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SubjectRe: [RFC PATCH v2 10/38] KVM: arm/arm64: Add a framework to prepare virtual EL2 execution
On Tue, Jul 18, 2017 at 11:58:36AM -0500, Jintack Lim wrote:
> From: Christoffer Dall <christoffer.dall@linaro.org>
>
> Add functions setting up and restoring the guest's context on each entry
> and exit. These functions will come in handy when we want to use
> different context for normal EL0/EL1 and virtual EL2 execution.
>
> No functional change yet.
>
> Signed-off-by: Christoffer Dall <christoffer.dall@linaro.org>
> Signed-off-by: Jintack Lim <jintack.lim@linaro.org>
> ---
> arch/arm/include/asm/kvm_emulate.h | 4 ++
> arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_emulate.h | 4 ++
> arch/arm64/kvm/Makefile | 2 +-
> arch/arm64/kvm/context.c | 54 ++++++++++++++++
> arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/sysreg-sr.c | 117 +++++++++++++++++++----------------
> virt/kvm/arm/arm.c | 14 +++++
> 6 files changed, 140 insertions(+), 55 deletions(-)
> create mode 100644 arch/arm64/kvm/context.c
>
> diff --git a/arch/arm/include/asm/kvm_emulate.h b/arch/arm/include/asm/kvm_emulate.h
> index 399cd75e..0a03b7d 100644
> --- a/arch/arm/include/asm/kvm_emulate.h
> +++ b/arch/arm/include/asm/kvm_emulate.h
> @@ -47,6 +47,10 @@ static inline void vcpu_set_reg(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u8 reg_num,
> void kvm_inject_dabt(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, unsigned long addr);
> void kvm_inject_pabt(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, unsigned long addr);
>
> +static inline void kvm_arm_setup_shadow_state(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu) { };
> +static inline void kvm_arm_restore_shadow_state(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu) { };
> +static inline void kvm_arm_init_cpu_context(kvm_cpu_context_t *cpu_ctxt) { };
> +
> static inline bool kvm_condition_valid(const struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
> {
> return kvm_condition_valid32(vcpu);
> diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_emulate.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_emulate.h
> index 5d6f3d0..14c4ce9 100644
> --- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_emulate.h
> +++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_emulate.h
> @@ -42,6 +42,10 @@
> void kvm_inject_dabt(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, unsigned long addr);
> void kvm_inject_pabt(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, unsigned long addr);
>
> +void kvm_arm_setup_shadow_state(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
> +void kvm_arm_restore_shadow_state(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
> +void kvm_arm_init_cpu_context(kvm_cpu_context_t *cpu_ctxt);
> +
> static inline void vcpu_reset_hcr(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
> {
> vcpu->arch.hcr_el2 = HCR_GUEST_FLAGS;
> diff --git a/arch/arm64/kvm/Makefile b/arch/arm64/kvm/Makefile
> index f513047..5762337 100644
> --- a/arch/arm64/kvm/Makefile
> +++ b/arch/arm64/kvm/Makefile
> @@ -15,7 +15,7 @@ kvm-$(CONFIG_KVM_ARM_HOST) += $(KVM)/kvm_main.o $(KVM)/coalesced_mmio.o $(KVM)/e
> kvm-$(CONFIG_KVM_ARM_HOST) += $(KVM)/arm/arm.o $(KVM)/arm/mmu.o $(KVM)/arm/mmio.o
> kvm-$(CONFIG_KVM_ARM_HOST) += $(KVM)/arm/psci.o $(KVM)/arm/perf.o
>
> -kvm-$(CONFIG_KVM_ARM_HOST) += inject_fault.o regmap.o
> +kvm-$(CONFIG_KVM_ARM_HOST) += inject_fault.o regmap.o context.o
> kvm-$(CONFIG_KVM_ARM_HOST) += hyp.o hyp-init.o handle_exit.o
> kvm-$(CONFIG_KVM_ARM_HOST) += guest.o debug.o reset.o sys_regs.o sys_regs_generic_v8.o
> kvm-$(CONFIG_KVM_ARM_HOST) += vgic-sys-reg-v3.o
> diff --git a/arch/arm64/kvm/context.c b/arch/arm64/kvm/context.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000..bc43e66
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/arch/arm64/kvm/context.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,54 @@
> +/*
> + * Copyright (C) 2016 - Linaro Ltd.
