lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2018]   [Jan]   [12]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
Patch in this message
/
From
Subject[PATCH v6 07/24] mm: Protect VMA modifications using VMA sequence count
Date
The VMA sequence count has been introduced to allow fast detection of
VMA modification when running a page fault handler without holding
the mmap_sem.

This patch provides protection against the VMA modification done in :
- madvise()
- mpol_rebind_policy()
- vma_replace_policy()
- change_prot_numa()
- mlock(), munlock()
- mprotect()
- mmap_region()
- collapse_huge_page()
- userfaultd registering services

In addition, VMA fields which will be read during the speculative fault
path needs to be written using WRITE_ONCE to prevent write to be split
and intermediate values to be pushed to other CPUs.

Signed-off-by: Laurent Dufour <ldufour@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
---
fs/proc/task_mmu.c | 5 ++++-
fs/userfaultfd.c | 17 +++++++++++++----
mm/khugepaged.c | 3 +++
mm/madvise.c | 6 +++++-
mm/mempolicy.c | 51 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----------------
mm/mlock.c | 13 ++++++++-----
mm/mmap.c | 17 ++++++++++-------
mm/mprotect.c | 4 +++-
mm/swap_state.c | 8 ++++++--
9 files changed, 86 insertions(+), 38 deletions(-)

diff --git a/fs/proc/task_mmu.c b/fs/proc/task_mmu.c
index ec6d2983a5cb..e312d67e0297 100644
--- a/fs/proc/task_mmu.c
+++ b/fs/proc/task_mmu.c
@@ -1155,8 +1155,11 @@ static ssize_t clear_refs_write(struct file *file, const char __user *buf,
goto out_mm;
}
for (vma = mm->mmap; vma; vma = vma->vm_next) {
- vma->vm_flags &= ~VM_SOFTDIRTY;
+ vm_write_begin(vma);
+ WRITE_ONCE(vma->vm_flags,
+ vma->vm_flags & ~VM_SOFTDIRTY);
vma_set_page_prot(vma);
+ vm_write_end(vma);
}
downgrade_write(&mm->mmap_sem);
break;
diff --git a/fs/userfaultfd.c b/fs/userfaultfd.c
index 87a13a7c8270..1da1ba63c7dd 100644
--- a/fs/userfaultfd.c
+++ b/fs/userfaultfd.c
@@ -659,8 +659,11 @@ int dup_userfaultfd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct list_head *fcs)

octx = vma->vm_userfaultfd_ctx.ctx;
if (!octx || !(octx->features & UFFD_FEATURE_EVENT_FORK)) {
+ vm_write_begin(vma);
vma->vm_userfaultfd_ctx = NULL_VM_UFFD_CTX;
- vma->vm_flags &= ~(VM_UFFD_WP | VM_UFFD_MISSING);
+ WRITE_ONCE(vma->vm_flags,
+ vma->vm_flags & ~(VM_UFFD_WP | VM_UFFD_MISSING));
+ vm_write_end(vma);
return 0;
}

@@ -885,8 +888,10 @@ static int userfaultfd_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
vma = prev;
else
prev = vma;
- vma->vm_flags = new_flags;
+ vm_write_begin(vma);
+ WRITE_ONCE(vma->vm_flags, new_flags);
vma->vm_userfaultfd_ctx = NULL_VM_UFFD_CTX;
+ vm_write_end(vma);
}
up_write(&mm->mmap_sem);
mmput(mm);
@@ -1434,8 +1439,10 @@ static int userfaultfd_register(struct userfaultfd_ctx *ctx,
* the next vma was merged into the current one and
* the current one has not been updated yet.
*/
- vma->vm_flags = new_flags;
+ vm_write_begin(vma);
+ WRITE_ONCE(vma->vm_flags, new_flags);
vma->vm_userfaultfd_ctx.ctx = ctx;
+ vm_write_end(vma);

