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Subject[PATCH 04/14] kexec_file: factor out vmlinux (elf) parser from powerpc
Date
build_elf_exec_info() can also be useful for other architectures,
including arm64. So let it factored out.

Signed-off-by: AKASHI Takahiro <takahiro.akashi@linaro.org>
Cc: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>
Cc: Thiago Jung Bauermann <bauerman@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Dave Young <dyoung@redhat.com>
Cc: Vivek Goyal <vgoyal@redhat.com>
Cc: Baoquan He <bhe@redhat.com>
---
arch/Kconfig | 3 +
arch/powerpc/Kconfig | 1 +
arch/powerpc/kernel/kexec_elf_64.c | 464 -------------------------------------
include/linux/elf.h | 62 +++++
include/linux/kexec.h | 19 ++
kernel/Makefile | 1 +
kernel/kexec_file_elf.c | 454 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
7 files changed, 540 insertions(+), 464 deletions(-)
create mode 100644 kernel/kexec_file_elf.c

diff --git a/arch/Kconfig b/arch/Kconfig
index 21d0089117fe..e940d16412f4 100644
--- a/arch/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/Kconfig
@@ -9,6 +9,9 @@ config KEXEC_CORE
select CRASH_CORE
bool

+config KEXEC_FILE_ELF
+ bool
+
config HAVE_IMA_KEXEC
bool

diff --git a/arch/powerpc/Kconfig b/arch/powerpc/Kconfig
index 36f858c37ca7..f73921bbe29a 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/powerpc/Kconfig
@@ -529,6 +529,7 @@ config KEXEC
config KEXEC_FILE
bool "kexec file based system call"
select KEXEC_CORE
+ select KEXEC_FILE_ELF
select HAVE_IMA_KEXEC
select BUILD_BIN2C
depends on PPC64
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/kernel/kexec_elf_64.c b/arch/powerpc/kernel/kexec_elf_64.c
index 9a42309b091a..a0c92bd14259 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/kernel/kexec_elf_64.c
+++ b/arch/powerpc/kernel/kexec_elf_64.c
@@ -26,475 +26,11 @@
#include <linux/elf.h>
#include <linux/kexec.h>
#include <linux/libfdt.h>
-#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/of_fdt.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
-#include <linux/types.h>

#define PURGATORY_STACK_SIZE (16 * 1024)

-#define elf_addr_to_cpu elf64_to_cpu
-
-#ifndef Elf_Rel
-#define Elf_Rel Elf64_Rel
-#endif /* Elf_Rel */
-
-struct elf_info {
- /*
- * Where the ELF binary contents are kept.
- * Memory managed by the user of the struct.
- */
- const char *buffer;
-
- const struct elfhdr *ehdr;
- const struct elf_phdr *proghdrs;
- struct elf_shdr *sechdrs;
-};
-
-static inline bool elf_is_elf_file(const struct elfhdr *ehdr)
-{
- return memcmp(ehdr->e_ident, ELFMAG, SELFMAG) == 0;
-}
-
-static uint64_t elf64_to_cpu(const struct elfhdr *ehdr, uint64_t value)
-{
- if (ehdr->e_ident[EI_DATA] == ELFDATA2LSB)
- value = le64_to_cpu(value);
- else if (ehdr->e_ident[EI_DATA] == ELFDATA2MSB)
- value = be64_to_cpu(value);
-
- return value;
-}
-
-static uint16_t elf16_to_cpu(const struct elfhdr *ehdr, uint16_t value)
-{
- if (ehdr->e_ident[EI_DATA] == ELFDATA2LSB)
- value = le16_to_cpu(value);
- else if (ehdr->e_ident[EI_DATA] == ELFDATA2MSB)
- value = be16_to_cpu(value);
-
- return value;
-}
-
-static uint32_t elf32_to_cpu(const struct elfhdr *ehdr, uint32_t value)
-{
- if (ehdr->e_ident[EI_DATA] == ELFDATA2LSB)
- value = le32_to_cpu(value);
- else if (ehdr->e_ident[EI_DATA] == ELFDATA2MSB)
- value = be32_to_cpu(value);
-
- return value;
-}
-
-/**
- * elf_is_ehdr_sane - check that it is safe to use the ELF header
- * @buf_len: size of the buffer in which the ELF file is loaded.
- */
-static bool elf_is_ehdr_sane(const struct elfhdr *ehdr, size_t buf_len)
-{
- if (ehdr->e_phnum > 0 && ehdr->e_phentsize != sizeof(struct elf_phdr)) {
- pr_debug("Bad program header size.\n");
- return false;
- } else if (ehdr->e_shnum > 0 &&
- ehdr->e_shentsize != sizeof(struct elf_shdr)) {
- pr_debug("Bad section header size.\n");
- return false;
- } else if (ehdr->e_ident[EI_VERSION] != EV_CURRENT ||
- ehdr->e_version != EV_CURRENT) {
- pr_debug("Unknown ELF version.\n");
- return false;
- }
-
- if (ehdr->e_phoff > 0 && ehdr->e_phnum > 0) {
- size_t phdr_size;
-
- /*
- * e_phnum is at most 65535 so calculating the size of the
- * program header cannot overflow.