> + * Author: Christoffer Dall <christoffer.dall@linaro.org>
> + *
> + * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
> + * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
> + * published by the Free Software Foundation.
> + *
> + * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
> + * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
> + * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
> + * GNU General Public License for more details.
> + *
> + * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
> + * along with this program. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
> + */
> +
> +#include <linux/kvm_host.h>
> +#include <asm/kvm_emulate.h>
> +
> +/**
> + * kvm_arm_setup_shadow_state -- prepare shadow state based on emulated mode
> + * @vcpu: The VCPU pointer
> + */
> +void kvm_arm_setup_shadow_state(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
> +{
> + struct kvm_cpu_context *ctxt = &vcpu->arch.ctxt;
> +
> + ctxt->hw_pstate = *vcpu_cpsr(vcpu);
> + ctxt->hw_sys_regs = ctxt->sys_regs;
> + ctxt->hw_sp_el1 = ctxt->gp_regs.sp_el1;
> + ctxt->hw_elr_el1 = ctxt->gp_regs.elr_el1;
> + ctxt->hw_spsr_el1 = ctxt->gp_regs.spsr[KVM_SPSR_EL1];
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * kvm_arm_restore_shadow_state -- write back shadow state from guest
> + * @vcpu: The VCPU pointer
> + */
> +void kvm_arm_restore_shadow_state(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
> +{
> + struct kvm_cpu_context *ctxt = &vcpu->arch.ctxt;
> +
> + *vcpu_cpsr(vcpu) = ctxt->hw_pstate;
> + ctxt->gp_regs.sp_el1 = ctxt->hw_sp_el1;
> + ctxt->gp_regs.elr_el1 = ctxt->hw_elr_el1;
> + ctxt->gp_regs.spsr[KVM_SPSR_EL1] = ctxt->hw_spsr_el1;
> +}
> +
> +void kvm_arm_init_cpu_context(kvm_cpu_context_t *cpu_ctxt)
> +{
> + /* This is to set hw_sys_regs of host_cpu_context */
> + cpu_ctxt->hw_sys_regs = cpu_ctxt->sys_regs;
> +}
> diff --git a/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/sysreg-sr.c b/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/sysreg-sr.c
> index 9341376..b7a67b1 100644
> --- a/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/sysreg-sr.c
> +++ b/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/sysreg-sr.c
> @@ -19,6 +19,7 @@
> #include <linux/kvm_host.h>
>
> #include <asm/kvm_asm.h>
> +#include <asm/kvm_emulate.h>
> #include <asm/kvm_hyp.h>
>
> /* Yes, this does nothing, on purpose */
> @@ -33,39 +34,43 @@ static void __hyp_text __sysreg_do_nothing(struct kvm_cpu_context *ctxt) { }
>
> static void __hyp_text __sysreg_save_common_state(struct kvm_cpu_context *ctxt)
> {
> - ctxt->sys_regs[ACTLR_EL1] = read_sysreg(actlr_el1);
> - ctxt->sys_regs[TPIDR_EL0] = read_sysreg(tpidr_el0);
> - ctxt->sys_regs[TPIDRRO_EL0] = read_sysreg(tpidrro_el0);
> - ctxt->sys_regs[TPIDR_EL1] = read_sysreg(tpidr_el1);
