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SubjectRe: [PATCH v1] eSPI: add Aspeed AST2500 eSPI driver to boot a host with PCH runs on eSPI
On 2018-01-04 01:08, Wang, Haiyue wrote:
> On 2018-01-04 00:43, Wang, Haiyue wrote:
>> On 2018-01-03 23:17, Arnd Bergmann wrote:
>>> On Wed, Jan 3, 2018 at 3:21 AM, Wang, Haiyue
>>> <> wrote:
>>>> On 2018-01-03 00:23, Arnd Bergmann wrote:
>>>>> On Tue, Jan 2, 2018 at 4:36 PM, Wang, Haiyue<> wrote:
>>>>>> On 2018-01-02 23:13, Arnd Bergmann wrote:
>>>>>>>> On 2017-12-31 07:10, Arnd Bergmann wrote:
>>>>>>> On the slave side, it seems that aspeed have implemented the
>>>>>>> virtual wires partially in hardware and require a driver like the one
>>>>>>> you wrote to reply to some of the wires being accessed by the host,
>>>>>>> but again it seems plausible that this could be implemented in another
>>>>>>> BMC using a generic SPI slave and a transaction layer written
>>>>>>> entirely in software.
>>>>>> Yes, you are right, Aspeed have implemented the virtual wires partially.
>>>>>> Tthat's why I named it
>>>>>> as aspeed-espi-slave driver.
>>>>> Maybe the name should be more specific and refer to only virtual-wire
>>>>> rather than espi-slave?
>>>> We changed Aspeed's reference code about virtual-wire to production code,
>>>> which meets the upstream code style. If other people used new features in eSPI
>>>> slave, they can add into this place one by one, which is proved to work. This is
>>>> a eSPI slave start point for Aspeed, not just virtual wires.
>>> I fear this could tie the application-level protocol too closely to the aspeed
>>> hardware driver. More on that below.
>> Looks like yes, for eSPI is new thing, not sure other BMC chip
>> company how to design the eSPI slave.
>>>>>> You can image bellowing work path:
>>>>>> KCS Mailbox Snoop (Port 80) UART ....
>>>>>> ^ ^ ^ ^
>>>>>> | | | |
>>>>>> | | | |
>>>>>> \ | / /
>>>>>> { LPC IP } <-------------------- { eSPI IP to
>>>>>> decode
>>>>>> the mmio address }
>>>>> This is all handled by the drivers/misc/aspeed-lpc-snoop.c driver, right?
>>>> This driver just handle port 80. And later may have kcs-bmc.c upstream from
>>>> openbmc
>>>> project:
>>> Ok.
>>>>>> And in our first generation eSPI x86 server, we just use the eSPI new
>>>>>> function to decode the VW to boot the PCH (eSPI master).
>>>>>> Other functions such as GPIO SMBus, we didn't use it. So for making
>>>>>> things clean, we just keep the basic code, which is verified and tested
>>>>>> well.
>>>>> For the upstream submission, having the code verified and tested
>>>>> is secondary, it most of all must be maintainable in the future ;-)
>>>>> Your current driver is very simple, which is good: it shouldn't try to be
>>>>> overly generic and do things we won't ever need, but I want to be
>>>>> sure that I understand the bigger picture well enough and ensure
>>>>> that the code is generic enough to do the things we know we will
>>>>> need.
>>>> Sure, people should easily add new features into this file. They just need
>>>> add other interrupt
>>>> handling here. Currently, we handle the basic interrupt bits.
>>> Can you list what other interrupts there are in this hardware block,
>>> and what they relate to? You already said that the MMIO/PIO support
>>> is a separate hardware block that is shared with the LPC slave,
>>> and I guess there is no block for a flash protocol, so is this
>>> VW and SMBUS combined, or does it do more than those two?
>> Such as:
>> Flash Channel Tx Error
>>   OOB Channel Tx Error
>>   Flash Channel Tx Abort
>>   OOB Channel Tx Abort
>>   Peripheral Channel Non-Posted Tx Abort
>>   Peripheral Channel Posted Tx Abort
>>   Virtual Wire GPIO Event
>>   ...
>>>>> I see that your documentation only refers to the generic principle of
>>>>> eSPI, while the driver deals mostly with the aspeed specifics. If we
>>>>> get a generic virtual-wire implementation based on the spi-slave
>>>>> framework, the documentation would be the same, and part
>>>>> of the driver would also be the same. OTOH, if one were to use
>>>>> the SMBUS over eSPI, the high-level interaction with the vw
>>>>> would have to be different, and at that point, we'd probably want
>>>>> an abstraction that can deal with both the aspeed hardware and
>>>>> a simple spi-slave based implementation.
>>>>> Superficially, the virtual wires closely resemble GPIOs both on
>>>>> the host and the slave side, so I wonder if your driver could be
>>>>> rewritten into a gpiochip driver that implements the slave side of
>>>>> the eSPI VW on ast2500: make it export a set of GPIO lines,
>>>>> I suppose you'd need 64 GPIOs to cover all possible
>>>>> bits in ESPI_SYS_ISR and ESPI_SYS1_ISR, plus an irqchip
>>>>> to handle the virtual events (ESPI_SYSEVT_HOST_RST_WARN
>>>>> etc). That would let you separate the simple logic (ack after
>>>>> warn, boot-done after boot, ...) into one driver or even
>>>>> user space, and keep the low-level driver specific to ast2500
>>>>> but otherwise independent of the host side. Do you think that
>>>>> makes sense?
>>>> Currently, these virtual wires side-band signals between PCH and BMC
>>>> (AST2500) needs to be
>>>> handled in time. So we did it in ISR by reading and writing registers. When
>>>> this driver is loaded,
>>>> then it can handle just in kernel mode, no need a user application. And the
>>>> real GPIO pin signal
>>>> if transferred by ePSI VW, Aspeed will map these VW values to the GPIO
>>>> contorller, so that the
>>>> original GPIO driver still work.
>>> I meant it can be done either in user space or kernel. Doing the
>>> update of the VW can easily be done on top of a GPIO abstraction
>>> when you register an interrupt handler for each VW that is is an
>>> event source, and then sets the registers through gpiolib. On the
>>> hardware side, the interaction is the same, just with a few cycles
>>> added for the separation between the application layer driver
>>> and the hardware specific driver.
>> In practice, we load this driver as soon as possible, so that the
>> eSPI master can make PMC in PCH
>> to exit G3 state, which is said in the patch commit patch. So that
>> other drivers such as KCS, Snoop
>> can work in time for powering on the host. Simple should be better
>> for embedded system ? ;-)
> And if we design the VW as gpio, looks like that the developers need
> to design their own application
> to handle the VWs. This makes things worse in my understanding. They
> have to look into the eSPI
> spec in detail, and in fact, this VW handing is not easily to
> understand. For they are about Intel's PCH
> power side-band signal handling. ;-)
>>> Arnd

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