- */
- phdr_size = sizeof(struct elf_phdr) * ehdr->e_phnum;
-
- /* Sanity check the program header table location. */
- if (ehdr->e_phoff + phdr_size < ehdr->e_phoff) {
- pr_debug("Program headers at invalid location.\n");
- return false;
- } else if (ehdr->e_phoff + phdr_size > buf_len) {
- pr_debug("Program headers truncated.\n");
- return false;
- }
- }
-
- if (ehdr->e_shoff > 0 && ehdr->e_shnum > 0) {
- size_t shdr_size;
-
- /*
- * e_shnum is at most 65536 so calculating
- * the size of the section header cannot overflow.
- */
- shdr_size = sizeof(struct elf_shdr) * ehdr->e_shnum;
-
- /* Sanity check the section header table location. */
- if (ehdr->e_shoff + shdr_size < ehdr->e_shoff) {
- pr_debug("Section headers at invalid location.\n");
- return false;
- } else if (ehdr->e_shoff + shdr_size > buf_len) {
- pr_debug("Section headers truncated.\n");
- return false;
- }
- }
-
- return true;
-}
-
-static int elf_read_ehdr(const char *buf, size_t len, struct elfhdr *ehdr)
-{
- struct elfhdr *buf_ehdr;
-
- if (len < sizeof(*buf_ehdr)) {
- pr_debug("Buffer is too small to hold ELF header.\n");
- return -ENOEXEC;
- }
-
- memset(ehdr, 0, sizeof(*ehdr));
- memcpy(ehdr->e_ident, buf, sizeof(ehdr->e_ident));
- if (!elf_is_elf_file(ehdr)) {
- pr_debug("No ELF header magic.\n");
- return -ENOEXEC;
- }
-
- if (ehdr->e_ident[EI_CLASS] != ELF_CLASS) {
- pr_debug("Not a supported ELF class.\n");
- return -ENOEXEC;
- } else if (ehdr->e_ident[EI_DATA] != ELFDATA2LSB &&
- ehdr->e_ident[EI_DATA] != ELFDATA2MSB) {
- pr_debug("Not a supported ELF data format.\n");
- return -ENOEXEC;
- }
-
- buf_ehdr = (struct elfhdr *) buf;
- if (elf16_to_cpu(ehdr, buf_ehdr->e_ehsize) != sizeof(*buf_ehdr)) {
- pr_debug("Bad ELF header size.\n");
- return -ENOEXEC;
- }
-
- ehdr->e_type = elf16_to_cpu(ehdr, buf_ehdr->e_type);
- ehdr->e_machine = elf16_to_cpu(ehdr, buf_ehdr->e_machine);
- ehdr->e_version = elf32_to_cpu(ehdr, buf_ehdr->e_version);
- ehdr->e_entry = elf_addr_to_cpu(ehdr, buf_ehdr->e_entry);
- ehdr->e_phoff = elf_addr_to_cpu(ehdr, buf_ehdr->e_phoff);
- ehdr->e_shoff = elf_addr_to_cpu(ehdr, buf_ehdr->e_shoff);
- ehdr->e_flags = elf32_to_cpu(ehdr, buf_ehdr->e_flags);
- ehdr->e_phentsize = elf16_to_cpu(ehdr, buf_ehdr->e_phentsize);
- ehdr->e_phnum = elf16_to_cpu(ehdr, buf_ehdr->e_phnum);
- ehdr->e_shentsize = elf16_to_cpu(ehdr, buf_ehdr->e_shentsize);
- ehdr->e_shnum = elf16_to_cpu(ehdr, buf_ehdr->e_shnum);
- ehdr->e_shstrndx = elf16_to_cpu(ehdr, buf_ehdr->e_shstrndx);
-
- return elf_is_ehdr_sane(ehdr, len) ? 0 : -ENOEXEC;
-}
-
-/**
- * elf_is_phdr_sane - check that it is safe to use the program header
- * @buf_len: size of the buffer in which the ELF file is loaded.
- */
-static bool elf_is_phdr_sane(const struct elf_phdr *phdr, size_t buf_len)
-{
-
- if (phdr->p_offset + phdr->p_filesz < phdr->p_offset) {
- pr_debug("ELF segment location wraps around.\n");
- return false;
- } else if (phdr->p_offset + phdr->p_filesz > buf_len) {
- pr_debug("ELF segment not in file.\n");
- return false;
- } else if (phdr->p_paddr + phdr->p_memsz < phdr->p_paddr) {
- pr_debug("ELF segment address wraps around.\n");
- return false;
- }
-
- return true;
-}
-
-static int elf_read_phdr(const char *buf, size_t len, struct elf_info *elf_info,
- int idx)
-{
- /* Override the const in proghdrs, we are the ones doing the loading. */
- struct elf_phdr *phdr = (struct elf_phdr *) &elf_info->proghdrs[idx];
- const char *pbuf;
- struct elf_phdr *buf_phdr;
-
- pbuf = buf + elf_info->ehdr->e_phoff + (idx * sizeof(*buf_phdr));
- buf_phdr = (struct elf_phdr *) pbuf;
-
- phdr->p_type = elf32_to_cpu(elf_info->ehdr, buf_phdr->p_type);
- phdr->p_offset = elf_addr_to_cpu(elf_info->ehdr, buf_phdr->p_offset);
- phdr->p_paddr = elf_addr_to_cpu(elf_info->ehdr, buf_phdr->p_paddr);
- phdr->p_vaddr = elf_addr_to_cpu(elf_info->ehdr, buf_phdr->p_vaddr);
- phdr->p_flags = elf32_to_cpu(elf_info->ehdr, buf_phdr->p_flags);
-
- /*
- * The following fields have a type equivalent to Elf_Addr
- * both in 32 bit and 64 bit ELF.
