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Subject[PATCH 3.18 25/46] ALSA: aloop: Fix racy hw constraints adjustment
Date
3.18-stable review patch.  If anyone has any objections, please let me know.

------------------

From: Takashi Iwai <tiwai@suse.de>

commit 898dfe4687f460ba337a01c11549f87269a13fa2 upstream.

The aloop driver tries to update the hw constraints of the connected
target on the cable of the opened PCM substream. This is done by
adding the extra hw constraints rules referring to the substream
runtime->hw fields, while the other substream may update the runtime
hw of another side on the fly.

This is, however, racy and may result in the inconsistent values when
both PCM streams perform the prepare concurrently. One of the reason
is that it overwrites the other's runtime->hw field; which is not only
racy but also broken when it's called before the open of another side
finishes. And, since the reference to runtime->hw isn't protected,
the concurrent write may give the partial value update and become
inconsistent.

This patch is an attempt to fix and clean up:
- The prepare doesn't change the runtime->hw of other side any longer,
but only update the cable->hw that is referred commonly.
- The extra rules refer to the loopback_pcm object instead of the
runtime->hw. The actual hw is deduced from cable->hw.
- The extra rules take the cable_lock to protect against the race.

Fixes: b1c73fc8e697 ("ALSA: snd-aloop: Fix hw_params restrictions and checking")
Signed-off-by: Takashi Iwai <tiwai@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>

---
sound/drivers/aloop.c | 51 ++++++++++++++++++++------------------------------
1 file changed, 21 insertions(+), 30 deletions(-)

--- a/sound/drivers/aloop.c
+++ b/sound/drivers/aloop.c
@@ -307,19 +307,6 @@ static int loopback_trigger(struct snd_p
return 0;
}

-static void params_change_substream(struct loopback_pcm *dpcm,
- struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime)
-{
- struct snd_pcm_runtime *dst_runtime;
-
- if (dpcm == NULL || dpcm->substream == NULL)
- return;
- dst_runtime = dpcm->substream->runtime;
- if (dst_runtime == NULL)
- return;
- dst_runtime->hw = dpcm->cable->hw;
-}
-
static void params_change(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
{
struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
@@ -331,10 +318,6 @@ static void params_change(struct snd_pcm
cable->hw.rate_max = runtime->rate;
cable->hw.channels_min = runtime->channels;
cable->hw.channels_max = runtime->channels;
- params_change_substream(cable->streams[SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK],
- runtime);
- params_change_substream(cable->streams[SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_CAPTURE],
- runtime);
}

static int loopback_prepare(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
@@ -622,24 +605,29 @@ static unsigned int get_cable_index(stru
static int rule_format(struct snd_pcm_hw_params *params,
struct snd_pcm_hw_rule *rule)
{
-
- struct snd_pcm_hardware *hw = rule->private;
+ struct loopback_pcm *dpcm = rule->private;
+ struct loopback_cable *cable = dpcm->cable;
struct snd_mask m;

snd_mask_none(&m);
- m.bits[0] = (u_int32_t)hw->formats;
- m.bits[1] = (u_int32_t)(hw->formats >> 32);
+ mutex_lock(&dpcm->loopback->cable_lock);
+ m.bits[0] = (u_int32_t)cable->hw.formats;
+ m.bits[1] = (u_int32_t)(cable->hw.formats >> 32);
+ mutex_unlock(&dpcm->loopback->cable_lock);
return snd_mask_refine(hw_param_mask(params, rule->var), &m);
}

static int rule_rate(struct snd_pcm_hw_params *params,
struct snd_pcm_hw_rule *rule)
{
- struct snd_pcm_hardware *hw = rule->private;
+ struct loopback_pcm *dpcm = rule->private;
+ struct loopback_cable *cable = dpcm->cable;
struct snd_interval t;

- t.min = hw->rate_min;
- t.max = hw->rate_max;
+ mutex_lock(&dpcm->loopback->cable_lock);
+ t.min = cable->hw.rate_min;
+ t.max = cable->hw.rate_max;
+ mutex_unlock(&dpcm->loopback->cable_lock);
t.openmin = t.openmax = 0;
t.integer = 0;
return snd_interval_refine(hw_param_interval(params, rule->var), &t);
@@ -648,11 +636,14 @@ static int rule_rate(struct snd_pcm_hw_p
static int rule_channels(struct snd_pcm_hw_params *params,
struct snd_pcm_hw_rule *rule)
{
- struct snd_pcm_hardware *hw = rule->private;
+ struct loopback_pcm *dpcm = rule->private;
+ struct loopback_cable *cable = dpcm->cable;
struct snd_interval t;

- t.min = hw->channels_min;
- t.max = hw->channels_max;
+ mutex_lock(&dpcm->loopback->cable_lock);
+ t.min = cable->hw.channels_min;
+ t.max = cable->hw.channels_max;
+ mutex_unlock(&dpcm->loopback->cable_lock);
t.openmin = t.openmax = 0;
t.integer = 0;
return snd_interval_refine(hw_param_interval(params, rule->var), &t);
@@ -718,19 +709,19 @@ static int loopback_open(struct snd_pcm_
/* are cached -> they do not reflect the actual state */
err = snd_pcm_hw_rule_add(runtime, 0,
SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_FORMAT,
- rule_format, &runtime->hw,
+ rule_format, dpcm,
SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_FORMAT, -1);
if (err < 0)
goto unlock;
err = snd_pcm_hw_rule_add(runtime, 0,
SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_RATE,
- rule_rate, &runtime->hw,
+ rule_rate, dpcm,
SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_RATE, -1);
if (err < 0)
goto unlock;
err = snd_pcm_hw_rule_add(runtime, 0,
SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_CHANNELS,
- rule_channels, &runtime->hw,
+ rule_channels, dpcm,
SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_CHANNELS, -1);
if (err < 0)
goto unlock;

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