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Subject[PATCH 4.4 87/87] selftests/x86: Add test_vsyscall
Date
4.4-stable review patch.  If anyone has any objections, please let me know.

------------------

From: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>

commit 352909b49ba0d74929b96af6dfbefc854ab6ebb5 upstream.

This tests that the vsyscall entries do what they're expected to do.
It also confirms that attempts to read the vsyscall page behave as
expected.

If changes are made to the vsyscall code or its memory map handling,
running this test in all three of vsyscall=none, vsyscall=emulate,
and vsyscall=native are helpful.

(Because it's easy, this also compares the vsyscall results to their
vDSO equivalents.)

Note to KAISER backporters: please test this under all three
vsyscall modes. Also, in the emulate and native modes, make sure
that test_vsyscall_64 agrees with the command line or config
option as to which mode you're in. It's quite easy to mess up
the kernel such that native mode accidentally emulates
or vice versa.

Greg, etc: please backport this to all your Meltdown-patched
kernels. It'll help make sure the patches didn't regress
vsyscalls.

CSigned-off-by: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Cc: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com>
Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/2b9c5a174c1d60fd7774461d518aa75598b1d8fd.1515719552.git.luto@kernel.org
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>

---
tools/testing/selftests/x86/test_vsyscall.c | 500 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
1 file changed, 500 insertions(+)

