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SubjectRe: [RFC PATCH 5/9] media: vb2: add support for requests
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On 01/15/2018 09:24 AM, Alexandre Courbot wrote:
> On Fri, Jan 12, 2018 at 7:49 PM, Hans Verkuil <hverkuil@xs4all.nl> wrote:
>> On 12/15/17 08:56, Alexandre Courbot wrote:
>>> Add throttling support for buffers when requests are in use on a given
>>> queue. Buffers associated to a request are kept into the vb2 queue until
>>> the request becomes active, at which point all the buffers are passed to
>>> the driver. The queue can also signal that is has processed all of a
>>> request's buffers.
>>>
>>> Also add support for the request parameter when handling the QBUF ioctl.
>>>
>>> Signed-off-by: Alexandre Courbot <acourbot@chromium.org>
>>> ---
>>> drivers/media/v4l2-core/videobuf2-core.c | 59 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++----
>>> drivers/media/v4l2-core/videobuf2-v4l2.c | 29 +++++++++++++++-
>>> include/media/videobuf2-core.h | 25 +++++++++++++-
>>> 3 files changed, 104 insertions(+), 9 deletions(-)
>>>
>>> diff --git a/drivers/media/v4l2-core/videobuf2-core.c b/drivers/media/v4l2-core/videobuf2-core.c
>>> index cb115ba6a1d2..c01038b7962a 100644
>>> --- a/drivers/media/v4l2-core/videobuf2-core.c
>>> +++ b/drivers/media/v4l2-core/videobuf2-core.c
>>> @@ -898,6 +898,8 @@ void vb2_buffer_done(struct vb2_buffer *vb, enum vb2_buffer_state state)
>>> state != VB2_BUF_STATE_REQUEUEING))
>>> state = VB2_BUF_STATE_ERROR;
>>>
>>> + WARN_ON(vb->request != q->cur_req);
>>
>> What's the reason for this WARN_ON? It's not immediately obvious to me.
>
> This is a safeguard against driver bugs: a buffer should not complete
> unless it is part of the request being currently processed.
>
>>
>>> +
>>> #ifdef CONFIG_VIDEO_ADV_DEBUG
>>> /*
>>> * Although this is not a callback, it still does have to balance
>>> @@ -920,6 +922,13 @@ void vb2_buffer_done(struct vb2_buffer *vb, enum vb2_buffer_state state)
>>> /* Add the buffer to the done buffers list */
>>> list_add_tail(&vb->done_entry, &q->done_list);
>>> vb->state = state;
>>> +
>>> + if (q->cur_req) {
>>> + WARN_ON(q->req_buf_cnt < 1);
>>> +
>>> + if (--q->req_buf_cnt == 0)
>>> + q->cur_req = NULL;
>>> + }
>>> }
>>> atomic_dec(&q->owned_by_drv_count);
>>> spin_unlock_irqrestore(&q->done_lock, flags);
>>> @@ -1298,6 +1307,16 @@ int vb2_core_prepare_buf(struct vb2_queue *q, unsigned int index, void *pb)
>>> }
>>> EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(vb2_core_prepare_buf);
>>>
>>> +static void vb2_queue_enqueue_current_buffers(struct vb2_queue *q)
>>> +{
>>> + struct vb2_buffer *vb;
>>> +
>>> + list_for_each_entry(vb, &q->queued_list, queued_entry) {
>>> + if (vb->request == q->cur_req)
>>> + __enqueue_in_driver(vb);
>>> + }
>>> +}
>>
>> I think this will clash big time with the v4l2 fence patch series...
>
> Indeed, but on the other hand I was not a big fan of going through the
> whole list. :) So I welcome the extra throttling introduced by the
> fence series.

There is only throttling if fences are used by userspace. Otherwise there
is no change.

