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SubjectRe: [PATCH] PM / runtime: Rework pm_runtime_force_suspend/resume()
On Tue, Jan 02, 2018 at 12:02:18PM +0100, Rafael J. Wysocki wrote:
> On Tue, Jan 2, 2018 at 11:51 AM, Lukas Wunner <> wrote:
> > On Tue, Jan 02, 2018 at 01:56:28AM +0100, Rafael J. Wysocki wrote:
> >> + if (atomic_read(&dev->power.usage_count) <= 1 &&
> >> + atomic_read(&dev->power.child_count) == 0)
> >> + pm_runtime_set_suspended(dev);
> >>
> >> - pm_runtime_set_suspended(dev);
> >
> > The ->runtime_suspend callback *has* been executed at this point.
> > If the status is only updated conditionally, it may not reflect
> > the device's actual power state correctly. That doesn't seem to
> > be a good idea.
> It doesn't matter, because this is done with runtime PM disabled, isn't it?

It might not make a difference for the use case I have in mind, but
pm_runtime_status_suspended() will return an incorrect result and is
called from 47 files in 4.15-rc6 according to

> > The kerneldoc says:
> >
> > Typically this function may be invoked from a system suspend callback
> > to make sure the device is put into low power state.
> >
> > That portion is not modified by your patch.
> >
> > "Typically" implies that it's legal to call pm_runtime_force_suspend() in
> > *other* contexts than as a ->suspend hook.
> It should only be used during system suspend anyway, however.

Then the kerneldoc is wrong.

> >> One addition that would be really helpful: pm_runtime_force_suspend()
> >> should also force-suspend all children and consumers of the given
> >> device. Likewise, those should be resumed on pm_runtime_force_resume().
> >> Then I could just add a device link from the audio PCI device on the GPU
> >> to the graphics PCI device and just call pm_runtime_force_*() on the
> >> graphics device (supplier) to magically power them both off and on.
> >
> > Actually, the assumption is that pm_runtime_force_suspend() must be
> > called for the children before it is called for the parent even
> > without my patch, so it is just not going to work this way.
> Moreover, what if those devices have nonzero usage counters? There
> may be other reasons for that than just dependencies, like for example
> user space might have written "on" to their "control" files in sysfs.

In that case pm_runtime_force_suspend() should return a negative errno.

I envision amending control_store() so that "off" can be written to the
"control" file, allowing userspace to invoke pm_runtime_force_suspend()
to force certain devices into runtime suspend. The user would get back
an error if the call failed for some reason (such as an active child or
consumer of the to be force-suspended device). That would be a clean
replacement for the ON/OFF options we currently have for the
vga_switcheroo debugfs control file.



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