> - ctxt->sys_regs[MDSCR_EL1] = read_sysreg(mdscr_el1);
> + u64 *sys_regs = kern_hyp_va(ctxt->hw_sys_regs);
> +
> + sys_regs[ACTLR_EL1] = read_sysreg(actlr_el1);
> + sys_regs[TPIDR_EL0] = read_sysreg(tpidr_el0);
> + sys_regs[TPIDRRO_EL0] = read_sysreg(tpidrro_el0);
> + sys_regs[TPIDR_EL1] = read_sysreg(tpidr_el1);
> + sys_regs[MDSCR_EL1] = read_sysreg(mdscr_el1);
> ctxt->gp_regs.regs.sp = read_sysreg(sp_el0);
> ctxt->gp_regs.regs.pc = read_sysreg_el2(elr);
> - ctxt->gp_regs.regs.pstate = read_sysreg_el2(spsr);
> + ctxt->hw_pstate = read_sysreg_el2(spsr);
> }
>
> static void __hyp_text __sysreg_save_state(struct kvm_cpu_context *ctxt)
> {
> - ctxt->sys_regs[MPIDR_EL1] = read_sysreg(vmpidr_el2);
> - ctxt->sys_regs[CSSELR_EL1] = read_sysreg(csselr_el1);
> - ctxt->sys_regs[SCTLR_EL1] = read_sysreg_el1(sctlr);
> - ctxt->sys_regs[CPACR_EL1] = read_sysreg_el1(cpacr);
> - ctxt->sys_regs[TTBR0_EL1] = read_sysreg_el1(ttbr0);
> - ctxt->sys_regs[TTBR1_EL1] = read_sysreg_el1(ttbr1);
> - ctxt->sys_regs[TCR_EL1] = read_sysreg_el1(tcr);
> - ctxt->sys_regs[ESR_EL1] = read_sysreg_el1(esr);
> - ctxt->sys_regs[AFSR0_EL1] = read_sysreg_el1(afsr0);
> - ctxt->sys_regs[AFSR1_EL1] = read_sysreg_el1(afsr1);
> - ctxt->sys_regs[FAR_EL1] = read_sysreg_el1(far);
> - ctxt->sys_regs[MAIR_EL1] = read_sysreg_el1(mair);
> - ctxt->sys_regs[VBAR_EL1] = read_sysreg_el1(vbar);
> - ctxt->sys_regs[CONTEXTIDR_EL1] = read_sysreg_el1(contextidr);
> - ctxt->sys_regs[AMAIR_EL1] = read_sysreg_el1(amair);
> - ctxt->sys_regs[CNTKCTL_EL1] = read_sysreg_el1(cntkctl);
> - ctxt->sys_regs[PAR_EL1] = read_sysreg(par_el1);
> -
> - ctxt->gp_regs.sp_el1 = read_sysreg(sp_el1);
> - ctxt->gp_regs.elr_el1 = read_sysreg_el1(elr);
> - ctxt->gp_regs.spsr[KVM_SPSR_EL1]= read_sysreg_el1(spsr);
> + u64 *sys_regs = kern_hyp_va(ctxt->hw_sys_regs);
> +
> + sys_regs[MPIDR_EL1] = read_sysreg(vmpidr_el2);
> + sys_regs[CSSELR_EL1] = read_sysreg(csselr_el1);
> + sys_regs[SCTLR_EL1] = read_sysreg_el1(sctlr);
> + sys_regs[CPACR_EL1] = read_sysreg_el1(cpacr);
> + sys_regs[TTBR0_EL1] = read_sysreg_el1(ttbr0);
> + sys_regs[TTBR1_EL1] = read_sysreg_el1(ttbr1);
> + sys_regs[TCR_EL1] = read_sysreg_el1(tcr);
> + sys_regs[ESR_EL1] = read_sysreg_el1(esr);
> + sys_regs[AFSR0_EL1] = read_sysreg_el1(afsr0);
> + sys_regs[AFSR1_EL1] = read_sysreg_el1(afsr1);
> + sys_regs[FAR_EL1] = read_sysreg_el1(far);
> + sys_regs[MAIR_EL1] = read_sysreg_el1(mair);
> + sys_regs[VBAR_EL1] = read_sysreg_el1(vbar);
> + sys_regs[CONTEXTIDR_EL1] = read_sysreg_el1(contextidr);
> + sys_regs[AMAIR_EL1] = read_sysreg_el1(amair);
> + sys_regs[CNTKCTL_EL1] = read_sysreg_el1(cntkctl);
> + sys_regs[PAR_EL1] = read_sysreg(par_el1);
> +
> + ctxt->hw_sp_el1 = read_sysreg(sp_el1);
> + ctxt->hw_elr_el1 = read_sysreg_el1(elr);
> + ctxt->hw_spsr_el1 = read_sysreg_el1(spsr);
