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Subject[PATCH 4.12 39/65] firmware: fix batched requests - send wake up on failure on direct lookups
Date
4.12-stable review patch.  If anyone has any objections, please let me know.

------------------

From: Luis R. Rodriguez <mcgrof@kernel.org>

commit 90d41e74a9c36a84e2efbd2a5b8d79299feee6fa upstream.

Fix batched requests from waiting forever on failure.

The firmware API batched requests feature has been broken since the API call
request_firmware_direct() was introduced on commit bba3a87e982ad ("firmware:
Introduce request_firmware_direct()"), added on v3.14 *iff* the firmware
being requested was not present in *certain kernel builds* [0].

When no firmware is found the worker which goes on to finish never informs
waiters queued up of this, so any batched request will stall in what seems
to be forever (MAX_SCHEDULE_TIMEOUT). Sadly, a reboot will also stall, as
the reboot notifier was only designed to kill custom fallback workers. The
issue seems to the user as a type of soft lockup, what *actually* happens
underneath the hood is a wait call which never completes as we failed to
issue a completion on error.

For device drivers with optional firmware schemes (ie, Intel iwlwifi, or
Netronome -- even though it uses request_firmware() and not
request_firmware_direct()), this could mean that when you boot a system with
multiple cards the firmware will seem to never load on the system, or that
the card is just not responsive even the driver initialization. Due to
differences in scheduling possible this should not always trigger --
one would need to to ensure that multiple requests are in place at the
right time for this to work, also release_firmware() must not be called
prior to any other incoming request. The complexity may not be worth
supporting batched requests in the future given the wait mechanism is
only used also for the fallback mechanism. We'll keep it for now and
just fix it.

Its reported that at least with the Intel WiFi cards on one system this
issue was creeping up 50% of the boots [0].

Before this commit batched requests testing revealed:
============================================================================
CONFIG_FW_LOADER_USER_HELPER_FALLBACK=n
CONFIG_FW_LOADER_USER_HELPER=y

Most common Linux distribution setup.

API-type no-firmware-found firmware-found
----------------------------------------------------------------------
request_firmware() FAIL OK
request_firmware_direct() FAIL OK
request_firmware_nowait(uevent=true) FAIL OK
request_firmware_nowait(uevent=false) FAIL OK
============================================================================
CONFIG_FW_LOADER_USER_HELPER_FALLBACK=n
CONFIG_FW_LOADER_USER_HELPER=n

Only possible if CONFIG_DELL_RBU=n and CONFIG_LEDS_LP55XX_COMMON=n, rare.

API-type no-firmware-found firmware-found
----------------------------------------------------------------------
request_firmware() FAIL OK
request_firmware_direct() FAIL OK
request_firmware_nowait(uevent=true) FAIL OK
request_firmware_nowait(uevent=false) FAIL OK
============================================================================
CONFIG_FW_LOADER_USER_HELPER_FALLBACK=y
CONFIG_FW_LOADER_USER_HELPER=y

Google Android setup.

API-type no-firmware-found firmware-found
----------------------------------------------------------------------
request_firmware() OK OK
request_firmware_direct() FAIL OK
request_firmware_nowait(uevent=true) OK OK
request_firmware_nowait(uevent=false) OK OK
============================================================================

Ater this commit batched testing results:
============================================================================
CONFIG_FW_LOADER_USER_HELPER_FALLBACK=n
CONFIG_FW_LOADER_USER_HELPER=y

Most common Linux distribution setup.

API-type no-firmware-found firmware-found
----------------------------------------------------------------------
request_firmware() OK OK
request_firmware_direct() OK OK
request_firmware_nowait(uevent=true) OK OK
request_firmware_nowait(uevent=false) OK OK
============================================================================
CONFIG_FW_LOADER_USER_HELPER_FALLBACK=n
CONFIG_FW_LOADER_USER_HELPER=n

Only possible if CONFIG_DELL_RBU=n and CONFIG_LEDS_LP55XX_COMMON=n, rare.

