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SubjectRe: [PATCH 08/18] carl9170: prevent bounds-check bypass via speculative execution
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On Saturday, January 6, 2018 2:10:37 AM CET Dan Williams wrote:
> Static analysis reports that 'queue' may be a user controlled value that
> is used as a data dependency to read from the 'ar9170_qmap' array. In
> order to avoid potential leaks of kernel memory values, block
> speculative execution of the instruction stream that could issue reads
> based on an invalid result of 'ar9170_qmap[queue]'. In this case the
> value of 'ar9170_qmap[queue]' is immediately reused as an index to the
> 'ar->edcf' array.
>
> Based on an original patch by Elena Reshetova.
>
> Cc: Christian Lamparter <chunkeey@googlemail.com>
> Cc: Kalle Valo <kvalo@codeaurora.org>
> Cc: linux-wireless@vger.kernel.org
> Cc: netdev@vger.kernel.org
> Signed-off-by: Elena Reshetova <elena.reshetova@intel.com>
> Signed-off-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
> ---
> drivers/net/wireless/ath/carl9170/main.c | 6 ++++--
> 1 file changed, 4 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/drivers/net/wireless/ath/carl9170/main.c b/drivers/net/wireless/ath/carl9170/main.c
> index 988c8857d78c..0ff34cbe2b62 100644
> --- a/drivers/net/wireless/ath/carl9170/main.c
> +++ b/drivers/net/wireless/ath/carl9170/main.c
> @@ -41,6 +41,7 @@
> #include <linux/module.h>
> #include <linux/etherdevice.h>
> #include <linux/random.h>
> +#include <linux/compiler.h>
> #include <net/mac80211.h>
> #include <net/cfg80211.h>
> #include "hw.h"
> @@ -1384,11 +1385,12 @@ static int carl9170_op_conf_tx(struct ieee80211_hw *hw,
> const struct ieee80211_tx_queue_params *param)
> {
> struct ar9170 *ar = hw->priv;
> + const u8 *elem;
> int ret;
>
> mutex_lock(&ar->mutex);
> - if (queue < ar->hw->queues) {
> - memcpy(&ar->edcf[ar9170_qmap[queue]], param, sizeof(*param));
> + if ((elem = nospec_array_ptr(ar9170_qmap, queue, ar->hw->queues))) {
> + memcpy(&ar->edcf[*elem], param, sizeof(*param));
> ret = carl9170_set_qos(ar);
> } else {
> ret = -EINVAL;
>
>
About the "queue" in carl9170_op_conf_tx, p54_conf_tx and cw1200_conf_tx:

The only way a user can set this in any meaningful way would be via
a NL80211_CMD_SET_WIPHY netlink message. However, the value will get
vetted there by cfg80211's parse_txq_params [0]. This is long before
it reaches any of the *_op_conf_tx functions.

And Furthermore a invalid queue (param->ac) would cause a crash in
this line in mac80211 before it even reaches the driver [1]:
| sdata->tx_conf[params->ac] = p;
| ^^^^^^^^
| if (drv_conf_tx(local, sdata, >>>> params->ac <<<<, &p)) {
| ^^ (this is a wrapper for the *_op_conf_tx)

I don't think these chin-up exercises are needed.

[0] <https://github.com/torvalds/linux/blob/master/net/wireless/nl80211.c#L2070>
[1] <https://github.com/torvalds/linux/blob/master/net/mac80211/cfg.c#L2157>

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