lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2018]   [Jan]   [22]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
/
Date
From
SubjectRe: [RFC PATCH v3 2/2] ima: force re-appraisal on filesystems with FS_IMA_NO_CACHE
On Mon, Jan 22, 2018 at 05:24:52PM +0100, Alban Crequy wrote:
> From: Alban Crequy <alban@kinvolk.io>
>
> This patch forces files to be re-measured, re-appraised and re-audited
> on file systems with the feature flag FS_IMA_NO_CACHE. In that way,
> cached integrity results won't be used.
>
> How to test this:
>
> The test I did was using a patched version of the memfs FUSE driver
> [1][2] and two very simple "hello-world" programs [4] (prog1 prints
> "hello world: 1" and prog2 prints "hello world: 2").
>
> I copy prog1 and prog2 in the fuse-memfs mount point, execute them and
> check the sha1 hash in
> "/sys/kernel/security/ima/ascii_runtime_measurements".
>
> My patch on the memfs FUSE driver added a backdoor command to serve
> prog1 when the kernel asks for prog2 or vice-versa. In this way, I can
> exec prog1 and get it to print "hello world: 2" without ever replacing
> the file via the VFS, so the kernel is not aware of the change.
>
> The test was done using the branch "alban/fuse-flag-ima-nocache-v3" [3].
>
> Step by step test procedure:
>
> 1. Mount the memfs FUSE using [2]:
> rm -f /tmp/memfs-switch* ; memfs -L DEBUG /mnt/memfs
>
> 2. Copy prog1 and prog2 using [4]
> cp prog1 /mnt/memfs/prog1
> cp prog2 /mnt/memfs/prog2
>
> 3. Lookup the files and let the FUSE driver to keep the handles open:
> dd if=/mnt/memfs/prog1 bs=1 | (read -n 1 x ; sleep 3600 ) &
> dd if=/mnt/memfs/prog2 bs=1 | (read -n 1 x ; sleep 3600 ) &
>
> 4. Check the 2 programs work correctly:
> $ /mnt/memfs/prog1
> hello world: 1
> $ /mnt/memfs/prog2
> hello world: 2
>
> 5. Check the measurements for prog1 and prog2:
> $ sudo cat /sys/kernel/security/ima/ascii_runtime_measurements \
> | grep /mnt/memfs/prog
> 10 [...] ima-ng sha1:ac14c9268cd2[...] /mnt/memfs/prog1
> 10 [...] ima-ng sha1:799cb5d1e06d[...] /mnt/memfs/prog2
>
> 6. Use the backdoor command in my patched memfs to redirect file
> operations on file handle 3 to file handle 2:
> rm -f /tmp/memfs-switch* ; touch /tmp/memfs-switch-3-2
>
> 7. Check how the FUSE driver serves different content for the files:
> $ /mnt/memfs/prog1
> hello world: 2
> $ /mnt/memfs/prog2
> hello world: 2
>
> 8. Check the measurements:
> sudo cat /sys/kernel/security/ima/ascii_runtime_measurements \
> | grep /mnt/memfs/prog
>
> Without the patch, there are no new measurements, despite the FUSE
> driver having served different executables.
>
> With the patch, I can see additional measurements for prog1 and prog2
> with the hashes reversed when the FUSE driver served the alternative
> content.
>
> [1] https://github.com/bbengfort/memfs
> [2] https://github.com/kinvolk/memfs/commits/alban/switch-files
> [3] https://github.com/kinvolk/linux/commits/alban/fuse-flag-ima-nocache-v3
> [4] https://github.com/kinvolk/fuse-userns-patches/commit/cf1f5750cab0
>
> Cc: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
> Cc: linux-integrity@vger.kernel.org
> Cc: linux-security-module@vger.kernel.org
> Cc: linux-fsdevel@vger.kernel.org
> Cc: Miklos Szeredi <miklos@szeredi.hu>
> Cc: Alexander Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
> Cc: Mimi Zohar <zohar@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
> Cc: Dmitry Kasatkin <dmitry.kasatkin@gmail.com>
> Cc: James Morris <james.l.morris@oracle.com>
> Cc: "Serge E. Hallyn" <serge@hallyn.com>
> Cc: Seth Forshee <seth.forshee@canonical.com>
> Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org>
> Tested-by: Dongsu Park <dongsu@kinvolk.io>
> Signed-off-by: Alban Crequy <alban@kinvolk.io>

I like this approach as it doesn't require any IMA policy changes to be
effective. I'm not sure about the flag name (in my mind it would
describe the fs property and not be specifically giving instructions to
IMA), but if others are happy with it I won't complain.

Acked-by: Seth Forshee <seth.forshee@canonical.com>

> ---
> security/integrity/ima/ima_main.c | 24 ++++++++++++++++++++++--
> 1 file changed, 22 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/security/integrity/ima/ima_main.c b/security/integrity/ima/ima_main.c
> index 6d78cb26784d..8870a7bbe9b9 100644
> --- a/security/integrity/ima/ima_main.c
> +++ b/security/integrity/ima/ima_main.c
> @@ -24,6 +24,7 @@
> #include <linux/slab.h>
> #include <linux/xattr.h>
> #include <linux/ima.h>
> +#include <linux/fs.h>
>
> #include "ima.h"
>
> @@ -228,9 +229,28 @@ static int process_measurement(struct file *file, char *buf, loff_t size,
> IMA_APPRAISE_SUBMASK | IMA_APPRAISED_SUBMASK |
> IMA_ACTION_FLAGS);
>
> - if (test_and_clear_bit(IMA_CHANGE_XATTR, &iint->atomic_flags))
> - /* reset all flags if ima_inode_setxattr was called */
> + /*
> + * Reset the measure, appraise and audit cached flags either if:
> + * - ima_inode_setxattr was called, or
> + * - based on filesystem feature flag
> + * forcing the file to be re-evaluated.
> + */
> + if (test_and_clear_bit(IMA_CHANGE_XATTR, &iint->atomic_flags)) {
> iint->flags &= ~IMA_DONE_MASK;
> + } else if (inode->i_sb->s_type->fs_flags & FS_IMA_NO_CACHE) {
> + if (action & IMA_MEASURE) {
> + iint->measured_pcrs = 0;
> + iint->flags &=
> + ~(IMA_COLLECTED | IMA_MEASURE | IMA_MEASURED);
> + }
> + if (action & IMA_APPRAISE)
> + iint->flags &=
> + ~(IMA_COLLECTED | IMA_APPRAISE | IMA_APPRAISED |
> + IMA_APPRAISE_SUBMASK | IMA_APPRAISED_SUBMASK);
> + if (action & IMA_AUDIT)
> + iint->flags &=
> + ~(IMA_COLLECTED | IMA_AUDIT | IMA_AUDITED);
> + }
>
> /* Determine if already appraised/measured based on bitmask
> * (IMA_MEASURE, IMA_MEASURED, IMA_XXXX_APPRAISE, IMA_XXXX_APPRAISED,
> --
> 2.13.6
>

\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2018-01-22 23:25    [W:0.075 / U:4.044 seconds]
©2003-2018 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site