--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/x86/test_vsyscall.c
@@ -0,0 +1,500 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
+
+#define _GNU_SOURCE
+
+#include <stdio.h>
+#include <sys/time.h>
+#include <time.h>
+#include <stdlib.h>
+#include <sys/syscall.h>
+#include <unistd.h>
+#include <dlfcn.h>
+#include <string.h>
+#include <inttypes.h>
+#include <signal.h>
+#include <sys/ucontext.h>
+#include <errno.h>
+#include <err.h>
+#include <sched.h>
+#include <stdbool.h>
+#include <setjmp.h>
+
+#ifdef __x86_64__
+# define VSYS(x) (x)
+#else
+# define VSYS(x) 0
+#endif
+
+#ifndef SYS_getcpu
+# ifdef __x86_64__
+# define SYS_getcpu 309
+# else
+# define SYS_getcpu 318
+# endif
+#endif
+
+static void sethandler(int sig, void (*handler)(int, siginfo_t *, void *),
+ int flags)
+{
+ struct sigaction sa;
+ memset(&sa, 0, sizeof(sa));
+ sa.sa_sigaction = handler;
+ sa.sa_flags = SA_SIGINFO | flags;
+ sigemptyset(&sa.sa_mask);
+ if (sigaction(sig, &sa, 0))
+ err(1, "sigaction");
+}
+
+/* vsyscalls and vDSO */
+bool should_read_vsyscall = false;
+
+typedef long (*gtod_t)(struct timeval *tv, struct timezone *tz);
+gtod_t vgtod = (gtod_t)VSYS(0xffffffffff600000);
+gtod_t vdso_gtod;
+
+typedef int (*vgettime_t)(clockid_t, struct timespec *);
+vgettime_t vdso_gettime;
+
+typedef long (*time_func_t)(time_t *t);
+time_func_t vtime = (time_func_t)VSYS(0xffffffffff600400);
+time_func_t vdso_time;
+
+typedef long (*getcpu_t)(unsigned *, unsigned *, void *);
+getcpu_t vgetcpu = (getcpu_t)VSYS(0xffffffffff600800);
+getcpu_t vdso_getcpu;
+
+static void init_vdso(void)
+{
+ void *vdso = dlopen("linux-vdso.so.1", RTLD_LAZY | RTLD_LOCAL | RTLD_NOLOAD);
+ if (!vdso)
+ vdso = dlopen("linux-gate.so.1", RTLD_LAZY | RTLD_LOCAL | RTLD_NOLOAD);
+ if (!vdso) {
+ printf("[WARN]\tfailed to find vDSO\n");
+ return;
+ }
+
+ vdso_gtod = (gtod_t)dlsym(vdso, "__vdso_gettimeofday");
+ if (!vdso_gtod)
+ printf("[WARN]\tfailed to find gettimeofday in vDSO\n");
+
+ vdso_gettime = (vgettime_t)dlsym(vdso, "__vdso_clock_gettime");
+ if (!vdso_gettime)
+ printf("[WARN]\tfailed to find clock_gettime in vDSO\n");
+
+ vdso_time = (time_func_t)dlsym(vdso, "__vdso_time");
+ if (!vdso_time)
+ printf("[WARN]\tfailed to find time in vDSO\n");
+
+ vdso_getcpu = (getcpu_t)dlsym(vdso, "__vdso_getcpu");
+ if (!vdso_getcpu) {
+ /* getcpu() was never wired up in the 32-bit vDSO. */
+ printf("[%s]\tfailed to find getcpu in vDSO\n",
+ sizeof(long) == 8 ? "WARN" : "NOTE");
+ }
+}
+
+static int init_vsys(void)
+{
+#ifdef __x86_64__
+ int nerrs = 0;
+ FILE *maps;
+ char line[128];
+ bool found = false;
+
+ maps = fopen("/proc/self/maps", "r");
+ if (!maps) {
+ printf("[WARN]\tCould not open /proc/self/maps -- assuming vsyscall is r-x\n");
+ should_read_vsyscall = true;
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ while (fgets(line, sizeof(line), maps)) {
+ char r, x;
+ void *start, *end;
+ char name[128];
+ if (sscanf(line, "%p-%p %c-%cp %*x %*x:%*x %*u %s",
+ &start, &end, &r, &x, name) != 5)
+ continue;
+
+ if (strcmp(name, "[vsyscall]"))
+ continue;
+
+ printf("\tvsyscall map: %s", line);
+
+ if (start != (void *)0xffffffffff600000 ||
+ end != (void *)0xffffffffff601000) {
+ printf("[FAIL]\taddress range is nonsense\n");
+ nerrs++;
+ }
+
+ printf("\tvsyscall permissions are %c-%c\n", r, x);
+ should_read_vsyscall = (r == 'r');
+ if (x != 'x') {
+ vgtod = NULL;
+ vtime = NULL;
+ vgetcpu = NULL;
+ }
+
+ found = true;
+ break;
+ }
+
+ fclose(maps);
+
+ if (!found) {
+ printf("\tno vsyscall map in /proc/self/maps\n");
+ should_read_vsyscall = false;
+ vgtod = NULL;
+ vtime = NULL;
+ vgetcpu = NULL;
+ }
+
+ return nerrs;
+#else
+ return 0;
+#endif
+}
+
+/* syscalls */
+static inline long sys_gtod(struct timeval *tv, struct timezone *tz)
+{
+ return syscall(SYS_gettimeofday, tv, tz);
+}
+
+static inline int sys_clock_gettime(clockid_t id, struct timespec *ts)
+{
+ return syscall(SYS_clock_gettime, id, ts);
+}
+
+static inline long sys_time(time_t *t)
+{
