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SubjectRe: [PATCH v5 3/3] KVM: nVMX: Emulate EPTP switching for the L1 hypervisor
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On 31.07.2017 21:32, Bandan Das wrote:
> Hi David,
>
> David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com> writes:
>
>>> +static inline bool nested_cpu_has_eptp_switching(struct vmcs12 *vmcs12)
>>> +{
>>> + return nested_cpu_has_vmfunc(vmcs12) &&
>>> + (vmcs12->vm_function_control &
>>> + VMX_VMFUNC_EPTP_SWITCHING);
>>> +}
>>> +
>>> static inline bool is_nmi(u32 intr_info)
>>> {
>>> return (intr_info & (INTR_INFO_INTR_TYPE_MASK | INTR_INFO_VALID_MASK))
>>> @@ -2791,7 +2800,12 @@ static void nested_vmx_setup_ctls_msrs(struct vcpu_vmx *vmx)
>>> if (cpu_has_vmx_vmfunc()) {
>>> vmx->nested.nested_vmx_secondary_ctls_high |=
>>> SECONDARY_EXEC_ENABLE_VMFUNC;
>>> - vmx->nested.nested_vmx_vmfunc_controls = 0;
>>> + /*
>>> + * Advertise EPTP switching unconditionally
>>> + * since we emulate it
>>> + */
>>> + vmx->nested.nested_vmx_vmfunc_controls =
>>> + VMX_VMFUNC_EPTP_SWITCHING;
>>
>> Should this only be advertised, if enable_ept is set (if the guest also
>> sees/can use SECONDARY_EXEC_ENABLE_EPT)?
>
> This represents the function control MSR, which on the hardware is
> a RO value. The checks for enable_ept and such are somewhere else.

This is the

if (!nested_cpu_has_eptp_switching(vmcs12) ||
!nested_cpu_has_ept(vmcs12))
return 1;

check then, I assume. Makes sense.

>
>>> }
>>>
>>> /*
>>> @@ -7767,6 +7781,85 @@ static int handle_preemption_timer(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
>>> return 1;
>>> }
>>>
>>> +static bool check_ept_address_valid(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u64 address)
>>
>> check_..._valid -> valid_ept_address() ?
>
> I think either of the names is fine and I would prefer not
> to respin unless you feel really strongly about it :)

Sure, if you have to respin, you can fix this up.

>
>>
>>> +{
>>> + struct vcpu_vmx *vmx = to_vmx(vcpu);
>>> + u64 mask = VMX_EPT_RWX_MASK;
>>> + int maxphyaddr = cpuid_maxphyaddr(vcpu);
>>> + struct kvm_mmu *mmu = vcpu->arch.walk_mmu;
>>> +
>>> + /* Check for execute_only validity */
>>> + if ((address & mask) == VMX_EPT_EXECUTABLE_MASK) {
>>> + if (!(vmx->nested.nested_vmx_ept_caps &
>>> + VMX_EPT_EXECUTE_ONLY_BIT))
>>> + return false;
>>> + }
>>> +
>>> + /* Bits 5:3 must be 3 */
>>> + if (((address >> VMX_EPT_GAW_EPTP_SHIFT) & 0x7) != VMX_EPT_DEFAULT_GAW)
>>> + return false;
>>> +
>>> + /* Reserved bits should not be set */
>>> + if (address >> maxphyaddr || ((address >> 7) & 0x1f))
>>> + return false;
>>> +
>>> + /* AD, if set, should be supported */
>>> + if ((address & VMX_EPT_AD_ENABLE_BIT)) {
>>> + if (!enable_ept_ad_bits)
>>> + return false;
>>> + mmu->ept_ad = true;
>>> + } else
>>> + mmu->ept_ad = false;
>>
>> I wouldn't expect a "check" function to modify the mmu. Can you move
>> modifying the mmu outside of this function (leaving the
>> enable_ept_ad_bits check in place)? (and maybe even set mmu->ept_ad
>> _after_ the kvm_mmu_unload(vcpu)?, just when setting vmcs12->ept_pointer?)
>>
>
> Well, the correct thing to do is have a wrapper around it in mmu.c
> without directly calling here and also call this function before
> nested_mmu is initialized. I am working on a separate patch for this btw.

Sounds good. Also thought that encapsulating this might be a good option.

> It seems to me setting mmu->ept_ad after kvm_mmu_unload is unnecessary
> since it's already being set only if everything else succeeds.
> kvm_mmu_unload() isn't affected by the setting of this flag if I understand
> correctly.

It looks at least cleaner to set everything up after the unload has
happened (and could avoid future bugs, if that unload would every rely
on that setting!). + we can reuse that function more easily (e.g. vm entry).

But that's just my personal opinion. Feel free to ignore.
>
>>> +
>>> + return true;
>>> +}
>>> +
>>> +static int nested_vmx_eptp_switching(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
>>> + struct vmcs12 *vmcs12)
>>> +{
>>> + u32 index = vcpu->arch.regs[VCPU_REGS_RCX];
>>> + u64 *l1_eptp_list, address;
>>> + struct page *page;
>>> +
>>> + if (!nested_cpu_has_eptp_switching(vmcs12) ||
>>> + !nested_cpu_has_ept(vmcs12))
>>> + return 1;
>>> +
>>> + if (index >= VMFUNC_EPTP_ENTRIES)
>>> + return 1;
>>> +
>>> + page = nested_get_page(vcpu, vmcs12->eptp_list_address);
>>> + if (!page)
>>> + return 1;
>>> +
>>> + l1_eptp_list = kmap(page);
>>> + address = l1_eptp_list[index];
>>> +
>>> + /*
>>> + * If the (L2) guest does a vmfunc to the currently
>>> + * active ept pointer, we don't have to do anything else
>>> + */
>>> + if (vmcs12->ept_pointer != address) {
>>> + if (!check_ept_address_valid(vcpu, address)) {
>>> + kunmap(page);
>>> + nested_release_page_clean(page);
>>> + return 1;
>>> + }
>>> + kvm_mmu_unload(vcpu);
>>> + vmcs12->ept_pointer = address;
>>> + /*
>>> + * TODO: Check what's the correct approach in case
>>> + * mmu reload fails. Currently, we just let the next
>>> + * reload potentially fail
>>> + */
>>> + kvm_mmu_reload(vcpu);
>>
>> So, what actually happens if this generates a tripple fault? I guess we
>> will kill the (nested) hypervisor?
>
> Yes. Not sure what's the right thing to do is though...

Wonder what happens on real hardware.

--

Thanks,

David

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