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SubjectRe: [PATCH v3] net: sunrpc: svcsock: fix NULL-pointer exception
On Mon, Aug 21, 2017 at 06:42:07AM -0400, Jeff Layton wrote:
> On Mon, 2017-08-21 at 04:56 -0400, Vadim Lomovtsev wrote:
> > While running nfs/connectathon tests kernel NULL-pointer exception
> > has been observed due to races in svcsock.c.
> >
> > Race is appear when kernel accepts connection by kernel_accept
> > (which creates new socket) and start queuing ingress packets
> > to new socket. This happens in ksoftirq context which could run
> > concurrently on a different core while new socket setup is not done yet.
> >
> > The fix is to re-order socket user data init sequence and add
> > write/read barrier calls to be sure that we got proper values
> > for callback pointers before actually calling them.
> >
> > Test results: nfs/connectathon reports '0' failed tests for about 200+ iterations.
> >
> > Crash log:
> > ---<-snip->---
> > [ 6708.638984] Unable to handle kernel NULL pointer dereference at virtual address 00000000
> > [ 6708.647093] pgd = ffff0000094e0000
> > [ 6708.650497] [00000000] *pgd=0000010ffff90003, *pud=0000010ffff90003, *pmd=0000010ffff80003, *pte=0000000000000000
> > [ 6708.660761] Internal error: Oops: 86000005 [#1] SMP
> > [ 6708.665630] Modules linked in: nfsv3 nfnetlink_queue nfnetlink_log nfnetlink rpcsec_gss_krb5 nfsv4 dns_resolver nfs fscache overlay xt_CONNSECMARK xt_SECMARK xt_conntrack iptable_security ip_tables ah4 xfrm4_mode_transport sctp tun binfmt_misc ext4 jbd2 mbcache loop tcp_diag udp_diag inet_diag rpcrdma ib_isert iscsi_target_mod ib_iser rdma_cm iw_cm libiscsi scsi_transport_iscsi ib_srpt target_core_mod ib_srp scsi_transport_srp ib_ipoib ib_ucm ib_uverbs ib_umad ib_cm ib_core nls_koi8_u nls_cp932 ts_kmp nf_conntrack_ipv4 nf_defrag_ipv4 nf_conntrack vfat fat ghash_ce sha2_ce sha1_ce cavium_rng_vf i2c_thunderx sg thunderx_edac i2c_smbus edac_core cavium_rng nfsd auth_rpcgss nfs_acl lockd grace sunrpc xfs libcrc32c nicvf nicpf ast i2c_algo_bit drm_kms_helper syscopyarea sysfillrect sysimgblt fb_sys_fops
> > [ 6708.736446] ttm drm i2c_core thunder_bgx thunder_xcv mdio_thunder mdio_cavium dm_mirror dm_region_hash dm_log dm_mod [last unloaded: stap_3c300909c5b3f46dcacd49aab3334af_87021]
> > [ 6708.752275] CPU: 84 PID: 0 Comm: swapper/84 Tainted: G W OE 4.11.0-4.el7.aarch64 #1
> > [ 6708.760787] Hardware name: www.cavium.com CRB-2S/CRB-2S, BIOS 0.3 Mar 13 2017
> > [ 6708.767910] task: ffff810006842e80 task.stack: ffff81000689c000
> > [ 6708.773822] PC is at 0x0
> > [ 6708.776739] LR is at svc_data_ready+0x38/0x88 [sunrpc]
> > [ 6708.781866] pc : [<0000000000000000>] lr : [<ffff0000029d7378>] pstate: 60000145
> > [ 6708.789248] sp : ffff810ffbad3900
> > [ 6708.792551] x29: ffff810ffbad3900 x28: ffff000008c73d58
> > [ 6708.797853] x27: 0000000000000000 x26: ffff81000bbe1e00
> > [ 6708.803156] x25: 0000000000000020 x24: ffff800f7410bf28
> > [ 6708.808458] x23: ffff000008c63000 x22: ffff000008c63000
> > [ 6708.813760] x21: ffff800f7410bf28 x20: ffff81000bbe1e00
> > [ 6708.819063] x19: ffff810012412400 x18: 00000000d82a9df2
> > [ 6708.824365] x17: 0000000000000000 x16: 0000000000000000
> > [ 6708.829667] x15: 0000000000000000 x14: 0000000000000001
> > [ 6708.834969] x13: 0000000000000000 x12: 722e736f622e676e
> > [ 6708.840271] x11: 00000000f814dd99 x10: 0000000000000000
> > [ 6708.845573] x9 : 7374687225000000 x8 : 0000000000000000
> > [ 6708.850875] x7 : 0000000000000000 x6 : 0000000000000000
> > [ 6708.856177] x5 : 0000000000000028 x4 : 0000000000000000
> > [ 6708.861479] x3 : 0000000000000000 x2 : 00000000e5000000
> > [ 6708.866781] x1 : 0000000000000000 x0 : ffff81000bbe1e00
> > [ 6708.872084]
> > [ 6708.873565] Process swapper/84 (pid: 0, stack limit = 0xffff81000689c000)
> > [ 6708.880341] Stack: (0xffff810ffbad3900 to 0xffff8100068a0000)
