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SubjectRe: [RFC Part1 PATCH v3 14/17] x86/boot: Add early boot support when running with SEV active
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On 8/23/2017 10:30 AM, Borislav Petkov wrote:
> On Mon, Jul 24, 2017 at 02:07:54PM -0500, Brijesh Singh wrote:
>> From: Tom Lendacky <thomas.lendacky@amd.com>
>>
>> Early in the boot process, add checks to determine if the kernel is
>> running with Secure Encrypted Virtualization (SEV) active.
>>
>> Checking for SEV requires checking that the kernel is running under a
>> hypervisor (CPUID 0x00000001, bit 31), that the SEV feature is available
>> (CPUID 0x8000001f, bit 1) and then check a non-interceptable SEV MSR
>> (0xc0010131, bit 0).
>>
>> This check is required so that during early compressed kernel booting the
>> pagetables (both the boot pagetables and KASLR pagetables (if enabled) are
>> updated to include the encryption mask so that when the kernel is
>> decompressed into encrypted memory.
>
> , it can boot properly.
>
> :)
>

Yup, kinda didn't complete that sentence.

>> After the kernel is decompressed and continues booting the same logic is
>> used to check if SEV is active and set a flag indicating so. This allows
>> us to distinguish between SME and SEV, each of which have unique
>> differences in how certain things are handled: e.g. DMA (always bounce
>> buffered with SEV) or EFI tables (always access decrypted with SME).
>>
>> Signed-off-by: Tom Lendacky <thomas.lendacky@amd.com>
>> Signed-off-by: Brijesh Singh <brijesh.singh@amd.com>
>> ---
>> arch/x86/boot/compressed/Makefile | 2 +
>> arch/x86/boot/compressed/head_64.S | 16 +++++
>> arch/x86/boot/compressed/mem_encrypt.S | 103 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>> arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc.h | 2 +
>> arch/x86/boot/compressed/pagetable.c | 8 ++-
>> arch/x86/include/asm/mem_encrypt.h | 3 +
>> arch/x86/include/asm/msr-index.h | 3 +
>> arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/kvm_para.h | 1 -
>> arch/x86/mm/mem_encrypt.c | 42 +++++++++++---
>> 9 files changed, 169 insertions(+), 11 deletions(-)
>> create mode 100644 arch/x86/boot/compressed/mem_encrypt.S
>>
>> diff --git a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/Makefile b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/Makefile
>> index 2c860ad..d2fe901 100644
>> --- a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/Makefile
>> +++ b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/Makefile
>> @@ -72,6 +72,8 @@ vmlinux-objs-y := $(obj)/vmlinux.lds $(obj)/head_$(BITS).o $(obj)/misc.o \
>> $(obj)/string.o $(obj)/cmdline.o $(obj)/error.o \
>> $(obj)/piggy.o $(obj)/cpuflags.o
>>
>> +vmlinux-objs-$(CONFIG_X86_64) += $(obj)/mem_encrypt.o
>
> There's a
>
> ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
>
> a couple of lines below. Just put it there.

Will do.

>
> ...
>
>> +++ b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/mem_encrypt.S
>> @@ -0,0 +1,103 @@
>> +/*
>> + * AMD Memory Encryption Support
>> + *
>> + * Copyright (C) 2017 Advanced Micro Devices, Inc.
>> + *
>> + * Author: Tom Lendacky <thomas.lendacky@amd.com>
>> + *
>> + * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
>> + * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
>> + * published by the Free Software Foundation.
>> + */
>> +
>> +#include <linux/linkage.h>
>> +
>> +#include <asm/processor-flags.h>
>> +#include <asm/msr.h>
>> +#include <asm/asm-offsets.h>
>> +
>> + .text
>> + .code32
>> +ENTRY(get_sev_encryption_bit)
>> + xor %eax, %eax
>> +
>> +#ifdef CONFIG_AMD_MEM_ENCRYPT
>> + push %ebx
>> + push %ecx
>> + push %edx
>> +
>> + /* Check if running under a hypervisor */
>> + movl $1, %eax
>> + cpuid
>> + bt $31, %ecx /* Check the hypervisor bit */
>> + jnc .Lno_sev
>> +
>> + movl $0x80000000, %eax /* CPUID to check the highest leaf */
>> + cpuid
>> + cmpl $0x8000001f, %eax /* See if 0x8000001f is available */
>> + jb .Lno_sev
>> +
>> + /*
>> + * Check for the SEV feature:
>> + * CPUID Fn8000_001F[EAX] - Bit 1
>> + * CPUID Fn8000_001F[EBX] - Bits 5:0
>> + * Pagetable bit position used to indicate encryption
>> + */
>> + movl $0x8000001f, %eax
>> + cpuid
>> + bt $1, %eax /* Check if SEV is available */
>> + jnc .Lno_sev
>> +
>> + movl $MSR_F17H_SEV, %ecx /* Read the SEV MSR */
>> + rdmsr
>> + bt $MSR_F17H_SEV_ENABLED_BIT, %eax /* Check if SEV is active */
>> + jnc .Lno_sev
>> +
>> + /*
>> + * Get memory encryption information:
>> + */
>
> The side-comment is enough. This one above can go.

