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SubjectRe: [PATCH v4 19/19] fs: handle inode->i_version more efficiently
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On Sun, 2018-01-07 at 13:44 +0100, Krzysztof Kozlowski wrote:
> On Fri, Dec 22, 2017 at 1:05 PM, Jeff Layton <jlayton@kernel.org> wrote:
> > From: Jeff Layton <jlayton@redhat.com>
> >
> > Since i_version is mostly treated as an opaque value, we can exploit that
> > fact to avoid incrementing it when no one is watching. With that change,
> > we can avoid incrementing the counter on writes, unless someone has
> > queried for it since it was last incremented. If the a/c/mtime don't
> > change, and the i_version hasn't changed, then there's no need to dirty
> > the inode metadata on a write.
> >
> > Convert the i_version counter to an atomic64_t, and use the lowest order
> > bit to hold a flag that will tell whether anyone has queried the value
> > since it was last incremented.
> >
> > When we go to maybe increment it, we fetch the value and check the flag
> > bit. If it's clear then we don't need to do anything if the update
> > isn't being forced.
> >
> > If we do need to update, then we increment the counter by 2, and clear
> > the flag bit, and then use a CAS op to swap it into place. If that
> > works, we return true. If it doesn't then do it again with the value
> > that we fetch from the CAS operation.
> >
> > On the query side, if the flag is already set, then we just shift the
> > value down by 1 bit and return it. Otherwise, we set the flag in our
> > on-stack value and again use cmpxchg to swap it into place if it hasn't
> > changed. If it has, then we use the value from the cmpxchg as the new
> > "old" value and try again.
> >
> > This method allows us to avoid incrementing the counter on writes (and
> > dirtying the metadata) under typical workloads. We only need to increment
> > if it has been queried since it was last changed.
> >
> > Signed-off-by: Jeff Layton <jlayton@redhat.com>
> > ---
> > include/linux/fs.h | 2 +-
> > include/linux/iversion.h | 208 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-------------
> > 2 files changed, 154 insertions(+), 56 deletions(-)
> >
>
> Hi,
>
> On recent linux-next my ARM/Exynos boards fail to boot over nfsroot.
> This commit popped up through bisect (log at the end). Systemd
> timeouts on some device-specific services, including mounting ext4
> /home:
>
> [ *** ] (1 of 4) A start job is running for…ress polling (1min 41s / no limit)
> [ TIME ] Timed out waiting for device dev-ttySAC2.device.
> Jan 07 13:29:38 [DEPEND] Dependency failed for Serial Getty on ttySAC2.
> Jan 07 13:29:38 [ TIME ] Timed out waiting for device
> dev-disk-by\x2dlabel-home.device.
> Jan 07 13:29:38 [DEPEND] Dependency failed for /home.
> Jan 07 13:29:38 [DEPEND] Dependency failed for Local File Systems.
> Jan 07 13:29:38 [DEPEND] Dependency failed for File System Check on
> /dev/disk/by-label/home.
> Jan 07 13:30:02 [ *** ] (1 of 2) A start job is running for…ress
> polling (1min 53s / no limit)
>
> Kernel command line:
> console=tty1 console=ttySAC2,115200n8
> ip=192.168.1.11:192.168.1.10:192.168.1.1:255.255.255.0::eth0:none
> nfsrootdebug root=/dev/nfs
> nfsroot=192.168.1.10:/srv/nfs/odroidxu3,vers=4,nolock rootwait rw
> smsc95xx.macaddr=00:1e:06:61:7a:93 no_console_suspend
>
> /home is /dev/mmcblk1p2:
> kozik@odroidxu3:~$ tune2fs -l /dev/mmcblk1p2
> tune2fs 1.43.7 (16-Oct-2017)
> Filesystem volume name: home
> Last mounted on: /home
> Filesystem UUID: 3f9dbeba-2738-45d3-807e-c1b2e21128ed
> Filesystem magic number: 0xEF53
> Filesystem revision #: 1 (dynamic)
> Filesystem features: has_journal ext_attr resize_inode dir_index
> filetype needs_recovery extent flex_bg sparse_super large_file
> uninit_bg dir_nlink extra_isize
> Filesystem flags: signed_directory_hash
> Default mount options: user_xattr acl
> Filesystem state: clean
> Errors behavior: Continue
> Filesystem OS type: Linux
> Inode count: 1430800
> Block count: 5717760
> Reserved block count: 285888
> Free blocks: 5467576
> Free inodes: 1428301
> First block: 0
> Block size: 4096
> Fragment size: 4096
> Reserved GDT blocks: 1022
> Blocks per group: 32768