> > [ 6708.886075] Call trace:
> > [ 6708.888513] Exception stack(0xffff810ffbad3710 to 0xffff810ffbad3840)
> > [ 6708.894942] 3700: ffff810012412400 0001000000000000
> > [ 6708.902759] 3720: ffff810ffbad3900 0000000000000000 0000000060000145 ffff800f79300000
> > [ 6708.910577] 3740: ffff000009274d00 00000000000003ea 0000000000000015 ffff000008c63000
> > [ 6708.918395] 3760: ffff810ffbad3830 ffff800f79300000 000000000000004d 0000000000000000
> > [ 6708.926212] 3780: ffff810ffbad3890 ffff0000080f88dc ffff800f79300000 000000000000004d
> > [ 6708.934030] 37a0: ffff800f7930093c ffff000008c63000 0000000000000000 0000000000000140
> > [ 6708.941848] 37c0: ffff000008c2c000 0000000000040b00 ffff81000bbe1e00 0000000000000000
> > [ 6708.949665] 37e0: 00000000e5000000 0000000000000000 0000000000000000 0000000000000028
> > [ 6708.957483] 3800: 0000000000000000 0000000000000000 0000000000000000 7374687225000000
> > [ 6708.965300] 3820: 0000000000000000 00000000f814dd99 722e736f622e676e 0000000000000000
> > [ 6708.973117] [< (null)>] (null)
> > [ 6708.977824] [<ffff0000086f9fa4>] tcp_data_queue+0x754/0xc5c
> > [ 6708.983386] [<ffff0000086fa64c>] tcp_rcv_established+0x1a0/0x67c
> > [ 6708.989384] [<ffff000008704120>] tcp_v4_do_rcv+0x15c/0x22c
> > [ 6708.994858] [<ffff000008707418>] tcp_v4_rcv+0xaf0/0xb58
> > [ 6709.000077] [<ffff0000086df784>] ip_local_deliver_finish+0x10c/0x254
> > [ 6709.006419] [<ffff0000086dfea4>] ip_local_deliver+0xf0/0xfc
> > [ 6709.011980] [<ffff0000086dfad4>] ip_rcv_finish+0x208/0x3a4
> > [ 6709.017454] [<ffff0000086e018c>] ip_rcv+0x2dc/0x3c8
> > [ 6709.022328] [<ffff000008692fc8>] __netif_receive_skb_core+0x2f8/0xa0c
> > [ 6709.028758] [<ffff000008696068>] __netif_receive_skb+0x38/0x84
> > [ 6709.034580] [<ffff00000869611c>] netif_receive_skb_internal+0x68/0xdc
> > [ 6709.041010] [<ffff000008696bc0>] napi_gro_receive+0xcc/0x1a8
> > [ 6709.046690] [<ffff0000014b0fc4>] nicvf_cq_intr_handler+0x59c/0x730 [nicvf]
> > [ 6709.053559] [<ffff0000014b1380>] nicvf_poll+0x38/0xb8 [nicvf]
> > [ 6709.059295] [<ffff000008697a6c>] net_rx_action+0x2f8/0x464
> > [ 6709.064771] [<ffff000008081824>] __do_softirq+0x11c/0x308
> > [ 6709.070164] [<ffff0000080d14e4>] irq_exit+0x12c/0x174
> > [ 6709.075206] [<ffff00000813101c>] __handle_domain_irq+0x78/0xc4
> > [ 6709.081027] [<ffff000008081608>] gic_handle_irq+0x94/0x190
> > [ 6709.086501] Exception stack(0xffff81000689fdf0 to 0xffff81000689ff20)
> > [ 6709.092929] fde0: 0000810ff2ec0000 ffff000008c10000
> > [ 6709.100747] fe00: ffff000008c70ef4 0000000000000001 0000000000000000 ffff810ffbad9b18
> > [ 6709.108565] fe20: ffff810ffbad9c70 ffff8100169d3800 ffff810006843ab0 ffff81000689fe80
> > [ 6709.116382] fe40: 0000000000000bd0 0000ffffdf979cd0 183f5913da192500 0000ffff8a254ce4
> > [ 6709.124200] fe60: 0000ffff8a254b78 0000aaab10339808 0000000000000000 0000ffff8a0c2a50
> > [ 6709.132018] fe80: 0000ffffdf979b10 ffff000008d6d450 ffff000008c10000 ffff000008d6d000
> > [ 6709.139836] fea0: 0000000000000054 ffff000008cd3dbc 0000000000000000 0000000000000000
> > [ 6709.147653] fec0: 0000000000000000 0000000000000000 0000000000000000 ffff81000689ff20
> > [ 6709.155471] fee0: ffff000008085240 ffff81000689ff20 ffff000008085244 0000000060000145
> > [ 6709.163289] ff00: ffff81000689ff10 ffff00000813f1e4 ffffffffffffffff ffff00000813f238
> > [ 6709.171107] [<ffff000008082eb4>] el1_irq+0xb4/0x140
> > [ 6709.175976] [<ffff000008085244>] arch_cpu_idle+0x44/0x11c
> > [ 6709.181368] [<ffff0000087bf3b8>] default_idle_call+0x20/0x30
> > [ 6709.187020] [<ffff000008116d50>] do_idle+0x158/0x1e4
> > [ 6709.191973] [<ffff000008116ff4>] cpu_startup_entry+0x2c/0x30
> > [ 6709.197624] [<ffff00000808e7cc>] secondary_start_kernel+0x13c/0x160
> > [ 6709.203878] [<0000000001bc71c4>] 0x1bc71c4
> > [ 6709.207967] Code: bad PC value
> > [ 6709.211061] SMP: stopping secondary CPUs
> > [ 6709.218830] Starting crashdump kernel...
