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SubjectRe: [RFC PATCH v2 16/38] KVM: arm64: Support to inject exceptions to the virtual EL2
On Tue, Jul 18, 2017 at 11:58:42AM -0500, Jintack Lim wrote:

The subject should be changed to
"KVM: arm64: Support injecting exceptions to virtual EL2"

> Support inject synchronous exceptions to the virtual EL2 as

injecting

> described in ARM ARM AArch64.TakeException().
>
> This can be easily extended to support to inject asynchronous exceptions
> to the virtual EL2, but it will be added in a later patch when appropriate.
>
> Signed-off-by: Jintack Lim <jintack.lim@linaro.org>
> ---
> arch/arm/include/asm/kvm_emulate.h | 7 +++
> arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_emulate.h | 2 +
> arch/arm64/kvm/Makefile | 1 +
> arch/arm64/kvm/emulate-nested.c | 83 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> arch/arm64/kvm/trace.h | 20 +++++++++
> 5 files changed, 113 insertions(+)
> create mode 100644 arch/arm64/kvm/emulate-nested.c
>
> diff --git a/arch/arm/include/asm/kvm_emulate.h b/arch/arm/include/asm/kvm_emulate.h
> index 0a03b7d..29a4dec 100644
> --- a/arch/arm/include/asm/kvm_emulate.h
> +++ b/arch/arm/include/asm/kvm_emulate.h
> @@ -47,6 +47,13 @@ static inline void vcpu_set_reg(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u8 reg_num,
> void kvm_inject_dabt(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, unsigned long addr);
> void kvm_inject_pabt(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, unsigned long addr);
>
> +static inline int kvm_inject_nested_sync(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u64 esr_el2)
> +{
> + kvm_err("Unexpected call to %s for the non-nesting configuration\n",
> + __func__);
> + return -EINVAL;
> +}
> +
> static inline void kvm_arm_setup_shadow_state(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu) { };
> static inline void kvm_arm_restore_shadow_state(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu) { };
> static inline void kvm_arm_init_cpu_context(kvm_cpu_context_t *cpu_ctxt) { };
> diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_emulate.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_emulate.h
> index 94f98cc..3017234 100644
> --- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_emulate.h
> +++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_emulate.h
> @@ -54,6 +54,8 @@ enum exception_type {
> void kvm_inject_dabt(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, unsigned long addr);
> void kvm_inject_pabt(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, unsigned long addr);
>
> +int kvm_inject_nested_sync(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u64 esr_el2);
> +
> void kvm_arm_setup_shadow_state(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
> void kvm_arm_restore_shadow_state(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
> void kvm_arm_init_cpu_context(kvm_cpu_context_t *cpu_ctxt);
> diff --git a/arch/arm64/kvm/Makefile b/arch/arm64/kvm/Makefile
> index 5762337..0263ef0 100644
> --- a/arch/arm64/kvm/Makefile
> +++ b/arch/arm64/kvm/Makefile
> @@ -37,3 +37,4 @@ kvm-$(CONFIG_KVM_ARM_HOST) += $(KVM)/arm/arch_timer.o
> kvm-$(CONFIG_KVM_ARM_PMU) += $(KVM)/arm/pmu.o
>
> kvm-$(CONFIG_KVM_ARM_HOST) += nested.o
> +kvm-$(CONFIG_KVM_ARM_HOST) += emulate-nested.o
> diff --git a/arch/arm64/kvm/emulate-nested.c b/arch/arm64/kvm/emulate-nested.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000..48b84cc
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/arch/arm64/kvm/emulate-nested.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,83 @@
> +/*
> + * Copyright (C) 2016 - Linaro and Columbia University
> + * Author: Jintack Lim <jintack.lim@linaro.org>
> + *
> + * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
> + * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
> + * published by the Free Software Foundation.
> + *
> + * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
> + * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
> + * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
> + * GNU General Public License for more details.
> + *
> + * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
> + * along with this program. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
> + */
> +
> +#include <linux/kvm.h>
> +#include <linux/kvm_host.h>
> +
> +#include <asm/kvm_emulate.h>
> +
> +#include "trace.h"
> +
> +/* This is borrowed from get_except_vector in inject_fault.c */

not sure about the value of this comment. Is there room for code reuse
or is it just different?