skip:
prev = vma;
@@ -1592,8 +1599,10 @@ static int userfaultfd_unregister(struct userfaultfd_ctx *ctx,
* the next vma was merged into the current one and
* the current one has not been updated yet.
*/
- vma->vm_flags = new_flags;
+ vm_write_begin(vma);
+ WRITE_ONCE(vma->vm_flags, new_flags);
vma->vm_userfaultfd_ctx = NULL_VM_UFFD_CTX;
+ vm_write_end(vma);

skip:
prev = vma;
diff --git a/mm/khugepaged.c b/mm/khugepaged.c
index b7e2268dfc9a..32314e9e48dd 100644
--- a/mm/khugepaged.c
+++ b/mm/khugepaged.c
@@ -1006,6 +1006,7 @@ static void collapse_huge_page(struct mm_struct *mm,
if (mm_find_pmd(mm, address) != pmd)
goto out;

+ vm_write_begin(vma);
anon_vma_lock_write(vma->anon_vma);

pte = pte_offset_map(pmd, address);
@@ -1041,6 +1042,7 @@ static void collapse_huge_page(struct mm_struct *mm,
pmd_populate(mm, pmd, pmd_pgtable(_pmd));
spin_unlock(pmd_ptl);
anon_vma_unlock_write(vma->anon_vma);
+ vm_write_end(vma);
result = SCAN_FAIL;
goto out;
}
@@ -1075,6 +1077,7 @@ static void collapse_huge_page(struct mm_struct *mm,
set_pmd_at(mm, address, pmd, _pmd);
update_mmu_cache_pmd(vma, address, pmd);
spin_unlock(pmd_ptl);
+ vm_write_end(vma);

*hpage = NULL;

diff --git a/mm/madvise.c b/mm/madvise.c
index 751e97aa2210..78774076a9ac 100644
--- a/mm/madvise.c
+++ b/mm/madvise.c
@@ -184,7 +184,9 @@ static long madvise_behavior(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
/*
* vm_flags is protected by the mmap_sem held in write mode.
*/
- vma->vm_flags = new_flags;
+ vm_write_begin(vma);
+ WRITE_ONCE(vma->vm_flags, new_flags);
+ vm_write_end(vma);
out:
return error;
}
@@ -450,9 +452,11 @@ static void madvise_free_page_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb,
.private = tlb,
};

+ vm_write_begin(vma);
tlb_start_vma(tlb, vma);
walk_page_range(addr, end, &free_walk);
tlb_end_vma(tlb, vma);
+ vm_write_end(vma);
}

static int madvise_free_single_vma(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
diff --git a/mm/mempolicy.c b/mm/mempolicy.c
index 30e68da64873..d95ce3d8480d 100644
--- a/mm/mempolicy.c
+++ b/mm/mempolicy.c
@@ -380,8 +380,11 @@ void mpol_rebind_mm(struct mm_struct *mm, nodemask_t *new)
struct vm_area_struct *vma;

down_write(&mm->mmap_sem);
- for (vma = mm->mmap; vma; vma = vma->vm_next)
+ for (vma = mm->mmap; vma; vma = vma->vm_next) {
+ vm_write_begin(vma);
mpol_rebind_policy(vma->vm_policy, new);
+ vm_write_end(vma);
+ }
up_write(&mm->mmap_sem);
}

@@ -554,9 +557,11 @@ unsigned long change_prot_numa(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
{
int nr_updated;

+ vm_write_begin(vma);
nr_updated = change_protection(vma, addr, end, PAGE_NONE, 0, 1);
if (nr_updated)
count_vm_numa_events(NUMA_PTE_UPDATES, nr_updated);
+ vm_write_end(vma);

return nr_updated;
}
@@ -657,6 +662,7 @@ static int vma_replace_policy(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
if (IS_ERR(new))
return PTR_ERR(new);