- */
- phdr->p_filesz = elf_addr_to_cpu(elf_info->ehdr, buf_phdr->p_filesz);
- phdr->p_memsz = elf_addr_to_cpu(elf_info->ehdr, buf_phdr->p_memsz);
- phdr->p_align = elf_addr_to_cpu(elf_info->ehdr, buf_phdr->p_align);
-
- return elf_is_phdr_sane(phdr, len) ? 0 : -ENOEXEC;
-}
-
-/**
- * elf_read_phdrs - read the program headers from the buffer
- *
- * This function assumes that the program header table was checked for sanity.
- * Use elf_is_ehdr_sane() if it wasn't.
- */
-static int elf_read_phdrs(const char *buf, size_t len,
- struct elf_info *elf_info)
-{
- size_t phdr_size, i;
- const struct elfhdr *ehdr = elf_info->ehdr;
-
- /*
- * e_phnum is at most 65535 so calculating the size of the
- * program header cannot overflow.
- */
- phdr_size = sizeof(struct elf_phdr) * ehdr->e_phnum;
-
- elf_info->proghdrs = kzalloc(phdr_size, GFP_KERNEL);
- if (!elf_info->proghdrs)
- return -ENOMEM;
-
- for (i = 0; i < ehdr->e_phnum; i++) {
- int ret;
-
- ret = elf_read_phdr(buf, len, elf_info, i);
- if (ret) {
- kfree(elf_info->proghdrs);
- elf_info->proghdrs = NULL;
- return ret;
- }
- }
-
- return 0;
-}
-
-/**
- * elf_is_shdr_sane - check that it is safe to use the section header
- * @buf_len: size of the buffer in which the ELF file is loaded.
- */
-static bool elf_is_shdr_sane(const struct elf_shdr *shdr, size_t buf_len)
-{
- bool size_ok;
-
- /* SHT_NULL headers have undefined values, so we can't check them. */
- if (shdr->sh_type == SHT_NULL)
- return true;
-
- /* Now verify sh_entsize */
- switch (shdr->sh_type) {
- case SHT_SYMTAB:
- size_ok = shdr->sh_entsize == sizeof(Elf_Sym);
- break;
- case SHT_RELA:
- size_ok = shdr->sh_entsize == sizeof(Elf_Rela);
- break;
- case SHT_DYNAMIC:
- size_ok = shdr->sh_entsize == sizeof(Elf_Dyn);
- break;
- case SHT_REL:
- size_ok = shdr->sh_entsize == sizeof(Elf_Rel);
- break;
- case SHT_NOTE:
- case SHT_PROGBITS:
- case SHT_HASH:
- case SHT_NOBITS:
- default:
- /*
- * This is a section whose entsize requirements
- * I don't care about. If I don't know about
- * the section I can't care about it's entsize
- * requirements.
- */
- size_ok = true;
- break;
- }
-
- if (!size_ok) {
- pr_debug("ELF section with wrong entry size.\n");
- return false;
- } else if (shdr->sh_addr + shdr->sh_size < shdr->sh_addr) {
- pr_debug("ELF section address wraps around.\n");
- return false;
- }
-
- if (shdr->sh_type != SHT_NOBITS) {
- if (shdr->sh_offset + shdr->sh_size < shdr->sh_offset) {
- pr_debug("ELF section location wraps around.\n");
- return false;
- } else if (shdr->sh_offset + shdr->sh_size > buf_len) {
- pr_debug("ELF section not in file.\n");
- return false;
- }
- }
-
- return true;
-}
-
-static int elf_read_shdr(const char *buf, size_t len, struct elf_info *elf_info,
- int idx)
-{
- struct elf_shdr *shdr = &elf_info->sechdrs[idx];
- const struct elfhdr *ehdr = elf_info->ehdr;
- const char *sbuf;
- struct elf_shdr *buf_shdr;
-
- sbuf = buf + ehdr->e_shoff + idx * sizeof(*buf_shdr);
- buf_shdr = (struct elf_shdr *) sbuf;
-
- shdr->sh_name = elf32_to_cpu(ehdr, buf_shdr->sh_name);
- shdr->sh_type = elf32_to_cpu(ehdr, buf_shdr->sh_type);
- shdr->sh_addr = elf_addr_to_cpu(ehdr, buf_shdr->sh_addr);
- shdr->sh_offset = elf_addr_to_cpu(ehdr, buf_shdr->sh_offset);
- shdr->sh_link = elf32_to_cpu(ehdr, buf_shdr->sh_link);
- shdr->sh_info = elf32_to_cpu(ehdr, buf_shdr->sh_info);
-
- /*
- * The following fields have a type equivalent to Elf_Addr
- * both in 32 bit and 64 bit ELF.
- */
- shdr->sh_flags = elf_addr_to_cpu(ehdr, buf_shdr->sh_flags);
- shdr->sh_size = elf_addr_to_cpu(ehdr, buf_shdr->sh_size);
- shdr->sh_addralign = elf_addr_to_cpu(ehdr, buf_shdr->sh_addralign);
- shdr->sh_entsize = elf_addr_to_cpu(ehdr, buf_shdr->sh_entsize);
-
- return elf_is_shdr_sane(shdr, len) ? 0 : -ENOEXEC;
-}
-
-/**
- * elf_read_shdrs - read the section headers from the buffer
- *
- * This function assumes that the section header table was checked for sanity.