> +static u64 get_el2_except_vector(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
> + enum exception_type type)
> +{
> + u64 exc_offset;
> +
> + switch (*vcpu_cpsr(vcpu) & (PSR_MODE_MASK | PSR_MODE32_BIT)) {
> + case PSR_MODE_EL2t:
> + exc_offset = CURRENT_EL_SP_EL0_VECTOR;
> + break;
> + case PSR_MODE_EL2h:
> + exc_offset = CURRENT_EL_SP_ELx_VECTOR;
> + break;
> + case PSR_MODE_EL1t:
> + case PSR_MODE_EL1h:
> + case PSR_MODE_EL0t:
> + exc_offset = LOWER_EL_AArch64_VECTOR;
> + break;
> + default:
> + kvm_err("Unexpected previous exception level: aarch32\n");

Why?

> + exc_offset = LOWER_EL_AArch32_VECTOR;
> + }
> +
> + return vcpu_sys_reg(vcpu, VBAR_EL2) + exc_offset + type;
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * Emulate taking an exception to EL2.
> + * See ARM ARM J8.1.2 AArch64.TakeException()
> + */
> +static int kvm_inject_nested(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u64 esr_el2,
> + enum exception_type type)
> +{
> + int ret = 1;
> +
> + if (!nested_virt_in_use(vcpu)) {
> + kvm_err("Unexpected call to %s for the non-nesting configuration\n",
> + __func__);
> + return -EINVAL;
> + }

This feels like a strange assert like check. Why are we being defensive
at this point?

> +
> + vcpu_el2_sreg(vcpu, SPSR_EL2) = *vcpu_cpsr(vcpu);
> + vcpu_el2_sreg(vcpu, ELR_EL2) = *vcpu_pc(vcpu);
> + vcpu_sys_reg(vcpu, ESR_EL2) = esr_el2;
> +
> + *vcpu_pc(vcpu) = get_el2_except_vector(vcpu, type);
> + /* On an exception, PSTATE.SP becomes 1 */
> + *vcpu_cpsr(vcpu) = PSR_MODE_EL2h;
> + *vcpu_cpsr(vcpu) |= (PSR_A_BIT | PSR_F_BIT | PSR_I_BIT | PSR_D_BIT);
> +
> + trace_kvm_inject_nested_exception(vcpu, esr_el2, *vcpu_pc(vcpu));
> +
> + return ret;
> +}
> +
> +int kvm_inject_nested_sync(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u64 esr_el2)
> +{
> + return kvm_inject_nested(vcpu, esr_el2, except_type_sync);
> +}
> diff --git a/arch/arm64/kvm/trace.h b/arch/arm64/kvm/trace.h
> index 7fb0008..7c86cfb 100644
> --- a/arch/arm64/kvm/trace.h
> +++ b/arch/arm64/kvm/trace.h
> @@ -167,6 +167,26 @@
> );
>
>
> +TRACE_EVENT(kvm_inject_nested_exception,
> + TP_PROTO(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, unsigned long esr_el2,
> + unsigned long pc),
> + TP_ARGS(vcpu, esr_el2, pc),
> +
> + TP_STRUCT__entry(
> + __field(struct kvm_vcpu *, vcpu)
> + __field(unsigned long, esr_el2)
> + __field(unsigned long, pc)
> + ),
> +
> + TP_fast_assign(
> + __entry->vcpu = vcpu;
> + __entry->esr_el2 = esr_el2;
> + __entry->pc = pc;
> + ),
> +
> + TP_printk("vcpu: %p, inject exception to vEL2: ESR_EL2 0x%lx, vector: 0x%016lx",
> + __entry->vcpu, __entry->esr_el2, __entry->pc)
> +);
> #endif /* _TRACE_ARM64_KVM_H */
>
> #undef TRACE_INCLUDE_PATH
> --
> 1.9.1
>

Otherwise looks good.

Thanks,
-Christoffer

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