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SubjectRe: [PATCH v3] net: sunrpc: svcsock: fix NULL-pointer exception
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Date
On Mon, 2017-08-21 at 04:56 -0400, Vadim Lomovtsev wrote:
> While running nfs/connectathon tests kernel NULL-pointer exception
> has been observed due to races in svcsock.c.
>
> Race is appear when kernel accepts connection by kernel_accept
> (which creates new socket) and start queuing ingress packets
> to new socket. This happens in ksoftirq context which could run
> concurrently on a different core while new socket setup is not done yet.
>
> The fix is to re-order socket user data init sequence and add
> write/read barrier calls to be sure that we got proper values
> for callback pointers before actually calling them.
>
> Test results: nfs/connectathon reports '0' failed tests for about 200+ iterations.
>
> Crash log:
> ---<-snip->---
> [ 6708.638984] Unable to handle kernel NULL pointer dereference at virtual address 00000000
> [ 6708.647093] pgd = ffff0000094e0000
> [ 6708.650497] [00000000] *pgd=0000010ffff90003, *pud=0000010ffff90003, *pmd=0000010ffff80003, *pte=0000000000000000
> [ 6708.660761] Internal error: Oops: 86000005 [#1] SMP
> [ 6708.665630] Modules linked in: nfsv3 nfnetlink_queue nfnetlink_log nfnetlink rpcsec_gss_krb5 nfsv4 dns_resolver nfs fscache overlay xt_CONNSECMARK xt_SECMARK xt_conntrack iptable_security ip_tables ah4 xfrm4_mode_transport sctp tun binfmt_misc ext4 jbd2 mbcache loop tcp_diag udp_diag inet_diag rpcrdma ib_isert iscsi_target_mod ib_iser rdma_cm iw_cm libiscsi scsi_transport_iscsi ib_srpt target_core_mod ib_srp scsi_transport_srp ib_ipoib ib_ucm ib_uverbs ib_umad ib_cm ib_core nls_koi8_u nls_cp932 ts_kmp nf_conntrack_ipv4 nf_defrag_ipv4 nf_conntrack vfat fat ghash_ce sha2_ce sha1_ce cavium_rng_vf i2c_thunderx sg thunderx_edac i2c_smbus edac_core cavium_rng nfsd auth_rpcgss nfs_acl lockd grace sunrpc xfs libcrc32c nicvf nicpf ast i2c_algo_bit drm_kms_helper syscopyarea sysfillrect sysimgblt fb_sys_fops
> [ 6708.736446] ttm drm i2c_core thunder_bgx thunder_xcv mdio_thunder mdio_cavium dm_mirror dm_region_hash dm_log dm_mod [last unloaded: stap_3c300909c5b3f46dcacd49aab3334af_87021]
> [ 6708.752275] CPU: 84 PID: 0 Comm: swapper/84 Tainted: G W OE 4.11.0-4.el7.aarch64 #1
> [ 6708.760787] Hardware name: www.cavium.com CRB-2S/CRB-2S, BIOS 0.3 Mar 13 2017
> [ 6708.767910] task: ffff810006842e80 task.stack: ffff81000689c000
> [ 6708.773822] PC is at 0x0
> [ 6708.776739] LR is at svc_data_ready+0x38/0x88 [sunrpc]
> [ 6708.781866] pc : [<0000000000000000>] lr : [<ffff0000029d7378>] pstate: 60000145
> [ 6708.789248] sp : ffff810ffbad3900
> [ 6708.792551] x29: ffff810ffbad3900 x28: ffff000008c73d58
> [ 6708.797853] x27: 0000000000000000 x26: ffff81000bbe1e00
> [ 6708.803156] x25: 0000000000000020 x24: ffff800f7410bf28
> [ 6708.808458] x23: ffff000008c63000 x22: ffff000008c63000
> [ 6708.813760] x21: ffff800f7410bf28 x20: ffff81000bbe1e00
> [ 6708.819063] x19: ffff810012412400 x18: 00000000d82a9df2
> [ 6708.824365] x17: 0000000000000000 x16: 0000000000000000
> [ 6708.829667] x15: 0000000000000000 x14: 0000000000000001
> [ 6708.834969] x13: 0000000000000000 x12: 722e736f622e676e
> [ 6708.840271] x11: 00000000f814dd99 x10: 0000000000000000
> [ 6708.845573] x9 : 7374687225000000 x8 : 0000000000000000
> [ 6708.850875] x7 : 0000000000000000 x6 : 0000000000000000
> [ 6708.856177] x5 : 0000000000000028 x4 : 0000000000000000
> [ 6708.861479] x3 : 0000000000000000 x2 : 00000000e5000000
> [ 6708.866781] x1 : 0000000000000000 x0 : ffff81000bbe1e00
> [ 6708.872084]