- * Use elf_is_ehdr_sane() if it wasn't.
- */
-static int elf_read_shdrs(const char *buf, size_t len,
- struct elf_info *elf_info)
-{
- size_t shdr_size, i;
-
- /*
- * e_shnum is at most 65536 so calculating
- * the size of the section header cannot overflow.
- */
- shdr_size = sizeof(struct elf_shdr) * elf_info->ehdr->e_shnum;
-
- elf_info->sechdrs = kzalloc(shdr_size, GFP_KERNEL);
- if (!elf_info->sechdrs)
- return -ENOMEM;
-
- for (i = 0; i < elf_info->ehdr->e_shnum; i++) {
- int ret;
-
- ret = elf_read_shdr(buf, len, elf_info, i);
- if (ret) {
- kfree(elf_info->sechdrs);
- elf_info->sechdrs = NULL;
- return ret;
- }
- }
-
- return 0;
-}
-
-/**
- * elf_read_from_buffer - read ELF file and sets up ELF header and ELF info
- * @buf: Buffer to read ELF file from.
- * @len: Size of @buf.
- * @ehdr: Pointer to existing struct which will be populated.
- * @elf_info: Pointer to existing struct which will be populated.
- *
- * This function allows reading ELF files with different byte order than
- * the kernel, byte-swapping the fields as needed.
- *
- * Return:
- * On success returns 0, and the caller should call elf_free_info(elf_info) to
- * free the memory allocated for the section and program headers.
- */
-int elf_read_from_buffer(const char *buf, size_t len, struct elfhdr *ehdr,
- struct elf_info *elf_info)
-{
- int ret;
-
- ret = elf_read_ehdr(buf, len, ehdr);
- if (ret)
- return ret;
-
- elf_info->buffer = buf;
- elf_info->ehdr = ehdr;
- if (ehdr->e_phoff > 0 && ehdr->e_phnum > 0) {
- ret = elf_read_phdrs(buf, len, elf_info);
- if (ret)
- return ret;
- }
- if (ehdr->e_shoff > 0 && ehdr->e_shnum > 0) {
- ret = elf_read_shdrs(buf, len, elf_info);
- if (ret) {
- kfree(elf_info->proghdrs);
- return ret;
- }
- }
-
- return 0;
-}
-
-/**
- * elf_free_info - free memory allocated by elf_read_from_buffer
- */
-void elf_free_info(struct elf_info *elf_info)
-{
- kfree(elf_info->proghdrs);
- kfree(elf_info->sechdrs);
- memset(elf_info, 0, sizeof(*elf_info));
-}
-/**
- * build_elf_exec_info - read ELF executable and check that we can use it
- */
-static int build_elf_exec_info(const char *buf, size_t len, struct elfhdr *ehdr,
- struct elf_info *elf_info)
-{
- int i;
- int ret;
-
- ret = elf_read_from_buffer(buf, len, ehdr, elf_info);
- if (ret)
- return ret;
-
- /* Big endian vmlinux has type ET_DYN. */
- if (ehdr->e_type != ET_EXEC && ehdr->e_type != ET_DYN) {
- pr_err("Not an ELF executable.\n");
- goto error;
- } else if (!elf_info->proghdrs) {
- pr_err("No ELF program header.\n");
- goto error;
- }
-
- for (i = 0; i < ehdr->e_phnum; i++) {
- /*
- * Kexec does not support loading interpreters.
- * In addition this check keeps us from attempting
- * to kexec ordinay executables.
- */
- if (elf_info->proghdrs[i].p_type == PT_INTERP) {
- pr_err("Requires an ELF interpreter.\n");
- goto error;
- }
- }
-
- return 0;
-error:
- elf_free_info(elf_info);
- return -ENOEXEC;
-}
-
static int elf64_probe(const char *buf, unsigned long len)
{
struct elfhdr ehdr;
diff --git a/include/linux/elf.h b/include/linux/elf.h
index ba069e8f4f78..e758bb4365c1 100644
--- a/include/linux/elf.h
+++ b/include/linux/elf.h
@@ -1,6 +1,8 @@
#ifndef _LINUX_ELF_H
#define _LINUX_ELF_H

+#include <linux/types.h>
+#include <asm/byteorder.h>
#include <asm/elf.h>
#include <uapi/linux/elf.h>

@@ -55,4 +57,64 @@ static inline int elf_coredump_extra_notes_write(struct coredump_params *cprm) {
extern int elf_coredump_extra_notes_size(void);
extern int elf_coredump_extra_notes_write(struct coredump_params *cprm);
#endif
+
+static inline u16 elf16_to_cpu(const struct elfhdr *ehdr, u16 value)
+{
+ if (ehdr->e_ident[EI_DATA] == ELFDATA2LSB)
+ value = le16_to_cpu(value);
+ else if (ehdr->e_ident[EI_DATA] == ELFDATA2MSB)
+ value = be16_to_cpu(value);
+
+ return value;
+}
+
+static inline u16 cpu_to_elf16(const struct elfhdr *ehdr, u16 value)
+{
+ if (ehdr->e_ident[EI_DATA] == ELFDATA2LSB)
+ value = cpu_to_le16(value);
+ else if (ehdr->e_ident[EI_DATA] == ELFDATA2MSB)
+ value = cpu_to_be16(value);
+
+ return value;
+}
+
+static inline u32 elf32_to_cpu(const struct elfhdr *ehdr, u32 value)