> }
>
> static hyp_alternate_select(__sysreg_call_save_host_state,
> @@ -86,39 +91,43 @@ void __hyp_text __sysreg_save_guest_state(struct kvm_cpu_context *ctxt)
>
> static void __hyp_text __sysreg_restore_common_state(struct kvm_cpu_context *ctxt)
> {
> - write_sysreg(ctxt->sys_regs[ACTLR_EL1], actlr_el1);
> - write_sysreg(ctxt->sys_regs[TPIDR_EL0], tpidr_el0);
> - write_sysreg(ctxt->sys_regs[TPIDRRO_EL0], tpidrro_el0);
> - write_sysreg(ctxt->sys_regs[TPIDR_EL1], tpidr_el1);
> - write_sysreg(ctxt->sys_regs[MDSCR_EL1], mdscr_el1);
> + u64 *sys_regs = kern_hyp_va(ctxt->hw_sys_regs);
> +
> + write_sysreg(sys_regs[ACTLR_EL1], actlr_el1);
> + write_sysreg(sys_regs[TPIDR_EL0], tpidr_el0);
> + write_sysreg(sys_regs[TPIDRRO_EL0], tpidrro_el0);
> + write_sysreg(sys_regs[TPIDR_EL1], tpidr_el1);
> + write_sysreg(sys_regs[MDSCR_EL1], mdscr_el1);
> write_sysreg(ctxt->gp_regs.regs.sp, sp_el0);
> write_sysreg_el2(ctxt->gp_regs.regs.pc, elr);
> - write_sysreg_el2(ctxt->gp_regs.regs.pstate, spsr);
> + write_sysreg_el2(ctxt->hw_pstate, spsr);
> }
>
> static void __hyp_text __sysreg_restore_state(struct kvm_cpu_context *ctxt)
> {
> - write_sysreg(ctxt->sys_regs[MPIDR_EL1], vmpidr_el2);
> - write_sysreg(ctxt->sys_regs[CSSELR_EL1], csselr_el1);
> - write_sysreg_el1(ctxt->sys_regs[SCTLR_EL1], sctlr);
> - write_sysreg_el1(ctxt->sys_regs[CPACR_EL1], cpacr);
> - write_sysreg_el1(ctxt->sys_regs[TTBR0_EL1], ttbr0);
> - write_sysreg_el1(ctxt->sys_regs[TTBR1_EL1], ttbr1);
> - write_sysreg_el1(ctxt->sys_regs[TCR_EL1], tcr);
> - write_sysreg_el1(ctxt->sys_regs[ESR_EL1], esr);
> - write_sysreg_el1(ctxt->sys_regs[AFSR0_EL1], afsr0);
> - write_sysreg_el1(ctxt->sys_regs[AFSR1_EL1], afsr1);
> - write_sysreg_el1(ctxt->sys_regs[FAR_EL1], far);
> - write_sysreg_el1(ctxt->sys_regs[MAIR_EL1], mair);
> - write_sysreg_el1(ctxt->sys_regs[VBAR_EL1], vbar);
> - write_sysreg_el1(ctxt->sys_regs[CONTEXTIDR_EL1],contextidr);
> - write_sysreg_el1(ctxt->sys_regs[AMAIR_EL1], amair);
> - write_sysreg_el1(ctxt->sys_regs[CNTKCTL_EL1], cntkctl);
> - write_sysreg(ctxt->sys_regs[PAR_EL1], par_el1);
> -
> - write_sysreg(ctxt->gp_regs.sp_el1, sp_el1);
> - write_sysreg_el1(ctxt->gp_regs.elr_el1, elr);
> - write_sysreg_el1(ctxt->gp_regs.spsr[KVM_SPSR_EL1],spsr);
> + u64 *sys_regs = kern_hyp_va(ctxt->hw_sys_regs);
> +
> + write_sysreg(sys_regs[MPIDR_EL1], vmpidr_el2);
> + write_sysreg(sys_regs[CSSELR_EL1], csselr_el1);
> + write_sysreg_el1(sys_regs[SCTLR_EL1], sctlr);
> + write_sysreg_el1(sys_regs[CPACR_EL1], cpacr);
> + write_sysreg_el1(sys_regs[TTBR0_EL1], ttbr0);
> + write_sysreg_el1(sys_regs[TTBR1_EL1], ttbr1);
> + write_sysreg_el1(sys_regs[TCR_EL1], tcr);
> + write_sysreg_el1(sys_regs[ESR_EL1], esr);
> + write_sysreg_el1(sys_regs[AFSR0_EL1], afsr0);
> + write_sysreg_el1(sys_regs[AFSR1_EL1], afsr1);
