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SubjectRe: [PATCH V10 2/3] PCI: handle CRS returned by device after FLR
On Fri, Aug 11, 2017 at 12:56:35PM -0400, Sinan Kaya wrote:
> Sporadic reset issues have been observed with Intel 750 NVMe drive while
> assigning the physical function to the guest machine. The sequence of
> events observed is as follows:
> - perform a Function Level Reset (FLR)
> - sleep up to 1000ms total
> - read ~0 from PCI_COMMAND
> - warn that the device didn't return from FLR
> - touch the device before it's ready
> - drop register read and writes performing register settings restore
> - incomplete reset operation and partial register restoration
> - second time device probe fails in the guest machine as HW is left in
> limbo.

Pardon me while I think out loud for a while. It's taking me a while
to untangle my confusion about how CRS works.

Prior to this patch, you saw the "Failed to return from FLR" warning.
That means we did this:

0ms assert FLR
100ms read PCI_COMMAND, get ~0 (i == 0)
200ms read PCI_COMMAND, get ~0 (i == 1)
1000ms read PCI_COMMAND, get ~0 (i == 9)

If we did not get completions for those config reads, the root port
would complete the read as a failed transaction and probably
synthesize ~0 data. But if that were the case, this patch would make
no difference: it reads PCI_VENDOR_ID instead of PCI_COMMAND the first
time around, that would also be a failed transaction, and we wouldn't
interpret it as a CRS status, so the sequence would be exactly the
above except the first read would be of PCI_VENDOR_ID, not

Since this patch *does* make a difference, CRS Software Visibility
must be supported and enabled, and we must have gotten completions
with CRS status for the PCI_COMMAND reads. Per the completion
handling rules in sec 2.3.2, the root complex should transparently
retry the read (since we're not reading PCI_VENDOR_ID, CRS Software
Visibility doesn't apply, so this is invisible to software). But the
root complex *is* allowed to limit the number of retries and if the
limit is reached, complete the request as a failed transaction.

That must be what happened before this patch. If that's the case, we
should see an error logged from the failed transaction. We should be
able to verify this if we collected "lspci -vv" output for the system
before and after the FLR.

If CRS SV is not present (or not enabled), the PCI_VENDOR_ID read will
still get a CRS completion, but the root port will retry it instead of
returning the 0x0001 ID. When we hit the retry limit, the root port
will synthesize ~0 data to complete the read.

That means we won't call pci_bus_wait_crs() at all, and we'll fall
back to the original PCI_COMMAND reads. That path will only wait
1000ms, just like the original code before this patch. So I *think*
that if you disable CRS SV on this system (or if you put the device in
a system that doesn't support CRS SV), you'll probably see the same
"failed to return from FLR" warning.

You could easily test this by using setpci to turn off
PCI_EXP_RTCTL_CRSSVE in the root port leading to the NVMe device
before the FLR.

I think the implication is that we need to generalize
pci_bus_wait_crs() to be more of a "wait for device ready" interface
that can use CRS SV (if supported and enabled) or something like the
PCI_COMMAND loop (if no CRS SV). It should use the same timeout
either way, since CRS SV is a property of the root port, not of the
device we're waiting for.

It's "interesting" that the PCI core error handling code doesn't look
at the Master Abort bit at all, even though it's pretty fundamental to
conventional PCI error reporting. I suspect Master Abort gets set
whenever a root port synthesizes ~0 data, but (with the exception of
some arch code) we never look at it and never clear it.

> An endpoint is allowed to issue Configuration Request Retry Status (CRS)
> following a FLR request to indicate that it is not ready to accept new
> requests. CRS is defined in PCIe r3.1, sec 2.3.1. Request Handling Rules
> and CRS usage in FLR context is mentioned in PCIe r3.1, sec 6.6.2.
> Function-Level Reset.
> A CRS indication will only be given if the address to be read is vendor ID
> register. pci_bus_read_dev_vendor_id() knows how to deal with CRS returned
> 0xFFFF0001 value and will continue polling until a value other than
> 0xFFFF0001 is returned within a given timeout.
> Try to discover device presence via CRS first. If device is not found, fall
> through to old behavior.
> Signed-off-by: Sinan Kaya <>
> ---
> drivers/pci/pci.c | 23 +++++++++++++++++++++--
> 1 file changed, 21 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
> diff --git a/drivers/pci/pci.c b/drivers/pci/pci.c
> index af0cc34..c853551 100644
> --- a/drivers/pci/pci.c
> +++ b/drivers/pci/pci.c
> @@ -3821,17 +3821,36 @@ static void pci_flr_wait(struct pci_dev *dev)
> {
> int i = 0;
> u32 id;
> + bool ret;
> +
> + /*
> + * Don't touch the HW before waiting 100ms. HW has to finish
> + * within 100ms according to PCI Express Base Specification
> + * Revision 3.1 Section 6.6.2: Function-Level Reset (FLR).
> + */
> + msleep(100);
> +
> + if (pci_bus_read_config_dword(dev->bus, dev->devfn, PCI_VENDOR_ID,
> + &id))
> + return;
> +
> + /* See if we can find a device via CRS first. */
> + if ((id & 0xffff) == 0x0001) {
> + ret = pci_bus_wait_crs(dev->bus, dev->devfn, &id, 60000);
> + if (ret)
> + return;
> + }
> do {
> msleep(100);
> pci_read_config_dword(dev, PCI_COMMAND, &id);
> - } while (i++ < 10 && id == ~0);
> + } while (i++ < 9 && id == ~0);
> if (id == ~0)
> dev_warn(&dev->dev, "Failed to return from FLR\n");
> else if (i > 1)
> dev_info(&dev->dev, "Required additional %dms to return from FLR\n",
> - (i - 1) * 100);
> + i * 100);
> }
> /**
> --
> 1.9.1

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