+ return syscall(SYS_time, t);
+}
+
+static inline long sys_getcpu(unsigned * cpu, unsigned * node,
+ void* cache)
+{
+ return syscall(SYS_getcpu, cpu, node, cache);
+}
+
+static jmp_buf jmpbuf;
+
+static void sigsegv(int sig, siginfo_t *info, void *ctx_void)
+{
+ siglongjmp(jmpbuf, 1);
+}
+
+static double tv_diff(const struct timeval *a, const struct timeval *b)
+{
+ return (double)(a->tv_sec - b->tv_sec) +
+ (double)((int)a->tv_usec - (int)b->tv_usec) * 1e-6;
+}
+
+static int check_gtod(const struct timeval *tv_sys1,
+ const struct timeval *tv_sys2,
+ const struct timezone *tz_sys,
+ const char *which,
+ const struct timeval *tv_other,
+ const struct timezone *tz_other)
+{
+ int nerrs = 0;
+ double d1, d2;
+
+ if (tz_other && (tz_sys->tz_minuteswest != tz_other->tz_minuteswest || tz_sys->tz_dsttime != tz_other->tz_dsttime)) {
+ printf("[FAIL] %s tz mismatch\n", which);
+ nerrs++;
+ }
+
+ d1 = tv_diff(tv_other, tv_sys1);
+ d2 = tv_diff(tv_sys2, tv_other);
+ printf("\t%s time offsets: %lf %lf\n", which, d1, d2);
+
+ if (d1 < 0 || d2 < 0) {
+ printf("[FAIL]\t%s time was inconsistent with the syscall\n", which);
+ nerrs++;
+ } else {
+ printf("[OK]\t%s gettimeofday()'s timeval was okay\n", which);
+ }
+
+ return nerrs;
+}
+
+static int test_gtod(void)
+{
+ struct timeval tv_sys1, tv_sys2, tv_vdso, tv_vsys;
+ struct timezone tz_sys, tz_vdso, tz_vsys;
+ long ret_vdso = -1;
+ long ret_vsys = -1;
+ int nerrs = 0;
+
+ printf("[RUN]\ttest gettimeofday()\n");
+
+ if (sys_gtod(&tv_sys1, &tz_sys) != 0)
+ err(1, "syscall gettimeofday");
+ if (vdso_gtod)
+ ret_vdso = vdso_gtod(&tv_vdso, &tz_vdso);
+ if (vgtod)
+ ret_vsys = vgtod(&tv_vsys, &tz_vsys);
+ if (sys_gtod(&tv_sys2, &tz_sys) != 0)
+ err(1, "syscall gettimeofday");
+
+ if (vdso_gtod) {
+ if (ret_vdso == 0) {
+ nerrs += check_gtod(&tv_sys1, &tv_sys2, &tz_sys, "vDSO", &tv_vdso, &tz_vdso);
+ } else {
+ printf("[FAIL]\tvDSO gettimeofday() failed: %ld\n", ret_vdso);
+ nerrs++;
+ }
+ }
+
+ if (vgtod) {
+ if (ret_vsys == 0) {
+ nerrs += check_gtod(&tv_sys1, &tv_sys2, &tz_sys, "vsyscall", &tv_vsys, &tz_vsys);
+ } else {
+ printf("[FAIL]\tvsys gettimeofday() failed: %ld\n", ret_vsys);
+ nerrs++;
+ }
+ }
+
+ return nerrs;
+}
+
+static int test_time(void) {
+ int nerrs = 0;
+
+ printf("[RUN]\ttest time()\n");
+ long t_sys1, t_sys2, t_vdso = 0, t_vsys = 0;
+ long t2_sys1 = -1, t2_sys2 = -1, t2_vdso = -1, t2_vsys = -1;
+ t_sys1 = sys_time(&t2_sys1);
+ if (vdso_time)
+ t_vdso = vdso_time(&t2_vdso);
+ if (vtime)
+ t_vsys = vtime(&t2_vsys);
+ t_sys2 = sys_time(&t2_sys2);
+ if (t_sys1 < 0 || t_sys1 != t2_sys1 || t_sys2 < 0 || t_sys2 != t2_sys2) {
+ printf("[FAIL]\tsyscall failed (ret1:%ld output1:%ld ret2:%ld output2:%ld)\n", t_sys1, t2_sys1, t_sys2, t2_sys2);
+ nerrs++;
+ return nerrs;
+ }
+
+ if (vdso_time) {
+ if (t_vdso < 0 || t_vdso != t2_vdso) {
+ printf("[FAIL]\tvDSO failed (ret:%ld output:%ld)\n", t_vdso, t2_vdso);
+ nerrs++;
+ } else if (t_vdso < t_sys1 || t_vdso > t_sys2) {
+ printf("[FAIL]\tvDSO returned the wrong time (%ld %ld %ld)\n", t_sys1, t_vdso, t_sys2);
+ nerrs++;
+ } else {
+ printf("[OK]\tvDSO time() is okay\n");
+ }
+ }
+
+ if (vtime) {
+ if (t_vsys < 0 || t_vsys != t2_vsys) {
+ printf("[FAIL]\tvsyscall failed (ret:%ld output:%ld)\n", t_vsys, t2_vsys);
+ nerrs++;
+ } else if (t_vsys < t_sys1 || t_vsys > t_sys2) {
+ printf("[FAIL]\tvsyscall returned the wrong time (%ld %ld %ld)\n", t_sys1, t_vsys, t_sys2);
+ nerrs++;
+ } else {
+ printf("[OK]\tvsyscall time() is okay\n");
+ }
+ }
+
+ return nerrs;
+}
+
+static int test_getcpu(int cpu)
+{
+ int nerrs = 0;
+ long ret_sys, ret_vdso = -1, ret_vsys = -1;
+
+ printf("[RUN]\tgetcpu() on CPU %d\n", cpu);
+
+ cpu_set_t cpuset;
+ CPU_ZERO(&cpuset);
+ CPU_SET(cpu, &cpuset);
+ if (sched_setaffinity(0, sizeof(cpuset), &cpuset) != 0) {
+ printf("[SKIP]\tfailed to force CPU %d\n", cpu);
+ return nerrs;
+ }
+
+ unsigned cpu_sys, cpu_vdso, cpu_vsys, node_sys, node_vdso, node_vsys;
+ unsigned node = 0;
+ bool have_node = false;
