lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2017]   [Aug]   [18]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
Patch in this message
/
From
Subject[PATCH v8 14/28] x86/insn-eval: Add utility functions to get segment descriptor base address and limit
Date
With segmentation, the base address of the segment is needed to compute a
linear address. This base address is obtained from the applicable segment
descriptor. Such segment descriptor is referenced from a segment selector.
The segment selector is stored in the segment register associated with
operands in the instruction being executed or indicated in the instruction
prefixes. Thus, both a structure containing such instruction and its
prefixes as well as the register operand (specified as the offset from the
base of pt_regs) are given as inputs to the new function
insn_get_seg_base() that retrieves the base address indicated in the
segment descriptor.

The logic to obtain the segment selector is wrapped in the function
get_seg_selector() with the inputs described above. Once the selector is
known, the base address is determined. In protected mode, the selector is
used to obtain the segment descriptor and then its base address. In 64-bit
user mode, the segment base address is zero except when FS or GS are used.
In virtual-8086 mode, the base address is computed as the value of the
segment selector shifted 4 positions to the left.

In protected mode, segment limits are enforced. Thus, a function to
determine the limit of the segment is added. Segment limits are not
enforced in long or virtual-8086. For the latter, addresses are limited
to 20 bits; address size will be handled when computing the linear
address.

Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Adam Buchbinder <adam.buchbinder@gmail.com>
Cc: Colin Ian King <colin.king@canonical.com>
Cc: Lorenzo Stoakes <lstoakes@gmail.com>
Cc: Qiaowei Ren <qiaowei.ren@intel.com>
Cc: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@redhat.com>
Cc: Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@kernel.org>
Cc: Adrian Hunter <adrian.hunter@intel.com>
Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
Cc: Thomas Garnier <thgarnie@google.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de>
Cc: Dmitry Vyukov <dvyukov@google.com>
Cc: Ravi V. Shankar <ravi.v.shankar@intel.com>
Cc: x86@kernel.org
Signed-off-by: Ricardo Neri <ricardo.neri-calderon@linux.intel.com>
---
arch/x86/include/asm/insn-eval.h | 2 +
arch/x86/lib/insn-eval.c | 127 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
2 files changed, 129 insertions(+)

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/insn-eval.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/insn-eval.h
index 7e8c9633a377..7f3c7fe72cd0 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/insn-eval.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/insn-eval.h
@@ -13,5 +13,7 @@

void __user *insn_get_addr_ref(struct insn *insn, struct pt_regs *regs);
int insn_get_modrm_rm_off(struct insn *insn, struct pt_regs *regs);
+unsigned long insn_get_seg_base(struct pt_regs *regs, struct insn *insn,
+ int regoff);

#endif /* _ASM_X86_INSN_EVAL_H */
diff --git a/arch/x86/lib/insn-eval.c b/arch/x86/lib/insn-eval.c
index 9cf2c49afc15..2c5e7081957d 100644
--- a/arch/x86/lib/insn-eval.c
+++ b/arch/x86/lib/insn-eval.c
@@ -457,6 +457,133 @@ static struct desc_struct *get_desc(unsigned short sel)
}

