPI_HI_RSDP_WINDOW_SIZE);
> +
> + /*
> + * Search upper memory: 16-byte boundaries in E0000h-FFFFFh
> + * Since we use physical address directely, so
> + * acpi_os_map_memory() and acpi_os_unmap_memory() are
> + * not needed here.
> + */
> + if (mem_rover) {
> + address = (u32)(ACPI_HI_RSDP_WINDOW_BASE +
> + ACPI_PTR_DIFF(mem_rover, table_ptr));
> + *rsdp_addr = (acpi_physical_address)address;
> + return;

We will return anyway, without that statement. :)

> + }
> +}
> +
> +#ifdef CONFIG_KEXEC
> +static bool get_acpi_rsdp(acpi_physical_address *rsdp_addr)
> +{
> + char *args = (char *)get_cmd_line_ptr();
> + size_t len = strlen((char *)args);
> + char *tmp_cmdline, *param, *val;
> + unsigned long long addr = 0;
> + char *endptr;
> +
> + if (!strstr(args, "acpi_rsdp="))
> + return false;
> +
> + tmp_cmdline = malloc(len+1);
> + if (!tmp_cmdline)
> + error("Failed to allocate space for tmp_cmdline");

Why do you even need to allocate a tmp cmdline?

Ah, I see what you've done - you've copied handle_mem_options() in
kaslr.c. Well no, not really.

That functionality needs to get extracted into a separate facility. Oh
look, there's arch/x86/boot/compressed/cmdline.c which is begging to get
extended.

:-)

> +
> + memcpy(tmp_cmdline, args, len);
> + tmp_cmdline[len] = 0;
> + args = tmp_cmdline;
> +
> + args = skip_spaces(args);
> +
> + while (*args) {
> + args = next_arg(args, &param, &val);
> +
> + if (!val && strcmp(param, "--") == 0) {
> + warn("Only '--' specified in cmdline");
> + free(tmp_cmdline);
> + return false;
> + }
> +
> + if (!strcmp(param, "acpi_rsdp")) {
> + addr = simple_strtoull(val, &endptr, 0);

WARNING: simple_strtoull is obsolete, use kstrtoull instead
#321: FILE: arch/x86/boot/compressed/acpitb.c:262:
+ addr = simple_strtoull(val, &endptr, 0);


Please integrate scripts/checkpatch.pl into your patch creation
workflow. Some of the warnings/errors *actually* make sense.

> +
> + if (addr == 0)
> + return false;
> +
> + *rsdp_addr = (acpi_physical_address)addr;
> + return true;
> + }
> + }
> + return false;
> +}
> +#else
> +static bool get_acpi_rsdp(acpi_physical_address *rsdp_addr)
> +{
> + return false;
> +}
> +#endif
> +
> +/*
> + * Used to dig rsdp table from EFI table or BIOS.

Write "rsdp" in all caps in all comments.

> + * If rsdp table found in EFI table, use it. Or search BIOS.
> + * Based on acpi_os_get_root_pointer().
> + */
> +static acpi_physical_address get_rsdp_addr(void)
> +{
> + acpi_physical_address pa = 0;
> + bool status = false;
> +
> + status = get_acpi_rsdp(&pa);

Why does this function return bool if pa == 0 is already an invalid
address. You don't need the initialization to 0 above either.

> +
> + if (!status || pa == 0)

if (!status || !pa)

Fix all other tests.

> + status = efi_get_rsdp_addr(&pa);
> +
> + if (!status || pa == 0)
> + bios_get_rsdp_addr(&pa);
> +
> + return pa;
> +}
> +
> +static struct acpi_table_header *get_acpi_srat_table(void)
> +{
> + char *args = (char *)get_cmd_line_ptr();
> + acpi_physical_address acpi_table;
> + acpi_physical_address root_table;
> + struct acpi_table_header *header;
> + struct acpi_table_rsdp *rsdp;
> + char *signature;
> + u8 *entry;
> + u32 count;
> + u32 size;
> + int i, j;
> + u32 len;
> +
> + rsdp = (struct acpi_table_rsdp *)get_rsdp_addr();
> + if (!rsdp)
> + return NULL;
> +
> + /* Get rsdt or xsdt from rsdp. */
> + if (!strstr(args, "acpi=rsdt") &&
> + rsdp->xsdt_physical_address && rsdp->revision > 1) {
> + root_table = rsdp->xsdt_physical_address;
> + size = ACPI_XSDT_ENTRY_SIZE;
> + } else {
> + root_table = rsdp->rsdt_physical_address;
> + size = ACPI_RSDT_ENTRY_SIZE;
> + }

Please rework the cmdline parsing so that the functions can call helpers
only.

> +
> + /* Get ACPI root table from rsdt or xsdt.*/
> + header = (struct acpi_table_header *)root_table;
> + len = header->length;
> + count = (u32)((len - sizeof(struct acpi_table_header)) / size);
> + entry = ACPI_ADD_PTR(u8, header, sizeof(struct acpi_table_header));
> +
> + for (i = 0; i < count; i++) {
> + u64 address64;
> +
> + if (size == ACPI_RSDT_ENTRY_SIZE)
> + acpi_table = ((acpi_physical_address)
> + (*ACPI_CAST_PTR(u32, entry)));
> + else {
> + *(u64 *)(void *)&address64 = *(u64 *)(void *)entry;
> + acpi_table = (acpi_physical_address) address64;
> + }
> +
> + if (acpi_table) {
> + header = (struct acpi_table_header *)acpi_table;
> + signature = header->signature;
> +
> + if (!strncmp(signature, "SRAT", 4))
> + return header;
> + }
> + entry += size;
> + }
> + return NULL;
> +}
> +
> +#ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTREMOVE
> +/*
> + * According to ACPI table, filter the immvoable memory regions
> + * and store them in immovable_mem[].
> + */
> +void get_immovable_mem(void)
> +{
> + char *args = (char *)get_cmd_line_ptr();
> + struct acpi_table_header *table_header;
> + struct acpi_subtable_header *table;
> + struct acpi_srat_mem_affinity *ma;
> + unsigned long table_end;
> + int i = 0;
> +
> + if (!strstr(args, "movable_node") || strstr(args, "acpi=off"))
> + return;

Ditto.

> +
> + table_header = get_acpi_srat_table();
> + if (!table_header)
> + return;
> +
> + table_end = (unsigned long)table_header + table_header->length;
> +
> + table = (struct acpi_subtable_header *)
> + ((unsigned long)table_header + sizeof(struct acpi_table_srat));
> +
> + while (((unsigned long)table) + table->length < table_end) {
> + if (table->type == 1) {
> + ma = (struct acpi_srat_mem_affinity *)table;
> + if (!(ma->flags & ACPI_SRAT_MEM_HOT_PLUGGABLE)) {
> + immovable_mem[i].start = ma->base_address;
> + immovable_mem[i].size = ma->length;
> + i++;
> + }
> +
> + if (i >= MAX_NUMNODES*2)
> + break;
> + }
> + table = (struct acpi_subtable_header *)
> + ((unsigned long)table + table->length);
> + }
> + num_immovable_mem = i;
> +}
> +#else
> +void get_immovable_mem(void)
> +{
> +}
> +#endif

This patch is a pain to review - pls split it into patches adding:

* get_acpi_rsdp
* efi_get_rsdp_addr
* bios_get_rsdp_addr

and the needed functionality.

As a prepatch refactor the cmdline parsing pls.

Thx.

--
Regards/Gruss,
Boris.

Good mailing practices for 400: avoid top-posting and trim the reply.

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