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Subject[PATCH 00/18] prevent bounds-check bypass via speculative execution
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Quoting Mark's original RFC:

"Recently, Google Project Zero discovered several classes of attack
against speculative execution. One of these, known as variant-1, allows
explicit bounds checks to be bypassed under speculation, providing an
arbitrary read gadget. Further details can be found on the GPZ blog [1]
and the Documentation patch in this series."

This series incorporates Mark Rutland's latest api and adds the x86
specific implementation of nospec_barrier. The
nospec_{array_ptr,ptr,barrier} helpers are then combined with a kernel
wide analysis performed by Elena Reshetova to address static analysis
reports where speculative execution on a userspace controlled value
could bypass a bounds check. The patches address a precondition for the
attack discussed in the Spectre paper [2].

A consideration worth noting for reviewing these patches is to weigh the
dramatic cost of being wrong about whether a given report is exploitable
vs the overhead nospec_{array_ptr,ptr} may introduce. In other words,
lets make the bar for applying these patches be "can you prove that the
bounds check bypass is *not* exploitable". Consider that the Spectre
paper reports one example of a speculation window being ~180 cycles.

Note that there is also a proposal from Linus, array_access [3], that
attempts to quash speculative execution past a bounds check without
introducing an lfence instruction. That may be a future optimization
possibility that is compatible with this api, but it would appear to
need guarantees from the compiler that it is not clear the kernel can
rely on at this point. It is also not clear that it would be a
significant performance win vs lfence.

These patches also will also be available via the 'nospec' git branch
here:

git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/djbw/linux nospec

[1]: https://googleprojectzero.blogspot.co.uk/2018/01/reading-privileged-memory-with-side.html
[2]: https://spectreattack.com/spectre.pdf
[3]: https://marc.info/?l=linux-kernel&m=151510446027625&w=2

---

Andi Kleen (1):
x86, barrier: stop speculation for failed access_ok

Dan Williams (13):
x86: implement nospec_barrier()
[media] uvcvideo: prevent bounds-check bypass via speculative execution
carl9170: prevent bounds-check bypass via speculative execution
p54: prevent bounds-check bypass via speculative execution
qla2xxx: prevent bounds-check bypass via speculative execution
cw1200: prevent bounds-check bypass via speculative execution
Thermal/int340x: prevent bounds-check bypass via speculative execution
ipv6: prevent bounds-check bypass via speculative execution
ipv4: prevent bounds-check bypass via speculative execution
vfs, fdtable: prevent bounds-check bypass via speculative execution
net: mpls: prevent bounds-check bypass via speculative execution
udf: prevent bounds-check bypass via speculative execution
userns: prevent bounds-check bypass via speculative execution

Mark Rutland (4):
asm-generic/barrier: add generic nospec helpers
Documentation: document nospec helpers
arm64: implement nospec_ptr()
arm: implement nospec_ptr()

Documentation/speculation.txt | 166 ++++++++++++++++++++
arch/arm/include/asm/barrier.h | 75 +++++++++
arch/arm64/include/asm/barrier.h | 55 +++++++
arch/x86/include/asm/barrier.h | 6 +
arch/x86/include/asm/uaccess.h | 17 ++
drivers/media/usb/uvc/uvc_v4l2.c | 7 +
drivers/net/wireless/ath/carl9170/main.c | 6 -
drivers/net/wireless/intersil/p54/main.c | 8 +
drivers/net/wireless/st/cw1200/sta.c | 10 +
drivers/net/wireless/st/cw1200/wsm.h | 4
drivers/scsi/qla2xxx/qla_mr.c | 15 +-
.../thermal/int340x_thermal/int340x_thermal_zone.c | 14 +-
fs/udf/misc.c | 39 +++--
include/asm-generic/barrier.h | 68 ++++++++
include/linux/fdtable.h | 5 -
kernel/user_namespace.c | 10 -
net/ipv4/raw.c | 9 +
net/ipv6/raw.c | 9 +
net/mpls/af_mpls.c | 12 +
19 files changed, 466 insertions(+), 69 deletions(-)
create mode 100644 Documentation/speculation.txt

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