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SubjectRe: [PATCH] vsock: only load vmci transport on VMware hypervisor by default
On Fri, Aug 18, 2017 at 11:07:37PM +0000, Dexuan Cui wrote:
> > From: Stefan Hajnoczi [mailto:stefanha@redhat.com]
> > > CID is not really used by us, because we only support guest<->host
> > communication,
> > > and don't support guest<->guest communication. The Hyper-V host
> > references
> > > every VM by VmID (which is invisible to the VM), and a VM can only talk to
> > the
> > > host via this feature.
> >
> > Applications running inside the guest should use VMADDR_CID_HOST (2) to
> > connect to the host, even on Hyper-V.
> I have no objection, and this patch does support this usage of the
> user-space applications.
>
> > By the way, we should collaborate on a test suite and a vsock(7) man
> > page that documents the semantics of AF_VSOCK sockets. This way our
> > transports will have the same behavior and AF_VSOCK applications will
> > work on all 3 hypervisors.
> I can't agree more. :-)
> BTW, I have been using Rolf's test suite to test my patch:
> https://github.com/rn/virtsock/tree/master/c
> Maybe this can be a good starting point.

Thanks for sharing this, I will try it with virtio-vsock.

I have a netcat-like utility here:
https://github.com/stefanha/linux/blob/vsock-extras/nc-vsock.c

> > Not all features need to be supported. For example, VMCI supports
> > SOCK_DGRAM while Hyper-V and virtio do not. But features that are
> > available should behave identically.
> I totally agree, though I'm afraid Hyper-V may have a little more limitations
> compared to VMware/KVM duo to the <VM_ID, ServiceID> <--> <cid, port>
> mapping.
>
> > > Can we use the 'protocol' parameter in the socket() function:
> > > int socket(int domain, int type, int protocol)
> > >
> > > IMO currently the 'protocol' is not really used.
> > > I think we can modify __vsock_core_init() to allow multiple transport layers
> > to
> > > be registered, and we can define different 'protocol' numbers for
> > > VMware/KVM/Hyper-V, and ask the application to explicitly specify what
> > should
> > > be used. Considering compatibility, we can use the default transport in a
> > given
> > > VM depending on the underlying hypervisor.
> >
> > I think AF_VSOCK should hide the transport from users/applications.
> Ideally yes, but let's consider the KVM-on-KVM nested scenario: when
> an application in the Level-1 VM creates an AF_VSOCK socket and call
> connect() for it, how can we know if the app is trying to connect to
> the Level-0 host, or connect to the Level-2 VM? We can't.

We *can* by looking at the destination CID. Please take a look at
drivers/misc/vmw_vmci/vmci_route.c:vmci_route() to see how VMCI handles
nested virt.

It boils down to something like this:

static int vsock_stream_connect(struct socket *sock, struct sockaddr *addr,
int addr_len, int flags)
{
...
if (remote_addr.svm_cid == VMADDR_CID_HOST)
transport = host_transport;
else
transport = guest_transport;

It's easy for connect(2) but Jorgen mentioned it's harder for listen(2)
because the socket would need to listen on both transports. We define
two new constants VMADDR_CID_LISTEN_FROM_GUEST and
VMADDR_CID_LISTEN_FROM_HOST for bind(2) so that applications can decide
which side to listen on. Or the listen socket could simply listen to
both sides.

Stefan

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