+ vm_write_begin(vma);
if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->set_policy) {
err = vma->vm_ops->set_policy(vma, new);
if (err)
@@ -664,11 +670,17 @@ static int vma_replace_policy(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
}

old = vma->vm_policy;
- vma->vm_policy = new; /* protected by mmap_sem */
+ /*
+ * The speculative page fault handler access this field without
+ * hodling the mmap_sem.
+ */
+ WRITE_ONCE(vma->vm_policy, new);
+ vm_write_end(vma);
mpol_put(old);

return 0;
err_out:
+ vm_write_end(vma);
mpol_put(new);
return err;
}
@@ -1551,23 +1563,28 @@ COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE6(mbind, compat_ulong_t, start, compat_ulong_t, len,
struct mempolicy *__get_vma_policy(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
unsigned long addr)
{
- struct mempolicy *pol = NULL;
+ struct mempolicy *pol;

- if (vma) {
- if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->get_policy) {
- pol = vma->vm_ops->get_policy(vma, addr);
- } else if (vma->vm_policy) {
- pol = vma->vm_policy;
+ if (!vma)
+ return NULL;

- /*
- * shmem_alloc_page() passes MPOL_F_SHARED policy with
- * a pseudo vma whose vma->vm_ops=NULL. Take a reference
- * count on these policies which will be dropped by
- * mpol_cond_put() later
- */
- if (mpol_needs_cond_ref(pol))
- mpol_get(pol);
- }
+ if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->get_policy)
+ return vma->vm_ops->get_policy(vma, addr);
+
+ /*
+ * This could be called without holding the mmap_sem in the
+ * speculative page fault handler's path.
+ */
+ pol = READ_ONCE(vma->vm_policy);
+ if (pol) {
+ /*
+ * shmem_alloc_page() passes MPOL_F_SHARED policy with
+ * a pseudo vma whose vma->vm_ops=NULL. Take a reference
+ * count on these policies which will be dropped by
+ * mpol_cond_put() later
+ */
+ if (mpol_needs_cond_ref(pol))
+ mpol_get(pol);
}

return pol;
diff --git a/mm/mlock.c b/mm/mlock.c
index 16fc7411bd81..bdb311dd01f8 100644
--- a/mm/mlock.c
+++ b/mm/mlock.c
@@ -445,7 +445,9 @@ static unsigned long __munlock_pagevec_fill(struct pagevec *pvec,
void munlock_vma_pages_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
unsigned long start, unsigned long end)
{
- vma->vm_flags &= VM_LOCKED_CLEAR_MASK;
+ vm_write_begin(vma);
+ WRITE_ONCE(vma->vm_flags, vma->vm_flags & VM_LOCKED_CLEAR_MASK);
+ vm_write_end(vma);

while (start < end) {
struct page *page;
@@ -568,10 +570,11 @@ static int mlock_fixup(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_area_struct **prev,
* It's okay if try_to_unmap_one unmaps a page just after we
* set VM_LOCKED, populate_vma_page_range will bring it back.
*/
-
- if (lock)
- vma->vm_flags = newflags;
- else
+ if (lock) {
+ vm_write_begin(vma);
+ WRITE_ONCE(vma->vm_flags, newflags);
+ vm_write_end(vma);
+ } else
munlock_vma_pages_range(vma, start, end);

out:
diff --git a/mm/mmap.c b/mm/mmap.c
index 1dc5397fbd59..73e740291a3a 100644
--- a/mm/mmap.c
+++ b/mm/mmap.c
@@ -847,17 +847,18 @@ int __vma_adjust(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start,
}

if (start != vma->vm_start) {
- vma->vm_start = start;
+ WRITE_ONCE(vma->vm_start, start);
start_changed = true;
}
if (end != vma->vm_end) {
- vma->vm_end = end;
+ WRITE_ONCE(vma->vm_end, end);
end_changed = true;
}
- vma->vm_pgoff = pgoff;
+ WRITE_ONCE(vma->vm_pgoff, pgoff);
if (adjust_next) {
- next->vm_start += adjust_next << PAGE_SHIFT;
- next->vm_pgoff += adjust_next;
+ WRITE_ONCE(next->vm_start,
+ next->vm_start + (adjust_next << PAGE_SHIFT));
+ WRITE_ONCE(next->vm_pgoff, next->vm_pgoff + adjust_next);
}

if (root) {
@@ -1781,6 +1782,7 @@ unsigned long mmap_region(struct file *file, unsigned long addr,
out:
perf_event_mmap(vma);