Done.

>
>> + movl %ebx, %eax
>> + andl $0x3f, %eax /* Return the encryption bit location */
>> + jmp .Lsev_exit
>> +
>> +.Lno_sev:
>> + xor %eax, %eax
>> +
>> +.Lsev_exit:
>> + pop %edx
>> + pop %ecx
>> + pop %ebx
>> +
>> +#endif /* CONFIG_AMD_MEM_ENCRYPT */
>> +
>> + ret
>> +ENDPROC(get_sev_encryption_bit)
>> +
>> + .code64
>> +ENTRY(get_sev_encryption_mask)
>> + xor %rax, %rax
>> +
>> +#ifdef CONFIG_AMD_MEM_ENCRYPT
>> + push %rbp
>> + push %rdx
>> +
>> + movq %rsp, %rbp /* Save current stack pointer */
>> +
>> + call get_sev_encryption_bit /* Get the encryption bit position */
>
> So we get to call get_sev_encryption_bit() here again and noodle through
> the CPUID discovery and MSR access. We should instead cache that info
> and return the encryption bit directly on a second call. (And initialize
> it to -1 to denote that get_sev_encryption_bit() hasn't run yet).

Ok, I'll look into that optimization.

>
> ...
>
>> diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/mem_encrypt.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/mem_encrypt.h
>> index 9274ec7..9cb6472 100644
>> --- a/arch/x86/include/asm/mem_encrypt.h
>> +++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/mem_encrypt.h
>> @@ -19,6 +19,9 @@
>>
>> #include <asm/bootparam.h>
>>
>> +#define AMD_SME_FEATURE_BIT BIT(0)
>> +#define AMD_SEV_FEATURE_BIT BIT(1)
>
> s/_FEATURE//
>
> AMD_SME_BIT and AMD_SEV_BIT is good enough :)
>
> And frankly, if you're going to use them only below in sme_enable() - I
> need to check more thoroughly the remaining patches - but if you only
> are going to use them there, just define them inside the function so
> that they're close.

Sounds good. I believe that is the only place they are/will be used
so I'll make that change.

>
>> +
>> #ifdef CONFIG_AMD_MEM_ENCRYPT
>>
>> extern unsigned long sme_me_mask;
>> diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/msr-index.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/msr-index.h
>> index e399d68..530020f 100644
>> --- a/arch/x86/include/asm/msr-index.h
>> +++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/msr-index.h
>> @@ -326,6 +326,9 @@
>>
>> /* Fam 17h MSRs */
>> #define MSR_F17H_IRPERF 0xc00000e9
>> +#define MSR_F17H_SEV 0xc0010131
>
> If that MSR is going to be used later on - and I don't see why not - you
> probably should make it an arch one: MSR_AMD64_SEV. Even if it isn't yet
> officially. :-)
>

Will do.

