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Subject[PATCH 4.14 16/89] futex: Avoid violating the 10th rule of futex
Date
4.14-stable review patch.  If anyone has any objections, please let me know.

------------------

From: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>

commit c1e2f0eaf015fb7076d51a339011f2383e6dd389 upstream.

Julia reported futex state corruption in the following scenario:

waiter waker stealer (prio > waiter)

futex(WAIT_REQUEUE_PI, uaddr, uaddr2,
timeout=[N ms])
futex_wait_requeue_pi()
futex_wait_queue_me()
freezable_schedule()
<scheduled out>
futex(LOCK_PI, uaddr2)
futex(CMP_REQUEUE_PI, uaddr,
uaddr2, 1, 0)
/* requeues waiter to uaddr2 */
futex(UNLOCK_PI, uaddr2)
wake_futex_pi()
cmp_futex_value_locked(uaddr2, waiter)
wake_up_q()
<woken by waker>
<hrtimer_wakeup() fires,
clears sleeper->task>
futex(LOCK_PI, uaddr2)
__rt_mutex_start_proxy_lock()
try_to_take_rt_mutex() /* steals lock */
rt_mutex_set_owner(lock, stealer)
<preempted>
<scheduled in>
rt_mutex_wait_proxy_lock()
__rt_mutex_slowlock()
try_to_take_rt_mutex() /* fails, lock held by stealer */
if (timeout && !timeout->task)
return -ETIMEDOUT;
fixup_owner()
/* lock wasn't acquired, so,
fixup_pi_state_owner skipped */

return -ETIMEDOUT;

/* At this point, we've returned -ETIMEDOUT to userspace, but the
* futex word shows waiter to be the owner, and the pi_mutex has
* stealer as the owner */

futex_lock(LOCK_PI, uaddr2)
-> bails with EDEADLK, futex word says we're owner.

And suggested that what commit:

73d786bd043e ("futex: Rework inconsistent rt_mutex/futex_q state")

removes from fixup_owner() looks to be just what is needed. And indeed
it is -- I completely missed that requeue_pi could also result in this
case. So we need to restore that, except that subsequent patches, like
commit:

16ffa12d7425 ("futex: Pull rt_mutex_futex_unlock() out from under hb->lock")

changed all the locking rules. Even without that, the sequence:

- if (rt_mutex_futex_trylock(&q->pi_state->pi_mutex)) {
- locked = 1;
- goto out;
- }

- raw_spin_lock_irq(&q->pi_state->pi_mutex.wait_lock);
- owner = rt_mutex_owner(&q->pi_state->pi_mutex);
- if (!owner)
- owner = rt_mutex_next_owner(&q->pi_state->pi_mutex);
- raw_spin_unlock_irq(&q->pi_state->pi_mutex.wait_lock);
- ret = fixup_pi_state_owner(uaddr, q, owner);

already suggests there were races; otherwise we'd never have to look
at next_owner.

So instead of doing 3 consecutive wait_lock sections with who knows
what races, we do it all in a single section. Additionally, the usage
of pi_state->owner in fixup_owner() was only safe because only the
rt_mutex owner would modify it, which this additional case wrecks.

Luckily the values can only change away and not to the value we're
testing, this means we can do a speculative test and double check once
we have the wait_lock.

Fixes: 73d786bd043e ("futex: Rework inconsistent rt_mutex/futex_q state")
Reported-by: Julia Cartwright <julia@ni.com>
Reported-by: Gratian Crisan <gratian.crisan@ni.com>
Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Tested-by: Julia Cartwright <julia@ni.com>
Tested-by: Gratian Crisan <gratian.crisan@ni.com>
Cc: Darren Hart <dvhart@infradead.org>
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20171208124939.7livp7no2ov65rrc@hirez.programming.kicks-ass.net
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>

---
kernel/futex.c | 83 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--------
kernel/locking/rtmutex.c | 26 +++++++++---
kernel/locking/rtmutex_common.h | 1
3 files changed, 87 insertions(+), 23 deletions(-)

--- a/kernel/futex.c
+++ b/kernel/futex.c
@@ -2294,21 +2294,17 @@ static void unqueue_me_pi(struct futex_q
spin_unlock(q->lock_ptr);
}

-/*
- * Fixup the pi_state owner with the new owner.
- *
- * Must be called with hash bucket lock held and mm->sem held for non
- * private futexes.
- */
static int fixup_pi_state_owner(u32 __user *uaddr, struct futex_q *q,
- struct task_struct *newowner)
+ struct task_struct *argowner)
{
- u32 newtid = task_pid_vnr(newowner) | FUTEX_WAITERS;
struct futex_pi_state *pi_state = q->pi_state;
u32 uval, uninitialized_var(curval), newval;
- struct task_struct *oldowner;
+ struct task_struct *oldowner, *newowner;
+ u32 newtid;
int ret;

+ lockdep_assert_held(q->lock_ptr);
+
raw_spin_lock_irq(&pi_state->pi_mutex.wait_lock);

oldowner = pi_state->owner;
@@ -2317,11 +2313,17 @@ static int fixup_pi_state_owner(u32 __us
newtid |= FUTEX_OWNER_DIED;