+{
+ if (ehdr->e_ident[EI_DATA] == ELFDATA2LSB)
+ value = le32_to_cpu(value);
+ else if (ehdr->e_ident[EI_DATA] == ELFDATA2MSB)
+ value = be32_to_cpu(value);
+
+ return value;
+}
+
+static inline u32 cpu_to_elf32(const struct elfhdr *ehdr, u32 value)
+{
+ if (ehdr->e_ident[EI_DATA] == ELFDATA2LSB)
+ value = cpu_to_le32(value);
+ else if (ehdr->e_ident[EI_DATA] == ELFDATA2MSB)
+ value = cpu_to_be32(value);
+
+ return value;
+}
+
+static inline u64 elf64_to_cpu(const struct elfhdr *ehdr, u64 value)
+{
+ if (ehdr->e_ident[EI_DATA] == ELFDATA2LSB)
+ value = le64_to_cpu(value);
+ else if (ehdr->e_ident[EI_DATA] == ELFDATA2MSB)
+ value = be64_to_cpu(value);
+
+ return value;
+}
+
+static inline u64 cpu_to_elf64(const struct elfhdr *ehdr, u64 value)
+{
+ if (ehdr->e_ident[EI_DATA] == ELFDATA2LSB)
+ value = cpu_to_le64(value);
+ else if (ehdr->e_ident[EI_DATA] == ELFDATA2MSB)
+ value = cpu_to_be64(value);
+
+ return value;
+}
#endif /* _LINUX_ELF_H */
diff --git a/include/linux/kexec.h b/include/linux/kexec.h
index dd056fab9e35..db98e3459e90 100644
--- a/include/linux/kexec.h
+++ b/include/linux/kexec.h
@@ -22,6 +22,7 @@
#ifdef CONFIG_KEXEC_CORE
#include <linux/list.h>
#include <linux/compat.h>
+#include <linux/elf.h>
#include <linux/ioport.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <asm/kexec.h>
@@ -162,6 +163,24 @@ int __weak arch_kexec_walk_mem(struct kexec_buf *kbuf,
int (*func)(u64, u64, void *));
extern int kexec_add_buffer(struct kexec_buf *kbuf);
int kexec_locate_mem_hole(struct kexec_buf *kbuf);
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_KEXEC_FILE_ELF
+struct elf_info {
+ /*
+ * Where the ELF binary contents are kept.
+ * Memory managed by the user of the struct.
+ */
+ const char *buffer;
+
+ const struct elfhdr *ehdr;
+ const struct elf_phdr *proghdrs;
+ struct elf_shdr *sechdrs;
+};
+
+extern void elf_free_info(struct elf_info *elf_info);
+extern int build_elf_exec_info(const char *buf, size_t len, struct elfhdr *ehdr,
+ struct elf_info *elf_info);
+#endif /* CONFIG_KEXEC_FILE_ELF */
#endif /* CONFIG_KEXEC_FILE */

struct kimage {
diff --git a/kernel/Makefile b/kernel/Makefile
index d5f9748ab19f..d07492eb3804 100644
--- a/kernel/Makefile
+++ b/kernel/Makefile
@@ -63,6 +63,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_CRASH_CORE) += crash_core.o
obj-$(CONFIG_KEXEC_CORE) += kexec_core.o
obj-$(CONFIG_KEXEC) += kexec.o
obj-$(CONFIG_KEXEC_FILE) += kexec_file.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_KEXEC_FILE_ELF) += kexec_file_elf.o
obj-$(CONFIG_BACKTRACE_SELF_TEST) += backtracetest.o
obj-$(CONFIG_COMPAT) += compat.o
obj-$(CONFIG_CGROUPS) += cgroup/
diff --git a/kernel/kexec_file_elf.c b/kernel/kexec_file_elf.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..4fc049e9731b
--- /dev/null
+++ b/kernel/kexec_file_elf.c
@@ -0,0 +1,454 @@
+/*
+ * Load ELF vmlinux file for the kexec_file_load syscall.
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2004 Adam Litke (agl@us.ibm.com)
+ * Copyright (C) 2004 IBM Corp.
+ * Copyright (C) 2005 R Sharada (sharada@in.ibm.com)
+ * Copyright (C) 2006 Mohan Kumar M (mohan@in.ibm.com)
+ * Copyright (C) 2016 IBM Corporation
+ *
+ * Based on kexec-tools' kexec-elf-exec.c and kexec-elf-ppc64.c.
+ * Heavily modified for the kernel by
+ * Thiago Jung Bauermann <bauerman@linux.vnet.ibm.com>.
+ * Factored out for general use by
+ * AKASHI Takahiro <takahiro.akashi@linaro.org>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+ * the Free Software Foundation (version 2 of the License).
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ */
+
+#define pr_fmt(fmt) "kexec_elf_elf: " fmt
+
+#include <linux/elf.h>
+#include <linux/errno.h>
+#include <linux/kexec.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/types.h>
+#include <asm/byteorder.h>
+
+#if ELF_CLASS == ELFCLASS32
+#define elf_addr_to_cpu elf32_to_cpu
+#else
+#define elf_addr_to_cpu elf64_to_cpu
+#endif
+
+/**
+ * elf_is_ehdr_sane - check that it is safe to use the ELF header
+ * @buf_len: size of the buffer in which the ELF file is loaded.