+ vm_write_begin(vma);
vm_stat_account(mm, vm_flags, len >> PAGE_SHIFT);
if (vm_flags & VM_LOCKED) {
if (!((vm_flags & VM_SPECIAL) || is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma) ||
@@ -1803,6 +1805,7 @@ unsigned long mmap_region(struct file *file, unsigned long addr,
vma->vm_flags |= VM_SOFTDIRTY;

vma_set_page_prot(vma);
+ vm_write_end(vma);

return addr;

@@ -2431,8 +2434,8 @@ int expand_downwards(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
mm->locked_vm += grow;
vm_stat_account(mm, vma->vm_flags, grow);
anon_vma_interval_tree_pre_update_vma(vma);
- vma->vm_start = address;
- vma->vm_pgoff -= grow;
+ WRITE_ONCE(vma->vm_start, address);
+ WRITE_ONCE(vma->vm_pgoff, vma->vm_pgoff - grow);
anon_vma_interval_tree_post_update_vma(vma);
vma_gap_update(vma);
spin_unlock(&mm->page_table_lock);
diff --git a/mm/mprotect.c b/mm/mprotect.c
index 58b629bb70de..3b68a3bdb57c 100644
--- a/mm/mprotect.c
+++ b/mm/mprotect.c
@@ -361,7 +361,8 @@ mprotect_fixup(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_area_struct **pprev,
* vm_flags and vm_page_prot are protected by the mmap_sem
* held in write mode.
*/
- vma->vm_flags = newflags;
+ vm_write_begin(vma);
+ WRITE_ONCE(vma->vm_flags, newflags);
dirty_accountable = vma_wants_writenotify(vma, vma->vm_page_prot);
vma_set_page_prot(vma);

@@ -376,6 +377,7 @@ mprotect_fixup(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_area_struct **pprev,
(newflags & VM_WRITE)) {
populate_vma_page_range(vma, start, end, NULL);
}
+ vm_write_end(vma);

vm_stat_account(mm, oldflags, -nrpages);
vm_stat_account(mm, newflags, nrpages);
diff --git a/mm/swap_state.c b/mm/swap_state.c
index 39ae7cfad90f..eeef59c2cd76 100644
--- a/mm/swap_state.c
+++ b/mm/swap_state.c
@@ -550,6 +550,10 @@ static unsigned long swapin_nr_pages(unsigned long offset)
* the readahead.
*
* Caller must hold down_read on the vma->vm_mm if vma is not NULL.
+ * This is needed to ensure the VMA will not be freed in our back. In the case
+ * of the speculative page fault handler, this cannot happen, even if we don't
+ * hold the mmap_sem. Callees are assumed to take care of reading VMA's fields
+ * using READ_ONCE() to read consistent values.
*/
struct page *swapin_readahead(swp_entry_t entry, gfp_t gfp_mask,
struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr)
@@ -643,9 +647,9 @@ static inline void swap_ra_clamp_pfn(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
unsigned long *start,
unsigned long *end)
{
- *start = max3(lpfn, PFN_DOWN(vma->vm_start),
+ *start = max3(lpfn, PFN_DOWN(READ_ONCE(vma->vm_start)),
PFN_DOWN(faddr & PMD_MASK));
- *end = min3(rpfn, PFN_DOWN(vma->vm_end),
+ *end = min3(rpfn, PFN_DOWN(READ_ONCE(vma->vm_end)),
PFN_DOWN((faddr & PMD_MASK) + PMD_SIZE));
}

--
2.7.4
\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2018-01-14 23:26    [W:0.216 / U:10.916 seconds]
©2003-2018 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site