> + write_sysreg_el1(sys_regs[FAR_EL1], far);
> + write_sysreg_el1(sys_regs[MAIR_EL1], mair);
> + write_sysreg_el1(sys_regs[VBAR_EL1], vbar);
> + write_sysreg_el1(sys_regs[CONTEXTIDR_EL1], contextidr);
> + write_sysreg_el1(sys_regs[AMAIR_EL1], amair);
> + write_sysreg_el1(sys_regs[CNTKCTL_EL1], cntkctl);
> + write_sysreg(sys_regs[PAR_EL1], par_el1);
> +
> + write_sysreg(ctxt->hw_sp_el1, sp_el1);
> + write_sysreg_el1(ctxt->hw_elr_el1, elr);
> + write_sysreg_el1(ctxt->hw_spsr_el1, spsr);
> }
>
> static hyp_alternate_select(__sysreg_call_restore_host_state,
> diff --git a/virt/kvm/arm/arm.c b/virt/kvm/arm/arm.c
> index 36aae3a..0ff2997 100644
> --- a/virt/kvm/arm/arm.c
> +++ b/virt/kvm/arm/arm.c
> @@ -689,6 +689,7 @@ int kvm_arch_vcpu_ioctl_run(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, struct kvm_run *run)
> }
>
> kvm_arm_setup_debug(vcpu);
> + kvm_arm_setup_shadow_state(vcpu);
>
> /**************************************************************
> * Enter the guest
> @@ -704,6 +705,7 @@ int kvm_arch_vcpu_ioctl_run(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, struct kvm_run *run)
> * Back from guest
> *************************************************************/
>
> + kvm_arm_restore_shadow_state(vcpu);

If we want to optimize this a bit, we could consider making these calls
static inlines, which either do nothing (nesting not enabled via
cmdline) or call the shadow state functions, selected using a static
key.

Of course, for that to work, the hw_ register value should be changed to
pointers (in the hyp VA space) so that the save restore code
reads/writes directly to the correct backing store and no extra work has
to be done in the save/restore path when not using nesting.

That would actually also optimize the common case even when nesting is
enabled via the cmdline, because we would only have to change the hw
pointers when emulating an exception to vEL2 and when trapping ERET from
virtual EL2, and the rest of the time wouldn't need to do any extra
work, at least with the sysregs and special regs.

Thanks,
-Christoffer

> kvm_arm_clear_debug(vcpu);
>
> /*
> @@ -1334,6 +1336,16 @@ static void teardown_hyp_mode(void)
>
> static int init_vhe_mode(void)
> {
> + int cpu;
> +
> + for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) {
> + kvm_cpu_context_t *cpu_ctxt;
> +
> + cpu_ctxt = per_cpu_ptr(kvm_host_cpu_state, cpu);
> +
> + kvm_arm_init_cpu_context(cpu_ctxt);
> + }
> +
> kvm_info("VHE mode initialized successfully\n");
> return 0;
> }
> @@ -1416,6 +1428,8 @@ static int init_hyp_mode(void)
> kvm_err("Cannot map host CPU state: %d\n", err);
> goto out_err;
> }
> +
> + kvm_arm_init_cpu_context(cpu_ctxt);
> }
>
> kvm_info("Hyp mode initialized successfully\n");
> --
> 1.9.1
>

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