+ ret_sys = sys_getcpu(&cpu_sys, &node_sys, 0);
+ if (vdso_getcpu)
+ ret_vdso = vdso_getcpu(&cpu_vdso, &node_vdso, 0);
+ if (vgetcpu)
+ ret_vsys = vgetcpu(&cpu_vsys, &node_vsys, 0);
+
+ if (ret_sys == 0) {
+ if (cpu_sys != cpu) {
+ printf("[FAIL]\tsyscall reported CPU %hu but should be %d\n", cpu_sys, cpu);
+ nerrs++;
+ }
+
+ have_node = true;
+ node = node_sys;
+ }
+
+ if (vdso_getcpu) {
+ if (ret_vdso) {
+ printf("[FAIL]\tvDSO getcpu() failed\n");
+ nerrs++;
+ } else {
+ if (!have_node) {
+ have_node = true;
+ node = node_vdso;
+ }
+
+ if (cpu_vdso != cpu) {
+ printf("[FAIL]\tvDSO reported CPU %hu but should be %d\n", cpu_vdso, cpu);
+ nerrs++;
+ } else {
+ printf("[OK]\tvDSO reported correct CPU\n");
+ }
+
+ if (node_vdso != node) {
+ printf("[FAIL]\tvDSO reported node %hu but should be %hu\n", node_vdso, node);
+ nerrs++;
+ } else {
+ printf("[OK]\tvDSO reported correct node\n");
+ }
+ }
+ }
+
+ if (vgetcpu) {
+ if (ret_vsys) {
+ printf("[FAIL]\tvsyscall getcpu() failed\n");
+ nerrs++;
+ } else {
+ if (!have_node) {
+ have_node = true;
+ node = node_vsys;
+ }
+
+ if (cpu_vsys != cpu) {
+ printf("[FAIL]\tvsyscall reported CPU %hu but should be %d\n", cpu_vsys, cpu);
+ nerrs++;
+ } else {
+ printf("[OK]\tvsyscall reported correct CPU\n");
+ }
+
+ if (node_vsys != node) {
+ printf("[FAIL]\tvsyscall reported node %hu but should be %hu\n", node_vsys, node);
+ nerrs++;
+ } else {
+ printf("[OK]\tvsyscall reported correct node\n");
+ }
+ }
+ }
+
+ return nerrs;
+}
+
+static int test_vsys_r(void)
+{
+#ifdef __x86_64__
+ printf("[RUN]\tChecking read access to the vsyscall page\n");
+ bool can_read;
+ if (sigsetjmp(jmpbuf, 1) == 0) {
+ *(volatile int *)0xffffffffff600000;
+ can_read = true;
+ } else {
+ can_read = false;
+ }
+
+ if (can_read && !should_read_vsyscall) {
+ printf("[FAIL]\tWe have read access, but we shouldn't\n");
+ return 1;
+ } else if (!can_read && should_read_vsyscall) {
+ printf("[FAIL]\tWe don't have read access, but we should\n");
+ return 1;
+ } else {
+ printf("[OK]\tgot expected result\n");
+ }
+#endif
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+
+#ifdef __x86_64__
+#define X86_EFLAGS_TF (1UL << 8)
+static volatile sig_atomic_t num_vsyscall_traps;
+
+static unsigned long get_eflags(void)
+{
+ unsigned long eflags;
+ asm volatile ("pushfq\n\tpopq %0" : "=rm" (eflags));
+ return eflags;
+}
+
+static void set_eflags(unsigned long eflags)
+{
+ asm volatile ("pushq %0\n\tpopfq" : : "rm" (eflags) : "flags");
+}
+
+static void sigtrap(int sig, siginfo_t *info, void *ctx_void)
+{
+ ucontext_t *ctx = (ucontext_t *)ctx_void;
+ unsigned long ip = ctx->uc_mcontext.gregs[REG_RIP];
+
+ if (((ip ^ 0xffffffffff600000UL) & ~0xfffUL) == 0)
+ num_vsyscall_traps++;
+}
+
+static int test_native_vsyscall(void)
+{
+ time_t tmp;
+ bool is_native;
+
+ if (!vtime)
+ return 0;
+
+ printf("[RUN]\tchecking for native vsyscall\n");
+ sethandler(SIGTRAP, sigtrap, 0);
+ set_eflags(get_eflags() | X86_EFLAGS_TF);
+ vtime(&tmp);
+ set_eflags(get_eflags() & ~X86_EFLAGS_TF);
+
+ /*
+ * If vsyscalls are emulated, we expect a single trap in the
+ * vsyscall page -- the call instruction will trap with RIP
+ * pointing to the entry point before emulation takes over.
+ * In native mode, we expect two traps, since whatever code
+ * the vsyscall page contains will be more than just a ret
+ * instruction.
+ */
+ is_native = (num_vsyscall_traps > 1);
+
+ printf("\tvsyscalls are %s (%d instructions in vsyscall page)\n",
+ (is_native ? "native" : "emulated"),
+ (int)num_vsyscall_traps);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+#endif
+
+int main(int argc, char **argv)
+{
+ int nerrs = 0;
+
+ init_vdso();
+ nerrs += init_vsys();
+
+ nerrs += test_gtod();
+ nerrs += test_time();
+ nerrs += test_getcpu(0);
+ nerrs += test_getcpu(1);
+
+ sethandler(SIGSEGV, sigsegv, 0);
+ nerrs += test_vsys_r();
+
+#ifdef __x86_64__
+ nerrs += test_native_vsyscall();
+#endif
+
+ return nerrs ? 1 : 0;
+}

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