/*
- * We are here either because we stole the rtmutex from the
- * previous highest priority waiter or we are the highest priority
- * waiter but have failed to get the rtmutex the first time.
+ * We are here because either:
+ *
+ * - we stole the lock and pi_state->owner needs updating to reflect
+ * that (@argowner == current),
+ *
+ * or:
*
- * We have to replace the newowner TID in the user space variable.
+ * - someone stole our lock and we need to fix things to point to the
+ * new owner (@argowner == NULL).
+ *
+ * Either way, we have to replace the TID in the user space variable.
* This must be atomic as we have to preserve the owner died bit here.
*
* Note: We write the user space value _before_ changing the pi_state
@@ -2334,6 +2336,42 @@ static int fixup_pi_state_owner(u32 __us
* in the PID check in lookup_pi_state.
*/
retry:
+ if (!argowner) {
+ if (oldowner != current) {
+ /*
+ * We raced against a concurrent self; things are
+ * already fixed up. Nothing to do.
+ */
+ ret = 0;
+ goto out_unlock;
+ }
+
+ if (__rt_mutex_futex_trylock(&pi_state->pi_mutex)) {
+ /* We got the lock after all, nothing to fix. */
+ ret = 0;
+ goto out_unlock;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * Since we just failed the trylock; there must be an owner.
+ */
+ newowner = rt_mutex_owner(&pi_state->pi_mutex);
+ BUG_ON(!newowner);
+ } else {
+ WARN_ON_ONCE(argowner != current);
+ if (oldowner == current) {
+ /*
+ * We raced against a concurrent self; things are
+ * already fixed up. Nothing to do.
+ */
+ ret = 0;
+ goto out_unlock;
+ }
+ newowner = argowner;
+ }
+
+ newtid = task_pid_vnr(newowner) | FUTEX_WAITERS;
+
if (get_futex_value_locked(&uval, uaddr))
goto handle_fault;

@@ -2434,15 +2472,28 @@ static int fixup_owner(u32 __user *uaddr
* Got the lock. We might not be the anticipated owner if we
* did a lock-steal - fix up the PI-state in that case:
*
- * We can safely read pi_state->owner without holding wait_lock
- * because we now own the rt_mutex, only the owner will attempt
- * to change it.
+ * Speculative pi_state->owner read (we don't hold wait_lock);
+ * since we own the lock pi_state->owner == current is the
+ * stable state, anything else needs more attention.
*/
if (q->pi_state->owner != current)
ret = fixup_pi_state_owner(uaddr, q, current);
goto out;
}

+ /*
+ * If we didn't get the lock; check if anybody stole it from us. In
+ * that case, we need to fix up the uval to point to them instead of
+ * us, otherwise bad things happen. [10]
+ *
+ * Another speculative read; pi_state->owner == current is unstable
+ * but needs our attention.
+ */
+ if (q->pi_state->owner == current) {
+ ret = fixup_pi_state_owner(uaddr, q, NULL);
+ goto out;
+ }
+
/*
* Paranoia check. If we did not take the lock, then we should not be
* the owner of the rt_mutex.
--- a/kernel/locking/rtmutex.c
+++ b/kernel/locking/rtmutex.c
@@ -1290,6 +1290,19 @@ rt_mutex_slowlock(struct rt_mutex *lock,
return ret;
}

+static inline int __rt_mutex_slowtrylock(struct rt_mutex *lock)
+{
+ int ret = try_to_take_rt_mutex(lock, current, NULL);
+
+ /*
+ * try_to_take_rt_mutex() sets the lock waiters bit
+ * unconditionally. Clean this up.
+ */
+ fixup_rt_mutex_waiters(lock);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
/*
* Slow path try-lock function:
*/
@@ -1312,13 +1325,7 @@ static inline int rt_mutex_slowtrylock(s
*/
raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&lock->wait_lock, flags);

- ret = try_to_take_rt_mutex(lock, current, NULL);
-
- /*
- * try_to_take_rt_mutex() sets the lock waiters bit
- * unconditionally. Clean this up.
- */
- fixup_rt_mutex_waiters(lock);
+ ret = __rt_mutex_slowtrylock(lock);

raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&lock->wait_lock, flags);

@@ -1505,6 +1512,11 @@ int __sched rt_mutex_futex_trylock(struc
return rt_mutex_slowtrylock(lock);
}

+int __sched __rt_mutex_futex_trylock(struct rt_mutex *lock)
+{
+ return __rt_mutex_slowtrylock(lock);
+}
+
/**
* rt_mutex_timed_lock - lock a rt_mutex interruptible
* the timeout structure is provided
--- a/kernel/locking/rtmutex_common.h
+++ b/kernel/locking/rtmutex_common.h
@@ -148,6 +148,7 @@ extern bool rt_mutex_cleanup_proxy_lock(
struct rt_mutex_waiter *waiter);

extern int rt_mutex_futex_trylock(struct rt_mutex *l);
+extern int __rt_mutex_futex_trylock(struct rt_mutex *l);

extern void rt_mutex_futex_unlock(struct rt_mutex *lock);
extern bool __rt_mutex_futex_unlock(struct rt_mutex *lock,

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