> [ 6708.873565] Process swapper/84 (pid: 0, stack limit = 0xffff81000689c000)
> [ 6708.880341] Stack: (0xffff810ffbad3900 to 0xffff8100068a0000)
> [ 6708.886075] Call trace:
> [ 6708.888513] Exception stack(0xffff810ffbad3710 to 0xffff810ffbad3840)
> [ 6708.894942] 3700: ffff810012412400 0001000000000000
> [ 6708.902759] 3720: ffff810ffbad3900 0000000000000000 0000000060000145 ffff800f79300000
> [ 6708.910577] 3740: ffff000009274d00 00000000000003ea 0000000000000015 ffff000008c63000
> [ 6708.918395] 3760: ffff810ffbad3830 ffff800f79300000 000000000000004d 0000000000000000
> [ 6708.926212] 3780: ffff810ffbad3890 ffff0000080f88dc ffff800f79300000 000000000000004d
> [ 6708.934030] 37a0: ffff800f7930093c ffff000008c63000 0000000000000000 0000000000000140
> [ 6708.941848] 37c0: ffff000008c2c000 0000000000040b00 ffff81000bbe1e00 0000000000000000
> [ 6708.949665] 37e0: 00000000e5000000 0000000000000000 0000000000000000 0000000000000028
> [ 6708.957483] 3800: 0000000000000000 0000000000000000 0000000000000000 7374687225000000
> [ 6708.965300] 3820: 0000000000000000 00000000f814dd99 722e736f622e676e 0000000000000000
> [ 6708.973117] [< (null)>] (null)
> [ 6708.977824] [<ffff0000086f9fa4>] tcp_data_queue+0x754/0xc5c
> [ 6708.983386] [<ffff0000086fa64c>] tcp_rcv_established+0x1a0/0x67c
> [ 6708.989384] [<ffff000008704120>] tcp_v4_do_rcv+0x15c/0x22c
> [ 6708.994858] [<ffff000008707418>] tcp_v4_rcv+0xaf0/0xb58
> [ 6709.000077] [<ffff0000086df784>] ip_local_deliver_finish+0x10c/0x254
> [ 6709.006419] [<ffff0000086dfea4>] ip_local_deliver+0xf0/0xfc
> [ 6709.011980] [<ffff0000086dfad4>] ip_rcv_finish+0x208/0x3a4
> [ 6709.017454] [<ffff0000086e018c>] ip_rcv+0x2dc/0x3c8
> [ 6709.022328] [<ffff000008692fc8>] __netif_receive_skb_core+0x2f8/0xa0c
> [ 6709.028758] [<ffff000008696068>] __netif_receive_skb+0x38/0x84
> [ 6709.034580] [<ffff00000869611c>] netif_receive_skb_internal+0x68/0xdc
> [ 6709.041010] [<ffff000008696bc0>] napi_gro_receive+0xcc/0x1a8
> [ 6709.046690] [<ffff0000014b0fc4>] nicvf_cq_intr_handler+0x59c/0x730 [nicvf]
> [ 6709.053559] [<ffff0000014b1380>] nicvf_poll+0x38/0xb8 [nicvf]
> [ 6709.059295] [<ffff000008697a6c>] net_rx_action+0x2f8/0x464
> [ 6709.064771] [<ffff000008081824>] __do_softirq+0x11c/0x308
> [ 6709.070164] [<ffff0000080d14e4>] irq_exit+0x12c/0x174
> [ 6709.075206] [<ffff00000813101c>] __handle_domain_irq+0x78/0xc4
> [ 6709.081027] [<ffff000008081608>] gic_handle_irq+0x94/0x190
> [ 6709.086501] Exception stack(0xffff81000689fdf0 to 0xffff81000689ff20)
> [ 6709.092929] fde0: 0000810ff2ec0000 ffff000008c10000
> [ 6709.100747] fe00: ffff000008c70ef4 0000000000000001 0000000000000000 ffff810ffbad9b18
> [ 6709.108565] fe20: ffff810ffbad9c70 ffff8100169d3800 ffff810006843ab0 ffff81000689fe80
> [ 6709.116382] fe40: 0000000000000bd0 0000ffffdf979cd0 183f5913da192500 0000ffff8a254ce4
> [ 6709.124200] fe60: 0000ffff8a254b78 0000aaab10339808 0000000000000000 0000ffff8a0c2a50
> [ 6709.132018] fe80: 0000ffffdf979b10 ffff000008d6d450 ffff000008c10000 ffff000008d6d000
> [ 6709.139836] fea0: 0000000000000054 ffff000008cd3dbc 0000000000000000 0000000000000000
> [ 6709.147653] fec0: 0000000000000000 0000000000000000 0000000000000000 ffff81000689ff20
> [ 6709.155471] fee0: ffff000008085240 ffff81000689ff20 ffff000008085244 0000000060000145
> [ 6709.163289] ff00: ffff81000689ff10 ffff00000813f1e4 ffffffffffffffff ffff00000813f238
> [ 6709.171107] [<ffff000008082eb4>] el1_irq+0xb4/0x140
> [ 6709.175976] [<ffff000008085244>] arch_cpu_idle+0x44/0x11c
> [ 6709.181368] [<ffff0000087bf3b8>] default_idle_call+0x20/0x30
> [ 6709.187020] [<ffff000008116d50>] do_idle+0x158/0x1e4
