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SubjectRe: [PATCH v7 1/2] PCI: iproc: Retry request when CRS returned from EP
[+cc Sinan, Timur, Alex]

Hi Oza,

On Mon, Aug 21, 2017 at 09:28:43PM +0530, Oza Pawandeep wrote:
> PCIe spec r3.1, sec 2.3.2
> If CRS software visibility is not enabled, the RC must reissue the
> config request as a new request.
>
> - If CRS software visibility is enabled,
> - for a config read of Vendor ID, the RC must return 0x0001 data
> - for all other config reads/writes, the RC must reissue the
> request

You mentioned early on that this fixes an issue with NVMe after a
reset. Is that reset an FLR? I'm wondering if this overlaps with the
work Sinan is doing:

http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170818212310.15145.21732.stgit@bhelgaas-glaptop.roam.corp.google.com

With the current code in the tree, pci_flr_wait() probably waits only
100ms on your system. It currently reads PCI_COMMAND and probably
sees 0xffff0001 because the NVMe device returns a CRS completion
(which this iproc RC incorrectly turns into 0xffff0001 data), so we
exit the loop after a single msleep(100).

Sinan is extending pci_flr_wait() to read the Vendor ID and look for
the CRS SV indication. If this is where you're seeing the NVMe issue,
I bet we can fix this by simply changing iproc_pcie_config_read() to
return the correct data when it sees a CRS completion. Then the
retry loop in pci_flr_wait() will work as intended.

Sec 2.3.2 says the RC may limit the number of retries, and it doesn't
say anything about how many retries the RC should do or what interval
should be between them. So I think it should be legal to say "this RC
does zero retries".

I think an RC that does zero retries and doesn't support CRS SV would
always handle a CRS completion as a "failed transaction" so it would
synthesize 0xffffffff data (and, I assume, set an error bit like
Received Master Abort). If we treated this controller as though it
doesn't support CRS SV, the workaround in iproc_pcie_config_read()
would be simply:

data = readl(cfg_data_p);
if (data == CFG_RETRY_STATUS) /* 0xffff0001 */
data = 0xffffffff;

That would make the loop in pci_flr_wait() that reads PCI_COMMAND work
correctly. It would get 0xffffffff data as long as the device
returned CRS completions.

It wouldn't make Sinan's new CRS SV code work, but that's OK: that all
has to work correctly even on systems that don't support CRS SV.

The only problem is that when we read a non-Vendor ID register that
happens to really be 0xffff0001, we *should* return 0xffff0001, but we
incorrectly return 0xffffffff. But we already know we just have to
live with that issue.

One minor refactoring comment below.

