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SubjectRe: [PATCH net-next RFC 5/5] vhost_net: basic tx virtqueue batched processing

On 2017年09月27日 03:25, Michael S. Tsirkin wrote:
> On Fri, Sep 22, 2017 at 04:02:35PM +0800, Jason Wang wrote:
>> This patch implements basic batched processing of tx virtqueue by
>> prefetching desc indices and updating used ring in a batch. For
>> non-zerocopy case, vq->heads were used for storing the prefetched
>> indices and updating used ring. It is also a requirement for doing
>> more batching on top. For zerocopy case and for simplicity, batched
>> processing were simply disabled by only fetching and processing one
>> descriptor at a time, this could be optimized in the future.
>> XDP_DROP (without touching skb) on tun (with Moongen in guest) with
>> zercopy disabled:
>> Intel(R) Xeon(R) CPU E5-2650 0 @ 2.00GHz:
>> Before: 3.20Mpps
>> After: 3.90Mpps (+22%)
>> No differences were seen with zerocopy enabled.
>> Signed-off-by: Jason Wang <>
> So where is the speedup coming from? I'd guess the ring is
> hot in cache, it's faster to access it in one go, then
> pass many packets to net stack. Is that right?
> Another possibility is better code cache locality.

Yes, I think the speed up comes from:

- less cache misses
- less cache line bounce when virtqueue is about to be full (guest is
faster than host which is the case of MoonGen)
- less memory barriers
- possible faster copy speed by using copy_to_user() on modern CPUs

> So how about this patchset is refactored:
> 1. use existing APIs just first get packets then
> transmit them all then use them all

Looks like current API can not get packets first, it only support get
packet one by one (if you mean vhost_get_vq_desc()). And used ring
updating may get more misses in this case.

> 2. add new APIs and move the loop into vhost core
> for more speedups

I don't see any advantages, looks like just need some e.g callbacks in
this case.


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