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Subject[PATCH 2/2] sched/wait: Introduce lock breaker in wake_up_page_bit
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Now that we have added breaks in the wait queue scan and allow bookmark
on scan position, we put this logic in the wake_up_page_bit function.

We can have very long page wait list in large system where multiple
pages share the same wait list. We break the wake up walk here to allow
other cpus a chance to access the list, and not to disable the interrupts
when traversing the list for too long. This reduces the interrupt and
rescheduling latency, and excessive page wait queue lock hold time.

We have to add logic to detect any new arrivals to appropriately clear
the wait bit on the page only when there are no new waiters for a page.
The break in wait list walk open windows for new arrivals for a page
on the wait list during the wake ups. They could be added at the head
or tail of the wait queue depending on whether they are exclusive in
prepare_to_wait_event. So we can't clear the PageWaiters flag if there
are new arrivals during the wake up process. Otherwise we will skip
the wake_up_page when there are still entries to be woken up.

Signed-off-by: Tim Chen <tim.c.chen@linux.intel.com>
---
include/linux/wait.h | 7 +++++++
kernel/sched/wait.c | 7 +++++++
mm/filemap.c | 36 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--
3 files changed, 48 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/wait.h b/include/linux/wait.h
index 588a5d2..b4de5fa 100644
--- a/include/linux/wait.h
+++ b/include/linux/wait.h
@@ -19,6 +19,7 @@ int default_wake_function(struct wait_queue_entry *wq_entry, unsigned mode, int
#define WQ_FLAG_EXCLUSIVE 0x01
#define WQ_FLAG_WOKEN 0x02
#define WQ_FLAG_BOOKMARK 0x04
+#define WQ_FLAG_ARRIVALS 0x08

/*
* Scan threshold to break wait queue walk.
@@ -39,6 +40,8 @@ struct wait_queue_entry {

struct wait_queue_head {
spinlock_t lock;
+ unsigned int waker;
+ unsigned int flags;
struct list_head head;
};
typedef struct wait_queue_head wait_queue_head_t;
@@ -59,6 +62,8 @@ struct task_struct;

#define __WAIT_QUEUE_HEAD_INITIALIZER(name) { \
.lock = __SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED(name.lock), \
+ .waker = 0, \
+ .flags = 0, \
.head = { &(name).head, &(name).head } }

#define DECLARE_WAIT_QUEUE_HEAD(name) \
@@ -192,6 +197,8 @@ __remove_wait_queue(struct wait_queue_head *wq_head, struct wait_queue_entry *wq

void __wake_up(struct wait_queue_head *wq_head, unsigned int mode, int nr, void *key);
void __wake_up_locked_key(struct wait_queue_head *wq_head, unsigned int mode, void *key);
+void __wake_up_locked_key_bookmark(struct wait_queue_head *wq_head,
+ unsigned int mode, void *key, wait_queue_entry_t *bookmark);
void __wake_up_sync_key(struct wait_queue_head *wq_head, unsigned int mode, int nr, void *key);
void __wake_up_locked(struct wait_queue_head *wq_head, unsigned int mode, int nr);
void __wake_up_sync(struct wait_queue_head *wq_head, unsigned int mode, int nr);
diff --git a/kernel/sched/wait.c b/kernel/sched/wait.c
index d02e6c6..c665b70 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/wait.c
+++ b/kernel/sched/wait.c
@@ -156,6 +156,13 @@ void __wake_up_locked_key(struct wait_queue_head *wq_head, unsigned int mode, vo
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__wake_up_locked_key);

+void __wake_up_locked_key_bookmark(struct wait_queue_head *wq_head,
+ unsigned int mode, void *key, wait_queue_entry_t *bookmark)
+{
+ __wake_up_common(wq_head, mode, 1, 0, key, bookmark);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__wake_up_locked_key_bookmark);
+
/**
* __wake_up_sync_key - wake up threads blocked on a waitqueue.
* @wq_head: the waitqueue
diff --git a/mm/filemap.c b/mm/filemap.c
index a497024..a600981 100644
--- a/mm/filemap.c
+++ b/mm/filemap.c
@@ -920,13 +920,41 @@ static void wake_up_page_bit(struct page *page, int bit_nr)
wait_queue_head_t *q = page_waitqueue(page);
struct wait_page_key key;
unsigned long flags;
+ wait_queue_entry_t bookmark;

key.page = page;
key.bit_nr = bit_nr;
key.page_match = 0;

+ bookmark.flags = 0;
+ bookmark.private = NULL;
+ bookmark.func = bookmark_wake_function;
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&bookmark.entry);
+
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&q->lock, flags);
+ /* q->flags will be set to WQ_FLAG_ARRIVALS if items added to wait queue */
+ if (!q->waker)
+ q->flags &= ~WQ_FLAG_ARRIVALS;
+ ++ q->waker;
+ __wake_up_locked_key_bookmark(q, TASK_NORMAL, &key, &bookmark);
+ if (!(bookmark.flags & WQ_FLAG_BOOKMARK))
+ goto finish;
+ /*
+ * Take a breather from holding the lock,
+ * allow pages that finish wake up asynchronously
+ * to acquire the lock and remove themselves
+ * from wait queue
+ */
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&q->lock, flags);
+
+again:
spin_lock_irqsave(&q->lock, flags);
- __wake_up_locked_key(q, TASK_NORMAL, &key);
+ __wake_up_locked_key_bookmark(q, TASK_NORMAL, &key, &bookmark);
+ if (bookmark.flags & WQ_FLAG_BOOKMARK) {
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&q->lock, flags);
+ goto again;
+ }
+finish:
/*
* It is possible for other pages to have collided on the waitqueue
* hash, so in that case check for a page match. That prevents a long-
@@ -936,7 +964,8 @@ static void wake_up_page_bit(struct page *page, int bit_nr)
* and removed them from the waitqueue, but there are still other
* page waiters.
*/
- if (!waitqueue_active(q) || !key.page_match) {
+ if (!waitqueue_active(q) ||
+ (!key.page_match && (q->waker == 1) && !(q->flags & WQ_FLAG_ARRIVALS))) {
ClearPageWaiters(page);
/*
* It's possible to miss clearing Waiters here, when we woke
@@ -946,6 +975,7 @@ static void wake_up_page_bit(struct page *page, int bit_nr)
* That's okay, it's a rare case. The next waker will clear it.
*/
}
+ -- q->waker;
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&q->lock, flags);
}

@@ -976,6 +1006,7 @@ static inline int wait_on_page_bit_common(wait_queue_head_t *q,
__add_wait_queue_entry_tail_exclusive(q, wait);
else
__add_wait_queue(q, wait);
+ q->flags = WQ_FLAG_ARRIVALS;
SetPageWaiters(page);
}

@@ -1041,6 +1072,7 @@ void add_page_wait_queue(struct page *page, wait_queue_entry_t *waiter)
spin_lock_irqsave(&q->lock, flags);
__add_wait_queue(q, waiter);
SetPageWaiters(page);
+ q->flags = WQ_FLAG_ARRIVALS;
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&q->lock, flags);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(add_page_wait_queue);
--
2.9.4
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