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Subject[PATCH 4.9 11/27] mm: discard memblock data later
Date
4.9-stable review patch.  If anyone has any objections, please let me know.

------------------

From: Pavel Tatashin <pasha.tatashin@oracle.com>

commit 3010f876500f9ba921afaeccec30c45ca6584dc8 upstream.

There is existing use after free bug when deferred struct pages are
enabled:

The memblock_add() allocates memory for the memory array if more than
128 entries are needed. See comment in e820__memblock_setup():

* The bootstrap memblock region count maximum is 128 entries
* (INIT_MEMBLOCK_REGIONS), but EFI might pass us more E820 entries
* than that - so allow memblock resizing.

This memblock memory is freed here:
free_low_memory_core_early()

We access the freed memblock.memory later in boot when deferred pages
are initialized in this path:

deferred_init_memmap()
for_each_mem_pfn_range()
__next_mem_pfn_range()
type = &memblock.memory;

One possible explanation for why this use-after-free hasn't been hit
before is that the limit of INIT_MEMBLOCK_REGIONS has never been
exceeded at least on systems where deferred struct pages were enabled.

Tested by reducing INIT_MEMBLOCK_REGIONS down to 4 from the current 128,
and verifying in qemu that this code is getting excuted and that the
freed pages are sane.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1502485554-318703-2-git-send-email-pasha.tatashin@oracle.com
Fixes: 7e18adb4f80b ("mm: meminit: initialise remaining struct pages in parallel with kswapd")
Signed-off-by: Pavel Tatashin <pasha.tatashin@oracle.com>
Reviewed-by: Steven Sistare <steven.sistare@oracle.com>
Reviewed-by: Daniel Jordan <daniel.m.jordan@oracle.com>
Reviewed-by: Bob Picco <bob.picco@oracle.com>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@techsingularity.net>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>

---
include/linux/memblock.h | 6 ++++--
mm/memblock.c | 40 ++++++++++++++++++----------------------
mm/nobootmem.c | 16 ----------------
mm/page_alloc.c | 4 ++++
4 files changed, 26 insertions(+), 40 deletions(-)

--- a/include/linux/memblock.h
+++ b/include/linux/memblock.h
@@ -64,6 +64,7 @@ extern bool movable_node_enabled;
#ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_DISCARD_MEMBLOCK
#define __init_memblock __meminit
#define __initdata_memblock __meminitdata
+void memblock_discard(void);
#else
#define __init_memblock
#define __initdata_memblock
@@ -77,8 +78,6 @@ phys_addr_t memblock_find_in_range_node(
int nid, ulong flags);
phys_addr_t memblock_find_in_range(phys_addr_t start, phys_addr_t end,
phys_addr_t size, phys_addr_t align);
-phys_addr_t get_allocated_memblock_reserved_regions_info(phys_addr_t *addr);
-phys_addr_t get_allocated_memblock_memory_regions_info(phys_addr_t *addr);
void memblock_allow_resize(void);
int memblock_add_node(phys_addr_t base, phys_addr_t size, int nid);
int memblock_add(phys_addr_t base, phys_addr_t size);
@@ -112,6 +111,9 @@ void __next_mem_range_rev(u64 *idx, int
void __next_reserved_mem_region(u64 *idx, phys_addr_t *out_start,
phys_addr_t *out_end);

+void __memblock_free_early(phys_addr_t base, phys_addr_t size);
+void __memblock_free_late(phys_addr_t base, phys_addr_t size);
+
/**
* for_each_mem_range - iterate through memblock areas from type_a and not
* included in type_b. Or just type_a if type_b is NULL.
--- a/mm/memblock.c
+++ b/mm/memblock.c
@@ -297,31 +297,27 @@ static void __init_memblock memblock_rem
}

#ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_DISCARD_MEMBLOCK
-
-phys_addr_t __init_memblock get_allocated_memblock_reserved_regions_info(
- phys_addr_t *addr)
-{
- if (memblock.reserved.regions == memblock_reserved_init_regions)
- return 0;
-
- *addr = __pa(memblock.reserved.regions);
-
- return PAGE_ALIGN(sizeof(struct memblock_region) *
- memblock.reserved.max);
-}
-
-phys_addr_t __init_memblock get_allocated_memblock_memory_regions_info(
- phys_addr_t *addr)
+/**
+ * Discard memory and reserved arrays if they were allocated
+ */
+void __init memblock_discard(void)
{
- if (memblock.memory.regions == memblock_memory_init_regions)
- return 0;
+ phys_addr_t addr, size;

- *addr = __pa(memblock.memory.regions);
-
- return PAGE_ALIGN(sizeof(struct memblock_region) *
- memblock.memory.max);
+ if (memblock.reserved.regions != memblock_reserved_init_regions) {
+ addr = __pa(memblock.reserved.regions);
+ size = PAGE_ALIGN(sizeof(struct memblock_region) *
+ memblock.reserved.max);
+ __memblock_free_late(addr, size);
+ }
+
+ if (memblock.memory.regions == memblock_memory_init_regions) {
+ addr = __pa(memblock.memory.regions);
+ size = PAGE_ALIGN(sizeof(struct memblock_region) *
+ memblock.memory.max);
+ __memblock_free_late(addr, size);
+ }
}
-
#endif

/**
--- a/mm/nobootmem.c
+++ b/mm/nobootmem.c
@@ -146,22 +146,6 @@ static unsigned long __init free_low_mem
NULL)
count += __free_memory_core(start, end);

-#ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_DISCARD_MEMBLOCK
- {
- phys_addr_t size;
-
- /* Free memblock.reserved array if it was allocated */
- size = get_allocated_memblock_reserved_regions_info(&start);
- if (size)
- count += __free_memory_core(start, start + size);
-
- /* Free memblock.memory array if it was allocated */
- size = get_allocated_memblock_memory_regions_info(&start);
- if (size)
- count += __free_memory_core(start, start + size);
- }
-#endif
-
return count;
}

--- a/mm/page_alloc.c
+++ b/mm/page_alloc.c
@@ -1587,6 +1587,10 @@ void __init page_alloc_init_late(void)
/* Reinit limits that are based on free pages after the kernel is up */
files_maxfiles_init();
#endif
+#ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_DISCARD_MEMBLOCK
+ /* Discard memblock private memory */
+ memblock_discard();
+#endif

for_each_populated_zone(zone)
set_zone_contiguous(zone);

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