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SubjectRe: [PATCH v16 2/7] power: add power sequence library
On Fri, Jul 07, 2017 at 03:03:06PM +0200, Rafael J. Wysocki wrote:
> On Friday, July 07, 2017 04:01:07 PM Peter Chen wrote:
> > On Fri, Jul 07, 2017 at 03:13:48AM +0200, Rafael J. Wysocki wrote:
> > > >
> > > > - Can I write new code for it or I need to depend on something?
> > >
> > > There is nothing this code needs to depend on AFAICS, but there are existing
> > > solutions in this problem space (ACPI power management, genpd), so it needs to
> > > be careful enough about possible overlaps etc.
> > >
> > > > I find there is already "power state" concept at documentation.
> > > > Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-devices-power_state
> > >
> > > This is ACPI-specific and only in sysfs directories representing ACPI device
> > > objects (which aren't physical devices).
> > >
> > > Anyway, since ACPI covers the problem space you are working in already,
> > > your code has to be mutually exclusive with it.
> > >
> > > > - If I can write the new code for it, except the problems I want
> > > > to fix, are there any other use cases I need to consider?
> > >
> > > I would start simple and focus on the particular problem at hand, that is
> > > devices with two power states ("on" and "off") where the "on" state
> > > depends on a number of clocks and/or GPIOs. Still, I'd also avoid making
> > > design choices that might prevent it from being extended in the future
> > > if need be.
> > >
> > > One major problem I can see is how to "attach" the power states framework
> > > to a particular device (once we have discovered that it should be used with
> > > that device).
> > >
> > > For bus types that don't do power management of their own you could follow
> > > ACPI (and genpd) and provide a PM domain for this purpose, but bus types
> > > doing their own PM (like USB) will probably need to be treated differently.
> > > In those cases the bus type code will have to know that it should call some
> > > helpers to switch power states of devices.
> > >
> >
> > After thinking more, using a power state framework is seems too heavy
> > for this use case. This use case is just do some clock and gpio
> > operations before device is created, and do some put operations
> > after device is deleted. We just need some helpers in one structure
> > (called "power sequence" or "power state") for this purpose.
> >
> > For the use case, the clock and gpio operation can be done after device
> > is created, the power domain is more suitable.
>
> There is a problem with PM domains that they only provide hooks for runtime PM
> and system suspend/resume (including hibernation) and not for generic
> "power up" and "power down" operations that may need to be carried out at
> probe time before the runtime PM framework can be used (and analogously
> at remove time).
>
> I would consider starting with the patch below or similar.
>
> Then you can define something like POWER_STATE_SEQUENCE type for your
> case and basically use almost what you have already with it, except that
> struct pwrsec_generic will now become struct power_state_sequence and
> struct power_state_info will be embedded in it instead of struct pwrsec.
>
> The major comceptual difference is that ->power_up and ->power_down are
> now available at the level of the device that needs the power sequence and
> pm_device_power_up/down() can be used wherever necessary (in the code,
> in a bus type, in a controller driver or even in the driver for this particular
> device).

Rafeal, thanks for your patch.

The biggest problem for my use case is the device is still not created.
How can I call pm_device_power_up(dev)?

Peter
>
> Most likely you will need a PM domain in addition to that, but mostly to avoid
> code duplication.
>
> And in the future other types of power state definitions may be hooked up
> to that, including ACPI etc.
>
>
> Signed-off-by: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com>
> ---
> drivers/base/power/common.c | 35 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> include/linux/pm.h | 33 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> 2 files changed, 68 insertions(+)
>
> Index: linux-pm/include/linux/pm.h
> ===================================================================
> --- linux-pm.orig/include/linux/pm.h
> +++ linux-pm/include/linux/pm.h
> @@ -550,6 +550,30 @@ struct pm_subsys_data {
> #endif
> };
>
> +enum power_state_type {
> + POWER_STATE_GENERIC = 0,
> +};
> +
> +/**
> + * struct power_state_info - information related to device power states.
> + *
> + * @type: Power states definition type.
> + * @power_up: Device power up method.
> + * @power_down: Device power down method.
> + *
> + * @power_up is expected to put the device into a power state in which it can
> + * be operated by software (it doesn't have to be the full power state in
> + * principle as long as the device will respond to all software accesses in
> + * this state) and @power_down is expected to put the device into the lowest
> + * power state the device can be put into given all of the applicable
> + * constraints and limitations (it may not mean completely off).
> + */
> +struct power_state_info {
> + enum power_state_type type;
> + int (*power_up)(struct device *dev);
> + int (*power_down)(struct device *dev);
> +};
> +
> struct dev_pm_info {
> pm_message_t power_state;
> unsigned int can_wakeup:1;
> @@ -600,6 +624,7 @@ struct dev_pm_info {
> unsigned long active_jiffies;
> unsigned long suspended_jiffies;
> unsigned long accounting_timestamp;
> + struct power_state_info *state;
> #endif
> struct pm_subsys_data *subsys_data; /* Owned by the subsystem. */
> void (*set_latency_tolerance)(struct device *, s32);
> @@ -610,6 +635,14 @@ extern void update_pm_runtime_accounting
> extern int dev_pm_get_subsys_data(struct device *dev);
> extern void dev_pm_put_subsys_data(struct device *dev);
>
> +#ifdef CONFIG_PM
> +extern int pm_device_power_up(struct device *dev);
> +extern int pm_device_power_down(struct device *dev);
> +#else
> +static inline int pm_device_power_up(struct device *dev) { return 0; }
> +static inline int pm_device_power_down(struct device *dev) { return 0; }
> +#endif /* CONFIG_PM */
> +
> /**
> * struct dev_pm_domain - power management domain representation.
> *
> Index: linux-pm/drivers/base/power/common.c
> ===================================================================
> --- linux-pm.orig/drivers/base/power/common.c
> +++ linux-pm/drivers/base/power/common.c
> @@ -152,3 +152,38 @@ void dev_pm_domain_set(struct device *de
> device_pm_check_callbacks(dev);
> }
> EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(dev_pm_domain_set);
> +
> +/**
> + * pm_device_power_up - Power up a device using the power states framework.
> + * @dev: Device to power up.
> + *
> + * Put the device into a power state in which it will respond to all software
> + * accesses (that may not mean maximum power) using the callback provided
> + * through the device power state framework, if present.
> + */
> +int pm_device_power_up(struct device *dev)
> +{
> + if (dev->power.state && dev->power.state->power_up)
> + return dev->power.state->power_up(dev);
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(pm_device_power_up);
> +
> +/**
> + * pm_device_power_down - Power down a device using the power states framework.
> + * @dev: Device to power down.
> + *
> + * Put the device into the lowest power state it can be put into given the
> + * applicable constraints and limitations (that may not mean maximum power)
> + * using the callback provided through the device power state framework, if
> + * present.
> + */
> +int pm_device_power_down(struct device *dev)
> +{
> + if (dev->power.state && dev->power.state->power_down)
> + return dev->power.state->power_down(dev);
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(pm_device_power_down);
>

--

Best Regards,
Peter Chen

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