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Subject[PATCH 4.14 013/146] x86/mm/pti: Add functions to clone kernel PMDs
Date
4.14-stable review patch.  If anyone has any objections, please let me know.

------------------

From: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>

commit 03f4424f348e8be95eb1bbeba09461cd7b867828 upstream.

Provide infrastructure to:

- find a kernel PMD for a mapping which must be visible to user space for
the entry/exit code to work.

- walk an address range and share the kernel PMD with it.

This reuses a small part of the original KAISER patches to populate the
user space page table.

[ tglx: Made it universally usable so it can be used for any kind of shared
mapping. Add a mechanism to clear specific bits in the user space
visible PMD entry. Folded Andys simplifactions ]

Originally-by: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Boris Ostrovsky <boris.ostrovsky@oracle.com>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bpetkov@suse.de>
Cc: Brian Gerst <brgerst@gmail.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: David Laight <David.Laight@aculab.com>
Cc: Denys Vlasenko <dvlasenk@redhat.com>
Cc: Eduardo Valentin <eduval@amazon.com>
Cc: Greg KH <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Cc: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Cc: aliguori@amazon.com
Cc: daniel.gruss@iaik.tugraz.at
Cc: hughd@google.com
Cc: keescook@google.com
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>

---
arch/x86/mm/pti.c | 127 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
1 file changed, 127 insertions(+)

--- a/arch/x86/mm/pti.c
+++ b/arch/x86/mm/pti.c
@@ -48,6 +48,11 @@
#undef pr_fmt
#define pr_fmt(fmt) "Kernel/User page tables isolation: " fmt

+/* Backporting helper */
+#ifndef __GFP_NOTRACK
+#define __GFP_NOTRACK 0
+#endif
+
static void __init pti_print_if_insecure(const char *reason)
{
if (boot_cpu_has_bug(X86_BUG_CPU_INSECURE))
@@ -138,6 +143,128 @@ pgd_t __pti_set_user_pgd(pgd_t *pgdp, pg
}

/*
+ * Walk the user copy of the page tables (optionally) trying to allocate
+ * page table pages on the way down.
+ *
+ * Returns a pointer to a P4D on success, or NULL on failure.
+ */
+static p4d_t *pti_user_pagetable_walk_p4d(unsigned long address)
+{
+ pgd_t *pgd = kernel_to_user_pgdp(pgd_offset_k(address));
+ gfp_t gfp = (GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_NOTRACK | __GFP_ZERO);
+
+ if (address < PAGE_OFFSET) {
+ WARN_ONCE(1, "attempt to walk user address\n");
+ return NULL;
+ }
+
+ if (pgd_none(*pgd)) {
+ unsigned long new_p4d_page = __get_free_page(gfp);
+ if (!new_p4d_page)
+ return NULL;
+
+ if (pgd_none(*pgd)) {
+ set_pgd(pgd, __pgd(_KERNPG_TABLE | __pa(new_p4d_page)));
+ new_p4d_page = 0;
+ }
+ if (new_p4d_page)
+ free_page(new_p4d_page);
+ }
+ BUILD_BUG_ON(pgd_large(*pgd) != 0);
+
+ return p4d_offset(pgd, address);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Walk the user copy of the page tables (optionally) trying to allocate
+ * page table pages on the way down.
+ *
+ * Returns a pointer to a PMD on success, or NULL on failure.
+ */
+static pmd_t *pti_user_pagetable_walk_pmd(unsigned long address)
+{
+ gfp_t gfp = (GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_NOTRACK | __GFP_ZERO);
+ p4d_t *p4d = pti_user_pagetable_walk_p4d(address);
+ pud_t *pud;
+
+ BUILD_BUG_ON(p4d_large(*p4d) != 0);
+ if (p4d_none(*p4d)) {
+ unsigned long new_pud_page = __get_free_page(gfp);
+ if (!new_pud_page)
+ return NULL;
+
+ if (p4d_none(*p4d)) {
+ set_p4d(p4d, __p4d(_KERNPG_TABLE | __pa(new_pud_page)));
+ new_pud_page = 0;
+ }
+ if (new_pud_page)
+ free_page(new_pud_page);
+ }
+
+ pud = pud_offset(p4d, address);
+ /* The user page tables do not use large mappings: */
+ if (pud_large(*pud)) {
+ WARN_ON(1);
+ return NULL;
+ }
+ if (pud_none(*pud)) {
+ unsigned long new_pmd_page = __get_free_page(gfp);
+ if (!new_pmd_page)
+ return NULL;
+
+ if (pud_none(*pud)) {
+ set_pud(pud, __pud(_KERNPG_TABLE | __pa(new_pmd_page)));
+ new_pmd_page = 0;
+ }
+ if (new_pmd_page)
+ free_page(new_pmd_page);
+ }
+
+ return pmd_offset(pud, address);
+}
+
+static void __init
+pti_clone_pmds(unsigned long start, unsigned long end, pmdval_t clear)
+{
+ unsigned long addr;
+
+ /*
+ * Clone the populated PMDs which cover start to end. These PMD areas
+ * can have holes.
+ */
+ for (addr = start; addr < end; addr += PMD_SIZE) {
+ pmd_t *pmd, *target_pmd;
+ pgd_t *pgd;
+ p4d_t *p4d;
+ pud_t *pud;
+
+ pgd = pgd_offset_k(addr);
+ if (WARN_ON(pgd_none(*pgd)))
+ return;
+ p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, addr);
+ if (WARN_ON(p4d_none(*p4d)))
+ return;
+ pud = pud_offset(p4d, addr);
+ if (pud_none(*pud))
+ continue;
+ pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr);
+ if (pmd_none(*pmd))
+ continue;
+
+ target_pmd = pti_user_pagetable_walk_pmd(addr);
+ if (WARN_ON(!target_pmd))
+ return;
+
+ /*
+ * Copy the PMD. That is, the kernelmode and usermode
+ * tables will share the last-level page tables of this
+ * address range
+ */
+ *target_pmd = pmd_clear_flags(*pmd, clear);
+ }
+}
+
+/*
* Initialize kernel page table isolation
*/
void __init pti_init(void)

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