>
>>
>>> +
>>> /**
>>> * vb2_start_streaming() - Attempt to start streaming.
>>> * @q: videobuf2 queue
>>> @@ -1318,8 +1337,7 @@ static int vb2_start_streaming(struct vb2_queue *q)
>>> * If any buffers were queued before streamon,
>>> * we can now pass them to driver for processing.
>>> */
>>> - list_for_each_entry(vb, &q->queued_list, queued_entry)
>>> - __enqueue_in_driver(vb);
>>> + vb2_queue_enqueue_current_buffers(q);
>>>
>>> /* Tell the driver to start streaming */
>>> q->start_streaming_called = 1;
>>> @@ -1361,7 +1379,8 @@ static int vb2_start_streaming(struct vb2_queue *q)
>>> return ret;
>>> }
>>>
>>> -int vb2_core_qbuf(struct vb2_queue *q, unsigned int index, void *pb)
>>> +int vb2_core_qbuf(struct vb2_queue *q, unsigned int index,
>>> + struct media_request *req, void *pb)
>>> {
>>> struct vb2_buffer *vb;
>>> int ret;
>>> @@ -1392,6 +1411,7 @@ int vb2_core_qbuf(struct vb2_queue *q, unsigned int index, void *pb)
>>> q->queued_count++;
>>> q->waiting_for_buffers = false;
>>> vb->state = VB2_BUF_STATE_QUEUED;
>>> + vb->request = req;
>>>
>>> if (pb)
>>> call_void_bufop(q, copy_timestamp, vb, pb);
>>> @@ -1401,8 +1421,11 @@ int vb2_core_qbuf(struct vb2_queue *q, unsigned int index, void *pb)
>>> /*
>>> * If already streaming, give the buffer to driver for processing.
>>> * If not, the buffer will be given to driver on next streamon.
>>> + *
>>> + * If using the request API, the buffer will be given to the driver
>>> + * when the request becomes active.
>>> */
>>> - if (q->start_streaming_called)
>>> + if (q->start_streaming_called && !req)
>>> __enqueue_in_driver(vb);
>>>
>>> /* Fill buffer information for the userspace */
>>> @@ -1427,6 +1450,28 @@ int vb2_core_qbuf(struct vb2_queue *q, unsigned int index, void *pb)
>>> }
>>> EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(vb2_core_qbuf);
>>>
>>> +void vb2_queue_start_request(struct vb2_queue *q, struct media_request *req)
>>> +{
>>> + struct vb2_buffer *vb;
>>> +
>>> + q->req_buf_cnt = 0;
>>> + list_for_each_entry(vb, &q->queued_list, queued_entry) {
>>> + if (vb->request == req)
>>> + ++q->req_buf_cnt;
>>> + }
>>> +
>>> + /* only consider the request if we actually have buffers for it */
>>> + if (q->req_buf_cnt == 0)
>>> + return;
>>> +
>>> + q->cur_req = req;
>>> +
>>> + /* If not streaming yet, we will enqueue the buffers later */
>>> + if (q->start_streaming_called)
>>> + vb2_queue_enqueue_current_buffers(q);
>>
>> If I understand all this correctly, then you are queuing one request at a
>> time to the vb2_queue. I.e. all the buffers queued to the driver belong to
>> the same request (q->cur_req).
>
> That is correct.
>
>> But that might work for codecs, but not
>> for camera drivers: you will typically have multiple requests queued up in
>> the driver.
>
> Aren't requests supposed to be performed sequentially, even in the
> camera case? Passing a buffer to the driver means that we allow it to
> process it using its current settings ; if another request is
> currently active, wouldn't that become an issue?

Drivers often need multiple buffers queued before they can start the DMA
engine (usually at least two buffers have to be queued, just do a
git grep min_buffers_needed drivers/media).

In addition, sensors often have to be programmed one or two frames earlier
for a new setting to take effect for the required frame.

In other words: drivers need to be able to look ahead and vb2 should just
queue buffers/requests as soon as they are ready.