> > [ 6709.222749] Bye!
> > ---<-snip>---
> >
> > Signed-off-by: Vadim Lomovtsev <vlomovts@redhat.com>
> > ---
> > net/sunrpc/svcsock.c | 27 +++++++++++++++++++++++++--
> > 1 file changed, 25 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
> >
> > diff --git a/net/sunrpc/svcsock.c b/net/sunrpc/svcsock.c
> > index 2b720fa..9ec16c5 100644
> > --- a/net/sunrpc/svcsock.c
> > +++ b/net/sunrpc/svcsock.c
> > @@ -421,6 +421,10 @@ static void svc_data_ready(struct sock *sk)
> > dprintk("svc: socket %p(inet %p), busy=%d\n",
> > svsk, sk,
> > test_bit(XPT_BUSY, &svsk->sk_xprt.xpt_flags));
> > + /* this barrier is necessary to prevent kernel crash
> > + (due to bad CPU-value) caused by races against
> > + svc_setup_socket() while calling sk_odata() callback. */
> > + rmb();
> > svsk->sk_odata(sk);
> > if (!test_and_set_bit(XPT_DATA, &svsk->sk_xprt.xpt_flags))
> > svc_xprt_enqueue(&svsk->sk_xprt);
> > @@ -437,6 +441,10 @@ static void svc_write_space(struct sock *sk)
> > if (svsk) {
> > dprintk("svc: socket %p(inet %p), write_space busy=%d\n",
> > svsk, sk, test_bit(XPT_BUSY, &svsk->sk_xprt.xpt_flags));
> > + /* this barrier is necessary to prevent kernel crash
> > + (due to bad CPU-value) caused by races against
> > + svc_setup_socket() while calling sk_owspace() callback. */
> > + rmb();
> > svsk->sk_owspace(sk);
> > svc_xprt_enqueue(&svsk->sk_xprt);
> > }
> > @@ -760,8 +768,14 @@ static void svc_tcp_listen_data_ready(struct sock *sk)
> > dprintk("svc: socket %p TCP (listen) state change %d\n",
> > sk, sk->sk_state);
> >
> > - if (svsk)
> > + if (svsk) {
> > + /* this barrier is necessary to prevent kernel crash
> > + (due to bad CPU-value) caused by races against
> > + svc_setup_socket() while calling sk_odata() callback.*/
> > + rmb();
> > svsk->sk_odata(sk);
> > + }
> > +
> > /*
> > * This callback may called twice when a new connection
> > * is established as a child socket inherits everything
> > @@ -794,7 +808,12 @@ static void svc_tcp_state_change(struct sock *sk)
> > if (!svsk)
> > printk("svc: socket %p: no user data\n", sk);
> > else {
> > + /* this barrier is necessary to prevent kernel crash
> > + (due to bad CPU-value) caused by races against
> > + svc_setup_socket() while calling sk_ostate() callback. */
> > + rmb();
> > svsk->sk_ostate(sk);
> > +
> > if (sk->sk_state != TCP_ESTABLISHED) {
> > set_bit(XPT_CLOSE, &svsk->sk_xprt.xpt_flags);
> > svc_xprt_enqueue(&svsk->sk_xprt);
> > @@ -1381,12 +1400,16 @@ static struct svc_sock *svc_setup_socket(struct svc_serv *serv,
> > return ERR_PTR(err);
> > }
> >
> > - inet->sk_user_data = svsk;
> > svsk->sk_sock = sock;
> > svsk->sk_sk = inet;
> > svsk->sk_ostate = inet->sk_state_change;
> > svsk->sk_odata = inet->sk_data_ready;
> > svsk->sk_owspace = inet->sk_write_space;
> > + /* this barrier is necessary in order to prevent race condition
> > + with svc_data_ready(), svc_listen_data_ready()
> > + and others when calling callbacks above */
> > + wmb();
> > + inet->sk_user_data = svsk;
> >
> > /* Initialize the socket */
> > if (sock->type == SOCK_DGRAM)
>
> Patch itself looks fine -- nice catch!
>
> The comment format probably ought to be in kernel-standard style though.
> What I'd probably do is have this longer comment next to the wmb() call
> and then have smaller comments by the rmb() calls referring them to the
> longer comment in svc_setup_socket().
>
> Once you fix the comments, you can add:
>
> Reviewed-by: Jeff Layton <jlayton@redhat.com>
>

Thanks for reply. Will update comments and re-send it.

WBR,
Vadim

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