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Subject[PATCH 4.4 01/20] netfilter: nf_ct_ext: fix possible panic after nf_ct_extend_unregister
4.4-stable review patch.  If anyone has any objections, please let me know.


From: Liping Zhang <>

commit 9c3f3794926a997b1cab6c42480ff300efa2d162 upstream.

If one cpu is doing nf_ct_extend_unregister while another cpu is doing
__nf_ct_ext_add_length, then we may hit BUG_ON(t == NULL). Moreover,
there's no synchronize_rcu invocation after set nf_ct_ext_types[id] to
NULL, so it's possible that we may access invalid pointer.

But actually, most of the ct extends are built-in, so the problem listed
above will not happen. However, there are two exceptions: NF_CT_EXT_NAT

For _EXT_NAT, the panic will not happen, since adding the nat extend and
unregistering the nat extend are located in the same file(nf_nat_core.c),
this means that after the nat module is removed, we cannot add the nat
extend too.

For _EXT_SYNPROXY, synproxy extend may be added by init_conntrack, while
synproxy extend unregister will be done by synproxy_core_exit. So after
nf_synproxy_core.ko is removed, we may still try to add the synproxy
extend, then kernel panic may happen.

I know it's very hard to reproduce this issue, but I can play a tricky
game to make it happen very easily :)

Step 1. Enable SYNPROXY for tcp dport 1234 at FORWARD hook:
# iptables -I FORWARD -p tcp --dport 1234 -j SYNPROXY
Step 2. Queue the syn packet to the userspace at raw table OUTPUT hook.
Also note, in the userspace we only add a 20s' delay, then
reinject the syn packet to the kernel:
# iptables -t raw -I OUTPUT -p tcp --syn -j NFQUEUE --queue-num 1
Step 3. Using "nc 1234" to connect the server.
Step 4. Now remove the nf_synproxy_core.ko quickly:
# iptables -F FORWARD
# rmmod ipt_SYNPROXY
# rmmod nf_synproxy_core
Step 5. After 20s' delay, the syn packet is reinjected to the kernel.

Now you will see the panic like this:
kernel BUG at net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_extend.c:91!
Call Trace:
? __nf_ct_ext_add_length+0x53/0x3c0 [nf_conntrack]
init_conntrack+0x12b/0x600 [nf_conntrack]
nf_conntrack_in+0x4cc/0x580 [nf_conntrack]
ipv4_conntrack_local+0x48/0x50 [nf_conntrack_ipv4]
nfqnl_recv_verdict+0x3e1/0x5f9 [nfnetlink_queue]
? nfqnl_recv_verdict+0x5/0x5f9 [nfnetlink_queue]
? nla_parse+0xa0/0x100
nfnetlink_rcv_msg+0x175/0x6a9 [nfnetlink]

One possible solution is to make NF_CT_EXT_SYNPROXY extend built-in, i.e.
introduce nf_conntrack_synproxy.c and only do ct extend register and
unregister in it, similar to nf_conntrack_timeout.c.

But having such a obscure restriction of nf_ct_extend_unregister is not a
good idea, so we should invoke synchronize_rcu after set nf_ct_ext_types
to NULL, and check the NULL pointer when do __nf_ct_ext_add_length. Then
it will be easier if we add new ct extend in the future.

Last, we use kfree_rcu to free nf_ct_ext, so rcu_barrier() is unnecessary
anymore, remove it too.

Signed-off-by: Liping Zhang <>
Acked-by: Florian Westphal <>
Signed-off-by: Pablo Neira Ayuso <>
Cc: Stefan Bader <>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <>

net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_extend.c | 13 ++++++++++---
1 file changed, 10 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

--- a/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_extend.c
+++ b/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_extend.c
@@ -53,7 +53,11 @@ nf_ct_ext_create(struct nf_ct_ext **ext,

t = rcu_dereference(nf_ct_ext_types[id]);
- BUG_ON(t == NULL);
+ if (!t) {
+ rcu_read_unlock();
+ return NULL;
+ }
off = ALIGN(sizeof(struct nf_ct_ext), t->align);
len = off + t->len + var_alloc_len;
alloc_size = t->alloc_size + var_alloc_len;
@@ -88,7 +92,10 @@ void *__nf_ct_ext_add_length(struct nf_c

t = rcu_dereference(nf_ct_ext_types[id]);
- BUG_ON(t == NULL);
+ if (!t) {
+ rcu_read_unlock();
+ return NULL;
+ }

newoff = ALIGN(old->len, t->align);
newlen = newoff + t->len + var_alloc_len;
@@ -186,6 +193,6 @@ void nf_ct_extend_unregister(struct nf_c
RCU_INIT_POINTER(nf_ct_ext_types[type->id], NULL);
- rcu_barrier(); /* Wait for completion of call_rcu()'s */
+ synchronize_rcu();

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