+ */
+static bool elf_is_ehdr_sane(const struct elfhdr *ehdr, size_t buf_len)
+{
+ if (ehdr->e_phnum > 0 && ehdr->e_phentsize != sizeof(struct elf_phdr)) {
+ pr_debug("Bad program header size.\n");
+ return false;
+ } else if (ehdr->e_shnum > 0 &&
+ ehdr->e_shentsize != sizeof(struct elf_shdr)) {
+ pr_debug("Bad section header size.\n");
+ return false;
+ } else if (ehdr->e_ident[EI_VERSION] != EV_CURRENT ||
+ ehdr->e_version != EV_CURRENT) {
+ pr_debug("Unknown ELF version.\n");
+ return false;
+ }
+
+ if (ehdr->e_phoff > 0 && ehdr->e_phnum > 0) {
+ size_t phdr_size;
+
+ /*
+ * e_phnum is at most 65535 so calculating the size of the
+ * program header cannot overflow.
+ */
+ phdr_size = sizeof(struct elf_phdr) * ehdr->e_phnum;
+
+ /* Sanity check the program header table location. */
+ if (ehdr->e_phoff + phdr_size < ehdr->e_phoff) {
+ pr_debug("Program headers at invalid location.\n");
+ return false;
+ } else if (ehdr->e_phoff + phdr_size > buf_len) {
+ pr_debug("Program headers truncated.\n");
+ return false;
+ }
+ }
+
+ if (ehdr->e_shoff > 0 && ehdr->e_shnum > 0) {
+ size_t shdr_size;
+
+ /*
+ * e_shnum is at most 65536 so calculating
+ * the size of the section header cannot overflow.
+ */
+ shdr_size = sizeof(struct elf_shdr) * ehdr->e_shnum;
+
+ /* Sanity check the section header table location. */
+ if (ehdr->e_shoff + shdr_size < ehdr->e_shoff) {
+ pr_debug("Section headers at invalid location.\n");
+ return false;
+ } else if (ehdr->e_shoff + shdr_size > buf_len) {
+ pr_debug("Section headers truncated.\n");
+ return false;
+ }
+ }
+
+ return true;
+}
+
+static int elf_read_ehdr(const char *buf, size_t len, struct elfhdr *ehdr)
+{
+ struct elfhdr *buf_ehdr;
+
+ if (len < sizeof(*buf_ehdr)) {
+ pr_debug("Buffer is too small to hold ELF header.\n");
+ return -ENOEXEC;
+ }
+
+ memset(ehdr, 0, sizeof(*ehdr));
+ memcpy(ehdr->e_ident, buf, sizeof(ehdr->e_ident));
+ if (memcmp(ehdr->e_ident, ELFMAG, SELFMAG)) {
+ pr_debug("No ELF header magic.\n");
+ return -ENOEXEC;
+ }
+
+ if (ehdr->e_ident[EI_CLASS] != ELF_CLASS) {
+ pr_debug("Not a supported ELF class.\n");
+ return -ENOEXEC;
+ } else if (ehdr->e_ident[EI_DATA] != ELFDATA2LSB &&
+ ehdr->e_ident[EI_DATA] != ELFDATA2MSB) {
+ pr_debug("Not a supported ELF data format.\n");
+ return -ENOEXEC;
+ }
+
+ buf_ehdr = (struct elfhdr *) buf;
+ if (elf16_to_cpu(ehdr, buf_ehdr->e_ehsize) != sizeof(*buf_ehdr)) {
+ pr_debug("Bad ELF header size.\n");
+ return -ENOEXEC;
+ }
+
+ ehdr->e_type = elf16_to_cpu(ehdr, buf_ehdr->e_type);
+ ehdr->e_machine = elf16_to_cpu(ehdr, buf_ehdr->e_machine);
+ ehdr->e_version = elf32_to_cpu(ehdr, buf_ehdr->e_version);
+ ehdr->e_entry = elf_addr_to_cpu(ehdr, buf_ehdr->e_entry);
+ ehdr->e_phoff = elf_addr_to_cpu(ehdr, buf_ehdr->e_phoff);
+ ehdr->e_shoff = elf_addr_to_cpu(ehdr, buf_ehdr->e_shoff);
+ ehdr->e_flags = elf32_to_cpu(ehdr, buf_ehdr->e_flags);
+ ehdr->e_phentsize = elf16_to_cpu(ehdr, buf_ehdr->e_phentsize);
+ ehdr->e_phnum = elf16_to_cpu(ehdr, buf_ehdr->e_phnum);
+ ehdr->e_shentsize = elf16_to_cpu(ehdr, buf_ehdr->e_shentsize);
+ ehdr->e_shnum = elf16_to_cpu(ehdr, buf_ehdr->e_shnum);
+ ehdr->e_shstrndx = elf16_to_cpu(ehdr, buf_ehdr->e_shstrndx);
+
+ return elf_is_ehdr_sane(ehdr, len) ? 0 : -ENOEXEC;
+}
+
+/**
+ * elf_is_phdr_sane - check that it is safe to use the program header
+ * @buf_len: size of the buffer in which the ELF file is loaded.