/**
+ * insn_get_seg_base() - Obtain base address of segment descriptor.
+ * @regs: Structure with register values as seen when entering kernel mode
+ * @insn: Instruction structure with selector override prefixes
+ * @regoff: Operand offset, in pt_regs, of which the selector is needed
+ *
+ * Obtain the base address of the segment descriptor as indicated by either
+ * any segment override prefixes contained in insn or the default segment
+ * applicable to the register indicated by regoff. regoff is specified as the
+ * offset in bytes from the base of pt_regs.
+ *
+ * Return: In protected mode, base address of the segment. Zero in long mode,
+ * except when FS or GS are used. In virtual-8086 mode, the segment
+ * selector shifted 4 positions to the right. -1L in case of
+ * error.
+ */
+unsigned long insn_get_seg_base(struct pt_regs *regs, struct insn *insn,
+ int regoff)
+{
+ struct desc_struct *desc;
+ int seg_reg;
+ short sel;
+
+ seg_reg = resolve_seg_register(insn, regs, regoff);
+ if (seg_reg < 0)
+ return -1L;
+
+ sel = get_segment_selector(regs, seg_reg);
+ if (sel < 0)
+ return -1L;
+
+ if (v8086_mode(regs))
+ /*
+ * Base is simply the segment selector shifted 4
+ * positions to the right.
+ */
+ return (unsigned long)(sel << 4);
+
+ if (user_64bit_mode(regs)) {
+ /*
+ * Only FS or GS will have a base address, the rest of
+ * the segments' bases are forced to 0.
+ */
+ unsigned long base;
+
+ if (seg_reg == INAT_SEG_REG_FS)
+ rdmsrl(MSR_FS_BASE, base);
+ else if (seg_reg == INAT_SEG_REG_GS)
+ /*
+ * swapgs was called at the kernel entry point. Thus,
+ * MSR_KERNEL_GS_BASE will have the user-space GS base.
+ */
+ rdmsrl(MSR_KERNEL_GS_BASE, base);
+ else if (seg_reg != INAT_SEG_REG_IGNORE)
+ /* We should ignore the rest of segment registers. */
+ base = -1L;
+ else
+ base = 0;
+ return base;
+ }
+
+ /* In protected mode the segment selector cannot be null. */
+ if (!sel)
+ return -1L;
+
+ desc = get_desc(sel);
+ if (!desc)
+ return -1L;
+
+ return get_desc_base(desc);
+}
+
+/**
+ * get_seg_limit() - Obtain the limit of a segment descriptor
+ * @regs: Structure with register values as seen when entering kernel mode
+ * @insn: Instruction structure with selector override prefixes
+ * @regoff: Operand offset, in pt_regs, of which the selector is needed
+ *
+ * Obtain the limit of the segment descriptor. The segment selector is obtained
+ * from the relevant segment register determined by inspecting any segment
+ * override prefixes or the default segment register associated with regoff.
+ * regoff is specified as the offset in bytes from the base * of pt_regs.
+ *
+ * Return: In protected mode, the limit of the segment descriptor in bytes.
+ * In long mode and virtual-8086 mode, segment limits are not enforced. Thus,
+ * limit is returned as -1L to imply a limit-less segment. Zero is returned on
+ * error.
+ */
+static unsigned long get_seg_limit(struct pt_regs *regs, struct insn *insn,
+ int regoff)
+{
+ struct desc_struct *desc;
+ unsigned long limit;
+ int seg_reg;
+ short sel;
+
+ seg_reg = resolve_seg_register(insn, regs, regoff);
+ if (seg_reg < 0)
+ return 0;
+
+ sel = get_segment_selector(regs, seg_reg);
+ if (sel < 0)
+ return 0;
+
+ if (user_64bit_mode(regs) || v8086_mode(regs))
+ return -1L;
+
+ if (!sel)
+ return 0;
+
+ desc = get_desc(sel);
+ if (!desc)
+ return 0;
+
+ /*
+ * If the granularity bit is set, the limit is given in multiples
+ * of 4096. This also means that the 12 least significant bits are
+ * not tested when checking the segment limits. In practice,
+ * this means that the segment ends in (limit << 12) + 0xfff.
+ */
+ limit = get_desc_limit(desc);
+ if (desc->g)
+ limit = (limit << 12) + 0xfff;
+
+ return limit;
+}
+
+/**
* insn_get_modrm_rm_off() - Obtain register in r/m part of ModRM byte
* @insn: Instruction structure containing the ModRM byte
* @regs: Structure with register values as seen when entering kernel mode
--
2.13.0
\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2017-08-19 02:34    [W:0.210 / U:9.492 seconds]
©2003-2018 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site