> [ 6709.191973] [<ffff000008116ff4>] cpu_startup_entry+0x2c/0x30
> [ 6709.197624] [<ffff00000808e7cc>] secondary_start_kernel+0x13c/0x160
> [ 6709.203878] [<0000000001bc71c4>] 0x1bc71c4
> [ 6709.207967] Code: bad PC value
> [ 6709.211061] SMP: stopping secondary CPUs
> [ 6709.218830] Starting crashdump kernel...
> [ 6709.222749] Bye!
> ---<-snip>---
>
> Signed-off-by: Vadim Lomovtsev <vlomovts@redhat.com>
> ---
> net/sunrpc/svcsock.c | 27 +++++++++++++++++++++++++--
> 1 file changed, 25 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/net/sunrpc/svcsock.c b/net/sunrpc/svcsock.c
> index 2b720fa..9ec16c5 100644
> --- a/net/sunrpc/svcsock.c
> +++ b/net/sunrpc/svcsock.c
> @@ -421,6 +421,10 @@ static void svc_data_ready(struct sock *sk)
> dprintk("svc: socket %p(inet %p), busy=%d\n",
> svsk, sk,
> test_bit(XPT_BUSY, &svsk->sk_xprt.xpt_flags));
> + /* this barrier is necessary to prevent kernel crash
> + (due to bad CPU-value) caused by races against
> + svc_setup_socket() while calling sk_odata() callback. */
> + rmb();
> svsk->sk_odata(sk);
> if (!test_and_set_bit(XPT_DATA, &svsk->sk_xprt.xpt_flags))
> svc_xprt_enqueue(&svsk->sk_xprt);
> @@ -437,6 +441,10 @@ static void svc_write_space(struct sock *sk)
> if (svsk) {
> dprintk("svc: socket %p(inet %p), write_space busy=%d\n",
> svsk, sk, test_bit(XPT_BUSY, &svsk->sk_xprt.xpt_flags));
> + /* this barrier is necessary to prevent kernel crash
> + (due to bad CPU-value) caused by races against
> + svc_setup_socket() while calling sk_owspace() callback. */
> + rmb();
> svsk->sk_owspace(sk);
> svc_xprt_enqueue(&svsk->sk_xprt);
> }
> @@ -760,8 +768,14 @@ static void svc_tcp_listen_data_ready(struct sock *sk)
> dprintk("svc: socket %p TCP (listen) state change %d\n",
> sk, sk->sk_state);
>
> - if (svsk)
> + if (svsk) {
> + /* this barrier is necessary to prevent kernel crash
> + (due to bad CPU-value) caused by races against
> + svc_setup_socket() while calling sk_odata() callback.*/
> + rmb();
> svsk->sk_odata(sk);
> + }
> +
> /*
> * This callback may called twice when a new connection
> * is established as a child socket inherits everything
> @@ -794,7 +808,12 @@ static void svc_tcp_state_change(struct sock *sk)
> if (!svsk)
> printk("svc: socket %p: no user data\n", sk);
> else {
> + /* this barrier is necessary to prevent kernel crash
> + (due to bad CPU-value) caused by races against
> + svc_setup_socket() while calling sk_ostate() callback. */
> + rmb();
> svsk->sk_ostate(sk);
> +
> if (sk->sk_state != TCP_ESTABLISHED) {
> set_bit(XPT_CLOSE, &svsk->sk_xprt.xpt_flags);
> svc_xprt_enqueue(&svsk->sk_xprt);
> @@ -1381,12 +1400,16 @@ static struct svc_sock *svc_setup_socket(struct svc_serv *serv,
> return ERR_PTR(err);
> }
>
> - inet->sk_user_data = svsk;
> svsk->sk_sock = sock;
> svsk->sk_sk = inet;
> svsk->sk_ostate = inet->sk_state_change;
> svsk->sk_odata = inet->sk_data_ready;
> svsk->sk_owspace = inet->sk_write_space;
> + /* this barrier is necessary in order to prevent race condition
> + with svc_data_ready(), svc_listen_data_ready()
> + and others when calling callbacks above */
> + wmb();
> + inet->sk_user_data = svsk;
>
> /* Initialize the socket */
> if (sock->type == SOCK_DGRAM)

Patch itself looks fine -- nice catch!

The comment format probably ought to be in kernel-standard style though.
What I'd probably do is have this longer comment next to the wmb() call
and then have smaller comments by the rmb() calls referring them to the
longer comment in svc_setup_socket().

Once you fix the comments, you can add:

Reviewed-by: Jeff Layton <jlayton@redhat.com>

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