+ */
+static bool elf_is_phdr_sane(const struct elf_phdr *phdr, size_t buf_len)
+{
+
+ if (phdr->p_offset + phdr->p_filesz < phdr->p_offset) {
+ pr_debug("ELF segment location wraps around.\n");
+ return false;
+ } else if (phdr->p_offset + phdr->p_filesz > buf_len) {
+ pr_debug("ELF segment not in file.\n");
+ return false;
+ } else if (phdr->p_paddr + phdr->p_memsz < phdr->p_paddr) {
+ pr_debug("ELF segment address wraps around.\n");
+ return false;
+ }
+
+ return true;
+}
+
+static int elf_read_phdr(const char *buf, size_t len, struct elf_info *elf_info,
+ int idx)
+{
+ /* Override the const in proghdrs, we are the ones doing the loading. */
+ struct elf_phdr *phdr = (struct elf_phdr *) &elf_info->proghdrs[idx];
+ const char *pbuf;
+ struct elf_phdr *buf_phdr;
+
+ pbuf = buf + elf_info->ehdr->e_phoff + (idx * sizeof(*buf_phdr));
+ buf_phdr = (struct elf_phdr *) pbuf;
+
+ phdr->p_type = elf32_to_cpu(elf_info->ehdr, buf_phdr->p_type);
+ phdr->p_offset = elf_addr_to_cpu(elf_info->ehdr, buf_phdr->p_offset);
+ phdr->p_paddr = elf_addr_to_cpu(elf_info->ehdr, buf_phdr->p_paddr);
+ phdr->p_vaddr = elf_addr_to_cpu(elf_info->ehdr, buf_phdr->p_vaddr);
+ phdr->p_flags = elf32_to_cpu(elf_info->ehdr, buf_phdr->p_flags);
+
+ /*
+ * The following fields have a type equivalent to Elf_Addr
+ * both in 32 bit and 64 bit ELF.
+ */
+ phdr->p_filesz = elf_addr_to_cpu(elf_info->ehdr, buf_phdr->p_filesz);
+ phdr->p_memsz = elf_addr_to_cpu(elf_info->ehdr, buf_phdr->p_memsz);
+ phdr->p_align = elf_addr_to_cpu(elf_info->ehdr, buf_phdr->p_align);
+
+ return elf_is_phdr_sane(phdr, len) ? 0 : -ENOEXEC;
+}
+
+/**
+ * elf_read_phdrs - read the program headers from the buffer
+ *
+ * This function assumes that the program header table was checked for sanity.
+ * Use elf_is_ehdr_sane() if it wasn't.
+ */
+static int elf_read_phdrs(const char *buf, size_t len,
+ struct elf_info *elf_info)
+{
+ size_t phdr_size, i;
+ const struct elfhdr *ehdr = elf_info->ehdr;
+
+ /*
+ * e_phnum is at most 65535 so calculating the size of the
+ * program header cannot overflow.
+ */
+ phdr_size = sizeof(struct elf_phdr) * ehdr->e_phnum;
+
+ elf_info->proghdrs = kzalloc(phdr_size, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!elf_info->proghdrs)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < ehdr->e_phnum; i++) {
+ int ret;
+
+ ret = elf_read_phdr(buf, len, elf_info, i);
+ if (ret) {
+ kfree(elf_info->proghdrs);
+ elf_info->proghdrs = NULL;
+ return ret;
+ }
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/**
+ * elf_is_shdr_sane - check that it is safe to use the section header
+ * @buf_len: size of the buffer in which the ELF file is loaded.
+ */
+static bool elf_is_shdr_sane(const struct elf_shdr *shdr, size_t buf_len)
+{
+ bool size_ok;
+
+ /* SHT_NULL headers have undefined values, so we can't check them. */
+ if (shdr->sh_type == SHT_NULL)
+ return true;
+
+ /* Now verify sh_entsize */
+ switch (shdr->sh_type) {
+ case SHT_SYMTAB:
+ size_ok = shdr->sh_entsize == sizeof(Elf_Sym);
+ break;
+#ifdef Elf_Rela
+ case SHT_RELA:
+ size_ok = shdr->sh_entsize == sizeof(Elf_Rela);
+ break;
+#endif
+ case SHT_DYNAMIC:
+ size_ok = shdr->sh_entsize == sizeof(Elf_Dyn);
+ break;
+#ifdef Elf_Rel
+ case SHT_REL:
+ size_ok = shdr->sh_entsize == sizeof(Elf_Rel);
+ break;
+#endif
+ case SHT_NOTE:
+ case SHT_PROGBITS:
+ case SHT_HASH:
+ case SHT_NOBITS:
+ default:
+ /*
+ * This is a section whose entsize requirements
+ * I don't care about. If I don't know about
+ * the section I can't care about it's entsize
+ * requirements.