>
>>
>> In any case, I don't think the req_buf_cnt and cur_req fields belong in
>> vb2_queue.
>>
>> Another weird thing here is that it appears that you allow for multiple
>> buffers for the same device in the same request. I'm not sure that is
>> useful. For one, it will postpone the completion of the request until
>> all buffers are dequeued.
>
> s/dequeued/completed. A request is marked as completed as soon as all
> its buffers are marked as done, and can be polled before its buffers
> are dequeued by user-space.
>
> Do you suggest that we enforce a "one buffer per queue per request"
> rule? I cannot thing of any case where this would be a hard limiting
> factor (and it would certainly simplify the code), on the other hand
> it may slow things down a bit in the case where we want to e.g. take
> several shots in fast succession with the same parameters. But I have
> no evidence that the extra lag would be noticeable.

This is something that should go into an RFC for discussion. My opinion
at this time is that you should stick with one buffer per queue per request.
This can always be relaxed in the future. For now it is better to keep
it simple.

>
>>
>>> +}
>>> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(vb2_queue_start_request);
>>> +
>>> /**
>>> * __vb2_wait_for_done_vb() - wait for a buffer to become available
>>> * for dequeuing
>>> @@ -2242,7 +2287,7 @@ static int __vb2_init_fileio(struct vb2_queue *q, int read)
>>> * Queue all buffers.
>>> */
>>> for (i = 0; i < q->num_buffers; i++) {
>>> - ret = vb2_core_qbuf(q, i, NULL);
>>> + ret = vb2_core_qbuf(q, i, NULL, NULL);
>>> if (ret)
>>> goto err_reqbufs;
>>> fileio->bufs[i].queued = 1;
>>> @@ -2421,7 +2466,7 @@ static size_t __vb2_perform_fileio(struct vb2_queue *q, char __user *data, size_
>>>
>>> if (copy_timestamp)
>>> b->timestamp = ktime_get_ns();
>>> - ret = vb2_core_qbuf(q, index, NULL);
>>> + ret = vb2_core_qbuf(q, index, NULL, NULL);
>>> dprintk(5, "vb2_dbuf result: %d\n", ret);
>>> if (ret)
>>> return ret;
>>> @@ -2524,7 +2569,7 @@ static int vb2_thread(void *data)
>>> if (copy_timestamp)
>>> vb->timestamp = ktime_get_ns();;
>>> if (!threadio->stop)
>>> - ret = vb2_core_qbuf(q, vb->index, NULL);
>>> + ret = vb2_core_qbuf(q, vb->index, NULL, NULL);
>>> call_void_qop(q, wait_prepare, q);
>>> if (ret || threadio->stop)
>>> break;
>>> diff --git a/drivers/media/v4l2-core/videobuf2-v4l2.c b/drivers/media/v4l2-core/videobuf2-v4l2.c
>>> index bde7b8a3a303..55b16b4db9a6 100644
>>> --- a/drivers/media/v4l2-core/videobuf2-v4l2.c
>>> +++ b/drivers/media/v4l2-core/videobuf2-v4l2.c
>>> @@ -28,6 +28,7 @@
>>> #include <media/v4l2-fh.h>
>>> #include <media/v4l2-event.h>
>>> #include <media/v4l2-common.h>
>>> +#include <media/media-request.h>
>>>
>>> #include <media/videobuf2-v4l2.h>
>>>
>>> @@ -561,6 +562,7 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(vb2_create_bufs);
>>>
>>> int vb2_qbuf(struct vb2_queue *q, struct v4l2_buffer *b)
>>> {
>>> + struct media_request *req = NULL;
>>> int ret;
>>>
>>> if (vb2_fileio_is_active(q)) {
>>> @@ -568,8 +570,33 @@ int vb2_qbuf(struct vb2_queue *q, struct v4l2_buffer *b)
>>> return -EBUSY;
>>> }
>>>
>>> + /*
>>> + * The caller should have validated that the request is valid,
>>> + * so we just need to look it up without further checking
>>> + */
>>> + if (b->request > 0) {
>>> + req = media_request_get_from_fd(b->request);
>>> + if (!req)
>>> + return -EINVAL;
>>> + media_request_queue_lock(req->queue);
>>> +
>>> + if (req->state != MEDIA_REQUEST_STATE_IDLE) {
>>> + ret = -EINVAL;
>>> + goto done;
>>> + }
>>> + }
>>> +
>>> ret = vb2_queue_or_prepare_buf(q, b, "qbuf");
>>> - return ret ? ret : vb2_core_qbuf(q, b->index, b);
>>> + if (!ret)
>>> + ret = vb2_core_qbuf(q, b->index, req, b);
>>> +
>>> +done:
>>> + if (req) {
>>> + media_request_queue_unlock(req->queue);
>>> + media_request_put(req);
>>> + }
>>> +
>>> + return ret;
>>
>> I'm trying to remember what we decided w.r.t. mixing buffers associated with
>> a request and buffers without a request. I can't see anything in the meeting
>> notes. I have a faint memory that we decided to not allow that (i.e. once
>> you start using requests, then all buffers should be associated with a
>> request). Does anyone remember?
>
> My recollection is that we do not support that, on the other hand is
> there a case where allowing it would break things? Especially if we
> decide to limit each request to one buffer per queue.