> Fragments per group: 32768
> Inodes per group: 8176
> Inode blocks per group: 511
> Flex block group size: 16
> Filesystem created: Thu May 21 12:17:05 2015
> Last mount time: Thu Dec 21 13:31:26 2017
> Last write time: Thu Dec 21 13:31:26 2017
> Mount count: 1
> Maximum mount count: -1
> Last checked: Thu Dec 21 13:31:25 2017
> Check interval: 0 (<none>)
> Lifetime writes: 126 GB
> Reserved blocks uid: 0 (user root)
> Reserved blocks gid: 0 (group root)
> First inode: 11
> Inode size: 256
> Required extra isize: 28
> Desired extra isize: 28
> Journal inode: 8
> Default directory hash: half_md4
> Directory Hash Seed: 42e17e23-86b2-4356-ad63-78aa51651d03
> Journal backup: inode blocks
>
>
> Full dmesg log:
> http://www.krzk.eu/#/builders/1/builds/1258/steps/10/logs/serial0
>
> The regular boot from rootfs on SD card also fails - but without any
> serial console logs (just "Starting kernel...") so the real cause is
> unknown.
>
> Any hints?
>
> Best regards,
> Krzysztof
>
>
> bisect log:
> # bad: [73005e1a35fd67c644b0645c9e4c1efabd0fe62c] Add linux-next
> specific files for 20180103
> # good: [30a7acd573899fd8b8ac39236eff6468b195ac7d] Linux 4.15-rc6
> git bisect start 'next/master' 'next/stable'
> # bad: [c1d290f9ce8daa2b0a79d2fe48c1b7c3c5370f5a] Merge
> remote-tracking branch 'crypto/master'
> git bisect bad c1d290f9ce8daa2b0a79d2fe48c1b7c3c5370f5a
> # bad: [55695d94f0915121d106cd2d1ab94983a32f3e9a] Merge
> remote-tracking branch 'hid/for-next'
> git bisect bad 55695d94f0915121d106cd2d1ab94983a32f3e9a
> # good: [cffae1eead0dd91be1a3069a8348127bb00158f3] Merge
> remote-tracking branch 'realtek/for-next'
> git bisect good cffae1eead0dd91be1a3069a8348127bb00158f3
> # good: [5f889f1176dc99636c6bf8af7c286decc888c007] Merge
> remote-tracking branch 'btrfs/next'
> git bisect good 5f889f1176dc99636c6bf8af7c286decc888c007
> # good: [984c35877f36bee305e43a1c58176169854d85cf] Merge
> remote-tracking branch 'xfs/for-next'
> git bisect good 984c35877f36bee305e43a1c58176169854d85cf
> # bad: [f9fec502daea2a869232b6dff33ba3de79dd0d61] Merge
> remote-tracking branch 'printk/for-next'
> git bisect bad f9fec502daea2a869232b6dff33ba3de79dd0d61
> # good: [c71d227fc4133f949dae620ed5e3a250b43f2415] make kernel-side
> POLL... arch-independent
> git bisect good c71d227fc4133f949dae620ed5e3a250b43f2415
> # good: [416d20e8c31107f5dfd45d1d80d1e6c8e4871180] Merge branches
> 'work.get_user_pages_fast', 'work.wmci', 'work.sock_recvmsg',
> 'misc.netdrv', 'misc.poll', 'work.mqueue', 'work.whack-a-mole' and
> 'work.misc' into for-next
> git bisect good 416d20e8c31107f5dfd45d1d80d1e6c8e4871180
> # good: [325a1de4a691512a48c1426b943a7b0b9f8d6744] xfs: convert to new
> i_version API
> git bisect good 325a1de4a691512a48c1426b943a7b0b9f8d6744
> # good: [a94fe10fb114c169e7ddaecd8251521886409121] checkpatch: add
> pF/pf deprecation warning
> git bisect good a94fe10fb114c169e7ddaecd8251521886409121
> # good: [6b3911dffd1184fdcd63299a5fee59ac000f2067] btrfs: only dirty
> the inode in btrfs_update_time if something was changed
> git bisect good 6b3911dffd1184fdcd63299a5fee59ac000f2067
> # bad: [448f8c749a7a0ae03505823910ec45a112678048] Merge
> remote-tracking branch 'iversion/iversion-next'
> git bisect bad 448f8c749a7a0ae03505823910ec45a112678048
> # bad: [8618bff776758ebff5b55211e7b5a60a0fc119a5] fs: handle
> inode->i_version more efficiently
> git bisect bad 8618bff776758ebff5b55211e7b5a60a0fc119a5
> # first bad commit: [8618bff776758ebff5b55211e7b5a60a0fc119a5] fs:
> handle inode->i_version more efficiently

That's really strange. I'm afraid I have no idea what could be going on.

With NFS, we really just treat i_version as an opaque value, so I'm not
sure how this patch in particular would affect anything there. We _do_
increment it if you have a write delegation in some cases, but not many
servers hand those out.

ext4 will only touch the i_version field if you mount it with '-o
iversion'. Are you doing that here?

Have you run the bisect more than once? Is this maybe an intermittent
problem, and the bisect has landed on the wrong commit?

Thanks,
--
Jeff Layton <jlayton@kernel.org>

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