>> +#define MSR_F17H_SEV_ENABLED_BIT 0
>> +#define MSR_F17H_SEV_ENABLED BIT_ULL(MSR_F17H_SEV_ENABLED_BIT)
>>
>> /* Fam 16h MSRs */
>> #define MSR_F16H_L2I_PERF_CTL 0xc0010230
>> diff --git a/arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/kvm_para.h b/arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/kvm_para.h
>> index a965e5b..c202ba3 100644
>> --- a/arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/kvm_para.h
>> +++ b/arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/kvm_para.h
>> @@ -109,5 +109,4 @@ struct kvm_vcpu_pv_apf_data {
>> #define KVM_PV_EOI_ENABLED KVM_PV_EOI_MASK
>> #define KVM_PV_EOI_DISABLED 0x0
>>
>> -
>> #endif /* _UAPI_ASM_X86_KVM_PARA_H */
>> diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/mem_encrypt.c b/arch/x86/mm/mem_encrypt.c
>> index 5e5d460..ed8780e 100644
>> --- a/arch/x86/mm/mem_encrypt.c
>> +++ b/arch/x86/mm/mem_encrypt.c
>> @@ -288,7 +288,9 @@ void __init mem_encrypt_init(void)
>> if (sev_active())
>> dma_ops = &sme_dma_ops;
>>
>> - pr_info("AMD Secure Memory Encryption (SME) active\n");
>> + pr_info("AMD %s active\n",
>> + sev_active() ? "Secure Encrypted Virtualization (SEV)"
>> + : "Secure Memory Encryption (SME)");
>> }
>>
>> void swiotlb_set_mem_attributes(void *vaddr, unsigned long size)
>> @@ -616,12 +618,23 @@ void __init __nostackprotector sme_enable(struct boot_params *bp)
>> {
>> const char *cmdline_ptr, *cmdline_arg, *cmdline_on, *cmdline_off;
>> unsigned int eax, ebx, ecx, edx;
>> + unsigned long feature_mask;
>> bool active_by_default;
>> unsigned long me_mask;
>> char buffer[16];
>> u64 msr;
>>
>> - /* Check for the SME support leaf */
>> + /*
>> + * Set the feature mask (SME or SEV) based on whether we are
>> + * running under a hypervisor.
>> + */
>> + eax = 1;
>> + ecx = 0;
>> + native_cpuid(&eax, &ebx, &ecx, &edx);
>> + feature_mask = (ecx & BIT(31)) ? AMD_SEV_FEATURE_BIT
>> + : AMD_SME_FEATURE_BIT;
>
> Set that feature mask before using it...
>
>> +
>> + /* Check for the SME/SEV support leaf */
>
> ... because if that check exits due to no SME leaf, you're uselessly
> doing all the above.

Ok, I'll move that down after the leaf check.

>
>> eax = 0x80000000;
>> ecx = 0;
>> native_cpuid(&eax, &ebx, &ecx, &edx);
>> @@ -629,24 +642,39 @@ void __init __nostackprotector sme_enable(struct boot_params *bp)
>> return;
>>
>> /*
>> - * Check for the SME feature:
>> + * Check for the SME/SEV feature:
>> * CPUID Fn8000_001F[EAX] - Bit 0
>> * Secure Memory Encryption support
>> + * CPUID Fn8000_001F[EAX] - Bit 1
>
> No need to repeat the CPUID leaf here - only Bit 1:
>
> * CPUID Fn8000_001F[EAX]
> * - Bit 0: Secure Memory Encryption support
> * - Bit 1: Secure Encrypted Virtualization support
>

Ok, I'll clean that up.

Thanks,
Tom

>
>> + * Secure Encrypted Virtualization support
>> * CPUID Fn8000_001F[EBX] - Bits 5:0
>> * Pagetable bit position used to indicate encryption
>> */
>> eax = 0x8000001f;
>> ecx = 0;
>> native_cpuid(&eax, &ebx, &ecx, &edx);
>> - if (!(eax & 1))
>> + if (!(eax & feature_mask))
>> return;
>>
>> me_mask = 1UL << (ebx & 0x3f);
>>
>> - /* Check if SME is enabled */
>> - msr = __rdmsr(MSR_K8_SYSCFG);
>> - if (!(msr & MSR_K8_SYSCFG_MEM_ENCRYPT))
>> + /* Check if memory encryption is enabled */
>> + if (feature_mask == AMD_SME_FEATURE_BIT) {
>> + /* For SME, check the SYSCFG MSR */
>> + msr = __rdmsr(MSR_K8_SYSCFG);
>> + if (!(msr & MSR_K8_SYSCFG_MEM_ENCRYPT))
>> + return;
>> + } else {
>> + /* For SEV, check the SEV MSR */
>> + msr = __rdmsr(MSR_F17H_SEV);
>> + if (!(msr & MSR_F17H_SEV_ENABLED))
>> + return;
>> +
>> + /* SEV state cannot be controlled by a command line option */
>> + sme_me_mask = me_mask;
>> + sev_enabled = 1;
>> return;
>> + }
>
> Nice. Two birds with one stone is always better. :)
>
>

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