API-type no-firmware-found firmware-found
----------------------------------------------------------------------
request_firmware() OK OK
request_firmware_direct() OK OK
request_firmware_nowait(uevent=true) OK OK
request_firmware_nowait(uevent=false) OK OK
============================================================================
CONFIG_FW_LOADER_USER_HELPER_FALLBACK=y
CONFIG_FW_LOADER_USER_HELPER=y

Google Android setup.

API-type no-firmware-found firmware-found
----------------------------------------------------------------------
request_firmware() OK OK
request_firmware_direct() OK OK
request_firmware_nowait(uevent=true) OK OK
request_firmware_nowait(uevent=false) OK OK
============================================================================

[0] https://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=195477

Fixes: bba3a87e982ad ("firmware: Introduce request_firmware_direct()"
Reported-by: Nicolas <nbroeking@me.com>
Reported-by: John Ewalt <jewalt@lgsinnovations.com>
Reported-by: Jakub Kicinski <jakub.kicinski@netronome.com>
Signed-off-by: Luis R. Rodriguez <mcgrof@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>

---
drivers/base/firmware_class.c | 38 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--------
1 file changed, 30 insertions(+), 8 deletions(-)

--- a/drivers/base/firmware_class.c
+++ b/drivers/base/firmware_class.c
@@ -153,28 +153,27 @@ static void __fw_state_set(struct fw_sta
__fw_state_set(fw_st, FW_STATUS_LOADING)
#define fw_state_done(fw_st) \
__fw_state_set(fw_st, FW_STATUS_DONE)
+#define fw_state_aborted(fw_st) \
+ __fw_state_set(fw_st, FW_STATUS_ABORTED)
#define fw_state_wait(fw_st) \
__fw_state_wait_common(fw_st, MAX_SCHEDULE_TIMEOUT)

-#ifndef CONFIG_FW_LOADER_USER_HELPER
-
-#define fw_state_is_aborted(fw_st) false
-
-#else /* CONFIG_FW_LOADER_USER_HELPER */
-
static int __fw_state_check(struct fw_state *fw_st, enum fw_status status)
{
return fw_st->status == status;
}

+#define fw_state_is_aborted(fw_st) \
+ __fw_state_check(fw_st, FW_STATUS_ABORTED)
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_FW_LOADER_USER_HELPER
+
#define fw_state_aborted(fw_st) \
__fw_state_set(fw_st, FW_STATUS_ABORTED)
#define fw_state_is_done(fw_st) \
__fw_state_check(fw_st, FW_STATUS_DONE)
#define fw_state_is_loading(fw_st) \
__fw_state_check(fw_st, FW_STATUS_LOADING)
-#define fw_state_is_aborted(fw_st) \
- __fw_state_check(fw_st, FW_STATUS_ABORTED)
#define fw_state_wait_timeout(fw_st, timeout) \
__fw_state_wait_common(fw_st, timeout)

@@ -1161,6 +1160,28 @@ static int assign_firmware_buf(struct fi
return 0;
}

+/*
+ * Batched requests need only one wake, we need to do this step last due to the
+ * fallback mechanism. The buf is protected with kref_get(), and it won't be
+ * released until the last user calls release_firmware().
+ *
+ * Failed batched requests are possible as well, in such cases we just share
+ * the struct firmware_buf and won't release it until all requests are woken
+ * and have gone through this same path.
+ */
+static void fw_abort_batch_reqs(struct firmware *fw)
+{
+ struct firmware_buf *buf;
+
+ /* Loaded directly? */
+ if (!fw || !fw->priv)
+ return;
+
+ buf = fw->priv;
+ if (!fw_state_is_aborted(&buf->fw_st))
+ fw_state_aborted(&buf->fw_st);
+}
+
/* called from request_firmware() and request_firmware_work_func() */
static int
_request_firmware(const struct firmware **firmware_p, const char *name,
@@ -1222,6 +1243,7 @@ _request_firmware(const struct firmware

out:
if (ret < 0) {
+ fw_abort_batch_reqs(fw);
release_firmware(fw);
fw = NULL;
}

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