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Subject[PATCH BUGFIX/IMPROVEMENT 3/3] block, bfq: guarantee update_next_in_service always returns an eligible entity
If the function bfq_update_next_in_service is invoked as a consequence
of the activation or requeueing of an entity, say E, then it doesn't
invoke bfq_lookup_next_entity to get the next-in-service entity. In
contrast, it follows a shorter path: if E happens to be eligible (see
commit "bfq-sq-mq: make lookup_next_entity push up vtime on
expirations" for details on eligibility) and to have a lower virtual
finish time than the current candidate as next-in-service entity, then
E directly becomes the next-in-service entity. Unfortunately, there is
a corner case for which this shorter path makes
bfq_update_next_in_service choose a non eligible entity: it occurs if
both E and the current next-in-service entity happen to be non
eligible when bfq_update_next_in_service is invoked. In this case, E
is not set as next-in-service, and, since bfq_lookup_next_entity is
not invoked, the state of the parent entity is not updated so as to
end up with an eligible entity as the proper next-in-service entity.

In this respect, next-in-service is actually allowed to be non
eligible while some queue is in service: since no system-virtual-time
push-up can be performed in that case (see again commit "bfq-sq-mq:
make lookup_next_entity push up vtime on expirations" for details),
next-in-service is chosen, speculatively, as a function of the
possible value that the system virtual time may get after a push
up. But the correctness of the schedule breaks if next-in-service is
still a non eligible entity when it is time to set in service the next
entity. Unfortunately, this may happen in the above corner case.

This commit fixes this problem by making bfq_update_next_in_service
invoke bfq_lookup_next_entity not only if the above shorter path
cannot be taken, but also if the shorter path is taken but fails to
yield an eligible next-in-service entity.

Signed-off-by: Paolo Valente <>
Tested-by: Lee Tibbert <>
Tested-by: Oleksander Natalenko <>
block/bfq-wf2q.c | 14 ++++++++------
1 file changed, 8 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)

diff --git a/block/bfq-wf2q.c b/block/bfq-wf2q.c
index eeaf326..add54f2 100644
--- a/block/bfq-wf2q.c
+++ b/block/bfq-wf2q.c
@@ -80,6 +80,7 @@ static bool bfq_update_next_in_service(struct bfq_sched_data *sd,
struct bfq_entity *next_in_service = sd->next_in_service;
bool parent_sched_may_change = false;
+ bool change_without_lookup = false;

* If this update is triggered by the activation, requeueing
@@ -99,7 +100,7 @@ static bool bfq_update_next_in_service(struct bfq_sched_data *sd,
* set to true, and left as true if
* sd->next_in_service is NULL.
- bool replace_next = true;
+ change_without_lookup = true;

* If there is already a next_in_service candidate
@@ -112,7 +113,7 @@ static bool bfq_update_next_in_service(struct bfq_sched_data *sd,
struct bfq_service_tree *st =
sd->service_tree + new_entity_class_idx;

- replace_next =
+ change_without_lookup =
(new_entity_class_idx ==
@@ -122,15 +123,16 @@ static bool bfq_update_next_in_service(struct bfq_sched_data *sd,

- if (replace_next)
+ if (change_without_lookup)
next_in_service = new_entity;
- } else /* invoked because of a deactivation: lookup needed */
+ }
+ if (!change_without_lookup) /* lookup needed */
next_in_service = bfq_lookup_next_entity(sd, expiration);

- if (next_in_service) {
+ if (next_in_service)
parent_sched_may_change = !sd->next_in_service ||
- }

sd->next_in_service = next_in_service;

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