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SubjectRe: [PATCH 2/2] mm: Update NUMA counter threshold size
On Tue, Aug 22, 2017 at 11:21:31AM +0800, kemi wrote:
>
>
> On 2017???08???15??? 17:58, Mel Gorman wrote:
> > On Tue, Aug 15, 2017 at 04:45:36PM +0800, Kemi Wang wrote:
> >> Threshold CPU cycles Throughput(88 threads)
> >> 32 799 241760478
> >> 64 640 301628829
> >> 125 537 358906028 <==> system by default (base)
> >> 256 468 412397590
> >> 512 428 450550704
> >> 4096 399 482520943
> >> 20000 394 489009617
> >> 30000 395 488017817
> >> 32765 394(-26.6%) 488932078(+36.2%) <==> with this patchset
> >> N/A 342(-36.3%) 562900157(+56.8%) <==> disable zone_statistics
> >>
> >> Signed-off-by: Kemi Wang <kemi.wang@intel.com>
> >> Suggested-by: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>
> >> Suggested-by: Ying Huang <ying.huang@intel.com>
> >> ---
> >> include/linux/mmzone.h | 4 ++--
> >> include/linux/vmstat.h | 6 +++++-
> >> mm/vmstat.c | 23 ++++++++++-------------
> >> 3 files changed, 17 insertions(+), 16 deletions(-)
> >>
> >> diff --git a/include/linux/mmzone.h b/include/linux/mmzone.h
> >> index 0b11ba7..7eaf0e8 100644
> >> --- a/include/linux/mmzone.h
> >> +++ b/include/linux/mmzone.h
> >> @@ -282,8 +282,8 @@ struct per_cpu_pageset {
> >> struct per_cpu_pages pcp;
> >> #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA
> >> s8 expire;
> >> - s8 numa_stat_threshold;
> >> - s8 vm_numa_stat_diff[NR_VM_ZONE_NUMA_STAT_ITEMS];
> >> + s16 numa_stat_threshold;
> >> + s16 vm_numa_stat_diff[NR_VM_ZONE_NUMA_STAT_ITEMS];
> >
> > I'm fairly sure this pushes the size of that structure into the next
> > cache line which is not welcome.
> >
> Hi Mel
> I am refreshing this patch. Would you pls be more explicit of what "that
> structure" indicates.
> If you mean "struct per_cpu_pageset", for 64 bits machine, this structure
> still occupies two caches line after extending s8 to s16/u16, that should
> not be a problem.

You're right, I was in error. I miscalculated badly initially. It still
fits in as expected.

> For 32 bits machine, we probably does not need to extend
> the size of vm_numa_stat_diff[] since 32 bits OS nearly not be used in large
> numa system, and s8/u8 is large enough for it, in this case, we can keep the
> same size of "struct per_cpu_pageset".
>

I don't believe it's worth the complexity of making this
bitness-specific. 32-bit takes penalties in other places and besides,
32-bit does not necessarily mean a change in cache line size.

Fortunately, I think you should still be able to gain a bit more with
some special casing the fact it's always incrementing and always do full
spill of the counters instead of half. If so, then using u16 instead of
s16 should also reduce the update frequency. However, if you find it's
too complex and the gain is too marginal then I'll ack without it.

--
Mel Gorman
SUSE Labs

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