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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2 6/8] x86/kvm: Add IBPB support
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On 1/21/2018 3:49 AM, David Woodhouse wrote:
> From: Ashok Raj <ashok.raj@intel.com>
>
> Add MSR passthrough for MSR_IA32_PRED_CMD and place branch predictor
> barriers on switching between VMs to avoid inter VM specte-v2 attacks.
>
> [peterz: rebase and changelog rewrite]
> [karahmed: - vmx: expose PRED_CMD whenever it is available
> - svm: only pass through IBPB if it is available]
> [dwmw2: - vmx: allow X86_FEATURE_AMD_PRED_CMD too]
> Cc: Asit Mallick <asit.k.mallick@intel.com>
> Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>
> Cc: Arjan Van De Ven <arjan.van.de.ven@intel.com>
> Cc: Tim Chen <tim.c.chen@linux.intel.com>
> Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
> Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
> Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com>
> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
> Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
> Cc: Jun Nakajima <jun.nakajima@intel.com>
> Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
> Cc: Greg KH <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
> Cc: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>
> Signed-off-by: Ashok Raj <ashok.raj@intel.com>
> Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1515720739-43819-6-git-send-email-ashok.raj@intel.com
>
> Signed-off-by: David Woodhouse <dwmw@amazon.co.uk>
> Signed-off-by: KarimAllah Ahmed <karahmed@amazon.de>
> ---
> arch/x86/kvm/svm.c | 14 ++++++++++++++
> arch/x86/kvm/vmx.c | 11 +++++++++++
> 2 files changed, 25 insertions(+)
>
> diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/svm.c b/arch/x86/kvm/svm.c
> index 2744b973..cfdb9ab 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/kvm/svm.c
> +++ b/arch/x86/kvm/svm.c
> @@ -529,6 +529,7 @@ struct svm_cpu_data {
> struct kvm_ldttss_desc *tss_desc;
>
> struct page *save_area;
> + struct vmcb *current_vmcb;
> };
>
> static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct svm_cpu_data *, svm_data);
> @@ -918,6 +919,9 @@ static void svm_vcpu_init_msrpm(u32 *msrpm)
>
> set_msr_interception(msrpm, direct_access_msrs[i].index, 1, 1);
> }
> +
> + if (boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_AMD_PRED_CMD))
> + set_msr_interception(msrpm, MSR_IA32_PRED_CMD, 1, 1);

I don't think there's any reason to make the "if" check. You can just
add this to the direct_access_msrs array instead, as:

{ .index = MSR_IA32_PRED_CMD, .always = true },

Thanks,
Tom

> }
>
> static void add_msr_offset(u32 offset)
> @@ -1706,11 +1710,17 @@ static void svm_free_vcpu(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
> __free_pages(virt_to_page(svm->nested.msrpm), MSRPM_ALLOC_ORDER);
> kvm_vcpu_uninit(vcpu);
> kmem_cache_free(kvm_vcpu_cache, svm);
> + /*
> + * The vmcb page can be recycled, causing a false negative in
> + * svm_vcpu_load(). So do a full IBPB now.
> + */
> + indirect_branch_prediction_barrier();
> }
>
> static void svm_vcpu_load(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, int cpu)
> {
> struct vcpu_svm *svm = to_svm(vcpu);
> + struct svm_cpu_data *sd = per_cpu(svm_data, cpu);
> int i;
>
> if (unlikely(cpu != vcpu->cpu)) {
> @@ -1739,6 +1749,10 @@ static void svm_vcpu_load(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, int cpu)
> if (static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_RDTSCP))
> wrmsrl(MSR_TSC_AUX, svm->tsc_aux);
>
> + if (sd->current_vmcb != svm->vmcb) {
> + sd->current_vmcb = svm->vmcb;
> + indirect_branch_prediction_barrier();
> + }
> avic_vcpu_load(vcpu, cpu);
> }
>
> diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/vmx.c b/arch/x86/kvm/vmx.c
> index d1e25db..1e45bb3 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/kvm/vmx.c
> +++ b/arch/x86/kvm/vmx.c
> @@ -2279,6 +2279,7 @@ static void vmx_vcpu_load(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, int cpu)
> if (per_cpu(current_vmcs, cpu) != vmx->loaded_vmcs->vmcs) {
> per_cpu(current_vmcs, cpu) = vmx->loaded_vmcs->vmcs;
> vmcs_load(vmx->loaded_vmcs->vmcs);
> + indirect_branch_prediction_barrier();
> }
>
> if (!already_loaded) {
> @@ -6791,6 +6792,16 @@ static __init int hardware_setup(void)
> kvm_tsc_scaling_ratio_frac_bits = 48;
> }
>
> + /*
> + * The AMD_PRED_CMD bit might be exposed by hypervisors on Intel
> + * chips which only want to expose PRED_CMD to guests and not
> + * SPEC_CTRL. Because PRED_CMD is one-shot write-only, while
> + * PRED_CMD requires storage, live migration support, etc.
> + */
> + if (boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_SPEC_CTRL) ||
> + boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_AMD_PRED_CMD))
> + vmx_disable_intercept_for_msr(MSR_IA32_PRED_CMD, false);
> +
> vmx_disable_intercept_for_msr(MSR_FS_BASE, false);
> vmx_disable_intercept_for_msr(MSR_GS_BASE, false);
> vmx_disable_intercept_for_msr(MSR_KERNEL_GS_BASE, true);
>

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