> iproc PCIe Controller spec:
> 4.7.3.3. Retry Status On Configuration Cycle
> Endpoints are allowed to generate retry status on configuration
> cycles. In this case, the RC needs to re-issue the request. The IP
> does not handle this because the number of configuration cycles needed
> will probably be less than the total number of non-posted operations
> needed.
>
> When a retry status is received on the User RX interface for a
> configuration request that was sent on the User TX interface,
> it will be indicated with a completion with the CMPL_STATUS field set
> to 2=CRS, and the user will have to find the address and data values
> and send a new transaction on the User TX interface.
> When the internal configuration space returns a retry status during a
> configuration cycle (user_cscfg = 1) on the Command/Status interface,
> the pcie_cscrs will assert with the pcie_csack signal to indicate the
> CRS status.
> When the CRS Software Visibility Enable register in the Root Control
> register is enabled, the IP will return the data value to 0x0001 for
> the Vendor ID value and 0xffff (all 1’s) for the rest of the data in
> the request for reads of offset 0 that return with CRS status. This
> is true for both the User RX Interface and for the Command/Status
> interface. When CRS Software Visibility is enabled, the CMPL_STATUS
> field of the completion on the User RX Interface will not be 2=CRS and
> the pcie_cscrs signal will not assert on the Command/Status interface.
>
> Per PCIe r3.1, sec 2.3.2, config requests that receive completions
> with Configuration Request Retry Status (CRS) should be reissued by
> the hardware except reads of the Vendor ID when CRS Software
> Visibility is enabled.
>
> This hardware never reissues configuration requests when it receives
> CRS completions.
> Note that, neither PCIe host bridge nor PCIe core re-issues the
> request for any configuration offset.
> As a result of the fact, PCIe RC driver (sw) should take care of
> retrying.
>
> For config writes, there is no way for this driver to learn about
> CRS completions. A write that receives a CRS completion will not be
> retried and the data will be discarded. This is a potential data
> corruption.
>
> For config reads, this hardware returns CFG_RETRY_STATUS data when
> it receives a CRS completion for a config read, regardless of the
> address of the read or the CRS Software Visibility Enable bit. As a
> partial workaround for this, we retry in software any read that
> returns CFG_RETRY_STATUS.
>
> It implements iproc_pcie_config_read which gets called for Stingray.
> For other iproc based SOC, it falls back to PCI generic APIs.
>
> Signed-off-by: Oza Pawandeep <oza.oza@broadcom.com>
> Reviewed-by: Ray Jui <ray.jui@broadcom.com>
> Reviewed-by: Scott Branden <scott.branden@broadcom.com>
>
> diff --git a/drivers/pci/host/pcie-iproc.c b/drivers/pci/host/pcie-iproc.c
> index c574863..a3edae4 100644
> --- a/drivers/pci/host/pcie-iproc.c
> +++ b/drivers/pci/host/pcie-iproc.c
> @@ -68,6 +68,9 @@
> #define APB_ERR_EN_SHIFT 0
> #define APB_ERR_EN BIT(APB_ERR_EN_SHIFT)
>
> +#define CFG_RETRY_STATUS 0xffff0001
> +#define CFG_RETRY_STATUS_TIMEOUT_US 500000 /* 500 milli-seconds. */
> +
> /* derive the enum index of the outbound/inbound mapping registers */
> #define MAP_REG(base_reg, index) ((base_reg) + (index) * 2)
>
> @@ -448,6 +451,89 @@ static inline void iproc_pcie_apb_err_disable(struct pci_bus *bus,
> }
> }
>
> +static unsigned int iproc_pcie_cfg_retry(void __iomem *cfg_data_p)
> +{
> + int timeout = CFG_RETRY_STATUS_TIMEOUT_US;
> + unsigned int data;
> +
> + /*
> + * As per PCIe spec r3.1, sec 2.3.2, CRS Software
> + * Visibility only affects config read of the Vendor ID.
> + * For config write or any other config read the Root must
> + * automatically re-issue configuration request again as a