Also something for an RFC.

>
>>
>>> }
>>> EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(vb2_qbuf);
>>>
>>> diff --git a/include/media/videobuf2-core.h b/include/media/videobuf2-core.h
>>> index ef9b64398c8c..7d5e8e53e256 100644
>>> --- a/include/media/videobuf2-core.h
>>> +++ b/include/media/videobuf2-core.h
>>> @@ -44,6 +44,8 @@ enum vb2_memory {
>>> struct vb2_fileio_data;
>>> struct vb2_threadio_data;
>>>
>>> +struct media_request;
>>> +
>>> /**
>>> * struct vb2_mem_ops - memory handling/memory allocator operations
>>> * @alloc: allocate video memory and, optionally, allocator private data,
>>> @@ -237,6 +239,7 @@ struct vb2_queue;
>>> * on an internal driver queue
>>> * @planes: private per-plane information; do not change
>>> * @timestamp: frame timestamp in ns
>>> + * @request: pointer this buffer's request, if any
>>> */
>>> struct vb2_buffer {
>>> struct vb2_queue *vb2_queue;
>>> @@ -246,6 +249,7 @@ struct vb2_buffer {
>>> unsigned int num_planes;
>>> struct vb2_plane planes[VB2_MAX_PLANES];
>>> u64 timestamp;
>>> + struct media_request *request;
>>>
>>> /* private: internal use only
>>> *
>>> @@ -500,6 +504,8 @@ struct vb2_buf_ops {
>>> * when a buffer with the V4L2_BUF_FLAG_LAST is dequeued.
>>> * @fileio: file io emulator internal data, used only if emulator is active
>>> * @threadio: thread io internal data, used only if thread is active
>>> + * @cur_req: request currently being processed by this queue
>>> + * @req_buf_cnt:number of buffers still to process in the current request
>>> */
>>> struct vb2_queue {
>>> unsigned int type;
>>> @@ -554,6 +560,9 @@ struct vb2_queue {
>>> struct vb2_fileio_data *fileio;
>>> struct vb2_threadio_data *threadio;
>>>
>>> + struct media_request *cur_req;
>>> + u32 req_buf_cnt;
>>> +
>>
>> As mentioned above, this is very dubious.
>
> This wouldn't be needed if I understood your intent properly about
> limiting requests to one buffer per queue. If not, where would you
> suggest to move this?
>

You understood correctly. I think this just can be dropped.

Regards,

Hans

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