+ */
+ size_ok = true;
+ break;
+ }
+
+ if (!size_ok) {
+ pr_debug("ELF section with wrong entry size.\n");
+ return false;
+ } else if (shdr->sh_addr + shdr->sh_size < shdr->sh_addr) {
+ pr_debug("ELF section address wraps around.\n");
+ return false;
+ }
+
+ if (shdr->sh_type != SHT_NOBITS) {
+ if (shdr->sh_offset + shdr->sh_size < shdr->sh_offset) {
+ pr_debug("ELF section location wraps around.\n");
+ return false;
+ } else if (shdr->sh_offset + shdr->sh_size > buf_len) {
+ pr_debug("ELF section not in file.\n");
+ return false;
+ }
+ }
+
+ return true;
+}
+
+static int elf_read_shdr(const char *buf, size_t len, struct elf_info *elf_info,
+ int idx)
+{
+ struct elf_shdr *shdr = &elf_info->sechdrs[idx];
+ const struct elfhdr *ehdr = elf_info->ehdr;
+ const char *sbuf;
+ struct elf_shdr *buf_shdr;
+
+ sbuf = buf + ehdr->e_shoff + idx * sizeof(*buf_shdr);
+ buf_shdr = (struct elf_shdr *) sbuf;
+
+ shdr->sh_name = elf32_to_cpu(ehdr, buf_shdr->sh_name);
+ shdr->sh_type = elf32_to_cpu(ehdr, buf_shdr->sh_type);
+ shdr->sh_addr = elf_addr_to_cpu(ehdr, buf_shdr->sh_addr);
+ shdr->sh_offset = elf_addr_to_cpu(ehdr, buf_shdr->sh_offset);
+ shdr->sh_link = elf32_to_cpu(ehdr, buf_shdr->sh_link);
+ shdr->sh_info = elf32_to_cpu(ehdr, buf_shdr->sh_info);
+
+ /*
+ * The following fields have a type equivalent to Elf_Addr
+ * both in 32 bit and 64 bit ELF.
+ */
+ shdr->sh_flags = elf_addr_to_cpu(ehdr, buf_shdr->sh_flags);
+ shdr->sh_size = elf_addr_to_cpu(ehdr, buf_shdr->sh_size);
+ shdr->sh_addralign = elf_addr_to_cpu(ehdr, buf_shdr->sh_addralign);
+ shdr->sh_entsize = elf_addr_to_cpu(ehdr, buf_shdr->sh_entsize);
+
+ return elf_is_shdr_sane(shdr, len) ? 0 : -ENOEXEC;
+}
+
+/**
+ * elf_read_shdrs - read the section headers from the buffer
+ *
+ * This function assumes that the section header table was checked for sanity.
+ * Use elf_is_ehdr_sane() if it wasn't.
+ */
+static int elf_read_shdrs(const char *buf, size_t len,
+ struct elf_info *elf_info)
+{
+ size_t shdr_size, i;
+
+ /*
+ * e_shnum is at most 65536 so calculating
+ * the size of the section header cannot overflow.
+ */
+ shdr_size = sizeof(struct elf_shdr) * elf_info->ehdr->e_shnum;
+
+ elf_info->sechdrs = kzalloc(shdr_size, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!elf_info->sechdrs)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < elf_info->ehdr->e_shnum; i++) {
+ int ret;
+
+ ret = elf_read_shdr(buf, len, elf_info, i);
+ if (ret) {
+ kfree(elf_info->sechdrs);
+ elf_info->sechdrs = NULL;
+ return ret;
+ }
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/**
+ * elf_read_from_buffer - read ELF file and sets up ELF header and ELF info
+ * @buf: Buffer to read ELF file from.
+ * @len: Size of @buf.
+ * @ehdr: Pointer to existing struct which will be populated.
+ * @elf_info: Pointer to existing struct which will be populated.
+ *
+ * This function allows reading ELF files with different byte order than
+ * the kernel, byte-swapping the fields as needed.
+ *
+ * Return:
+ * On success returns 0, and the caller should call elf_free_info(elf_info) to
+ * free the memory allocated for the section and program headers.
+ */
+static int elf_read_from_buffer(const char *buf, size_t len,
+ struct elfhdr *ehdr, struct elf_info *elf_info)
+{
+ int ret;
+
+ ret = elf_read_ehdr(buf, len, ehdr);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+
+ elf_info->buffer = buf;
+ elf_info->ehdr = ehdr;
+ if (ehdr->e_phoff > 0 && ehdr->e_phnum > 0) {
+ ret = elf_read_phdrs(buf, len, elf_info);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+ }
+ if (ehdr->e_shoff > 0 && ehdr->e_shnum > 0) {
+ ret = elf_read_shdrs(buf, len, elf_info);
+ if (ret) {
+ kfree(elf_info->proghdrs);
+ return ret;
+ }
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/**
+ * elf_free_info - free memory allocated by elf_read_from_buffer
+ */
+void elf_free_info(struct elf_info *elf_info)
+{
+ kfree(elf_info->proghdrs);
+ kfree(elf_info->sechdrs);
+ memset(elf_info, 0, sizeof(*elf_info));
+}
+
+/**
+ * build_elf_exec_info - read ELF executable and check that we can use it
+ */
+int build_elf_exec_info(const char *buf, size_t len, struct elfhdr *ehdr,
+ struct elf_info *elf_info)
+{
+ int i;
+ int ret;
+
+ ret = elf_read_from_buffer(buf, len, ehdr, elf_info);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+
+ /* Big endian vmlinux has type ET_DYN. */
+ if (ehdr->e_type != ET_EXEC && ehdr->e_type != ET_DYN) {
+ pr_err("Not an ELF executable.\n");
+ goto error;
+ } else if (!elf_info->proghdrs) {
+ pr_err("No ELF program header.\n");
+ goto error;
+ }
+
+ for (i = 0; i < ehdr->e_phnum; i++) {
+ /*
+ * Kexec does not support loading interpreters.
+ * In addition this check keeps us from attempting
+ * to kexec ordinary executables.
+ */
+ if (elf_info->proghdrs[i].p_type == PT_INTERP) {
+ pr_err("Requires an ELF interpreter.\n");
+ goto error;
+ }
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+error:
+ elf_free_info(elf_info);
+ return -ENOEXEC;
+}
--
2.14.1
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