> + * new request.
> + *
> + * For config reads, this hardware returns CFG_RETRY_STATUS data when
> + * it receives a CRS completion for a config read, regardless of the
> + * address of the read or the CRS Software Visibility Enable bit. As a
> + * partial workaround for this, we retry in software any read that
> + * returns CFG_RETRY_STATUS.
> + */
> + data = readl(cfg_data_p);
> + while (data == CFG_RETRY_STATUS && timeout--) {
> + udelay(1);
> + data = readl(cfg_data_p);
> + }
> +
> + if (data == CFG_RETRY_STATUS)
> + data = 0xffffffff;
> +
> + return data;
> +}
> +
> +static void __iomem *iproc_pcie_map_ep_cfg_reg(struct iproc_pcie *pcie,
> + unsigned int busno,
> + unsigned int slot,
> + unsigned int fn,
> + int where)
> +{
> + u16 offset;
> + u32 val;
> +
> + /* EP device access */
> + val = (busno << CFG_ADDR_BUS_NUM_SHIFT) |
> + (slot << CFG_ADDR_DEV_NUM_SHIFT) |
> + (fn << CFG_ADDR_FUNC_NUM_SHIFT) |
> + (where & CFG_ADDR_REG_NUM_MASK) |
> + (1 & CFG_ADDR_CFG_TYPE_MASK);
> +
> + iproc_pcie_write_reg(pcie, IPROC_PCIE_CFG_ADDR, val);
> + offset = iproc_pcie_reg_offset(pcie, IPROC_PCIE_CFG_DATA);
> +
> + if (iproc_pcie_reg_is_invalid(offset))
> + return NULL;
> +
> + return (pcie->base + offset);
> +}
> +
> +static int iproc_pcie_config_read(struct pci_bus *bus, unsigned int devfn,
> + int where, int size, u32 *val)
> +{
> + struct iproc_pcie *pcie = iproc_data(bus);
> + unsigned int slot = PCI_SLOT(devfn);
> + unsigned int fn = PCI_FUNC(devfn);
> + unsigned int busno = bus->number;
> + void __iomem *cfg_data_p;
> + u32 data;
> +
> + /* root complex access. */
> + if (busno == 0)
> + return pci_generic_config_read32(bus, devfn, where, size, val);
> +
> + cfg_data_p = iproc_pcie_map_ep_cfg_reg(pcie, busno, slot, fn, where);
> +
> + if (!cfg_data_p)
> + return PCIBIOS_DEVICE_NOT_FOUND;
> +
> + data = iproc_pcie_cfg_retry(cfg_data_p);
> +
> + *val = data;
> + if (size <= 2)
> + *val = (data >> (8 * (where & 3))) & ((1 << (size * 8)) - 1);
> +
> + return PCIBIOS_SUCCESSFUL;
> +}
> +
> /**
> * Note access to the configuration registers are protected at the higher layer
> * by 'pci_lock' in drivers/pci/access.c
> @@ -459,7 +545,6 @@ static void __iomem *iproc_pcie_map_cfg_bus(struct iproc_pcie *pcie,
> {
> unsigned slot = PCI_SLOT(devfn);
> unsigned fn = PCI_FUNC(devfn);
> - u32 val;
> u16 offset;
>
> /* root complex access */
> @@ -484,18 +569,7 @@ static void __iomem *iproc_pcie_map_cfg_bus(struct iproc_pcie *pcie,
> if (slot > 0)
> return NULL;
>
> - /* EP device access */
> - val = (busno << CFG_ADDR_BUS_NUM_SHIFT) |
> - (slot << CFG_ADDR_DEV_NUM_SHIFT) |
> - (fn << CFG_ADDR_FUNC_NUM_SHIFT) |
> - (where & CFG_ADDR_REG_NUM_MASK) |
> - (1 & CFG_ADDR_CFG_TYPE_MASK);
> - iproc_pcie_write_reg(pcie, IPROC_PCIE_CFG_ADDR, val);
> - offset = iproc_pcie_reg_offset(pcie, IPROC_PCIE_CFG_DATA);
> - if (iproc_pcie_reg_is_invalid(offset))
> - return NULL;
> - else
> - return (pcie->base + offset);
> + return iproc_pcie_map_ep_cfg_reg(pcie, busno, slot, fn, where);

Thanks for factoring this out. Can you please split that refactor
into a separate patch? That will make this CRS-handling patch smaller
and simpler.

> }
>
> static void __iomem *iproc_pcie_bus_map_cfg_bus(struct pci_bus *bus,
> @@ -554,8 +628,13 @@ static int iproc_pcie_config_read32(struct pci_bus *bus, unsigned int devfn,
> int where, int size, u32 *val)
> {
> int ret;
> + struct iproc_pcie *pcie = iproc_data(bus);
>
> iproc_pcie_apb_err_disable(bus, true);
> + if (pcie->type == IPROC_PCIE_PAXB_V2)
> + ret = iproc_pcie_config_read(bus, devfn, where, size, val);
> + else
> + ret = pci_generic_config_read32(bus, devfn, where, size, val);
> ret = pci_generic_config_read32(bus, devfn, where, size, val);
> iproc_pcie_apb_err_disable(bus, false);
>
> --
> 1.9.1
>

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